On Gaia

A Critical Investigation of the Relationship Between Life and Earth

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Author: Toby Tyrrell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691121581

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 5958

One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially unstable. James Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis posits that life itself has intervened in the regulation of the planetary environment in order to keep it stable and favorable for life. First proposed in the 1970s, Lovelock's hypothesis remains highly controversial and continues to provoke fierce debate. On Gaia undertakes the first in-depth investigation of the arguments put forward by Lovelock and others--and concludes that the evidence doesn't stack up in support of Gaia. Toby Tyrrell draws on the latest findings in fields as diverse as climate science, oceanography, atmospheric science, geology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. He takes readers to obscure corners of the natural world, from southern Africa where ancient rocks reveal that icebergs were once present near the equator, to mimics of cleaner fish on Indonesian reefs, to blind fish deep in Mexican caves. Tyrrell weaves these and many other intriguing observations into a comprehensive analysis of the major assertions and lines of argument underpinning Gaia, and finds that it is not a credible picture of how life and Earth interact. On Gaia reflects on the scientific evidence indicating that life and environment mutually affect each other, and proposes that feedbacks on Earth do not provide robust protection against the environment becoming uninhabitable--or against poor stewardship by us.

Erde und Leben

Die Geschichte einer innigen Wechselbeziehung

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Author: Norbert Welsch,Claus Chr. Liebmann,Jürgen Schwab

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662538695

Category: Nature

Page: 334

View: 5932

Forscher entschlüsseln die Geheimnisse der Geobiologie Im Mittelpunkt dieses Buches steht das Jahrmilliarden währende Wechselspiel zwischen der geologischen Entwicklung der Erde und der Evolution des Lebens. Den Autoren gelingt es, die Vielfalt der Beziehungen zwischen den irdischen Organismen und ihrem Planeten in einem faszinierenden Panorama darzustellen. Ihr breit angelegtes Buch zeichnet den Weg von der Bildung der Erde in der „habitablen“ Zone um die Sonne über die Entstehung erster reproduktionsfähiger Moleküle und der ersten Zellen bis zu den Wirbeltieren mit ihren komplexen Gehirnen und zur Evolution des Menschen nach, immer verbunden mit der Entwicklung unserer Kontinente, der Atmosphäre und der Ozeane. Der nur scheinbar geradlinige Weg ist in Wirklichkeit ein verschlungener Pfad, auf dem kosmisch-geologische Ereignisse wie Meteoriteneinschläge und gewaltige Lava-Eruptionen, aber auch das Leben selbst für dramatische Wendungen sorgten. Heute nun scheint der Mensch zu einem auch geologisch bestimmenden Faktor geworden zu sein, und folgerichtig haben Forscher ein neues Erdzeitalter ausgerufen, das Anthropozän. Diese jüngeren Entwicklungen bilden den Schlusspunkt des Buches: Den dramatischen Folgen des menschlichen Tuns wie Klimawandel und Ausbeutung von Ressourcen stellen die Autoren die Chancen gegenüber, die sich dem Menschen dank seines hochentwickelten Gehirns bieten.

Kampf um Gaia

Acht Vorträge über das neue Klimaregime

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Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751085

Category: Philosophy

Page: 522

View: 5294

Die moderne Wissenschaft hat tief greifend unser Verständnis der Natur geprägt. In den letzten drei Jahrhunderten bildete diese Idee der Natur den Hintergrund all unseres Tuns. Aufgrund der ökologischen Folgen des menschlichen Handelns tritt die Natur jedoch heute aus dem Hintergrund auf die Bühne, wie Bruno Latour in seinem neuen, faszinierenden Buch zeigt. Die Luft, die Meere, die Gletscher, das Klima, die Böden, alles interagiert mit uns. Wir haben die Epoche der Geohistorie betreten, das Zeitalter des Anthropozäns – mit dem Risiko eines Krieges aller gegen alle. Die alte Natur verschwindet und weicht einem Wesen, das schwierig zu bestimmen ist. Es ist alles andere als stabil und besteht aus einer Reihe von Feedbackschleifen in ständiger Bewegung. Gaia ist sein Name. Latour argumentiert, dass die komplexe und mehrdeutige Gaia-Hypothese, wie sie von James Lovelock entwickelt wurde, ein idealer Weg ist, um die ethischen, politischen, theologischen und wissenschaftlichen Aspekte des nunmehr veralteten Begriffs der Natur zu entwirren. Er legt den Grundstein für eine zukünftige Zusammenarbeit zwischen Wissenschaftlern, Theologen, Aktivisten und Künstlern, während wir beginnen, mit dem neuen Klimaregime zu leben.

Handbuch Umweltethik

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Author: Konrad Ott,Jan Dierks,Lieske Voget-Kleschin

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476051935

Category: Philosophy

Page: 367

View: 8904

Wie kaum eine andere Bereichsethik befasst sich die Umweltethik einerseits mit Grundfragen der Philosophie (Naturphilosophie, Anthropologie, politische Philosophie) und berührt andererseits verschiedene Politikfelder (Klimapolitik, Naturschutz, Land- und Forstwirtschaft etc.). Das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Grundlagenreflexion und Politiknähe wird zusammengehalten durch argumentative Begründungen des Umwelt-, Tier- und Naturschutzes, die Kernbereiche der Umweltethik sind. Das Handbuch stellt den umweltethischen Diskurs hinsichtlich seiner Begrifflichkeit, seiner Geschichte, seiner ethischen Grundlagen, der wesentlichen Handlungsfelder und der Bezüge zu Nachbarwissenschaften dar.

Extracted

How the Quest for Mineral Wealth Is Plundering the Planet

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Author: Ugo Bardi

Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing

ISBN: 1603585427

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 1976

As we dig, drill, and excavate to unearth the planet’s mineral bounty, the resources we exploit from ores, veins, seams, and wells are gradually becoming exhausted. Mineral treasures that took millions, or even billions, of years to form are now being squandered in just centuries–or sometimes just decades. Will there come a time when we actually run out of minerals? Debates already soar over how we are going to obtain energy without oil, coal, and gas. But what about the other mineral losses we face? Without metals, and semiconductors, how are we going to keep our industrial system running? Without mineral fertilizers and fuels, how are we going to produce the food we need? Ugo Bardi delivers a sweeping history of the mining industry, starting with its humble beginning when our early ancestors started digging underground to find the stones they needed for their tools. He traces the links between mineral riches and empires, wars, and civilizations, and shows how mining in its various forms came to be one of the largest global industries. He also illustrates how the gigantic mining machine is now starting to show signs of difficulties. The easy mineral resources, the least expensive to extract and process, have been mostly exploited and depleted. There are plenty of minerals left to extract, but at higher costs and with increasing difficulties. The effects of depletion take different forms and one may be the economic crisis that is gripping the world system. And depletion is not the only problem. Mining has a dark side–pollution–that takes many forms and delivers many consequences, including climate change. The world we have been accustomed to, so far, was based on cheap mineral resources and on the ability of the ecosystem to absorb pollution without generating damage to human beings. Both conditions are rapidly disappearing. Having thoroughly plundered planet Earth, we are entering a new world. Bardi draws upon the world’s leading minerals experts to offer a compelling glimpse into that new world ahead.

An Introduction to the Green Economy

Science, Systems and Sustainability

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Author: Adrian C. Newton,Elena Cantarello

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134654529

Category: Nature

Page: 382

View: 8214

The green economy is widely seen as a potential solution to current global economic and environmental crises, and a potential mechanism by which sustainable development might be achieved in practice. Considerable investments are now being made into the development of green technology, renewable energy, biodiversity conservation, resource efficiency, recycling of materials and green infrastructure. This textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the green economy, using a strongly interdisciplinary approach based on environmental science, rather than treating it as a sub-set of economics. The scientific principles of sustainability are presented, which provide the foundations of the green economy, with a particular focus on systems-based approaches. Examples of real-world case studies are used to illustrate how the green economy can be achieved in practice. In this way, the authors provide a thorough overview of both the principles and practice of the green economy, drawing from a wide range of disciplines including ecology, geography, social science, psychology, sustainability science, environmental science, law and economics. The emphasis is on presenting results of the latest research, derived from leading scientific journals. Rather than focusing on a single definition of what constitutes a ‘green economy’, the book introduces readers to the diversity of opinion that exists, and engages them in what is an active, on-going debate. This reflects the fact that many aspects of the green economy, and sustainable development more generally, are currently contested. In particular, the book will help readers to strengthen their ability to critically evaluate the evidence for and against the views presented, and to actively contribute to the future development of the green economy.

Physical geology

exploring the Earth

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Author: James Stewart Monroe,Reed Wicander

Publisher: West Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 2058

Essentials of Geology

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Author: Reed Wicander,James Stewart Monroe

Publisher: Brooks Cole

ISBN: N.A

Category: Geology

Page: 428

View: 2445

This geology text discusses the human aspects of geology (in addition to plate tectonics and the earth's structure) through references to geology-related art and literature and chapter-opening prologues. Economic and environmental aspects of geology are discussed throughout the text to highlight the relevant, interesting applications of geology. Three chapters on historical geology are included.

Uprooting Geographic Thoughts in India

Toward Ecology and Culture in 21st Century

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Author: Rana P. B. Singh,With Oskar Spate,A. B. Mukerji

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 1757

Under the cultural turn and transformation the new intellectual discourses started in the 21st century to search the roots, have cross-cultural comparison and to see how the old traditions be used in the contemporary worldviews. This book is the first attempt dealing with roots of Indian geographical thoughts since its beginning in 1920. It emphasises identity of India and Indianness and consciousness among dweller geographers in India, development and status of geography and its recent trends, Gaia theory and Indian context in search of cosmic integrity, ecospirituality and global message towards interrelatedness, Hindu pilgrimages and its contemporary importance, Mahatma Gandhi and his contribution to sustainable environmental development for global peace and humanism, and new vision to see meeting grounds of the East and the West on the line of reconstruction and reconciliation in the globalising world. These essays are selective and thematic, therefore overall view of comprehensiveness is lacking. But this book is not the end; obviously it is a beginning as already other volumes in sequence and continuity are in progress. At the end, the lead essays, representative of the three eras, by Spate (1956), Sopher (1973), and Mukerji (1992) are reprinted with a view to assessing the relevance of their challenging message even today.

Religion and the Environment

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Author: Roger S. Gottlieb

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 4

View: 2804

In the last two decades a new form of religiously motivated social action and a virtually new field of academic study each based in recognition of the connections between religion and humanity 's treatment of the environment have developed. Interactions between religion and environmental concern have been manifest in the explosive growth of ecotheological writings, institutional commitment by organized religions, and environmental activism explicitly oriented to religious ideals. Clergy throughout the world in virtually every denomination have received word from leaders of their religion that the environment no less than sexuality, poverty, or war and peace is now a basic and compelling religious matter. Out of this confrontation have been born vital new theologies based in the recovery of marginalized elements of tradition, profound criticisms of the past, and ecologically oriented visions of God, the Sacred, the Earth, and human beings. Theologians from every religious tradition along with dozens of non-denominational spiritual writers have confronted world religions past attitudes towards nature. In the realm of institutional commitment, public statements and actions by organized religions have grown dramatically. In the context of political action, throughout the U.S. and the world religiously oriented groups take part in environmentally oriented political action: from lobbying and consciousness raising to activist demonstrations and civil disobedience. This collection serves as a comprehensive introduction, overview, and in-depth account of these exciting new developments. The four volumes cover virtually every aspect of the field from theological change and institutional commitment to innovation in liturgy, from new ecumenical connections among different religions and between religion, science and environmental movements, from religious participation in environmental politics to an account of the global social and political contexts in which religious environmentalism has unfolded.

Rubicon

the fifth dimension of biology

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Author: Anthony K. Campbell

Publisher: Gerald Duckworth

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biology

Page: 304

View: 7524

Existenzweisen

Eine Anthropologie der Modernen

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Author: Bruno Latour

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737376

Category: Social Science

Page: 600

View: 9565

Vor zwanzig Jahren hatte der französische Soziologe und Philosoph Bruno Latour konstatiert: »Wir sind nie modern gewesen«, und sich an einer »symmetrischen Anthropologie« jenseits der Trennung von Natur und Kultur versucht. Nun legt er sein zweites Hauptwerk vor, das dieses faszinierende Projekt mit einer »Anthropologie der Modernen« fortschreibt und den verschiedenen Existenzweisen von Wissenschaft, Technologie, Recht, Religion, Wirtschaft und Politik in der modernen Welt nachspürt. Ein großes Panorama der Modi moderner Existenz. Latour setzt für dieses Projekt bei der globalen Verflechtung aller Lebensbereiche an, die heute nicht zuletzt am Problem des Klimawandels sichtbar wird. Zugleich zeigt sich aber an diesem Problem auch, dass es verschiedene Handlungssphären gibt, die jeweils eigene Existenzweisen besitzen: Politiker, die sich mit dem Klimaproblem befassen, sind eben keine Wissenschaftler, die Klimaforschung betreiben, und Unternehmer orientieren sich zunächst an den Maßgaben der Wirtschaftlichkeit; wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse werden daher nicht einfach in politische und ökonomische Handlungen übersetzt. Dennoch sind für Latour diese verschiedenen Existenzmodi nicht unabhängig voneinander, sondern durchdringen einander und kreieren gemeinsam Probleme, die es in der Folge auch gemeinsam zu lösen gilt. Es bedarf daher einer neuen Form der »Diplomatie«, die zwischen den einzelnen Existenzweisen vermittelt. Nicht weniger als die Zukunft unseres Planeten steht auf dem Spiel und nicht weniger als eine solche diplomatische Vermittlung versucht dieses grundlegende und wegweisende Buch zu leisten. Auf dass wir endlich modern werden!

Aerospace Medicine and Biology

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Space medicine

Page: N.A

View: 9536

A selection of annotated references to unclassified reports and journal articles that were introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information system and announced in Scientific and technical aerospace reports (STAR) and International aerospace abstracts (IAA).

Mineral Resources, Economics, and the Environment

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Author: Stephen E. Kesler

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 391

View: 5582

Examines the importance of mineral resources in modern society and explores the complex relationships between the geologic, engineering, environmental, economic and political concerns that control our mineral supply.

Strategies for sustainable rural development

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Author: Surat Singh,Shatrughna Prasad Sinha,Haryana Institute of Rural Development, Nilokheri

Publisher: Deep and Deep Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 329

View: 5069

This Book Addresses The First Need Of Inter-Generation Equity Criterion In Terms Of The Reduction Of Inter-Regional, Inter-Gender, Inter-Social Groups And Inter-Personal Disparities Of The Various Economic Political And Social Dimensions Of Development.

Sociological Abstracts

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Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 3761

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.