Nicaea and its Legacy

An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

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Author: Lewis Ayres

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780198755050

Category: Religion

Page: 496

View: 1641

Lewis Ayres offers a new account of the most important century in the development of Christian belief after Christ. He shows how the doctrine of the Trinity was developed, and in particular argues that a conception of God's mysteriousness and spiritual progress towards understanding is central to that doctrine.

Nicaea and Its Legacy

An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

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Author: Lewis Ayres

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198755066

Category: Religion

Page: 475

View: 878

The first part of Nicaea and its Legacy offers a narrative of the fourth-century trinitarian controversy. It does not assume that the controversy begins with Arius, but with tensions among existing theological strategies. Lewis Ayres argues that, just as we cannot speak of one `Arian' theology, so we cannot speak of one `Nicene' theology either, in 325 or in 381. The second part of the book offers an account of the theological practices and assumptions within whichpro-Nicene theologians assumed their short formulae and creeds were to be understood. Ayres also argues that there is no fundamental division between eastern and western trinitarian theologies at the end of the fourth century. The last section of the book challenges modern post-Hegelian trinitarian theology toengage with Nicaea more deeply.

Nicaea and its Legacy:An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

An Approach to Fourth-Century Trinitarian Theology

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Author: Lewis Ayres

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198755066

Category: Religion

Page: 492

View: 1669

The first part of Nicaea and its Legacy offers a narrative of the fourth-century trinitarian controversy. It does not assume that the controversy begins with Arius, but with tensions among existing theological strategies. Lewis Ayres argues that, just as we cannot speak of one `Arian' theology, so we cannot speak of one `Nicene' theology either, in 325 or in 381. The second part of the book offers an account of the theological practices and assumptions within whichpro-Nicene theologians assumed their short formulae and creeds were to be understood. Ayres also argues that there is no fundamental division between eastern and western trinitarian theologies at the end of the fourth century. The last section of the book challenges modern post-Hegelian trinitarian theology toengage with Nicaea more deeply.

Retrieving Nicaea

The Development and Meaning of Trinitarian Doctrine

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Author: Khaled Anatolios

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 080103132X

Category: Religion

Page: 322

View: 9123

A noted theologian offers a historically informed study of the development of the doctrine of the Trinity, showing its relevance to Christian life and thought today.

Christian Origins

Theology, Rhetoric and Community

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Author: Lewis Ayres,Gareth Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135095116

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 2179

Christian Origins is an exploration of the historical course and nature of early Christian theology, which concentrates on setting it within particular traditions or sets of traditions. In the three sections of the volume, Reading Origen, Reading the Fourth Century and Christian Origins in the Western Traditions, the contributors reconsider classic themes and texts in the light of the existing traditions of interpretation. They offer critiques of early Christian ideas and texts and they consider the structure and origins of standard modern readings of these ideas and texts. The contributors employ a variety of methodological approaches to analyse the interplay between ancient philosophical traditions and the development of Christian thought and to redefine the parameters between the previously accepted divisions in the traditions of Christian theology and thought.

Scripture and Metaphysics

Aquinas and the Renewal of Trinitarian Theology

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Author: Matthew Levering

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405143673

Category: Religion

Page: 264

View: 2893

This book makes a major contribution to contemporary theological and philosophical debates, bridging scriptural and metaphysical approaches to the triune God. Bridges the gap between scriptural and metaphysical approaches to biblical narratives. Retrieves Aquinas’s understanding of theology as contemplative wisdom. Structured around Aquinas’s treatise on the triune God in his ‘Summa Theologiae’. Argues that intellectual contemplation is part of a broader spiritual journey towards a better understanding of God. Contributes to the current resurgence of Thomistic theology in both Protestant and Catholic circles.

Arius

Heresy and Tradition

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Author: Rowan Williams

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802849694

Category: Religion

Page: 378

View: 4985

Arius is widely considered to be Rowan Williams's magnum opus. Long out of print and never before available in paperback, it has been newly revised. This expanded and updated edition marks a major publishing event. Arianism has been called the "archetypal Christian heresy" because it denies the divinity of Christ. In his masterly examination of Arianism, Rowan Williams argues that Arius himself was actually a dedicated theological conservative whose concern was to defend the free and personal character of the Christian God. His "heresy" grew out of an attempt to unite traditional biblical language with radical philosophical ideas and techniques and was, from the start, involved with issues of authority in the church. Thus, the crisis of the early fourth century was not only about the doctrine of God but also about the relations between emperors, bishops, and "charismatic" teachers in the church's decision-making. In the course of his discussion, Williams raises the vital wider questions of how heresy is defined and how certain kinds of traditionalism transform themselves into heresy. Augmented with a new appendix in which Williams interacts with significant scholarship since 1987, this book provides fascinating reading for anyone interested in church history and the development of Christian doctrine.

Augustine and the Trinity

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Author: Lewis Ayres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493329

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 512

Augustine of Hippo (354–430) strongly influenced western theology, but he has often been accused of over-emphasizing the unity of God to the detriment of the Trinity. In Augustine and the Trinity, Lewis Ayres offers a new treatment of this important figure, demonstrating how Augustine's writings offer one of the most sophisticated early theologies of the Trinity developed after the Council of Nicaea (325). Building on recent research, Ayres argues that Augustine was influenced by a wide variety of earlier Latin Christian traditions which stressed the irreducibility of Father, Son and Spirit. Augustine combines these traditions with material from non-Christian Neoplatonists in a very personal synthesis. Ayres also argues that Augustine shaped a powerful account of Christian ascent toward understanding of, as well as participation in the divine life, one that begins in faith and models itself on Christ's humility.

Incarnation and Resurrection

Toward a Contemporary Understanding

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Author: Paul D. Molnar

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802809987

Category: Religion

Page: 418

View: 6857

For too long contemporary theology has downplayed the importance of holding together the incarnation and the resurrection when thinking theologically. Paul Molnar here surveys the place of these key doctrines in the thought of several influential theologians: Karl Barth, Karl Rahner, Thomas F. Torrance, John Macquarrie, Gordon Kaufman, Sallie McFague, Roger Haight, John Hick, and Wolfhart Pannenberg. Molnar demonstrates that whenever the starting point for interpreting the resurrection is not Jesus himself, the incarnate Son of the Father, then Christology and Soteriology are undermined because they are not properly rooted in a plausible doctrine of the Trinity. Fair, comprehensive, and balanced, Molnar's analysis, following Torrance and Barth, highlights the details of contemporary theology of the resurrection linked to the incarnation and maintains the necessity of the incarnation in its intrinsic unity with the resurrection as the beginning, rather than the end, of Christology.

From Nicaea to Chalcedon

A Guide to the Literature and Its Background

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Author: Frances M. Young,Andrew Teal

Publisher: Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd

ISBN: 0334029937

Category: Christian literature, Early

Page: 406

View: 6845

Created as a companion guide to a Patristics textbook, From Nicaea to Chalcedon surveys a variety of writings to have occurred during one of the most significant periods in the formation of the Church, from 265-466. It does not aim to cover the subject as a textbook would, but aims to delve deeper into some of the characters who were involved with the Church or the Councils during this period. Beginning with Eusebius of Caesarea and the first council of the Church at Nicaea, and ending with Theodoret of Cyrrhus, who is thought to have changed his view of Christology after the watershed Council of Chalcedon, this unique text surveys some of the most influential characters to have shaped Church history and the formation of doctrine. Surveying a mixture of significant literary figures, laymen, bishops and heretics this book presents biographical, literary-critical and theological information about each. They are chosen either because they are important to the history of doctrine, or because new material about them has thrown light upon their work, or because they will broaden the reader's understanding of the culture and history of the period or of live issues in the church at the time. Structured in five parts, each part deals with a period of time and a sequence of characters, so the book is easily followed in chronological order. Added to this, is the double bibliography, which in this edition is fully updated. Bibliography A details those texts in English of the original texts of antiquity, whilst Bibliography B provides details of publications in English, French and German which have appeared since 1960-2004 on or about the characters discussed in the body of the text.

Anatomies of Narrative Criticism

The Past, Present, and Futures of the Fourth Gospel as Literature

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Author: Tom Thatcher,Stephen D. Moore

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 1589833708

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 4961

Reflecting on the twenty-fifth anniversary of Alan Culpepper's milestone Anatomy of the Fourth Gospel (1983), Anatomies of Narrative Criticism explores current trends in the study of the Gospel of John as literature. The contributors to the volume represent a wide range of methodological approaches that all explore ways that contemporary readers generate meaning from John's story of Jesus. The book includes an introduction to narrative-critical studies of John; essays on specific themes and passages that focus on interpretation of the text, history of research, hermeneutical approaches, and future trends in research; and a reflective response from Alan Culpepper. Overall, the book seeks to trace the history and project the future of the study of the Bible as narrative. The contributors are Paul N. Anderson, Colleen M. Conway, R. Alan Culpepper, Robert Kysar, Tat-siong Benny Liew, Francis J. Moloney, S.D.B., Stephen D. Moore, Adele Reinhartz, Jeffrey L. Staley, Mark Stibbe, Tom Thatcher, Ruben Zimmermann, and Jean Zumstein.

A Brief History of the Doctrine of the Trinity in the Early Church

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Author: Franz Dünzl

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567031934

Category: Religion

Page: 148

View: 6256

Franz Dünzl gives an account of the formation of the doctrine of the Trinity in a narrative based on contemporary sources: as he remarks in the preface, he wants to describe the human struggle over the truth of the Christian image of God and as far as possible let the early Christians speak for themselves. His main concern is to describe the dynamic of the disputes over the theology of the Trinity in a vivid way which is easy to follow, pointing out the foundations of the doctrine and the decisive shifts in its development. He tries to see the often bitter discussion not as a barren dispute but as an evolutionary process in which the rivalry is a necessary and positive factor in moving the debate forward. After an introduction to the problem, the book describes the beginning of christology and the first models of the relationship between 'Father' and 'Son': it then describes the controversies leading up to the Council of Nicaea, which are discussed at length, going on to show how Nicaea didn't settle the question and continuing the account up to the Council of Constantinople in 381. It brings out the political influences which governed this second stage of the discussion in an illuminating way. A survey and bibliography round the book off.

Re-thinking Gregory of Nyssa

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Author: Sarah Coakley

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405106375

Category: Religion

Page: 144

View: 6898

The thought of Gregory of Nyssa, the youngest of the fourth-cenrtury 'Cappadocian' Fathers, is currently at the centre of a number of important theological debates. This collection of specially commissioned essays calls the long-accepted interpretation of Gregory's trinitarianism into radical question. Gregory of Nyssa, the youngest of the fourth-century 'Cappadocian' Fathers, is currently at the centre of a number of important theological debates. Calls the long-accepted interpretation of Gregory's trinitarianism into radical question. Urges a reading of his 'pedagogy of desire' that will cause a major reconsideration of his methods of trinitarian exposition.

Calvin, Classical Trinitarianism, and the Aseity of the Son

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Author: Brannon Ellis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199652406

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 8350

For much of his career as a Reformer John Calvin was involved in controversy over the doctrine of the Trinity. Not only did these controversies span his career, but his opponents ranged across the spectrum of trinitarian approaches-from staunch traditionalists to radical antitrinitarians. Remarkably, the heart of Calvin's argument, and the heart of others' criticism, remained the same throughout: Calvin claimed that the only-begotten Son of the Father is also, asthe one true God, 'of himself'. Brannon Ellis investigates the varied response to Calvin's affirmation of the Son's aseity (or essential self-existence), a significant episode in the history of theology that is often ignored or misunderstood. Ellis's aim is to explain the historical significance andexplore the theological implications of Calvin's uniquely classical approach to thinking and speaking of the Triune God.

Rethinking the Trinity and Religious Pluralism

An Augustinian Assessment

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Author: Keith E. Johnson

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 083083902X

Category: Religion

Page: 286

View: 5192

Founding his argument on a close reading of St. Augustine s De Trinitate, Keith Johnson critiques four recent attempts to construct a pluralistic theology of religions out of the orthodox doctrine of the Trinity.

Retrieving Nicaea

The Development and Meaning of Trinitarian Doctrine

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Author: Khaled Anatolios

Publisher: Baker Academic

ISBN: 1441231951

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 4613

Khaled Anatolios, a noted expert on the development of Nicene theology, offers a historically informed theological study of the development of the doctrine of the Trinity, showing its relevance to Christian life and thought today. According to Anatolios, the development of trinitarian doctrine involved a global interpretation of Christian faith as a whole. Consequently, the meaning of trinitarian doctrine is to be found in a reappropriation of the process of this development, such that the entirety of Christian existence is interpreted in a trinitarian manner. The book provides essential resources for this reappropriation by identifying the network of theological issues that comprise the "systematic scope" of Nicene theology, focusing especially on the trinitarian perspectives of three major theologians: Athanasius, Gregory of Nyssa, and Augustine. It includes a foreword by Brian E. Daley.

Re-Reading Gregory of Nazianzus

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Author: Christoper A. Beeley

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813219914

Category: Religion

Page: 319

View: 2289

This book, the newest volume in the CUA Studies in Early Christianity, presents original works by leading patristics scholars on a wide range of theological, historical, and cultural topics

Tradition and the Rule of Faith in the Early Church

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Author: Ronnie J. Rombs

Publisher: CUA Press

ISBN: 0813217938

Category: Religion

Page: 351

View: 3085

Tradition and the rule of faith are particularly apt themes for this collection of studies. The essays are written in honor of Joseph T. Lienhard, S.J., renowned American patristic scholar whose research and writings have focused on this particular theme.

Augustine and Modernity

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Author: Michael Hanby

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415284686

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 2859

Augustine and Modernity is a fresh and challenging addition to current debates about the Augustinian origins of modern subjectivity and the Christian genesis of Western nihilism. It firmly rejects the dominant modern view that the modern Cartesian subject, as an archetype of Western nihilism, originates in Augustine's thought. Arguing that most contemporary interpretations misrepresent the complex philosophical relationship between Augustine and modern philosophy, particularly with regard to the work of Descartes, the book examines the much overlooked contribution of Stoicism to the genealogy of modernity, producing a scathing riposte to commonly-held versions of the 'continuity thesis'. Michael Hanby identifies the modern concept of will that emerges in Descartes' work as the product of a notion of self more proper to Stoic theories of immanence than to Augustine's own rigorous understandings of the Trinity, creation, self and will. Though Augustine's encounter with Stoicism ultimately resulted in much of his teaching being transferred to Descartes and other modern thinkers in an adulterated form, Hanby draws critical attention to Augustine's own disillusionment with Stoicism and his interrogation of Stoic philosophy in the name of Christ and the Trinity. Representing a new school of theology willing to engage critically with other disciplines and to challenge their authority, Augustine and Modernity offers a comprehensive new interpretation of De Trinitate and of Augustinian concepts of will and soul. Revealing how much of what is now thought of as 'Augustinian' in fact has its genealogy in Stoic asceticism, it interprets the modern nihilistic Cartesian subject not as a logical consequence of a true Christian Trinitarian theology, but rather of its perversion and abandonment.

Reading Renunciation

Asceticism and Scripture in Early Christianity

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Author: Elizabeth A. Clark

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400823185

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 6390

A study of how asceticism was promoted through Biblical interpretation, Reading Renunciation uses contemporary literary theory to unravel the writing strategies of the early Christian authors. Not a general discussion of early Christian teachings on celibacy and marriage, the book is a close examination, in the author's words, of how "the Fathers' axiology of abstinence informed their interpretation of Scriptural texts and incited the production of ascetic meaning." Elizabeth Clark begins with a survey of scholarship concerning early Christian asceticism that is designed to orient the nonspecialist. Section Two is organized around potentially troubling issues posed by Old Testament texts that demanded skillful handling by ascetically inclined Christian exegetes. The third section, "Reading Paul," focuses on the hermeneutical problems raised by I Corinthians 7, and the Deutero-Pauline and Pastoral Epistles. Elizabeth Clark's remarkable work will be of interest to scholars of late antiquity, religion, literary theory, and history.