New England Forests Through Time

Insights from the Harvard Forest Dioramas

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Author: David R. Foster,John F. O'Keefe

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 67

View: 3360

Over the past three hundred years New England's landscape has been transformed. The forests were cleared; the land was farmed intensively through the mid-nineteenth century and then was allowed to reforest naturally as agriculture shifted west. Today, in many ways the region is more natural than at any time since the American Revolution. This fascinating natural history is essential background for anyone interested in New England's ecology, wildlife, or landscape. In New England Forests through Time these historical and environmental lessons are told through the world-renowned dioramas in Harvard's Fisher Museum. These remarkable models have introduced New England's landscape to countless visitors and have appeared in many ecology, forestry, and natural history texts. This first book based on the dioramas conveys the phenomenal history of the land, the beauty of the models, and new insights into nature.

Forests in Time

The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England

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Author: David R. Foster

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300115376

Category: History

Page: 477

View: 3482

The Eastern Hemlock, massive and majestic, has played a unique role in structuring northeastern forest environments, from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. A "foundation species” influencing all the species in the ecosystem surrounding it, this iconic North American tree has long inspired poets and artists as well as naturalists and scientists. Five thousand years ago, the hemlock collapsed as a result of abrupt global climate change. Now this iconic tree faces extinction once again because of an invasive insect, the hemlock woolly adelgid. Drawing from a century of studies at Harvard University’s Harvard Forest, one of the most well-regarded long-term ecological research programs in North America, the authors explore what hemlock’s modern decline can tell us about the challenges facing nature and society in an era of habitat changes and fragmentation, as well as global change.

Thoreau's Country

Journey through a Transformed Landscape

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Author: David R. Foster,Henry David Thoreau

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674037151

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1345

In 1977 David Foster took to the woods of New England to build a cabin with his own hands. Along with a few tools he brought a copy of the journals of Henry David Thoreau. Foster was struck by how different the forested landscape around him was from the one Thoreau described more than a century earlier. The sights and sounds that Thoreau experienced on his daily walks through nineteenth-century Concord were those of rolling farmland, small woodlands, and farmers endlessly working the land. As Foster explored the New England landscape, he discovered ancient ruins of cellar holes, stone walls, and abandoned cartways--all remnants of this earlier land now largely covered by forest. How had Thoreau's open countryside, shaped by ax and plough, divided by fences and laneways, become a forested landscape? Part ecological and historical puzzle, this book brings a vanished countryside to life in all its dimensions, human and natural, offering a rich record of human imprint upon the land. Extensive excerpts from the journals show us, through the vividly recorded details of daily life, a Thoreau intimately acquainted with the ways in which he and his neighbors were changing and remaking the New England landscape. Foster adds the perspective of a modern forest ecologist and landscape historian, using the journals to trace themes of historical and social change. Thoreau's journals evoke not a wilderness retreat but the emotions and natural history that come from an old and humanized landscape. It is with a new understanding of the human role in shaping that landscape, Foster argues, that we can best prepare ourselves to appreciate and conserve it today. From the journal: "I have collected and split up now quite a pile of driftwood--rails and riders and stems and stumps of trees--perhaps half or three quarters of a tree...Each stick I deal with has a history, and I read it as I am handling it, and, last of all, I remember my adventures in getting it, while it is burning in the winter evening. That is the most interesting part of its history. It has made part of a fence or a bridge, perchance, or has been rooted out of a clearing and bears the marks of fire on it...Thus one half of the value of my wood is enjoyed before it is housed, and the other half is equal to the whole value of an equal quantity of the wood which I buy." --October 20, 1855

Reading the Forested Landscape

A Natural History of New England

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Author: Tom Wessels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780881504200

Category: Nature

Page: 199

View: 4174

Chronicles the forest in New England from the Ice Age to current challenges

Reclaiming the Commons

Community Farms and Forests in a New England Town

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Author: Brian Donahue

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300089127

Category: Nature

Page: 352

View: 7028

A lively account of a community working to combat suburban sprawl, and how it discovers how to live responsibly on the land.

Land Use Effects on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Northeastern United States

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Author: Avril L. de la Cretaz,Paul K. Barten

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420008722

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 5712

Filling a long-standing need for a desk reference that synthesizes current research, Land Use Effects on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Northeastern United States reviews and discusses the impact of forest management, agriculture, and urbanization. The book provides a gateway to the diverse scientific literature that is urgently needed to understand and solve ubiquitous watershed management problems. The authors use an in-depth approach that focuses on the science behind sound management principles and practices. The book begins with a summary of the scientific principles and processes that define and govern the interactions between activities on land and conditions in streams, lakes, and estuaries. Building on these principles, later chapters progress from basic science to small-scale, controlled field experiments to landscape-scale studies and their watershed management implications. This nested format parallels the development of watershed management projects and solutions. The deliberate integration of land use history, ecology, hydrology, chemistry, and resource management avoids the artificial separation of inter-related watershed characteristics and tracks causes and effects over realistic time scales. The authors present the hydrologic and water quality principles on which to construct management plans for water supply watersheds across a wide range of sizes, configurations, and time scales. Rigorously reviewed by a distinguished panel of scientists and watershed managers, the book benefits from their collective experience across the full range of watershed science and management. It provides a diverse audience with the opportunity to update and expand their knowledge in critical areas of watershed science and management.

Hemlock

A Forest Giant on the Edge

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Author: Anthony D'Amato,Benjamin Baiser,Aaron M. Ellison,Audrey Barker Plotkin,David Orwig,Wyatt Oswald,Jonathan Thompson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300179383

Category: Nature

Page: 336

View: 8239

An appreciation of the beautiful, iconic, and endangered Eastern Hemlock and what it means to nature and society

Forest Forensics: A Field Guide to Reading the Forested Landscape

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Author: Tom Wessels

Publisher: The Countryman Press

ISBN: 1581578571

Category: Nature

Page: 160

View: 3155

Take some of the mystery out of a walk in the woods with this new field guide from the author of Reading the Forested Landscape. Thousands of readers have had their experience of being in a forest changed forever by reading Tom Wessels's Reading the Forested Landscape. Was this forest once farmland? Was it logged in the past? Was there ever a major catastrophe like a fire or a wind storm that brought trees down? Now Wessels takes that wonderful ability to discern much of the history of the forest from visual clues and boils it all down to a manageable field guide that you can take out to the woods and use to start playing forest detective yourself. Wessels has created a key—a fascinating series of either/or questions—to guide you through the process of analyzing what you see. You’ll feel like a woodland Sherlock Holmes. No walk in the woods will ever be the same.

Stone by Stone

The Magnificent History in New England's Stone Walls

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Author: Robert Thorson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9780802719201

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 6583

There once may have been 250,000 miles of stone walls in America's Northeast, stretching farther than the distance to the moon. They took three billion man-hours to build. And even though most are crumbling today, they contain a magnificent scientific and cultural story-about the geothermal forces that formed their stones, the tectonic movements that brought them to the surface, the glacial tide that broke them apart, the earth that held them for so long, and about the humans who built them. Stone walls layer time like Russian dolls, their smallest elements reflecting the longest spans, and Thorson urges us to study them, for each stone has its own story. Linking geological history to the early American experience, Stone by Stone presents a fascinating picture of the land the Pilgrims settled, allowing us to see and understand it with new eyes.

Landowner's Guide to Wildlife Habitat

Forest Management for the New England Region

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Author: Richard M. DeGraaf

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584654674

Category: Nature

Page: 111

View: 3366

An easy-to-use guide for enhancing wildlife habitat quality, timber values, and the appearance of forest lands.

Changes in the Land

Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England

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Author: William Cronon

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 142992828X

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 8068

Winner of the Francis Parkman Prize Changes in the Land offers an original and persuasive interpretation of the changing circumstances in New England's plant and animal communities that occurred with the shift from Indian to European dominance. With the tools of both historian and ecologist, Cronon constructs an interdisciplinary analysis of how the land and the people influenced one another, and how that complex web of relationships shaped New England's communities.

Wildlife Management and Conservation

Contemporary Principles and Practices

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Author: Paul R. Krausman,James W. Cain

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409860

Category: Nature

Page: 342

View: 1314

Wildlife Management and Conservation presents a clear overview of the management and conservation of animals, their habitats, and how people influence both. The relationship among these three components of wildlife management is explained in chapters written by leading experts and is designed to prepare wildlife students for careers in which they will be charged with maintaining healthy animal populations; finding ways to restore depleted populations while reducing overabundant, introduced, or pest species; and managing relationships among various human stakeholders. Topics covered in this book include • The definitions of wildlife and management• Human dimensions of wildlife management• Animal behavior• Predator–prey relationships • Structured decision making• Issues of scale in wildlife management• Wildlife health• Historical context of wildlife management and conservation• Hunting and trapping• Nongame species• Nutrition ecology• Water management• Climate change• Conservation planning

Nature Guide to the Northern Forest

Exploring the Ecology of the Forests of New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine

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Author: Peter J. Marchand

Publisher: Appalachian Mountain Club

ISBN: 9781934028421

Category: Nature

Page: 173

View: 7852

"Part field guide, part natural history narrative, this full-color guide from the Appalachian Mountain Club will help you identify and understand the complex influences that shape the flora and fauna of northern New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine."-back cover.

Forests in Time

The Environmental Consequences of 1,000 Years of Change in New England

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Author: David R. Foster

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300115376

Category: History

Page: 477

View: 6210

The Eastern Hemlock, massive and majestic, has played a unique role in structuring northeastern forest environments, from Nova Scotia to Wisconsin and through the Appalachian Mountains to North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. A "foundation species” influencing all the species in the ecosystem surrounding it, this iconic North American tree has long inspired poets and artists as well as naturalists and scientists. Five thousand years ago, the hemlock collapsed as a result of abrupt global climate change. Now this iconic tree faces extinction once again because of an invasive insect, the hemlock woolly adelgid. Drawing from a century of studies at Harvard University’s Harvard Forest, one of the most well-regarded long-term ecological research programs in North America, the authors explore what hemlock’s modern decline can tell us about the challenges facing nature and society in an era of habitat changes and fragmentation, as well as global change.

The Northern Forest

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Author: David Dobbs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780930031817

Category: Nature

Page: 356

View: 6573

The Northern Forest is one of the most resilient and valuable forests in the world. This huge, still largely unspoiled ecosystem lies within a day's drive of a third of the nation's population. Intense pressures are now disrupting centuries-old patterns of land ownership and use, causing economic, ecological, and social upheaval. Dobbs and Ober closely focus on the lives of Northern Forest residents—a mill worker, a forester, several loggers, a fishing guide, and a Christmas tree-farming family—and discover an extraordinary sense of place that arises in those who have a continuous, working relationship with the land. The relationships of these people with the forest are too often misunderstood by those hoping to preserve the region. The authors assert that environmentalists must finally reinvent their approach to land conservation by creating meaningful, respectful alliances with residents of the special areas they would save.

The Sierra Club Guide to the Ancient Forests of the Northeast

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Author: Bruce Kershner,Robert T. Leverett

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781578050666

Category: Nature

Page: 276

View: 9051

Showcases 134 forests across nine northeastern states, offering helpful recommendations on where to go, how to get there, and what to see of approximately 400,000 acres of ancient forests that are still thriving in the region. Original.

The Forest

A Novel

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Author: Edward Rutherfurd

Publisher: Ballantine Books

ISBN: 0804151024

Category: Fiction

Page: 784

View: 1607

“AS ENTERTAINING AS SARUM AND RUTHERFURD’S OTHER SWEEPING NOVEL OF BRITISH HISTORY, LONDON.” –The Boston Globe “Engaging . . . A sprawling tome that combines fact with fiction and covers 900 years in the history of New Forest, a 100,000-acre woodland in southern England . . . Rutherfurd sketches the histories of six fictional families, ranging from aristocrats to peasants, who have lived in the forest for generations. . . . But the real success is in how Rutherfurd paints his picture of the wooded enclave with images of treachery and violence, as well as magic and beauty.” –The New York Post “THE FOREST IS MICHENER TOLD WITH AN ENGLISH ACCENT.” –St. Louis Post-Dispatch “TALES OF LOVE AND HONOR, DECEIT AND VIOLENCE, INHERITANCE AND LOSS.” –San Jose Mercury News

Kaufman Field Guide to Nature of New England

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Author: Kenn Kaufman,Kimberly Kaufman

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 0547840454

Category: Nature

Page: 416

View: 5469

Whether you’re walking in the woods or along the beach, camping, hiking, canoeing, or just enjoying your own backyard, this book will help identify all your nature discoveries. With authoritative and broad coverage, using nontechnical and lively language and more than 2,000 color photographs, this guide is an essential reference for nature lovers living in or visiting New England.

Forest Governance and Management Across Time

Developing a New Forest Social Contract

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Author: Erland Mårald,Camilla Sandstrom,Annika Nordin,and Others

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317445910

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 190

View: 6451

The influence of the past, and of the future on current-time tradeoffs in the forest arena are particularly relevant given the long-term successions in forest landscapes and the hundred years’ rotations in forestry. Historically established path dependencies and conflicts determine our present situation and delimit what is possible to achieve. Similarly, future trends and desires have a large influence on decision making. Nevertheless, decisions about forest governance and management are always made in the present – in the present-time appraisal of the developed situation, future alternatives and in negotiation between different perspectives, interests, and actors. This book explores historic and future outlooks as well as current tradeoffs and methods in forest governance and management. It emphasizes the generality and complexity with empirical data from Sweden and internationally. It first investigates, from a historical perspective, how previous forest policies and discourses have influenced current forest governance and management. Second, it considers methods to explore alternative forest futures and how the results from such investigations may influence the present. Third, it examines current methods of balancing tradeoffs in decision-making among ecosystem services. Based on the findings the authors develop an integrated approach – Reflexive Forestry – to support exchange of knowledge and understandings to enable capacity building and the establishment of common ground. Such societal agreements, or what the authors elaborate as forest social contracts, are sets of relational commitment between involved actors that may generate mutual action and a common directionality to meet contemporary challenges.