Numbers and Proofs

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Author: Reg Allenby

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080928773

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 5195

'Numbers and Proofs' presents a gentle introduction to the notion of proof to give the reader an understanding of how to decipher others' proofs as well as construct their own. Useful methods of proof are illustrated in the context of studying problems concerning mainly numbers (real, rational, complex and integers). An indispensable guide to all students of mathematics. Each proof is preceded by a discussion which is intended to show the reader the kind of thoughts they might have before any attempt proof is made. Established proofs which the student is in a better position to follow then follow. Presented in the author's entertaining and informal style, and written to reflect the changing profile of students entering universities, this book will prove essential reading for all seeking an introduction to the notion of proof as well as giving a definitive guide to the more common forms. Stressing the importance of backing up "truths" found through experimentation, with logically sound and watertight arguments, it provides an ideal bridge to more complex undergraduate maths.

Numbers, Sequences and Series

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Author: Keith E. Hirst

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0340610433

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 4305

Concerned with the logical foundations of number systems from integers to complex numbers.

Groups - Modular Mathematics Series

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Author: Camilla Jordan,David Jordan

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080571654

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 4367

This text provides an introduction to group theory with an emphasis on clear examples. The authors present groups as naturally occurring structures arising from symmetry in geometrical figures and other mathematical objects. Written in a 'user-friendly' style, where new ideas are always motivated before being fully introduced, the text will help readers to gain confidence and skill in handling group theory notation before progressing on to applying it in complex situations. An ideal companion to any first or second year course on the topic.

The Art of Proof

Basic Training for Deeper Mathematics

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Author: Matthias Beck,Ross Geoghegan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441970237

Category: Mathematics

Page: 182

View: 9702

The Art of Proof is designed for a one-semester or two-quarter course. A typical student will have studied calculus (perhaps also linear algebra) with reasonable success. With an artful mixture of chatty style and interesting examples, the student's previous intuitive knowledge is placed on solid intellectual ground. The topics covered include: integers, induction, algorithms, real numbers, rational numbers, modular arithmetic, limits, and uncountable sets. Methods, such as axiom, theorem and proof, are taught while discussing the mathematics rather than in abstract isolation. The book ends with short essays on further topics suitable for seminar-style presentation by small teams of students, either in class or in a mathematics club setting. These include: continuity, cryptography, groups, complex numbers, ordinal number, and generating functions.

Modular Functions in Analytic Number Theory

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Author: Marvin Isadore Knopp

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821844885

Category: Mathematics

Page: 154

View: 3564

Knopp's engaging book presents an introduction to modular functions in number theory by concentrating on two modular functions, $\eta(\tau)$ and $\vartheta(\tau)$, and their applications to two number-theoretic functions, $p(n)$ and $r_s(n)$. They are well chosen, as at the heart of these particular applications to the treatment of these specific number-theoretic functions lies the general theory of automorphic functions, a theory of far-reaching significance with important connections to a great many fields of mathematics. The book is essentially self-contained, assuming only a good first-year course in analysis. The excellent exposition presents the beautiful interplay between modular forms and number theory, making the book an excellent introduction to analytic number theory for a beginning graduate student.

Modular Functions and Dirichlet Series in Number Theory

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Author: Tom M. Apostol

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461209994

Category: Mathematics

Page: 207

View: 9368

A new edition of a classical treatment of elliptic and modular functions with some of their number-theoretic applications, this text offers an updated bibliography and an alternative treatment of the transformation formula for the Dedekind eta function. It covers many topics, such as Hecke’s theory of entire forms with multiplicative Fourier coefficients, and the last chapter recounts Bohr’s theory of equivalence of general Dirichlet series.

Discrete Mathematics

Numbers and Beyond

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Author: Stephen Barnett

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 3785

For the increasing number of students who need an understanding of the subject, Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond provides the perfect introduction. Aimed particularly at non-specialists, its attractive style and practical approach offer easy access to this important subject. With an emphasis on methods and applications rather than rigorous proofs, the book's coverage is based an the essential topics of numbers, counting and numerical processes. Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond supplies the reader with a thorough grounding in number systems, modular arithmetic, combinatorics, networks and graphs, coding theory and recurrence relations. Throughout the book, learning is aided and reinforced by the following features: a wealth of exercises and problems of varying difficulty a wide range of illustrative applications of general interest numerous worked examples and diagrams team-based student projects in every chapter concise, informal explanations tips for further reading Discrete Mathematics: Numbers and Beyond is an ideal textbook for an introductory discrete mathematics course taken by students of economics, computer science, mathematics, business, finance, engineering and the sciences. 0201342928B04062001

Heinemann Modular Maths Edexcel Further Pure Maths 3

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Author: Geoff Mannall,Michael Kenwood

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435511029

Category: A-level examinations

Page: 202

View: 8636

Drawing on over 10 years' experience of publishing for Edexcel maths, Heinemann Modular Maths for Edexcel AS and A Level brings you dedicated textbooks to help you give your students a clear route to success, now with new Core maths titles to match the new 2004 specification. Further Pure 3 replaces Pure 6 in the new specification.

Partitions, q-Series, and Modular Forms

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Author: Krishnaswami Alladi,Frank Garvan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461400287

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 9621

Partitions, q-Series, and Modular Forms contains a collection of research and survey papers that grew out of a Conference on Partitions, q-Series and Modular Forms at the University of Florida, Gainesville in March 2008. It will be of interest to researchers and graduate students that would like to learn of recent developments in the theory of q-series and modular and how it relates to number theory, combinatorics and special functions.

Elementare Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und stochastische Prozesse

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Author: Kai L. Chung

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642670334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 346

View: 1387

Aus den Besprechungen: "Unter den zahlreichen Einführungen in die Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung bildet dieses Buch eine erfreuliche Ausnahme. Der Stil einer lebendigen Vorlesung ist über Niederschrift und Übersetzung hinweg erhalten geblieben. In jedes Kapitel wird sehr anschaulich eingeführt. Sinn und Nützlichkeit der mathematischen Formulierungen werden den Lesern nahegebracht. Die wichtigsten Zusammenhänge sind als mathematische Sätze klar formuliert." #FREQUENZ#1

Mathematical Thinking

Problem-solving and Proofs

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Author: John P. D'Angelo,Douglas Brent West

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780130144126

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 5187

This survey of both discrete and continuous mathematics focuses on the logical thinking skills necessary to understand and communicate fundamental ideas and proofs in mathematics, rather than on rote symbolic manipulation. Coverage begins with the fundamentals of mathematical language and proof techniques (such as induction); then applies them to easily-understood questions in elementary number theory and counting; then develops additional techniques of proofs via fundamental topics in discrete and continuous mathematics. Topics are addressed in the context of familiar objects; easily-understood, engaging examples; and over 700 stimulating exercises and problems, ranging from simple applications to subtle problems requiring ingenuity. ELEMENTARY CONCEPTS. Numbers, Sets and Functions. Language and Proofs. Properties of Functions. Induction. PROPERTIES OF NUMBERS. Counting and Cardinality. Divisibility. Modular Arithmetic. The Rational Numbers. DISCRETE MATHEMATICS. Combinatorial Reasoning. Two Principles of Counting. Graph Theory. Recurrence Relations. CONTINUOUS MATHEMATICS. The Real Numbers. Sequences and Series. Continuity. Differentiation. Integration. The Complex Numbers. For anyone interested in learning how to understand and write mathematical proofs, or a reference for college professors and high school teachers of mathematics.

Number Theory Related to Modular Curves: Momose Memorial Volume

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Author: Joan-Carles Lario,V. Kumar Murty

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470419912

Category: Forms, Modular

Page: 232

View: 5846

This volume contains the proceedings of the Barcelona-Boston-Tokyo Number Theory Seminar, which was held in memory of Fumiyuki Momose, a distinguished number theorist from Chuo University in Tokyo. Momose, who was a student of Yasutaka Ihara, made important contributions to the theory of Galois representations attached to modular forms, rational points on elliptic and modular curves, modularity of some families of Abelian varieties, and applications of arithmetic geometry to cryptography. Papers contained in this volume cover these general themes in addition to discussing Momose's contributions as well as recent work and new results.

Number Theory in the Spirit of Ramanujan

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Author: Bruce C. Berndt

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821841785

Category: Mathematics

Page: 187

View: 3148

Ramanujan is recognized as one of the great number theorists of the twentieth century. Here now is the first book to provide an introduction to his work in number theory. Most of Ramanujan's work in number theory arose out of $q$-series and theta functions. This book provides an introduction to these two important subjects and to some of the topics in number theory that are inextricably intertwined with them, including the theory of partitions, sums of squares and triangular numbers, and the Ramanujan tau function. The majority of the results discussed here are originally due to Ramanujan or were rediscovered by him. Ramanujan did not leave us proofs of the thousands of theorems he recorded in his notebooks, and so it cannot be claimed that many of the proofs given in this book are those found by Ramanujan. However, they are all in the spirit of his mathematics.The subjects examined in this book have a rich history dating back to Euler and Jacobi, and they continue to be focal points of contemporary mathematical research. Therefore, at the end of each of the seven chapters, Berndt discusses the results established in the chapter and places them in both historical and contemporary contexts. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students interested in number theory.

Elementary Number Theory

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Author: Gareth A. Jones,Josephine M. Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540761976

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 6328

An undergraduate-level introduction to number theory, with the emphasis on fully explained proofs and examples. Exercises, together with their solutions are integrated into the text, and the first few chapters assume only basic school algebra. Elementary ideas about groups and rings are then used to study groups of units, quadratic residues and arithmetic functions with applications to enumeration and cryptography. The final part, suitable for third-year students, uses ideas from algebra, analysis, calculus and geometry to study Dirichlet series and sums of squares. In particular, the last chapter gives a concise account of Fermat's Last Theorem, from its origin in the ancient Babylonian and Greek study of Pythagorean triples to its recent proof by Andrew Wiles.

Analytic Number Theory, Modular Forms and q-Hypergeometric Series

In Honor of Krishna Alladi's 60th Birthday, University of Florida, Gainesville, March 2016

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Author: George E. Andrews,Frank Garvan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319683764

Category: Mathematics

Page: 736

View: 9837

Gathered from the 2016 Gainesville Number Theory Conference honoring Krishna Alladi on his 60th birthday, these proceedings present recent research in number theory. Extensive and detailed, this volume features 40 articles by leading researchers on topics in analytic number theory, probabilistic number theory, irrationality and transcendence, Diophantine analysis, partitions, basic hypergeometric series, and modular forms. Readers will also find detailed discussions of several aspects of the path-breaking work of Srinivasa Ramanujan and its influence on current research. Many of the papers were motivated by Alladi's own research on partitions and q-series as well as his earlier work in number theory. Alladi is well known for his contributions in number theory and mathematics. His research interests include combinatorics, discrete mathematics, sieve methods, probabilistic and analytic number theory, Diophantine approximations, partitions and q-series identities. Graduate students and researchers will find this volume a valuable resource on new developments in various aspects of number theory.

Extending the Frontiers of Mathematics

Inquiries Into Proof and Argumentation

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Author: Edward B. Burger

Publisher: Key College Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 171

View: 1284

This book leads students to develop a mature process that will serve them throughout their professional careers, whether inside or outside of mathematics. Its inquiry-based approach to the foundations of mathematics promotes exploration of proofs and other advanced mathematical ideas. The book uses puzzles and patterns, teaches the "prove and extend or disprove and salvage" approach to problems and proofs, and builds mathematical challenge on challenge to boost skills.

Number Theory

Iwasawa theory and modular forms

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Author: Kazuya Kato,Nobushige Kurokawa,Masato Kurihara,Takeshi Saitō

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821820958

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 7501

This is the third of three related volumes on number theory. (The first two volumes were also published in the Iwanami Series in Modern Mathematics, as volumes 186 and 240.) The two main topics of this book are Iwasawa theory and modular forms. The presentation of the theory of modular forms starts with several beautiful relations discovered by Ramanujan and leads to a discussion of several important ingredients, including the zeta-regularized products, Kronecker's limit formula, and the Selberg trace formula. The presentation of Iwasawa theory focuses on the Iwasawa main conjecture, which establishes far-reaching relations between a $p$-adic analytic zeta function and a determinant defined from a Galois action on some ideal class groups. This book also contains a short exposition on the arithmetic of elliptic curves and the proof of Fermat's last theorem by Wiles. Together with the first two volumes, this book is a good resource for anyone learning or teaching modern algebraic number theory.

The Web of Modularity

Arithmetic of the Coefficients of Modular Forms and Q-series

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Author: Ken Ono

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821833685

Category: Mathematics

Page: 216

View: 1327

Modular forms appear in many ways in number theory. They play a central role in the theory of quadratic forms, in particular, as generating functions for the number of representations of integers by positive definite quadratic forms. They are also key players in the recent spectacular proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. Modular forms are at the center of an immense amount of current research activity. Also detailed in this volume are other roles that modular forms and $q$-series play in number theory, such as applications and connections to basic hypergeometric functions, Gaussian hypergeometric functions, super-congruences, Weierstrass points on modular curves, singular moduli, class numbers, $L$-values, and elliptic curves.The first three chapters provide some basic facts and results on modular forms, which set the stage for the advanced areas that are treated in the remainder of the book. Ono gives ample motivation on topics where modular forms play a role. Rather than cataloging all of the known results, he highlights those that give their flavor. At the end of most chapters, he gives open problems and questions. The book is an excellent resource for advanced graduate students and researchers interested in number theory.

Analytic and Elementary Number Theory

A Tribute to Mathematical Legend Paul Erdos

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Author: Krishnaswami Alladi,P.D.T.A. Elliott,A. Granville,G. Tenenbaum

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1475745079

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 6750

This volume contains a collection of papers in Analytic and Elementary Number Theory in memory of Professor Paul Erdös, one of the greatest mathematicians of this century. Written by many leading researchers, the papers deal with the most recent advances in a wide variety of topics, including arithmetical functions, prime numbers, the Riemann zeta function, probabilistic number theory, properties of integer sequences, modular forms, partitions, and q-series. Audience: Researchers and students of number theory, analysis, combinatorics and modular forms will find this volume to be stimulating.

Number Theory Through Inquiry

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Author: David C. Marshall,Edward Odell,Michael Starbird

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 0883857510

Category: Mathematics

Page: 140

View: 701

This innovative textbook leads students on a carefully guided discovery of introductory number theory. The book has two equally significant goals. The first is to help students develop mathematical thinking skills, particularly theorem-proving skills. The other goal is to help students understand some of the wonderfully rich ideas in the mathematical study of numbers. This book is appropriate for a proof transitions course, for independent study, or for a course designed as an introduction to abstract mathematics. It is designed to be used with an instructional technique variously called guided discovery or Modified Moore Method or Inquiry Based Learning (IBL). Instructors' materials explain the instructional method, which gives students a totally different experience compared to a standard lecture course. Students develop an attitude of personal reliance and a sense that they can think effectively about difficult problems; goals that are fundamental to the educational enterprise within and beyond mathematics.