The Urban Environment

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Author: Great Britain. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 010170092X

Category: Architecture

Page: 218

View: 1954

More than half the world's population lives in urban areas with the growth of super-cities of tens of millions of inhabitants, and although cities only encompass two per cent of the world's land surface, they are responsible for consuming over 75 per cent of the planet's resources and produce 75 per cent of the world's waste. In the UK, over 80 per cent of the population already lives in urban areas, and the country is going through a new phase of urban expansion and regeneration that will affect the way we live for decades to come. This study, the Commission's 26th report, focuses on the environmental impacts of towns and cities, and considers the relationship between the urban environment and human health and wellbeing. The report finds that although there are many opportunities and attractions in urban living, there are also many environmental problems including contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, excess water consumption, traffic congestion and poor housing conditions. The report highlights the need for an over-arching urban environment policy to deliver environmental sustainability by co-ordinating the provision of key services and to create the institutional and social environment which encourages the uptake of existing technology to improve urban environmental performance. It calls for a new 'environmental contract' be established to forge partnerships between local and central government and the private and voluntary sectors, with high-level urban environmental targets that government regards as essential, while devolving to local authorities the responsibility for defining and prioritising action on environmental problems of local concern.

The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development

A Commentary

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Author: Jorge E. Viñuales

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510424

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 7066

The international community has long grappled with the issue of safeguarding the environment and encouraging sustainable development, often with little result. The 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development was an emphatic attempt to address this issue, setting down 27 key principles for the international community to follow. These principles define the rights of people to sustainable development, and the responsibilities of states to safeguard the common environment. The Rio Declaration established that long term economic progress required a connection to environmental protection. It was designed as an authoritative and comprehensive statement of the principles of sustainable development law, an instrument to take stock of the past international and domestic practice, a guide for the design of new multilateral environmental regimes, and as a reference for litigation. This commentary provides an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the principles of the Declaration, written by over thirty inter-disciplinary contributors, including both leading practitioners and academics. Each principle is analysed in light of its origins and rationale. The book investigates each principle's travaux préparatoires setting out the main points of controversy and the position of different countries or groups. It analyses the scope and dimensions of each principle, providing an in-depth understanding of its legal effects, including whether it can be relied before a domestic or international court. It also assesses the impact of the principles on subsequent soft law and treaty development, as well as domestic and international jurisprudence. The authors demonstrate the ways in which the principles interact with each other, and finally provide a detailed analysis of the shortcomings and future potential of each principle. This book will be of vital importance to practitioners, scholars, and students of international environomental law and sustainable development.

Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences

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Author: Peter V. Hobbs,Peter Victor Hobbs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785679

Category: Nature

Page: 209

View: 7100

Revised and updated in 2000, Basic Physical Chemistry for the Atmospheric Sciences provides a clear, concise grounding in the basic chemical principles required for studies of atmospheres, oceans, and earth and planetary systems. Undergraduate and graduate students with little formal training in chemistry can work through the chapters and the numerous exercises within this book before accessing the standard texts in the atmospheric chemistry, geochemistry, and the environmental sciences. The book covers the fundamental concepts of chemical equilibria, chemical thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, solution chemistry, acid and base chemistry, oxidation-reduction reactions, and photochemistry. In a companion volume entitled Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry (2000, Cambridge University Press) Peter Hobbs provides an introduction to atmospheric chemistry itself, including its applications to air pollution, acid rain, the ozone hole, and climate change. Together these two books provide an ideal introduction to atmospheric chemistry for a variety of disciplines.

Code of Practice for the Introduction of Biological and Landscape Diversity Considerations Into the Transport Sector

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Author: Catherine J. Bickmore

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9287151156

Category: Science

Page: 66

View: 8476

The Pan-European Biological and Landscape Strategy (1996) aims to halt the degradation of landscape and biological diversity across the European region. Action Theme 2 of the Strategy relates to the integration of landscape and biological diversity into other sectors including transport. This Code of Practice contributes to this progress. The Code relates to linear transport systems, comprising roads, railways and inland navigation along waterways, such as canals and rivers. It aims to assist elected representatives, decision makers, and practitioners as well as nature conservation bodies in the understanding of the main issues and solutions associated with the planning, design and use of linear transportation networks i.e. roads, railways and inland navigation channels, in relation to the landscape and biological diversity. Other modes of transport are outside the scope of this CodeThe Code sets a political and social framework and proposes policy options for the development of new, and the maintenance of existing linear transport systems in relation to biological and landscape diversity. By building on examples, the Code has developed a series of Practice Pointers.

The Infant Mind

Origins of the Social Brain

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Author: Maria Legerstee,David W. Haley,Marc H. Bornstein

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1462511031

Category: Psychology

Page: 367

View: 5056

Integrating cutting-edge research from multiple disciplines, this book provides a dynamic and holistic picture of the developing infant mind. Contributors explore the transactions among genes, the brain, and the environment in the earliest years of life. The volume probes the neural correlates of core sensory, perceptual, cognitive, emotional, and social capacities. It highlights the importance of early relationships, presenting compelling findings on how parent-infant interactions influence neural processing and brain maturation. Innovative research methods are discussed, including applications of behavioral, hormonal, genetic, and brain imaging technologies.

Natural Resource and Environmental Economics

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Author: Roger Perman,Yue Ma,Michael Common,David Maddison,James McGilvray

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 9780321417534

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 712

View: 4425

Prev. ed. entered under author: Perman, Roger, 1949-

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

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Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 7474

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

Chemistry for Environmental Scientists

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Author: Detlev Möller

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110419335

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 2340

This book presents the fundamentals of chemistry in light of their importance for the environment and environmental processes. The comprehensive discussion is structured in three parts: the first part is introducing the theory of physical chemistry, the second part is evaluating elements and compounds, and the third part is presenting principles of environmental chemistry.

Thinking about God and Morality

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Author: Marianne Fleming,David Worden

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435307134

Category: Ethics

Page: 144

View: 5326

This book offers the most comprehensive match to the AQA B (option one) specification. Each book focuses on only one option, so students can be confident tthey aren't studying any redundant material and they're fully prepared for the exam ahead.

Suffering Narratives of Older Adults

A Phenomenological Approach to Serious Illness, Chronic Pain, Recovery and Maternal Care

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Author: Mary Beth Quaranta Morrissey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135009643

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8935

In Suffering Narratives of Older Adults, Mary Beth Quaranta Morrissey turns to the traditions of phenomenology, humanistic psychology and social work to provide an in-depth exploration of the deep structure of the suffering experience. She draws upon the notion of maternal holding to develop an original construct of maternal affordances – the ground of possibility for human development, agency and relational practices. The conceptual analysis is based on the life narratives of several elders receiving chronic care in facility environments. Creating new fields of communication for patients, their family members and health professionals in processes of reflection and shared decision making, this book builds on knowledge about suffering to help guide ethical action in preventing and relieving chronic pain and improving systems of care. It offers a phenomenological approach to understanding the maternal as a primary domain of moral experience in serious illness and suffering, and implications for policy, practice and research. A series of applied chapters, looking at individual experiences of suffering and care experiences, present critical areas of ethical inquiry, including: pain and suffering maternal relational ethics evaluation and moral deliberation about care options decision-making and moral agency end-of-life experiences of care. Exploring how an ecological relational perspective grounded in phenomenology may provide fruitful alternatives to traditional frameworks in bioethics, this is an important contribution to the ongoing development of an ecological ethic of care. It will be of interest to scholars and students of bioethics and phenomenological methods in the health and human services, as well as practitioners in the field.

Fatal Isolation

The Devastating Paris Heat Wave of 2003

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Author: Richard C. Keller

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022625643X

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 2699

In a cemetery on the southern outskirts of Paris lie the bodies of nearly a hundred of what some have called the first casualties of global climate change. They were the so-called abandoned victims of the worst natural disaster in French history, the devastating heat wave that struck in August 2003, leaving 15,000 dead. They died alone in Paris and its suburbs, and were then buried at public expense, their bodies unclaimed. They died, and to a great extent lived, unnoticed by their neighbors--their bodies undiscovered in some cases until weeks after their deaths. Fatal Isolation tells the stories of these victims and the catastrophe that took their lives. It explores the multiple narratives of disaster--the official story of the crisis and its aftermath, as presented by the media and the state; the life stories of the individual victims, which both illuminate and challenge the ways we typically perceive natural disasters; and the scientific understandings of disaster and its management. Fatal Isolation is both a social history of risk and vulnerability in the urban landscape and a story of how a city copes with emerging threats and sudden, dramatic change.

Biology: The Dynamic Science

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Author: Peter J. Russell,Paul E. Hertz,Beverly McMillan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133418848

Category: Science

Page: 1456

View: 2311

Help students think and engage like scientists! BIOLOGY: THE DYNAMIC SCIENCE, Second Edition, provides students with a deep understanding of the core concepts in Biology, building a strong foundation for additional study. In a fresh presentation, the authors explain complex ideas clearly and describe how biologists collect and interpret evidence to test hypotheses about the living world. Russell, Hertz, and McMillan spark students' curiosity about living systems instead of burying it under a mountain of disconnected facts. They engage students with what scientists know about the living world, how they know it, and what they still need to learn. By conveying the author's passion for biological research, the text helps students cultivate the mental habits of scientists. The accompanying Aplia for Biology interactively guides students through the thought processes and procedures that scientists use in their research and helps them apply and synthesize specific content from the text. Overall, students learn how to think like scientists and engage in the scientific process themselves. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

California Desert Conservation Area

final environmental impact statement and proposed plan : appendix, volume B, appendix III, wilderness

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Author: United States. Bureau of Land Management

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4837

Human Resources Management 4E

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Author: Mirza S. Saiyadain

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 1259082121

Category: Personnel management

Page: 428

View: 3671

The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition

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Author: Lawrence Shapiro

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317688651

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 1177

Embodied cognition is one of the foremost areas of study and research in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology and cognitive science. The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject and essential reading for any student and scholar of philosophy of mind and cognitive science. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into six parts: Historical underpinnings Perspectives on embodied cognition Applied embodied cognition: perception, language, and reasoning Applied embodied cognition: social and moral cognition and emotion Applied embodied cognition: memory, attention, and group cognition Meta-topics. The early chapters of the Handbook cover empirical and philosophical foundations of embodied cognition, focusing on Gibsonian and phenomenological approaches. Subsequent chapters cover additional, important themes common to work in embodied cognition, including embedded, extended and enactive cognition as well as chapters on empirical research in perception, language, reasoning, social and moral cognition, emotion, consciousness, memory, and learning and development.

Leung's Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients

Used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics

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Author: Ikhlas A. Khan,Ehab A. Abourashed

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118213068

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

View: 3534

The third edition of the unparalleled reference on naturalingredients and their commercial use This new Third Edition of Leung's Encyclopedia of CommonNatural Ingredients: Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics arrivesin the wake of the huge wave of interest in dietary supplements andherbal medicine resulting from both trends in health and theDietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA). Thisfully updated and revised text includes the most recent researchfindings on a wide variety of ingredients, giving readers a singlesource for understanding and working with natural ingredients. The Encyclopedia continues the successful format for entrieslisted in earlier editions (consisting of source, description,chemical composition, pharmacology, uses, commercial preparations,regulatory status, and references). The text also features aneasily accessible alphabetical presentation of the entriesaccording to common names, with the index cross-referencing entriesaccording to scientific names. This Third Edition also features: More than 50 percent more information than the SecondEdition, reflecting the greatly increased research activity inrecent years A new section on traditional Indian medicine, with informationon nine commonly used herbs More than 6,500 references Two new appendices explaining and illustrating the botanicalterminology frequently encountered in the text A revised and expanded index Leung's Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients: Used inFood, Drugs, and Cosmetics, Third Edition will continue toprovide a comprehensive compilation of the existing literature andprominent findings on natural ingredients to readers with aninterest in medicine, nutrition, and cosmetics.

Perceiving in Depth, Volume 1

Basic Mechanisms

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Author: Ian P. Howard

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 019976414X

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 3990

"The proposed three volumes are the latest installment in Ian Howard's amazing ongoing project of providing the most comprehensive review available anywhereof all aspects of how humans and animals perceive and navigate the three-dimensional world. The current book set is even more complete in its coverage than the two previous editions have been. With 37 chapters, 1800 illustrations, and 8,000 references, it covers psychophysics, coding, physiology, development of systems and functions, results of deprivation, accommodation, physiology of disparity, binocular fusion and rivalry, binocular correspondence and the horopter, linking binocular images, cyclopean perception, stereo acuity, uses of disparity, stereopsis and perceptual organization, the Pulfrich effect, stereoscopic techniques and applications, distinguishing depth from vergence, perspective, shading, and motion parallax, constancies in visual depth perception, cue integrations, motion in depth, pathology of visual depth perception, animal depth perception, feeling, reaching, and moving, auditory distance perception, electrolocation and the thermal senses, as well as comprehensive coverage of animal navigation that could be a book on its own. Ian Howard's books have become landmarks in the field of vision science, and this current project will definitely maintain the tradition for researchers in space perception, visual neuroscience, ophthalmology, optometry, visual development, animal vision, and computational vision"--

Australian Sociology

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Author: David Holmes,Kate Hughes,Roberta Julian

Publisher: Pearson Australia

ISBN: 1486007201

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 8461

Australian Sociology 4e provides a concise and current introduction to the field of Sociology, through an analysis of Australian society. In doing so, it draws on a diverse range of perspectives as well as a myriad of topics that go to issues at the core of Australian social life. Our ever-changing society presents continuing challenges to sociological analysis. This new edition of Australian Sociology sets out to document these many changes, while retaining an organised analysis required of an introductory overview of Australian society.