Narrative and Genre

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Author: Mary Chamberlain,Paul Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134745044

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 8238

Any life story, whether a written autobiography or an oral testimony, is shaped not only by the reworkings of experience through memory and re-evaluation, but also art. Any communication has to use shared conventions not only of language itself but also the more complex expectations of 'genre': of the forms expected within a given context and type of communication. This collection of essays by internationl academics draws on a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities to examine how far the expectations and forms of genre shape different kinds of autobiography and influence what messages they can convey. After investigating the problem of genre definition, and tracing the evolution of genre as a concept, contributors explore such issues as: * How far can we argue that what people narrate in their autobiographical stories is selected and shaped by the reportoire of genre available to them? * To what extent is oral autobiography shaped by its social and cultural context? * What is the relationship between autobiographical sources and the ethnographer? Narrative and Genre presents exciting new debates in an emerging field and will encourage international and interdisciplinary debate. Its authors and contributors are scholars from the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, literary analysis, psychoanalysis, social history, and sociology.

Narrative and Genre

Contexts and Types of Communication

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Author: Paul Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351503898

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 201

View: 8155

Any life story, whether a written autobiography or an oral testimony, is shaped not only by the reworkings of experience through memory and re-evaluation, but also by art. Any communication has to use shared conventions not only of language itself, but also the more complex expectations of ""genre,"" the forms expected within a given context and type of communication. This collection of essays by international academics draws on a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities to examine how far the expectations and forms of genre shape different kinds of autobiography and influence what messages they can convey. After investigating the problem of genre definition, and tracing the evolution of genre as a concept, contributors explore such issues as: How far can we argue that what people narrate in their autobiographical stories is selected and shaped by the repertoire of genre available to them? To what extent is oral autobiography shaped by its social and cultural context? What is the relationship between autobiographical sources and the ethnographer? Narrative and Genre presents exciting new debates in an emerging field and will encourage international and interdisciplinary discussion. Its authors and contributors are scholars from the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, literary analysis, psychology, psychoanalysis, social history, and sociology.

Oral History Theory

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Author: Lynn Abrams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136952535

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 3057

Oral history is increasingly acknowledged as a key tool for anyone studying the history of the recent past. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of oral history theory in an accessible format. The book is structured around key themes, including the peculiarities of oral history, the study of the self, subjectivity and intersubjectivity, memory, narrative, performance and power. Each chapter provides a clear and user-friendly explanation of the various theoretical approaches, illustrates them with examples from the rich field of published oral history, and makes suggestions for the practicing oral historian. There is also a glossary of key terms and concepts. Combining the study of theoreticians with the observations of practitioners, and including extensive examples of oral history work from around the world, this book constitutes the first integrated explanation of oral history theory. It will be invaluable to experienced and novice oral historians, professionals, and students who are new to the discipline.

Child Psychology

A Handbook of Contemporary Issues

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Author: Lawrence Balter,Catherine Tamis-LeMonda

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781841694122

Category: Psychology

Page: 542

View: 8420

Child Psychology 2nd edition builds on the four cornerstones that formed the basis of the chapters appearing in the earlier edition. These are covered in five sections: Infancy, Preschool Years, Childhood, Adolescence, and Ecological Influences.

Romance of the Road

The Literature of the American Highway

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Author: Ronald Primeau

Publisher: Popular Press

ISBN: 9780879726980

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 170

View: 3464

"Americans have treated the highway as sacred space," says Primeau (English, Central Michigan U.) introducing the rich tradition of prose and non-fiction road narratives that include On the Road, Grapes of Wrath, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues, and the Journals of Lewis and Clark. Primeau critically examines these and other works from the position of travel as pilgrimage resulting in identifiable themes of protest, self discovery, picaresque parody, and myth making. Paper edition (unseen), $17.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Family Stories and the Life Course

Across Time and Generations

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Author: Michael W. Pratt,Barbara H. Fiese

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135632472

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 450

View: 6099

This edited book draws from work that focuses on the act of telling family stories, as well as their content and structure. The process of telling family stories is linked to central aspects of development, including language acquisition, affect regulation, and family interaction patterns. This book extends across traditional developmental psychology, personality theory, and family studies. Drawing broadly on the epigenetic framework for individual development articulated by Erik Erikson, as well as on conceptions of the family life cycle, the editors bring together contemporary examples of psychological research on family stories and their implications for development and change at different points in the life course. The book is divided into sections that focus on family stories at different points in the life cycle, from early childhood and the beginnings of narrative skill, through adolescence, young adulthood, midlife, and then mature adulthood and its intergenerational meaning. During each of these periods of the life cycle, research focusing on individual development within an Eriksonian framework of ego strengths and virtues is highlighted. The dynamic role of family stories is also featured here, with work exploring the links between family process, intergenerational attachment, and storytelling. Sociocultural theories that emphasize how such development is situated in the wider cultural context are also featured in several chapters. This broad lifespan developmental focus serves to integrate the exciting diversity of this work and foster further questions and research in the emerging field of family narrative. The book is intended primarily for researchers and advanced-level students in the fields of developmental and personality psychology, as well as those in family studies and in gerontology. It may also be of interest to those in the helping professions who are concerned with family therapy and family issues, and may--due to its content and illustrative material--have appeal to a wider market of the lay public. The chapters are written in a readily accessible style and the analyses are presented in a fairly non-technical way. Because family stories are charted across the lifespan, it would be a suitable companion book to a more traditional lifespan textbook in certain courses.

The Mnemonic Imagination

Remembering as Creative Practice

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Author: E. Keightley,M. Pickering

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113727154X

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 9675

An exploration of some of the key theoretical challenges and conceptual issues facing the emergent field of memory studies, from the relationship between experience and memory to the commercial exploitation of nostalgia, using the key concept of the mnemonic imagination.

Tapestry of Memory

Evidence and Testimony in Life-Story Narratives

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Author: Nanci Adler,Selma Leydesdorff

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412851084

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 1299

In this volume, contributors present narratives and explore the way they influence the perception of the past. While acknowledging the debate about the validity of qualitative research based on narratives, this volume aims to illuminate how truth and evidence form part of a much wider debate on the representation of history. The volume includes the work of historians but the interdisciplinary nature of the contributions shows that the validity debate also applies to the broader fields of cultural studies, sociology, and other social sciences. The distinction between memory and testimony is a crucial theme. Memory, though selective, is the basis of testimony. Testimony provides an audience with information that becomes evidence of what was seen or experienced. Such evidence can form the basis of legal truth. Nanci Adler and Selma Leydesdorff divide the volume into three core sections: Official Testimony and Other "Facts and Evidence"; The Creation of New History and the Integration of Collective Memory in the Story of One’s Self; and Claims Based on Narratives vs. Official History. After a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the volume offers twelve essays by leading scholars. This work is a new offering in Transaction’s acclaimed Memory and Narrative series.

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders

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Author: Department of Speech & Language Therapy Technological Educational Institute Patras Greece Ilias Papathanasiou,Ilias Papathanasiou,Patrick Coppens,Professor Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences Suny Plattsburgh Plattsburgh New York Patrick Coppens,Constantin Potagas

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449682626

Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Page: 512

View: 5703

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders covers topics in aphasia, motor speech disorders, and dementia. Organized by symptom rather than syndrome, this text provides a foundation for understanding the disorders and learning how to apply basic theory to clinical practice in the development of rehabilitation objectives. Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders applies a clinical integration of the psychosocial with the neuropsychological approach in adult language rehabilitation. Written by international authorities in the field of aphasia and related communication disorders and based on the ICF framework, this unique text features diverse contribution covering global issues. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

The Interface of Orality and Writing

Speaking, Seeing, Writing in the Shaping of New Genres

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Author: Annette Weissenrieder,Robert B. Coote

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498237428

Category: Religion

Page: 458

View: 3311

How did the visual, the oral, and the written interrelate in antiquity? The essays in this collection address the competing and complementary roles of visual media, forms of memory, oral performance, and literacy and popular culture in the ancient Mediterranean world. Incorporating both customary and innovative perspectives, the essays advance the frontiers of our understanding of the nature of ancient texts as regards audibility and performance, the vital importance of the visual in the comprehension of texts, and basic concepts of communication, particularly the need to account for disjunctive and non-reciprocal social relations in communication. Thus the contributions show how the investigation of the interface of the oral and written, across the spectrum of seeing, hearing, and writing, generates new concepts of media and mediation.

Violence Expressed

An Anthropological Approach

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Author: Nerina Weiss,Ms Maria Six-Hohenbalken

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409492877

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 6468

Violence Expressed explores the diverse expressions and manifestations through which the meaning of violent experiences and events is (re)produced. As language alone does not always suffice for the description of violence, this book focuses not only on the verbal and discursive expressions of violence, but also on the performative acts, material culture and the spaces that constitute these expressions. Such an approach provides a method of more comprehensively registering and understanding the manifestations and long-lasting effects of violence, whilst exploring violence both as an extreme subjective experience, and the ‘ultimate truth’, thus overcoming a common epistemological antagonism in researching violence. Offering a variety of analytical approaches and methodological perspectives, Violence Expressed presents the latest empirical studies, ranging from the 'everyday' violence experienced by children, stories of rape, social memory and the discrepancy between private and public narratives, to rumours and silences or the iconography of violence. A compelling contribution to ongoing discussions on anthropological writing, this book will be of interest to anthropologists and social scientists working on violence, gender, collective representations and memory.

The Thousand and One Nights

Space, Travel and Transformation

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Author: Richard van Leeuwen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134146620

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 192

View: 6992

This volume discusses The Thousand and One Nights' themes of space and travel showing how they are used not only as a setting in which the story unfolds, but also as the dynamic force which propels the heroes and the story to the final dénouement. These events often symbolize a process of transformation, in which the hero has to search for his destined role or strive to attain the object of his desire. In this way, themes of travel are the narrative backbone of stories of various genres including love, religion, magic and adventure. This book not only gives a fresh approach to many stories of the collection, but also proposes new insights in the nature of The Thousand and one Nights as a self-reflexive narrative and is essential reading for scholars of Arabic literature.

Narrative and Identity

Studies in Autobiography, Self and Culture

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Author: Jens Brockmeier,Donal A. Carbaugh

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226415

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 307

View: 7769

Annotation This text evolved out of a December 1995 conference at the International Research Center for Cultural Studies (IFK) in Vienna, attended by scholars from psychology, psychiatry, philosophy, social sciences, literary theory, classics, communication, and film theory, and exploring the importance of narrative as an expression of our experience, as a form of communication, and as a form for understanding the world and ourselves. Nine scholars from Canada, the US, and Europe contribute 12 essays on the relationship between narrative and human identity, how we construct what we call our lives and create ourselves in the process. Coverage includes theoretical perspectives on the problem of narrative and self construction, specific life stories in their cultural contexts, and empirical and theoretical issues of autobiographical memory and narrative identity. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Schrift und Schriftlichkeit

ein interdyszyplinäres Handbuch internationaler Forschung. Hbd 1

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Author: Hartmut Günther,Otto Ludwig

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 902

View: 1397

Remembering the Dead in Anglo-Saxon England

Memory Theory in Archaeology and History

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Author: Zoe Devlin

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 7531

In this study, the author examines the remembrance of the dead during the Anglo-Saxon period. Her work is based on monuments and remains from four cemeteries selected from the south-east of England, covering the date range from the late fifth to early tenth centuries. The first cemetery, Spong Hill, Norfolk, is a mixed cemetery dated to the late fifth to late sixth centuries and was the site of intensive excavations in the 1970s and '80s, which uncovered the whole site. The second cemetery, Edix Hill (Barrington A), Cambridgeshire, was a site for inhumation burial in the sixth and early seventh centuries. This site was partially excavated in the nineteenth century and again in the late twentieth. Although only half the cemetery was excavated and ploughing and drainage works at the site damaged some skeletons, the recovered skeletons are believed to be a representative sample of the whole cemetery. The third cemetery, Apple Down, Sussex, is another mixed-rite cemetery, which dates from the late fifth/early sixth to late seventh/early eighth centuries. The final cemetery, Rivenhall cemetery 1, Essex, has been radiocarbon-dated to the late eighth to early tenth centuries. All these cemeteries were selected on the basis of the quality of the data and of the excavation reports. Each provided a significant number of burials, usually with good survival, and the reports were thorough, with sufficient primary data to allow new analysis to be carried out.

Language Disorders

A Functional Approach to Assessment and Intervention

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Author: Robert E. Owens

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780023902710

Category: Language disorders in children

Page: N.A

View: 4992

Language Disorders: A Functional Approach to Assessment and Intervention is a comprehensive discussion of language disorders and clinical practice. It emphasizes functional, conversational approaches utilizing the child's natural environment and conversational partners. The author offers a succinct rationale for the use of this methodology, with emphasis on children using symbols and on classroom application. Practical descriptions are included. The text provides concrete guidelines and procedures for the assessment and training of children as well as the training of speech-language pathologists. Special consideration is given to children who are limited English proficient. FEATURES - The author's approach to language intervention involves using conversational techniques, classroom intervention, group work and whole language. - In addition to complete coverage of theory, the author includes a wealth of practical information and specific techniques for different language problems in a convenient appendix. - Two chapters focus on low-functioning clients, which benefit students working with infants, preschoolers or children with retardation. - A chapter on narrative analysis principles and techniques examines this specialized technique. - Analysis of an actual dysfunctional language sample provides a forum for a discussion of intervention procedures, giving students a realistic feel for the work of clinicians and therapists. - Increased attention has been paid to cultural diversity, reflecting today's school populations more accurately. - The chapter on classroom intervention has been expanded to reflect recent trends in the field. - A new chapter on disorders forms aframework for the discussion of disorders, outlining differences and similarities.