Nonnegative Matrices and Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: R. B. Bapat,T. E. S. Raghavan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521571678

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 8708

This book provides an integrated treatment of the theory of nonnegative matrices (matrices with only positive numbers or zero as entries) and some related classes of positive matrices, concentrating on connections with game theory, combinatorics, inequalities, optimisation and mathematical economics. The wide variety of applications, which include price fixing, scheduling and the fair division problem, have been carefully chosen both for their elegant mathematical content and for their accessibility to students with minimal preparation. Many results in matrix theory are also presented. The treatment is rigorous and almost all results are proved completely. These results and applications will be of great interest to researchers in linear programming, statistics and operations research. The minimal prerequisites also make the book accessible to first-year graduate students.

Permanents

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Henryk Minc

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521302265

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 4187

The purpose of this book, which was first published in 1978, is to give a complete account of the theory of permanents, their history and applications. This volume was the first complete account of the theory of permanents, covering virtually the whole of the subject, a feature that no simple survey of the theory of matrices can even attempt. The work also contains many results stated without formal proofs. This book can be used as a textbook at the advanced undergraduate or graduate level. The only prerequisites are a standard undergraduate course in the theory of matrices and a measure of mathematical maturity.

Matroid Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521381659

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 3504

This volume, the third in a sequence that began with The Theory of Matroids and Combinatorial Geometries, concentrates on the applications of matroid theory to a variety of topics from engineering (rigidity and scene analysis), combinatorics (graphs, lattices, codes and designs), topology and operations research (the greedy algorithm).

Theory of Matroids

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Neil White

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521309379

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 687

The theory of matroids is unique in the extent to which it connects such disparate branches of combinatorial theory and algebra as graph theory, lattice theory, design theory, combinatorial optimization, linear algebra, group theory, ring theory and field theory. Furthermore, matroid theory is alone among mathematical theories because of the number and variety of its equivalent axiom systems. Indeed, matroids are amazingly versatile and the approaches to the subject are varied and numerous. This book is a primer in the basic axioms and constructions of matroids. The contributions by various leaders in the field include chapters on axiom systems, lattices, basis exchange properties, orthogonality, graphs and networks, constructions, maps, semi-modular functions and an appendix on cryptomorphisms. The authors have concentrated on giving a lucid exposition of the individual topics; explanations of theorems are preferred to complete proofs and original work is thoroughly referenced. In addition, exercises are included for each topic.

A Combinatorial Approach to Matrix Theory and Its Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard A. Brualdi,Dragos Cvetkovic

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420082241

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 5706

Unlike most elementary books on matrices, A Combinatorial Approach to Matrix Theory and Its Applications employs combinatorial and graph-theoretical tools to develop basic theorems of matrix theory, shedding new light on the subject by exploring the connections of these tools to matrices. After reviewing the basics of graph theory, elementary counting formulas, fields, and vector spaces, the book explains the algebra of matrices and uses the König digraph to carry out simple matrix operations. It then discusses matrix powers, provides a graph-theoretical definition of the determinant using the Coates digraph of a matrix, and presents a graph-theoretical interpretation of matrix inverses. The authors develop the elementary theory of solutions of systems of linear equations and show how to use the Coates digraph to solve a linear system. They also explore the eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and characteristic polynomial of a matrix; examine the important properties of nonnegative matrices that are part of the Perron–Frobenius theory; and study eigenvalue inclusion regions and sign-nonsingular matrices. The final chapter presents applications to electrical engineering, physics, and chemistry. Using combinatorial and graph-theoretical tools, this book enables a solid understanding of the fundamentals of matrix theory and its application to scientific areas.

Relational Mathematics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Gunther Schmidt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762685

Category: Computers

Page: 567

View: 9492

A modern, comprehensive 2010 overview providing an easy introduction for applied scientists who are not versed in mathematics.

Combinatorial Matrix Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard A. Brualdi,Herbert J. Ryser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521322652

Category: Mathematics

Page: 367

View: 4960

The book deals with the many connections between matrices, graphs, diagraphs and bipartite graphs. The basic theory of network flows is developed in order to obtain existence theorems for matrices with prescribed combinatorical properties and to obtain various matrix decomposition theorems. Other chapters cover the permanent of a matrix and Latin squares. The book ends by considering algebraic characterizations of combinatorical properties and the use of combinatorial arguments in proving classical algebraic theorems, including the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem and the Jorda Canonical Form.

The Mutually Beneficial Relationship of Graphs and Matrices

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard A. Brualdi

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821853155

Category: Mathematics

Page: 96

View: 8713

Graphs and matrices enjoy a fascinating and mutually beneficial relationship. This interplay has benefited both graph theory and linear algebra. In one direction, knowledge about one of the graphs that can be associated with a matrix can be used to illuminate matrix properties and to get better information about the matrix. Examples include the use of digraphs to obtain strong results on diagonal dominance and eigenvalue inclusion regions and the use of the Rado-Hall theorem to deduce properties of special classes of matrices. Going the other way, linear algebraic properties of one of the matrices associated with a graph can be used to obtain useful combinatorial information about the graph. The adjacency matrix and the Laplacian matrix are two well-known matrices associated to a graph, and their eigenvalues encode important information about the graph. Another important linear algebraic invariant associated with a graph is the Colin de Verdiere number, which, for instance, characterizes certain topological properties of the graph. This book is not a comprehensive study of graphs and matrices. The particular content of the lectures was chosen for its accessibility, beauty, and current relevance, and for the possibility of enticing the audience to want to learn more.

Combinatorial Matrix Classes

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Richard A. Brualdi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521865654

Category: Mathematics

Page: 544

View: 8434

A natural sequel to the author's previous book Combinatorial Matrix Theory written with H. J. Ryser, this is the first book devoted exclusively to existence questions, constructive algorithms, enumeration questions, and other properties concerning classes of matrices of combinatorial significance. Several classes of matrices are thoroughly developed including the classes of matrices of 0's and 1's with a specified number of 1's in each row and column (equivalently, bipartite graphs with a specified degree sequence), symmetric matrices in such classes (equivalently, graphs with a specified degree sequence), tournament matrices with a specified number of 1's in each row (equivalently, tournaments with a specified score sequence), nonnegative matrices with specified row and column sums, and doubly stochastic matrices. Most of this material is presented for the first time in book format and the chapter on doubly stochastic matrices provides the most complete development of the topic to date.

Model Theory

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Wilfrid Hodges

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521304429

Category: Mathematics

Page: 772

View: 2411

Model theory is concerned with the notions of definition, interpretation and structure in a very general setting, and is applied to a wide range of other areas such as set theory, geometry, algebra and computer science. This book provides an integrated introduction to model theory for graduate students.

The Chinese Roots of Linear Algebra

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Roger Hart

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801899584

Category: Mathematics

Page: 304

View: 3314

Mathematicians and historians of mathematics and science will find in The Chinese Roots of Linear Algebra new ways to conceptualize the intellectual development of linear algebra.

Noncommutative Rational Series with Applications

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jean Berstel,Christophe Reutenauer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190223

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 9904

A modern account of the subject and its applications. Excellent resource for those working in algebra and theoretical computer science.

Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849301490

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1408

View: 593

The importance of discrete and combinatorial mathematics continues to increase as the range of applications to computer science, electrical engineering, and the biological sciences grows dramatically. Providing a ready reference for practitioners in the field, the Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics, Second Edition presents additional material on Google's matrix, random graphs, geometric graphs, computational topology, and other key topics. New chapters highlight essential background information on bioinformatics and computational geometry. Each chapter includes a glossary, definitions, facts, examples, algorithms, major applications, and references.

Finite Fields

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Rudolf Lidl,Harald Niederreiter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521392310

Category: Mathematics

Page: 755

View: 2995

This book is devoted entirely to the theory of finite fields.

Encyclopedia of Distances

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michel Marie Deza,Elena Deza

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662528444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 756

View: 1347

This 4-th edition of the leading reference volume on distance metrics is characterized by updated and rewritten sections on some items suggested by experts and readers, as well a general streamlining of content and the addition of essential new topics. Though the structure remains unchanged, the new edition also explores recent advances in the use of distances and metrics for e.g. generalized distances, probability theory, graph theory, coding theory, data analysis. New topics in the purely mathematical sections include e.g. the Vitanyi multiset-metric, algebraic point-conic distance, triangular ratio metric, Rossi-Hamming metric, Taneja distance, spectral semimetric between graphs, channel metrization, and Maryland bridge distance. The multidisciplinary sections have also been supplemented with new topics, including: dynamic time wrapping distance, memory distance, allometry, atmospheric depth, elliptic orbit distance, VLBI distance measurements, the astronomical system of units, and walkability distance. Leaving aside the practical questions that arise during the selection of a ‘good’ distance function, this work focuses on providing the research community with an invaluable comprehensive listing of the main available distances. As well as providing standalone introductions and definitions, the encyclopedia facilitates swift cross-referencing with easily navigable bold-faced textual links to core entries. In addition to distances themselves, the authors have collated numerous fascinating curiosities in their Who’s Who of metrics, including distance-related notions and paradigms that enable applied mathematicians in other sectors to deploy research tools that non-specialists justly view as arcane. In expanding access to these techniques, and in many cases enriching the context of distances themselves, this peerless volume is certain to stimulate fresh research.

Nonnegative Matrices in the Mathematical Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Abraham Berman,Robert J. Plemmons

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483260860

Category: Mathematics

Page: 334

View: 8237

Nonnegative Matrices in the Mathematical Sciences provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of the theory of nonnegative matrices. This book describes selected applications of the theory to numerical analysis, probability, economics, and operations research. Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the properties of nonnegative matrices. This text then examines the inverse-positive matrices. Other chapters consider the basic approaches to the study of nonnegative matrices, namely, geometrical and combinatorial. This book discusses as well some useful ideas from the algebraic theory of semigroups and considers a canonical form for nonnegative idempotent matrices and special types of idempotent matrices. The final chapter deals with the linear complementary problem (LCP). This book is a valuable resource for mathematical economists, mathematical programmers, statisticians, mathematicians, and computer scientists.

Linear Algebra in Action

Second Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Harry Dym

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470409089

Category: Mathematics

Page: 585

View: 1716

Linear algebra permeates mathematics, perhaps more so than any other single subject. It plays an essential role in pure and applied mathematics, statistics, computer science, and many aspects of physics and engineering. This book conveys in a user-friendly way the basic and advanced techniques of linear algebra from the point of view of a working analyst. The techniques are illustrated by a wide sample of applications and examples that are chosen to highlight the tools of the trade. In short, this is material that many of us wish we had been taught as graduate students. Roughly the first third of the book covers the basic material of a first course in linear algebra. The remaining chapters are devoted to applications drawn from vector calculus, numerical analysis, control theory, complex analysis, convexity and functional analysis. In particular, fixed point theorems, extremal problems, matrix equations, zero location and eigenvalue location problems, and matrices with nonnegative entries are discussed. Appendices on useful facts from analysis and supplementary information from complex function theory are also provided for the convenience of the reader. In this new edition, most of the chapters in the first edition have been revised, some extensively. The revisions include changes in a number of proofs, either to simplify the argument, to make the logic clearer or, on occasion, to sharpen the result. New introductory sections on linear programming, extreme points for polyhedra and a Nevanlinna-Pick interpolation problem have been added, as have some very short introductory sections on the mathematics behind Google, Drazin inverses, band inverses and applications of SVD together with a number of new exercises.

Codes and Automata

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Jean Berstel,Dominique Perrin,Christophe Reutenauer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052188831X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 4594

This major revision of Berstel and Perrin's classic Theory of Codes has been rewritten with a more modern focus and a much broader coverage of the subject. The concept of unambiguous automata, which is intimately linked with that of codes, now plays a significant role throughout the book, reflecting developments of the last 20 years. This is complemented by a discussion of the connection between codes and automata, and new material from the field of symbolic dynamics. The authors have also explored links with more practical applications, including data compression and cryptography. The treatment remains self-contained: there is background material on discrete mathematics, algebra and theoretical computer science. The wealth of exercises and examples make it ideal for self-study or courses. In summary, this is a comprehensive reference on the theory of variable-length codes and their relation to automata.

Interfaces

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Industrial management

Page: N.A

View: 1217