Narrative and Genre

Contexts and Types of Communication

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Author: Mary Chamberlain, Paul Thompson

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412849159

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3624

Any life story, whether a written autobiography or an oral testimony, is shaped not only by the reworkings of experience through memory and re-evaluation, but also by art. Any communication has to use shared conventions not only of language itself, but also the more complex expectations of "genre," the forms expected within a given context and type of communication. This collection of essays by international academics draws on a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities to examine how far the expectations and forms of genre shape different kinds of autobiography and influence what messages they can convey. After investigating the problem of genre definition, and tracing the evolution of genre as a concept, contributors explore such issues as: How far can we argue that what people narrate in their autobiographical stories is selected and shaped by the repertoire of genre available to them? To what extent is oral autobiography shaped by its social and cultural context? What is the relationship between autobiographical sources and the ethnographer? Narrative and Genre presents exciting new debates in an emerging field and will encourage international and interdisciplinary discussion. Its authors and contributors are scholars from the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, literary analysis, psychology, psychoanalysis, social history, and sociology. Mary Chamberlain is professor of modern social history at Oxford Brookes University. Paul Thompson is research professor at the University of Essex; senior research fellow, Institute of Community Studies; founder, National Life Story Collection, British Library National Sound Archive.

Narrative and Genre

Contexts and Types of Communication

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Author: Paul Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135150388X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 201

View: 8663

Any life story, whether a written autobiography or an oral testimony, is shaped not only by the reworkings of experience through memory and re-evaluation, but also by art. Any communication has to use shared conventions not only of language itself, but also the more complex expectations of ""genre,"" the forms expected within a given context and type of communication. This collection of essays by international academics draws on a wide range of disciplines in the social sciences and the humanities to examine how far the expectations and forms of genre shape different kinds of autobiography and influence what messages they can convey. After investigating the problem of genre definition, and tracing the evolution of genre as a concept, contributors explore such issues as: How far can we argue that what people narrate in their autobiographical stories is selected and shaped by the repertoire of genre available to them? To what extent is oral autobiography shaped by its social and cultural context? What is the relationship between autobiographical sources and the ethnographer? Narrative and Genre presents exciting new debates in an emerging field and will encourage international and interdisciplinary discussion. Its authors and contributors are scholars from the fields of anthropology, cultural studies, literary analysis, psychology, psychoanalysis, social history, and sociology.

Cultural Contexts of Health

The Use of Narrative Research in the Health Sector

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Author: Who Regional Office for Europe,Trisha Greenhalgh

Publisher: Health Evidence Network Synthe

ISBN: 9789289051682

Category: Medical

Page: 62

View: 2925

Storytelling is an essential tool for reporting and illuminating the cultural contexts of health: the practices and behavior that groups of people share and that are defined by customs, language and geography. This report reviews the literature on narrative research, offers some quality criteria for appraising it and gives three detailed case examples: diet and nutrition, well-being and mental health in refugees and asylum seekers. Storytelling and story interpretation belong to the humanistic disciplines and are not a pure science, although established techniques of social science can be applied to ensure rigor in sampling and data analysis. The case studies illustrate how narrative research can convey the individual experience of illness and well-being, thereby complementing and sometimes challenging epidemiological and public health evidence.

The Interface of Orality and Writing

Speaking, Seeing, Writing in the Shaping of New Genres

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Author: Annette Weissenrieder,Robert B. Coote

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1498237428

Category: Religion

Page: 458

View: 9020

How did the visual, the oral, and the written interrelate in antiquity? The essays in this collection address the competing and complementary roles of visual media, forms of memory, oral performance, and literacy and popular culture in the ancient Mediterranean world. Incorporating both customary and innovative perspectives, the essays advance the frontiers of our understanding of the nature of ancient texts as regards audibility and performance, the vital importance of the visual in the comprehension of texts, and basic concepts of communication, particularly the need to account for disjunctive and non-reciprocal social relations in communication. Thus the contributions show how the investigation of the interface of the oral and written, across the spectrum of seeing, hearing, and writing, generates new concepts of media and mediation.

Narrative and Identity

Studies in Autobiography, Self and Culture

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Author: Jens Brockmeier,Donal A. Carbaugh

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027226415

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 307

View: 3326

Annotation This text evolved out of a December 1995 conference at the International Research Center for Cultural Studies (IFK) in Vienna, attended by scholars from psychology, psychiatry, philosophy, social sciences, literary theory, classics, communication, and film theory, and exploring the importance of narrative as an expression of our experience, as a form of communication, and as a form for understanding the world and ourselves. Nine scholars from Canada, the US, and Europe contribute 12 essays on the relationship between narrative and human identity, how we construct what we call our lives and create ourselves in the process. Coverage includes theoretical perspectives on the problem of narrative and self construction, specific life stories in their cultural contexts, and empirical and theoretical issues of autobiographical memory and narrative identity. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).

Oral History Theory

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Author: Lynn Abrams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136952535

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 3471

Oral history is increasingly acknowledged as a key tool for anyone studying the history of the recent past. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of oral history theory in an accessible format. The book is structured around key themes, including the peculiarities of oral history, the study of the self, subjectivity and intersubjectivity, memory, narrative, performance and power. Each chapter provides a clear and user-friendly explanation of the various theoretical approaches, illustrates them with examples from the rich field of published oral history, and makes suggestions for the practicing oral historian. There is also a glossary of key terms and concepts. Combining the study of theoreticians with the observations of practitioners, and including extensive examples of oral history work from around the world, this book constitutes the first integrated explanation of oral history theory. It will be invaluable to experienced and novice oral historians, professionals, and students who are new to the discipline.

Narrative Interaction

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Author: Uta M. Quasthoff,Tabea Becker

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027226457

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 305

View: 2788

Telling stories in conversations is intricately interwoven with the interactive and local functions of story telling. Telling stories demands a certain kind of context and in itself establishes a particular interactive reality. Thus, narration is a specific kind of verbal interaction, governed by contextualizing devices, genre-specific cooperative regularities and corresponding verbal features. It plays an important role in institutional as well as in private modes of communication. The volume focuses on narration as a contextualized and contextualizing activity, which allocates specific structural tasks to the participants in the narrative process (narrator, co-narrator, listener). Thus, the research questions are oriented towards story telling under a functional and interactive perspective. The contributions analyze recordings of authentic narrations in different functions using different kinds of qualitative reconstructive methods. The data come from everyday as well as institutional settings and the languages covered are English, German, Greek, Hungarian, and Italian.

Memory and Narrative

The Weave of Life-Writing

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Author: James Olney

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226628165

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 430

View: 911

Examines how the writing of memoirs has changed as a literary form, discussing its origins in the autobiographical writings of St. Augustine to the present

Child Psychology

A Handbook of Contemporary Issues

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Author: Lawrence Balter,Catherine Tamis-LeMonda

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781841694122

Category: Psychology

Page: 542

View: 6713

Child Psychology 2nd edition builds on the four cornerstones that formed the basis of the chapters appearing in the earlier edition. These are covered in five sections: Infancy, Preschool Years, Childhood, Adolescence, and Ecological Influences.

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders

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Author: Department of Speech & Language Therapy Technological Educational Institute Patras Greece Ilias Papathanasiou,Ilias Papathanasiou,Patrick Coppens,Professor Department of Communication Disorders and Sciences Suny Plattsburgh Plattsburgh New York Patrick Coppens,Constantin Potagas

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449682626

Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Page: 512

View: 5412

Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders covers topics in aphasia, motor speech disorders, and dementia. Organized by symptom rather than syndrome, this text provides a foundation for understanding the disorders and learning how to apply basic theory to clinical practice in the development of rehabilitation objectives. Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Communication Disorders applies a clinical integration of the psychosocial with the neuropsychological approach in adult language rehabilitation. Written by international authorities in the field of aphasia and related communication disorders and based on the ICF framework, this unique text features diverse contribution covering global issues. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.

Romance of the Road

The Literature of the American Highway

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Author: Ronald Primeau

Publisher: Popular Press

ISBN: 9780879726980

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 170

View: 2896

"Americans have treated the highway as sacred space," says Primeau (English, Central Michigan U.) introducing the rich tradition of prose and non-fiction road narratives that include On the Road, Grapes of Wrath, Even Cowgirls Get the Blues, and the Journals of Lewis and Clark. Primeau critically examines these and other works from the position of travel as pilgrimage resulting in identifiable themes of protest, self discovery, picaresque parody, and myth making. Paper edition (unseen), $17.95. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Genre Fusion

A New Approach to History, Fiction, and Memory in Contemporary Spain

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Author: Sara J. Brenneis

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 1557536783

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 5363

Genre Fusion opens with a straightforward overview of the relationships among history, fiction, and memory in contemporary culture. While providing an up-to-date context for scholarly debates about Spain's historical memory, Genre Fusion also expands the contours of the discussion beyond the specialised territory of Hispanic studies. To demonstrate the theoretical necessity of genre fusion, Brenneis analyses pairs of interconnected texts (one a work of literature, the other a work of historiography) written by a single author. She explores how fictional and nonfictional works by Montserrat Roig, Carmen Mart�n Gaite, Carlos Blanco Aguinaga, and Javier Mar�as unearth the collective memories of Spain's past.

Narrative and Media

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Author: Rosemary Huisman,Julian Murphet,Anne Dunn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139447201

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3589

Narrative and Media, first published in 2006, applies narrative theory to media texts, including film, television, radio, advertising, and print journalism. Drawing on research in structuralist and post-structuralist theory, as well as functional grammar and image analysis, the book explains the narrative techniques which shape media texts and offers interpretive tools for analysing meaning and ideology. Each section looks at particular media forms and shows how elements such as chronology, character, and focalization are realized in specific texts. As the boundaries between entertainment and information in the mass media continue to dissolve, understanding the ways in which modes of story-telling are seamlessly transferred from one medium to another, and the ideological implications of these strategies, is an essential aspect of media studies.

Tapestry of Memory

Evidence and Testimony in Life-Story Narratives

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Author: Nanci Adler,Selma Leydesdorff

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412851084

Category: Law

Page: 279

View: 8866

In this volume, contributors present narratives and explore the way they influence the perception of the past. While acknowledging the debate about the validity of qualitative research based on narratives, this volume aims to illuminate how truth and evidence form part of a much wider debate on the representation of history. The volume includes the work of historians but the interdisciplinary nature of the contributions shows that the validity debate also applies to the broader fields of cultural studies, sociology, and other social sciences. The distinction between memory and testimony is a crucial theme. Memory, though selective, is the basis of testimony. Testimony provides an audience with information that becomes evidence of what was seen or experienced. Such evidence can form the basis of legal truth. Nanci Adler and Selma Leydesdorff divide the volume into three core sections: Official Testimony and Other "Facts and Evidence"; The Creation of New History and the Integration of Collective Memory in the Story of One’s Self; and Claims Based on Narratives vs. Official History. After a comprehensive introduction by the editors, the volume offers twelve essays by leading scholars. This work is a new offering in Transaction’s acclaimed Memory and Narrative series.

The Thousand and One Nights

Space, Travel and Transformation

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Author: Richard van Leeuwen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134146620

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 192

View: 6183

This volume discusses The Thousand and One Nights' themes of space and travel showing how they are used not only as a setting in which the story unfolds, but also as the dynamic force which propels the heroes and the story to the final dénouement. These events often symbolize a process of transformation, in which the hero has to search for his destined role or strive to attain the object of his desire. In this way, themes of travel are the narrative backbone of stories of various genres including love, religion, magic and adventure. This book not only gives a fresh approach to many stories of the collection, but also proposes new insights in the nature of The Thousand and one Nights as a self-reflexive narrative and is essential reading for scholars of Arabic literature.

Narratology in the Age of Cross-Disciplinary Narrative Research

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Author: Sandra Heinen,Roy Sommer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110222434

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 317

View: 4443

Narrative Research, once the domain of structuralist literary theory, has over the last 15 years developed into an international and interdisciplinary field. It is now commonly agreed that storytelling functions as a fundamental cognitive tool for sense-making and meaning production, and that human beings structure and communicate lived experience through oral, written and visual stories. Entitled Narratology in the Age of Cross-Disciplinary Narrative Research, this volume collects fifteen essays which look at narrative and narrativity from various perspectives, including literary studies and hermeneutics, cognitive theory and creativity research, metaphor studies, film theory and intermediality, as well as memory studies, musicology, theology and psychology. The topics touch on a wide range of issues, such as the current state of narratology and its potential for development, narrativity in visual and auditive art forms, the cultural functions of narrative, and the role of narrative concepts across the disciplines. The volume introduces interested newcomers to the ongoing debate, reflecting the diversity of research questions and methodological approaches involved. It takes a critical, yet cautiously optimistic stance with regard to the potential for interdisciplinary collaboration between narrative researchers, and invites experienced readers from any discipline interested in narrative to join this important debate, which promotes the exchange of ideas, concepts and methods between the humanities and the social sciences.

Power and Legitimacy

Law, Culture, and Literature

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Author: Anne Quéma

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442619295

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 8327

An interdisciplinary analysis of the ways in which symbolic acts create social norms, Power and Legitimacy is an important contribution to the growing body of scholarship on law and literature. Drawing on the theoretical insights of Judith Butler and Pierre Bourdieu, Anne Quéma demonstrates the effect of symbolic violence on the creation of social and political legitimacy. Examining modern jurisprudence theory, statutory law, and the family within the modern Gothic novel, Quéma shows how the forms and effects of political power transform as one shifts from discourse to discourse. An impressive integration of the scholarship in these three fields, Power and Legitimacy is a thought-provoking analysis of the basis of power and the law.