Observations on the State of Society Among the Asiatic Subjects to Great Britain, Particularly with Respect to Morals, and on the Means of Improving it


Author: Charles Grant

Publisher: N.A


Category: Hindus

Page: 234

View: 8980

This essay became a much publicized plea for the toleration of Christian educational and missionary activities in India. Being presented to the East India Company's Court of Directors on August 16, 1797 by Charles Grant, and to the House of Commons in 1813, the Commons ordered its general printing in 1813.

A History of Christianity in India



Author: Stephen Neill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521893329

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 2692

This book traces its subject from the death of Aurunzib to the so-called Indian Mutiny. The history of India since 1498 is of a tremendous confrontation of cultures and religions. Since 1757, the chief part in this confrontation has been played by Britain; and the Christian missionary enterprise has had a very important role.

Immigrants in the Lands of Promise

Italians in Buenos Aires and New York City, 1870 - 1914


Author: Michael Adas

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801455251

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 4969

Over the past five centuries, advances in Western understanding of and control over the material world have strongly influenced European responses to non-Western peoples and cultures. In Machines as the Measure of Men, Michael Adas explores the ways in which European perceptions of their scientific and technological superiority shaped their interactions with people overseas. Adopting a broad, comparative perspective, he analyzes European responses to the cultures of sub-Saharan Africa, India, and China, cultures that they judged to represent lower levels of material mastery and social organization. Beginning with the early decades of overseas expansion in the sixteenth century, Adas traces the impact of scientific and technological advances on European attitudes toward Asians and Africans and on their policies for dealing with colonized societies. He concentrates on British and French thinking in the nineteenth century, when, he maintains, scientific and technological measures of human worth played a critical role in shaping arguments for the notion of racial supremacy and the "civilizing mission" ideology which were used to justify Europe's domination of the globe. Finally, he examines the reasons why many Europeans grew dissatisfied with and even rejected this gauge of human worth after World War I, and explains why it has remained important to Americans. Showing how the scientific and industrial revolutions contributed to the development of European imperialist ideologies, Machines as the Measure of Men highlights the cultural factors that have nurtured disdain for non-Western accomplishments and value systems. It also indicates how these attitudes, in shaping policies that restricted the diffusion of scientific knowledge, have perpetuated themselves, and contributed significantly to chronic underdevelopment throughout the developing world. Adas's far-reaching and provocative book will be compelling reading for all who are concerned about the history of Western imperialism and its legacies. First published to wide acclaim in 1989, Machines as the Measure of Men is now available in a new edition that features a preface by the author that discusses how subsequent developments in gender and race studies, as well as global technology and politics, enter into conversation with his original arguments.

Mastering Western Texts

Essays on Literature and Society for A.N. Kaul


Author: A. N. Kaul,Sambudha Sen

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788178240695

Category: American literature

Page: 304

View: 4727

This Volume Will Interest All Students Of English And American Studies; Colonialism And Nationalism; Culture And Gender Issues; The Complex Relation Between Literture And Society; And The Even More Complex Relationship Between Western Texts And Indian Leaders.

Rule of Sympathy

Sentiment, Race, and Power 1750–1850


Author: A. Rai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0312299176

Category: History

Page: 225

View: 3998

The Rule of Sympathy is a social and historical critique of sympathy in British discourse in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Although initially associated with feminized or effeminate forms of sentimental discourse (the romance, the novel, the gothic), sympathy came to function as a key technology of gender and race in new evangelical social movements, such as abolitionism and missionizing. Amit Rai argues that sympathy was a paradoxical mode of power. The differences of racial, gender and class inequalities that increasingly divided the object and agent of sympathy were precisely what must be bridged through identification. Yet without such differences, which were differences of power, sympathy itself would be impossible. This paradoxical mode of power transformed the ways in which people came to think of how best to manage, order, and govern individuals and populations in the late eighteenth century.

The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture

The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate


Author: Edwin Bryant

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199881332

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 8183

Western scholars have argued that Indian civilization was the joint product of an invading Indo-European people--the "Indo-Aryans"--and indigenous non-Indo European peoples. Although Indian scholars reject this European reconstruction of their country's history, Western scholarship gives little heed to their argument. In this book, Edwin Bryant explores the nature and origins of this fascinating debate.

Aryans and British India


Author: Thomas R. Trautmann

Publisher: Yoda Press

ISBN: 9788190227216

Category: India

Page: 260

View: 6059

In this landmark study, Thomas Trautmann delves into the intellectual accomplishments of the languages and nations concept in British India, as well as the darker politics of race hatred which emerged out of it. He challenges the racial hypothesis through a powerful analysis of the feeble evidence upon which it is based. Issued for the first time in paperback format, this edition includes a new Preface in which the author discusses further ideas on the understanding of the Aryan theory and the languages and nations project, as well as the new scholarship supporting such ideas. The new preface also discusses the Aryan debate in contemporary India, which looks for a link between Aryans, Sanskrit, the Veda and the Indus Valley Civilization, and which has in recent times broadened into a tremendously politicized controversy. A compelling and carefully researched work, Aryans and British India has become mandatory reading, since its first publication in 1997, for historians, political scientists and commentators, anthropologists, and linguists, as well as scholars and students of cultural studies.

The British Missionary Enterprise since 1700


Author: Jeffrey Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134877552

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 3276

Missions are an important topic in the history of modern Britain and of even wider importance in the modern history of Africa and many parts of Asia. Yet, despite the perennial subject matter, and the publication of a large number of studies of particular aspects of missions, there is no recent, balanced overview of the history of the missionary moment during the last three hundred years. The British Missionary Enterprise since 1700 moves away from the partisan approach that characterizes so many writers in field and instead views missionaries primarily as institution builders rather than imperialists or heroes of social reform. This balanced survey examines both Britain as the home base of missions and the impact of the missions themselves, while also evaluating the independent initiatives by African and Asia Christians. Also addressed are the previously ignored issues of missionary rhetoric, the predominantly female nature of missions, and comparisons between British missions and those from other predominantly Protestant countries including the United States. Jeffrey Cox brings a fresh and much needed overview to this large, fascinating and controversial subject.

Providence and Empire

Religion, Politics and Society in the United Kingdom, 1815-1914


Author: Stewart Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317885341

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 8298

The 19th century was, to a large extent, the ‘British century’. Great Britain was the great world power and its institutions, beliefs and values had an immense impact on the world far beyond its formal empire. Providence and Empire argues that knowledge of the religious thought of the time is crucial in understanding the British imperial story. The churches of the United Kingdom were the greatest suppliers of missionaries to the world, and there was a widespread belief that Britain had a divine mission to spread Christianity and civilisation, to eradicate slavery, and to help usher in the millennium; the Empire had a providential purpose in the world. This is the first connected account of the interactions of religion, politics and society in England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales between 1815 and 1914. Providence and Empire is essential reading for any student who wishes to gain an insight into the social, political and cultural life of this period.

Trade, Politics and Religion

The Religious Policy of the English East India Company (1757-1857) : with Special Reference to Travancore


Author: Augustine J. Kulakkatt

Publisher: N.A


Category: Church and state

Page: 458

View: 2676

Poor Relations

The Making of a Eurasian Community in British India, 1773-1833


Author: Christopher J. Hawes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780700704255

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 9171

As early as the 1830s Eurasians (later called Anglo-Indians) of British birth already exceeded the number of British civilians in colonial India. At the time of India's independence they outnumbered all British residents. Yet there has been little historical attention to the development of this mixed-race community, the problems which it faced (social, economic and attitudinal) nor to the questions which its rise posed to British authority. Sometimes these were hypothetical. Could, for instance a large mixed-race population of British descent cause political danger to British interests in India as had the colonists of America? Other questions raised by a fast growing mixed-race population which identified closely with its British fathers were practical. How to educate and to employ them? Were they to be treated as British or Indians? The sixty years between 1773 and 1833 determined British paramountcy in India. Those years were formative too for British Eurasians. By the 1820s Eurasians were an identifiable and vocal community of significant numbers particularly in the main Presidency towns. They were valuable to the administration of government although barred in the main from higher office. The ambition of their educated elite was to be accepted as British subjects, not to be treated as native Indians, an aspiration which was finally rejected in the 1830s.