Novel Process Windows

Innovative Gates to Intensified and Sustainable Chemical Processes

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Author: Volker Hessel,Dana Kralisch,Norbert Kockmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527654844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 9246

This book introduces the concept of novel process windows, focusing on cost improvements, safety, energy and eco-efficiency throughout each step of the process. The first part presents the new reactor and process-related technologies, introducing the potential and benefit analysis. The core of the book details scenarios for unusual parameter sets and the new holistic and systemic approach to processing, while the final part analyses the implications for green and cost-efficient processing. With its practical approach, this is invaluable reading for those working in the pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, fuels and oils industries.

Sustainable Flow Chemistry

Methods and Applications

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Author: Luigi Vaccaro

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527338527

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 1498

This ready reference not only presents the hot and emerging topic of modern flow chemistry, it is also unique in illustrating the important connection to sustainable chemistry. Focusing on more sustainable methods and applications, the text extensively covers every important field from reaction time optimization to waste minimization, and from safety improvements to microwave applications. In addition, green metrics are presented as a key aspect of the book, helping readers to evaluate the efficiency of flow technologies and their impact on the overall efficiency of a chemical process. An invaluable handbook for every chemist working in the laboratory, whether in academia or industry.

Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry

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Author: Wei Zhang,Berkeley Cue

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470711515

Category: Medical

Page: 742

View: 8843

Green chemistry is a new way of looking at organic synthesis and the design of drug molecules, offering important environmental and economic advantages over traditional synthetic processes. Pharmaceutical companies are increasingly turning to the principles of green chemistry in an effort to reduce waste, reduce costs and develop environmentally benign processes. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry presents an overview of the established and emerging techniques in green organic chemistry, highlighting their applications in medicinal chemistry. The book is divided into four parts: Introduction: Introduces the reader to the toxicology of organic chemicals,their environmental impact, and the concept of green chemistry. Green Catalysis: Covers a variety of green catalytic techniques including organocatalysis, supported catalysis, biocatalysis, fluorous catalysis, and catalytic direct C-H bond activation reactions. Green Synthetic Techniques: Presents a series of new techniques, assessing the green chemistry aspects and limitations (i.e. cost, equipment, expertise). Techniques include reactions in alternative solvents, atom economic multicomponent reactions, microwave and ultrasonic reactions, solid-supported synthesis, fluorous and ionic liquid-based recycling techniques, and flow reactors. Green Techniques in Pharmaceutical Industry: Covers applications of green chemistry concepts and special techniques for medicinal chemistry, including synthesis, analysis, separation, formulation, , and drug delivery. Process and business case studies are included to illustrate the applications in the pharmaceutical industry. Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry is an essential resource on green chemistry technologies for academic researchers, R&D professionals and students working in organic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Micro Process Engineering

A Comprehensive Handbook

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Author: Volker Hessel,Jaap C. Schouten,Albert Renken

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315500

Category: Science

Page: 1412

View: 3069

This three-volume handbook provides an overview of the key aspects of micro process engineering. Volume 1 covers the fundamentals, operations and catalysts, volume 2 examines devices, reactions and applications, with volume 3 rounding off the trilogy with system, process and plant engineering. Fluid dynamics, mixing, heat/mass transfer, purification and separation microstructured devices and microstructured reactors are explained in the first volume. Volume 2 segments microreactor design, fabrication and assembly, bulk and fine chemistry, polymerisation, fuel processing and functional materials into understandable parts. The final volume of the handbook addresses microreactor systems design and scale-up, sensing, analysis and control, chemical process engineering, economic and eco-efficiency analyses as well as microreactor plant case studies in one book. Together, this 3-volume handbook explains the science behind micro process engineering to the scale-up and their real life industrial applications.

Green Metrics

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Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527695265

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 4995

Volume 11 of the Handbook of Green Chemistry series identifies, explains and expands on green chemistry and engineering metrics, describing how the two work together, backed by numerous practical applications. Up-to-date and authoritative, this ready reference covers the development and application of sustainable chemistry along with engineering metrics in both academia and industry, providing the latest information on fundamental aspects of metrics, practical realizations and example case studies. Additionally, it outlines how metrics have been used to facilitate developments in sustainable and green chemistry. The different concepts of and approaches to metrics are applied to fundamental problems in chemistry and the focus is firmly placed on their use to promote the development and implementation of more sustainable and green chemistry and technology in the production of chemicals and related products. Starting with molecular design, followed by chemical route evaluation, chemical process metrics and product assessment, by the end readers will have a complete set of metrics to choose from as they move a chemical conception to final product. Of high interest to academics and chemists working in industry.

Process Intensification Technologies for Green Chemistry

Engineering Solutions for Sustainable Chemical Processing

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Author: Kamelia Boodhoo,Adam Harvey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118498534

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 5265

The successful implementation of greener chemical processesrelies not only on the development of more efficient catalysts forsynthetic chemistry but also, and as importantly, on thedevelopment of reactor and separation technologies which candeliver enhanced processing performance in a safe, cost-effectiveand energy efficient manner. Process intensification has emerged asa promising field which can effectively tackle the challenges ofsignificant process enhancement, whilst also offering the potentialto diminish the environmental impact presented by the chemicalindustry. Following an introduction to process intensification and theprinciples of green chemistry, this book presents a number ofintensified technologies which have been researched and developed,including case studies to illustrate their application to greenchemical processes. Topics covered include: • Intensified reactor technologies: spinning discreactors, microreactors, monolith reactors, oscillatory flowreactors, cavitational reactors • Combined reactor/separator systems: membrane reactors,reactive distillation, reactive extraction, reactiveabsorption • Membrane separations for green chemistry • Industry relevance of process intensification,including economics and environmental impact, opportunities forenergy saving, and practical considerations for industrialimplementation. Process Intensification for Green Chemistry is a valuableresource for practising engineers and chemists alike who areinterested in applying intensified reactor and/or separator systemsin a range of industries to achieve green chemistry principles.

Fundamentals

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Author: Ferenc Darvas,Volker Hessel,György Dorman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110388758

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 313

View: 5670

Broader theoretical insight on organic reactions in driving them automatically opens the window towards new technologies particularly to flow chemistry. This emerging concept promotes the transformation of present day's organic processes into a more rapid continuous set of synthesis operations, more compatible with the envisioned sustainable world. Our book provides a comprehensive discussion on the theoretical foundation of flow chemistry.

Microstructured Devices for Chemical Processing

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Author: Madhvanand N. Kashid,Albert Renken,Lioubov Kiwi-Minsker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352733128X

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 2164

Based on courses taught by the authors, this advanced textbook discusses opportunities for achieving larger-scale reactions in a technically controllable, sustainable, cost-effective and safe manner. Adopting a practical approach, it describes how miniaturized devices are used successfully for process intensification, focusing on the engineering aspects of microstructured devices, such as their design and characterization for homogeneous and multiphase reactions. It addresses the conditions under which microstructured devices are beneficial, how they should be designed, and how such devices can be integrated in a chemical process. Essential for master and doctoral students, as well as professional chemists and chemical engineers working in this area.

Applications

Applications

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Author: Ferenc Darvas,Volker Hessel,György Dorman

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110367505

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 8561

The emerging concept of flow chemistry promotes the transformation of present day's organic processes into a more rapid continuous set of synthesis operations, more compatible with the envisioned sustainable world. In this book, an international team of authors from academia and industry presents practical aspects.

Projekt Phoenix

Der Roman über IT und DevOps – Neue Erfolgsstrategien für Ihre Firma

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Author: Gene Kim

Publisher: O'Reilly

ISBN: 3960100671

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 4305

Bill ist IT-Manager bei Parts Unlimited. An einem Dienstagmorgen erhält er auf der Fahrt zur Arbeit einen Anruf seines CEO. Die neue IT-Initiative der Firma mit dem Codenamen Projekt Phoenix ist entscheidend für die Zukunft von Parts Unlimited, aber das Projekt hat Budget und Zeitplan massiv überzogen. Der CEO will, dass Bill direkt an ihn berichtet und das ganze Chaos in neunzig Tagen aufräumt, denn sonst wird Bills gesamte Abteilung outgesourct. Mit der Hilfe eines Vorstandsmitglieds und dessen mysteriöser Philosophie der Drei Wege wird Bill klar, dass IT-Arbeit mehr mit dem Fertigungsbereich in einer Fabrik zu tun hat als er sich je vorstellen konnte. Die Zeit drängt: Bill muss dafür sorgen, dass der Arbeitsfluss auch zwischen den Abteilungen deutlich besser läuft und das Business-Funktionalität zuverlässig bereitgestellt wird. Drei Koryphäen der DevOps-Bewegung liefern hier die rasante und unterhaltsame Story, in der sich jeder, der im IT-Bereich arbeitet, wiederfinden wird. Sie erfahren nicht nur, wie Sie Ihre eigene IT-Organisation verbessern können - nach der Lektüre dieses Buchs werden Sie IT auch nie wieder so sehen wie zuvor.

Carrie

Roman

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Author: Stephen King

Publisher: Bastei Lübbe (Bastei Verlag)

ISBN: 9783404131211

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 5291

Als Dreijährige lässt sie einen Steinregen auf ihr Elternhaus niederregnen, weil ihre Mutter ihr in einem Anfall religiösem Wahns nach dem Leben trachtet. Als Sechzehnjährige muss sie einen Augenblick tiefster Demütigung erleben. Schon immer von ihren Mitschülern wegen ihrer scheuen zurückhaltenden Art gehänselt, wird sie auf dem Abschlussball der Schule das Opfer eines bösen Streichs. Schmerz, Enttäuschung, Wut treiben Carrie zum Äußersten, die beseelt und besessen ist von einer unheimlichen Gabe: Mit schierer Kraft ihres Willens entfesselt sie ein Inferno, gegen das die Hölle ein lieblicher Garten Eden ist. Das ist Carrie - beseelt, besessen von einer unheimlichen Gabe mit ungeheurer Tragweite und furchtbaren Folgen.

Windows

History, Repair and Conservation

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Author: Michael Tutton,Elizabeth Hirst,Jill Pearce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 470

View: 471

This is the first and only reference volume covering the subject of windows in depth - no other book offers this wealth of practical detail. It is highly accessible, written for both the professional and interested layperson Written by a team of 15 experts - surveyors, structural engineers, craftsmen and conservators describing their own approaches to specific materials, problems and designs. It includes over 400 illustrations in colour and black and white, from a wide range of sources, including historic drawings, paintings, pattern books, textbooks, manufacturers' catalogues and contemporary and archive photographs. It is an invaluable asset for everyone involved with windows on a daily basis, combining the knowledge of leading historians and experts in the field of window conservation. The window is a familiar yet surprisingly complex feature, with a rich history that has not, up until now, been explored in any great depth. This encyclopaedic work is both a fascinating exploration of the history and development of the window, and a practical hands-on guide to their care and preservation. Part 1 covers the history of the window including the development in glass technology. It also provides an illustrated glossary of window types. Part 2 reviews the changes in policy and legislation and discusses structural issues, decay mechanisms and the current stringent performance standards and how they affect historic windows. Part 3 focuses on the materials used in the construction of windows and the craft of leaded glazing. It details the appropriate techniques for repair and conservation. Windows is fully illustrated in both colour and mono to include over 400 high quality illustrations.

Das Licht von vierzig Monden

Roman

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Author: Nadia Hashimi

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3732555704

Category: Fiction

Page: 527

View: 8028

Affäre, Ehebruch oder uneheliche Schwangerschaft - den meisten Insassinnen im Frauengefängnis von Kabul werden moralische Verbrechen zur Last gelegt. Doch bei Zeba ist das anders. Sie soll ihren Ehemann brutal erschlagen haben. Ist die dreifache Mutter wirklich eine kaltblütige Mörderin? Ihr Anwalt Yusuf, ein ehrgeiziger junger Mann mit amerikanischem Abschluss, ist von Zebas Unschuld überzeugt. Aber er kann diese nicht beweisen, solange Zeba ihm nicht anvertraut, was wirklich passiert ist ...

Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Volume 3

Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

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Author: Helena Jin,Cesar Sciammarella,Cosme Furlong,Sanichiro Yoshida

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461442354

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 5031

Imaging Methods for Novel Materials and Challenging Applications, Volume 3: Proceedings of the 2012 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the third volume of seven from the Conference, brings together 62 contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental and Applied Mechanics, including papers on: Role of optical interferometry in advancement of material characterization Three-dimensional imaging and volumetric correlation Digital holography and experimental mechanics Digital image correlation Metrology and displacement measurement at different scales Optical methods for dynamic tests Optical methods for and with MEMS and NEMS Thermomechanics and infrared imaging Imaging methods applied to biomaterials and soft materials Applied photoelasticity Optical measurement systems using polarized light Hybrid imaging techniques Contouring of surfaces Novel optical techniques

IC Manufacturing Performance Enhancement Through Advanced Process/equipment Modeling, Control and Metrology

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Author: Qiaolin Zhang

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 340

View: 6488

This dissertation is concerned with exploring IC manufacturing performance enhancement through advanced process/equipment modeling, control and metrology. As transistor dimension continues to scale down and wafer size continues to scale up, advanced process/equipment modeling, control and metrology are widely believed to be the enabling technology needed to enhance process control and yield in IC manufacturing.

9/11 and the Literature of Terror

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Author: Martin Randall

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688897

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 174

View: 1514

Explores the fiction, poetry, theatre and cinema representing the 9/11 attacks.

Novel Silicon Based Technologies

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Author: North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792311126

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 277

View: 4782

Eight contributions address: GaAs on Si, ion beam synthesis in silicon, ion beam processing of chemical vapor deposited silicon layers, technology and devices for silicon based three-dimensional circuits, integrated fabrication of micromechanical structures on silicon, micromachining of silicon for

Ein Gentleman in Moskau

Roman

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Author: Amor Towles

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843716196

Category: Fiction

Page: 560

View: 3641

Moskau, 1922. Der genussfreudige Lebemann Graf Rostov wird verhaftet und zu lebenslangem Hausarrest verurteilt, ausgerechnet im Hotel Metropol, dem ersten Haus am Platz. Er muss alle bisher genossenen Privilegien aufgeben und eine Arbeit als Hilfskellner annehmen. Rostov mit seinen 30 Jahren ist ein äußerst liebenswürdiger, immer optimistischer Gentleman. Trotz seiner eingeschränkten Umstände lebt er ganz seine Überzeugung, dass selbst kleine gute Taten einer chaotischen Welt Sinn verleihen. Aber ihm bleibt nur der Blick aus dem Fenster, während draußen Russland stürmische Dekaden durchlebt. Seine Stunde kommt, als eine alte Freundin ihm ihre kleine Tochter anvertraut. Das Kind ändert Rostovs Leben von Grund auf. Für das Mädchen und sein Leben wächst der Graf über sich hinaus. "Towles ist ein Meistererzähler" New York Times Book Review "Eine charmante Erinnerung an die Bedeutung von gutem Stil" Washington Post "Elegant, dabei gleichzeitig filigran und üppig wie ein Schmuckei von Fabergé" O, the Oprah Magazine

Novel NMR and EPR Techniques

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Author: J. Dolinsek,Marija Vilfan,Slobodan Zumer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354032626X

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 7303

A survey of recent research in the fields of condensed matter physics and chemistry based on novel NMR and ESR techniques. Applications include quantum computing, metal nanoparticles, low dimensional magnets, fullerenes as atomic cages, superconductors, porous media, and laser assisted studies. The book is dedicated to Professor Robert Blinc, on the occasion of his seventieth birthday, in appreciation of his remarkable scientific accomplishments in the NMR of condensed matter.