Noncommutative Motives


Author: Gonçalo Tabuada

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470423979

Category: Algebraic varieties

Page: 114

View: 5812

The theory of motives began in the early 1960s when Grothendieck envisioned the existence of a "universal cohomology theory of algebraic varieties". The theory of noncommutative motives is more recent. It began in the 1980s when the Moscow school (Beilinson, Bondal, Kapranov, Manin, and others) began the study of algebraic varieties via their derived categories of coherent sheaves, and continued in the 2000s when Kontsevich conjectured the existence of a "universal invariant of noncommutative algebraic varieties". This book, prefaced by Yuri I. Manin, gives a rigorous overview of some of the main advances in the theory of noncommutative motives. It is divided into three main parts. The first part, which is of independent interest, is devoted to the study of DG categories from a homotopical viewpoint. The second part, written with an emphasis on examples and applications, covers the theory of noncommutative pure motives, noncommutative standard conjectures, noncommutative motivic Galois groups, and also the relations between these notions and their commutative counterparts. The last part is devoted to the theory of noncommutative mixed motives. The rigorous formalization of this latter theory requires the language of Grothendieck derivators, which, for the reader's convenience, is revised in a brief appendix.

Surveys on Recent Developments in Algebraic Geometry


Author: Izzet Coskun,Tommaso de Fernex,Angela Gibney

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470435578

Category: $K$-theory -- Higher algebraic $K$-theory -- $Q$- and plus-constructions

Page: 370

View: 1214

The algebraic geometry community has a tradition of running a summer research institute every ten years. During these influential meetings a large number of mathematicians from around the world convene to overview the developments of the past decade and to outline the most fundamental and far-reaching problems for the next. The meeting is preceded by a Bootcamp aimed at graduate students and young researchers. This volume collects ten surveys that grew out of the Bootcamp, held July 6–10, 2015, at University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. These papers give succinct and thorough introductions to some of the most important and exciting developments in algebraic geometry in the last decade. Included are descriptions of the striking advances in the Minimal Model Program, moduli spaces, derived categories, Bridgeland stability, motivic homotopy theory, methods in characteristic and Hodge theory. Surveys contain many examples, exercises and open problems, which will make this volume an invaluable and enduring resource for researchers looking for new directions.

New Directions in Homotopy Theory


Author: Nitya Kitchloo, Mona Merling,Jack Morava,Emily Riehl,W. Stephen Wilson

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470437740

Category: Homotopy theory

Page: 194

View: 584

This volume contains the proceedings of the Second Mid-Atlantic Topology Conference, held from March 12–13, 2016, at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. The focus of the conference, and subsequent papers, was on applications of innovative methods from homotopy theory in category theory, algebraic geometry, and related areas, emphasizing the work of younger researchers in these fields.

An Introduction to Noncommutative Geometry


Author: Joseph C. Várilly

Publisher: European Mathematical Society

ISBN: 9783037190241

Category: Mathematics

Page: 113

View: 1115

Noncommutative geometry, inspired by quantum physics, describes singular spaces by their noncommutative coordinate algebras and metric structures by Dirac-like operators. Such metric geometries are described mathematically by Connes' theory of spectral triples. These lectures, delivered at an EMS Summer School on noncommutative geometry and its applications, provide an overview of spectral triples based on examples. This introduction is aimed at graduate students of both mathematics and theoretical physics. It deals with Dirac operators on spin manifolds, noncommutative tori, Moyal quantization and tangent groupoids, action functionals, and isospectral deformations. The structural framework is the concept of a noncommutative spin geometry; the conditions on spectral triples which determine this concept are developed in detail. The emphasis throughout is on gaining understanding by computing the details of specific examples. The book provides a middle ground between a comprehensive text and a narrowly focused research monograph. It is intended for self-study, enabling the reader to gain access to the essentials of noncommutative geometry. New features since the original course are an expanded bibliography and a survey of more recent examples and applications of spectral triples.

Noncommutative Geometry

Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Martina Franca, Italy, September 3-9, 2000


Author: Alain Connes,Joachim Cuntz,Erik G. Guentner,Nigel Higson,Jerome Kaminker,John E. Roberts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540203575

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 6177

Noncommutative Geometry is one of the most deep and vital research subjects of present-day Mathematics. Its development, mainly due to Alain Connes, is providing an increasing number of applications and deeper insights for instance in Foliations, K-Theory, Index Theory, Number Theory but also in Quantum Physics of elementary particles. The purpose of the Summer School in Martina Franca was to offer a fresh invitation to the subject and closely related topics; the contributions in this volume include the four main lectures, cover advanced developments and are delivered by prominent specialists.

A First Course in Noncommutative Rings


Author: T.Y. Lam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468404067

Category: Mathematics

Page: 397

View: 7497

One of my favorite graduate courses at Berkeley is Math 251, a one-semester course in ring theory offered to second-year level graduate students. I taught this course in the Fall of 1983, and more recently in the Spring of 1990, both times focusing on the theory of noncommutative rings. This book is an outgrowth of my lectures in these two courses, and is intended for use by instructors and graduate students in a similar one-semester course in basic ring theory. Ring theory is a subject of central importance in algebra. Historically, some of the major discoveries in ring theory have helped shape the course of development of modern abstract algebra. Today, ring theory is a fer tile meeting ground for group theory (group rings), representation theory (modules), functional analysis (operator algebras), Lie theory (enveloping algebras), algebraic geometry (finitely generated algebras, differential op erators, invariant theory), arithmetic (orders, Brauer groups), universal algebra (varieties of rings), and homological algebra (cohomology of rings, projective modules, Grothendieck and higher K-groups). In view of these basic connections between ring theory and other branches of mathemat ics, it is perhaps no exaggeration to say that a course in ring theory is an indispensable part of the education for any fledgling algebraist. The purpose of my lectures was to give a general introduction to the theory of rings, building on what the students have learned from a stan dard first-year graduate course in abstract algebra.

Arithmetic Noncommutative Geometry


Author: Matilde Marcolli

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821882931

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 534

Arithmetic noncommutative geometry uses ideas and tools from noncommutative geometry to address questions in a new way and to reinterpret results and constructions from number theory and arithmetic algebraic geometry. This general philosophy is applied to the geometry and arithmetic of modular curves and to the fibers at Archimedean places of arithmetic surfaces and varieties. Noncommutative geometry can be expected to say something about topics of arithmetic interest because it provides the right framework for which the tools of geometry continue to make sense on spaces that are very singular and apparently very far from the world of algebraic varieties. This provides a way of refining the boundary structure of certain classes of spaces that arise in the context of arithmetic geometry. With a foreword written by Yuri Manin and a brief introduction to noncommutative geometry, this book offers a comprehensive account of the cross fertilization between two important areas, noncommutative geometry and number theory. It is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in these areas

How to Teach Mathematics: Third Edition


Author: Steven G. Krantz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470425521


Page: 146

View: 2034

This third edition is a lively and provocative tract on how to teach mathematics in today's new world of online learning tools and innovative teaching devices. The author guides the reader through the joys and pitfalls of interacting with modern undergraduates--telling you very explicitly what to do and what not to do. This third edition has been streamlined from the second edition, but still includes the nuts and bolts of good teaching, discussing material related to new developments in teaching methodology and technique, as well as adding an entire new chapter on online teaching methods.

Algebraic K-Theory


Author: Vasudevan Srinivas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489967354

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2200

Feynman Motives


Author: Matilde Marcolli

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814271217

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 4292

This book presents recent and ongoing research work aimed at understanding the mysterious relation between the computations of Feynman integrals in perturbative quantum field theory and the theory of motives of algebraic varieties and their periods. One of the main questions in the field is understanding when the residues of Feynman integrals in perturbative quantum field theory evaluate to periods of mixed Tate motives. The question originates from the occurrence of multiple zeta values in Feynman integrals calculations observed by Broadhurst and Kreimer. Two different approaches to the subject are described. The first, a OC bottom-upOCO approach, constructs explicit algebraic varieties and periods from Feynman graphs and parametric Feynman integrals. This approach, which grew out of work of BlochOCoEsnaultOCoKreimer and was more recently developed in joint work of Paolo Aluffi and the author, leads to algebro-geometric and motivic versions of the Feynman rules of quantum field theory and concentrates on explicit constructions of motives and classes in the Grothendieck ring of varieties associated to Feynman integrals. While the varieties obtained in this way can be arbitrarily complicated as motives, the part of the cohomology that is involved in the Feynman integral computation might still be of the special mixed Tate kind. A second, OC top-downOCO approach to the problem, developed in the work of Alain Connes and the author, consists of comparing a Tannakian category constructed out of the data of renormalization of perturbative scalar field theories, obtained in the form of a RiemannOCoHilbert correspondence, with Tannakian categories of mixed Tate motives. The book draws connections between these two approaches and gives an overview of other ongoing directions of research in the field, outlining the many connections of perturbative quantum field theory and renormalization to motives, singularity theory, Hodge structures, arithmetic geometry, supermanifolds, algebraic and non-commutative geometry. The text is aimed at researchers in mathematical physics, high energy physics, number theory and algebraic geometry. Partly based on lecture notes for a graduate course given by the author at Caltech in the fall of 2008, it can also be used by graduate students interested in working in this area. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: Perturbative quantum field theory and Feynman diagrams (350 KB). Contents: Perturbative Quantum Field Theory and Feynman Diagrams; Motives and Periods; Feynman Integrals and Algebraic Varieties; Feynman Integrals and GelfandOCoLeray Forms; ConnesOCoKreimer Theory in a Nutshell; The RiemannOCoHilbert Correspondence; The Geometry of DimReg; Renormalization, Singularities, and Hodge Structures; Beyond Scalar Theories. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in mathematical physics and theoretical physics.

Noncommutative Algebraic Geometry and Representations of Quantized Algebras


Author: A. Rosenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401584303

Category: Mathematics

Page: 322

View: 4874

This book is based on lectures delivered at Harvard in the Spring of 1991 and at the University of Utah during the academic year 1992-93. Formally, the book assumes only general algebraic knowledge (rings, modules, groups, Lie algebras, functors etc.). It is helpful, however, to know some basics of algebraic geometry and representation theory. Each chapter begins with its own introduction, and most sections even have a short overview. The purpose of what follows is to explain the spirit of the book and how different parts are linked together without entering into details. The point of departure is the notion of the left spectrum of an associative ring, and the first natural steps of general theory of noncommutative affine, quasi-affine, and projective schemes. This material is presented in Chapter I. Further developments originated from the requirements of several important examples I tried to understand, to begin with the first Weyl algebra and the quantum plane. The book reflects these developments as I worked them out in reallife and in my lectures. In Chapter 11, we study the left spectrum and irreducible representations of a whole lot of rings which are of interest for modern mathematical physics. The dasses of rings we consider indude as special cases: quantum plane, algebra of q-differential operators, (quantum) Heisenberg and Weyl algebras, (quantum) enveloping algebra ofthe Lie algebra sl(2) , coordinate algebra of the quantum group SL(2), the twisted SL(2) of Woronowicz, so called dispin algebra and many others.

Linear Algebra and Matrices: Topics for a Second Course


Author: Helene Shapiro

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470418525

Category: Mathematics

Page: 317

View: 3966

Linear algebra and matrix theory are fundamental tools for almost every area of mathematics, both pure and applied. This book combines coverage of core topics with an introduction to some areas in which linear algebra plays a key role, for example, block designs, directed graphs, error correcting codes, and linear dynamical systems. Notable features include a discussion of the Weyr characteristic and Weyr canonical forms, and their relationship to the better-known Jordan canonical form; the use of block cyclic matrices and directed graphs to prove Frobenius's theorem on the structure of the eigenvalues of a nonnegative, irreducible matrix; and the inclusion of such combinatorial topics as BIBDs, Hadamard matrices, and strongly regular graphs. Also included are McCoy's theorem about matrices with property P, the Bruck-Ryser-Chowla theorem on the existence of block designs, and an introduction to Markov chains. This book is intended for those who are familiar with the linear algebra covered in a typical first course and are interested in learning more advanced results.

Lectures on K3 Surfaces


Author: Daniel Huybrechts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107153042

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 6828

Simple enough for detailed study, rich enough to show interesting behavior, K3 surfaces illuminate core methods in algebraic geometry.

The $K$-book

An Introduction to Algebraic $K$-theory


Author: Charles A. Weibel

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821891324

Category: Mathematics

Page: 618

View: 986

Informally, $K$-theory is a tool for probing the structure of a mathematical object such as a ring or a topological space in terms of suitably parameterized vector spaces and producing important intrinsic invariants which are useful in the study of algebr

3264 and All That

A Second Course in Algebraic Geometry


Author: David Eisenbud,Joe Harris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107017084

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 3965

This book can form the basis of a second course in algebraic geometry. As motivation, it takes concrete questions from enumerative geometry and intersection theory, and provides intuition and technique, so that the student develops the ability to solve geometric problems. The authors explain key ideas, including rational equivalence, Chow rings, Schubert calculus and Chern classes, and readers will appreciate the abundant examples, many provided as exercises with solutions available online. Intersection is concerned with the enumeration of solutions of systems of polynomial equations in several variables. It has been an active area of mathematics since the work of Leibniz. Chasles' nineteenth-century calculation that there are 3264 smooth conic plane curves tangent to five given general conics was an important landmark, and was the inspiration behind the title of this book. Such computations were motivation for Poincaré's development of topology, and for many subsequent theories, so that intersection theory is now a central topic of modern mathematics.

Basic Abstract Algebra

For Graduate Students and Advanced Undergraduates


Author: Robert B. Ash

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318117

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 2497

Relations between groups and sets, results and methods of abstract algebra in terms of number theory and geometry, and noncommutative and homological algebra. Solutions. 2006 edition.