The My Lai Massacre in American History and Memory

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Author: Kendrick Oliver

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719068911

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 6535

On 16 March 1968, two US infantry companies entered a Vietnamese village and in the course of a single morning killed over 400 of its unarmed, unresisting inhabitants . . . This is the first book to examine the response of American society to the My Lai massacre and its ambiguous place in American national memory. Kendrick Oliver argues that the massacre revelations left many Americans untroubled. It was only when the soldiers most immediately responsible came to be tried that opposition to the conflict grew, for these prosecutions were regarded by supporters of the war as evidence that the national leaders no longer had the will to do what was necessary to win. Oliver goes on to show that, contrary to interpretations of the Vietnam conflict as an unhealed national trauma or wound, many Americans have assimilated the war and its violence rather too well, and they were able to do so even when that violence was most conspicuous and current. US soldiers have been presented as the conflict's principal victims, and this was true even in the case of My Lai. It was the American perpetrators of the massacre and not the Vietnamese they brutalized who became the central object of popular concern. Both the massacre and its reception reveal the problem of human empathy in conditions of a counter-revolutionary war - a war, moreover, that had always been fought for geopolitical credibility, not for the sake of the Vietnamese. This incisive enquiry into the moral history of the Vietnam war should be essential reading for all students of the conflict, as well as others interested in the war and its cultural legacies.

After My Lai

My Year Commanding First Platoon, Charlie Company

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Author: Gary W Bray

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806183195

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 184

View: 3669

In the fall of 1969, Gary Bray landed in South Vietnam as a recently married, freshly minted second lieutenant in the U.S. Army. His assignment was not enviable: leading the platoon whose former members had committed the My Lai massacre—the murder of hundreds of Vietnamese civilians—eighteen months earlier. In this compelling memoir, he shares his experiences of Vietnam in the direct wake of that terrible event. After My Lai documents the war’s horrific effects on both sides of the struggle. Bray presents the Vietnam conflict as the touchstone of a generation, telling how his feelings about being a soldier—a family tradition—were dramatically altered by the events he participated in and witnessed. He explains how young men, angered by the deaths of comrades and with no release for their frustration, can sometimes cross the line of legal and ethical behavior. Bray’s account differs from many Vietnam memoirs in his vivid descriptions of platoon-level tactical operations. As he builds suspense in moment-by-moment depictions of men plunging into jungle gloom and tragedy, he demonstrates that what led to My Lai is easier to comprehend once you’ve walked the booby-trapped ground yourself. An intensely personal story, gracefully rendered yet brutally honest, After My Lai reveals how warfare changes you forever.

From Melos to My Lai

War and Survival

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Author: Lawrence A. Tritle

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415171601

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 3415

From Melos to My Lai presents an erudite, provocative and moving analysis of the accounts of violence in the literature and history of ancient Greece and in the film literature and veterans' accounts of the Vietnam War. This comparative investigation examines the nature of violence, its impact on society and culture, especially as reflected from the perspective of the survivors. The survivors include not only actual combatants, but those with whom they interact: their comrades, their wives and children, families and society as a whole. From Melos to My Lai provides a unique contribution to the study of the impact of violence on its participants and its audience which combines an examination of the artistic representations of violence and the real-life accounts of those involved in it.

The My Lai Massacre

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Author: Michael Burgan

Publisher: Capstone

ISBN: 0756538491

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 615

Examines key events that took place in the South Vietnamese village of My Lai, during the Vietnam War.

Dimensionen von My Lai. Soziologische Untersuchung eines Verbrechens

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Author: Erik Fischer

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638300129

Category: History

Page: 23

View: 8136

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2003 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Amerika, Note: 1,7, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald (Historisches Institut), Veranstaltung: Die USA in den Kriegen des 20. Jahrhunderts, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: An den Anfang einer quellenbasierenden Untersuchung wird ein Abriß der allgemeinen Quellenlage und des Forschungsstands gestellt, gefolgt von einer größeren historischen Einordnung der Ereignisse, um einen Überblick über die Situation zu schaffen. Im Hauptteil werden auf der Grundlage einer Diskussion der Quellen und ihrer Inhalte Antworten auf die eingangs formulierten Fragen gesucht. Die Quellen werden dazu nach einem Raster analysiert. Inhalt dieser Systematisierung ist die Frage nach der Motivation der Soldaten nach Vietnam zu gehen und zu kämpfen, die Suche in der Vielzahl nach Briefen nach sich gleichenden Erlebnissen der Soldaten und letztendlich die Frage nach Anzeichen der Entmoralisierung. Aus dieser Analyse wird sich ein Bild ergeben, was die Soldaten in Vietnam erlebten und welche Eindrücke und Einflüsse hier auf sie wirkten. Mit Hilfe dieses rekonstruierten Bildes können dann Mutmaßungen darüber angestellt werden, wie aus „Soldaten Mörder wurden“, um dem psychologischen Umfeld der Kriegsverbrechen einsichtig zu werden. Die Rückschlüsse auf diesen Punkt werden sich vor allem auf die brieflichen Quellen stützen, jedoch auch bereits geleistete Forschungserkenntnisse mit einbeziehen. Denn der hier zu leistende Einblick in die Quellen kann aufgrund der Literaturlage und des be-schränkten Umfangs der Arbeit lediglich ein begrenzter und somit selektiver sein. Abschließend werden die Ergebnisse zusammengefasst und ein Resultat aus den Untersuchungen formuliert, sowie ein Ausblick auf weiterführende Gebiete zur Unter-suchung der Wirkung US-amerikanischer Kriegsverbrechen.

Facing My Lai

Moving Beyond the Massacre

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Author: David L. Anderson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780700608645

Category: History

Page: 237

View: 454

Such varied writers as novelist Tim O'Brien, historian Stephen Ambrose, military prosecutor William Eckhardt, and veteran Hugh Thompson address the troubling questions that still persist about My Lai

My Lai

Vietnam, 1968, and the Descent into Darkness

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Author: Howard Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190228776

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4796

On the early morning of March 16, 1968, American soldiers from three platoons of Charlie Company (1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade, 23rd Infantry Division), entered a group of hamlets located in the Son Tinh district of South Vietnam, located near the Demilitarized Zone and known as "Pinkville" because of the high level of Vietcong infiltration. The soldiers, many still teenagers who had been in the country for three months, were on a "search and destroy" mission. The Tet Offensive had occurred only weeks earlier and in the same area and had made them jittery; so had mounting losses from booby traps and a seemingly invisible enemy. Three hours after the GIs entered the hamlets, more than five hundred unarmed villagers lay dead, killed in cold blood. The atrocity took its name from one of the hamlets, known by the Americans as My Lai 4. Military authorities attempted to suppress the news of My Lai, until some who had been there, in particular a helicopter pilot named Hugh Thompson and a door gunner named Lawrence Colburn, spoke up about what they had seen. The official line was that the villagers had been killed by artillery and gunship fire rather than by small arms. That line soon began to fray. Lieutenant William Calley, one of the platoon leaders, admitted to shooting the villagers but insisted that he had acted upon orders. An expos? of the massacre and cover-up by journalist Seymour Hersh, followed by graphic photographs, incited international outrage, and Congressional and U.S. Army inquiries began. Calley and nearly thirty other officers were charged with war crimes, though Calley alone was convicted and would serve three and a half years under house arrest before being paroled in 1974. My Lai polarized American sentiment. Many saw Calley as a scapegoat, the victim of a doomed strategy in an unwinnable war. Others saw a war criminal. President Nixon was poised to offer a presidential pardon. The atrocity intensified opposition to the war, devastating any pretense of American moral superiority. Its effect on military morale and policy was profound and enduring. The Army implemented reforms and began enforcing adherence to the Hague and Geneva conventions. Before launching an offensive during Desert Storm in 1991, one general warned his brigade commanders, "No My Lais in this division--do you hear me?" Compelling, comprehensive, and haunting, based on both exhaustive archival research and extensive interviews, Howard Jones's My Lai will stand as the definitive book on one of the most devastating events in American military history.

My Lai

An American Atrocity in the Vietnam War

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Author: William Thomas Allison

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421406446

Category: History

Page: 170

View: 6928

On March 16, 1968, American soldiers killed as many as five hundred Vietnamese men, women, and children in a village near the South China Sea. In My Lai William Thomas Allison explores and evaluates the significance of this horrific event. How could such a thing have happened? Who (or what) should be held accountable? How do we remember this atrocity and try to apply its lessons, if any? My Lai has fixed the attention of Americans of various political stripes for more than forty years. The breadth of writing on the massacre, from news reports to scholarly accounts, highlights the difficulty of establishing fact and motive in an incident during which confusion, prejudice, and self-preservation overwhelmed the troops. Son of a Marine veteran of the Vietnam War—and aware that the generation who lived through the incident is aging—Allison seeks to ensure that our collective memory of this shameful episode does not fade. Well written and accessible, Allison’s book provides a clear narrative of this historic moment and offers suggestions for how to come to terms with its aftermath.

My Lai

A Brief History with Documents

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Author: NA NA

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137086254

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 222

View: 8010

This volume introduces students to the most controversial incident of the Vietnam War - the My Lai massacre when almost 400 Vietnamese civilians were killed in four hours. The authors discuss the ramifications of the cover-up and the ensuing investigations for the American public, policymakers, the anti-War movement and the soldiers involved. They examine the causes of the massacre and the issues of culpability and human rights. The narrative is built around 70 primary documents drawn mainly from testimony and reports from the government enquiry into the outrage.

Cover-Up

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Author: Seymour M. Hersh

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0804151164

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1694

The Pulitzer Prize winner who first disclosed the massacre at My Lai 4 uncovers the full story of how those involved - from private to general - kept it secret. What he reveals is shocking - from the amorphous but very real "West Point Protective Association" to the fact that an extensive but closed investigation by the Army itself covered up another massacre by the same unit on the same morning.

After the Massacre

Commemoration and Consolation in Ha My and My Lai

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Author: Heonik Kwon

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520939654

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 4002

Though a generation has passed since the massacre of civilians at My Lai, the legacy of this tragedy continues to reverberate throughout Vietnam and the rest of the world. This engrossing study considers how Vietnamese villagers in My Lai and Ha My—a village where South Korean troops committed an equally appalling, though less well-known, massacre of unarmed civilians—assimilate the catastrophe of these mass deaths into their everyday ritual life. Based on a detailed study of local history and moral practices, After the Massacre focuses on the particular context of domestic life in which the Vietnamese villagers interact with their ancestors on one hand and the ghosts of tragic death on the other. Heonik Kwon explains what intimate ritual actions can tell us about the history of mass violence and the global bipolar politics that caused it. He highlights the aesthetics of Vietnamese commemorative rituals and the morality of their practical actions to liberate the spirits from their grievous history of death. The author brings these important practices into a critical dialogue with dominant sociological theories of death and symbolic transformation.

Investigation of the My Lai Incident

Report of the Armed Services Investigating Subcommittee of the Committee on Armed Services, House of Representatives, Ninety-first Congress, Second Session, Under Authority of H. Res. 105

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Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services. My Lai Incident Subcommittee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: My Lai Massacre, Vietnam, 1968

Page: 53

View: 6012

The Vietnam War on trial

the My Lai Massacre and the court-martial of Lieutenant Calley

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Author: Michal R. Belknap

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 6965

The role of Lt. William Calley in one of the worst massacres in the history of the U.S. military is explored fully, with evidence from prosecutors, defenders, witness, and judges presented as well as a blow-by-blow account of the important proceeding. (Military History)

At the Crossroads of Justice

My Lai and Son Thang—American Atrocities in Vietnam

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Author: Paul J. Noto

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1462050131

Category: History

Page: 148

View: 8152

Vietnam is remembered as the war that divided a nation and scarred a generation. While the vast majority of American personnel in Vietnam served honorably, a few highly publicized atrocities tarnished the reputation of the military. In At the Crossroads of Justice: My Lai and Son ThangAmerican Atrocities in Vietnam, author Paul J. Noto analyzes two of those incidentsMy Lai and Son Thangagainst the backdrop of a flawed military justice system and an arrogant and inept civilian and military leadership that failed to articulate a coherent military strategy to win the war. Noto shows that failure of leadership contributed to problems of command discipline, racial tension, drug abuse, and general disregard for military protocol. His study examines these issues and describes how ordinary American boys became cold-blooded killers seemingly overnight, what combination of factors led to these tragic events, and how the military can prevent them from happening in future conflicts. By studying these crimes and the judicial process that followed, Noto provides an insightful analysis of the related issues and how they have impacted military training to the present day.

The My Lai Massacre

The History of the Vietnam War's Most Notorious Atrocity

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Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781985726963

Category:

Page: 86

View: 4669

*Includes pictures *Includes accounts of the massacre made by participants *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading *Includes a table of contents "I walked up and saw these guys doing strange things...Setting fire to the hootches and huts and waiting for people to come out and then shooting them...going into the hootches and shooting them up...gathering people in groups and shooting them... As I walked in you could see piles of people all through the village... all over. They were gathered up into large groups. I saw them shoot an M79 [grenade launcher] into a group of people who were still alive. But it was mostly done with a machine gun. They were shooting women and children just like anybody else. We met no resistance and I only saw three captured weapons. We had no casualties. It was just like any other Vietnamese village-old papa-sans, women and kids. As a matter of fact, I don't remember seeing one military-age male in the entire place, dead or alive." - PFC Michael Bernhardt The Vietnam War could have been called a comedy of errors if the consequences weren't so deadly and tragic. In 1951, while war was raging in Korea, the United States began signing defense pacts with nations in the Pacific, intending to create alliances that would contain the spread of Communism. As the Korean War was winding down, America joined the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, pledging to defend several nations in the region from Communist aggression. One of those nations was South Vietnam. Before the Vietnam War, most Americans would have been hard pressed to locate Vietnam on a map. South Vietnamese President Diem's regime was extremely unpopular, and war broke out between Communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam around the end of the 1950s. Kennedy's administration tried to prop up the South Vietnamese with training and assistance, but the South Vietnamese military was feeble. A month before his death, Kennedy signed a presidential directive withdrawing 1,000 American personnel, and shortly after Kennedy's assassination, new President Lyndon B. Johnson reversed course, instead opting to expand American assistance to South Vietnam. The Vietnam War remains one of the most controversial events in American history, and it bitterly divided the nation in 1968, but it could have been far worse. That's because, unbeknownst to most Americans that year, American forces had carried out the most notorious mass killing of the war that March. On March 16, perhaps as many as 500 Vietnamese villagers in the Son My village complex - men, women, and children - were killed by American soldiers in Task Force Barker. The worst of the violence, carried out by members of Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 11th Infantry, occurred in a small village known locally as Xom Lang. On American maps, the location was marked as My Lai (4), and when news of the killings leaked into the American press over a year and a half later in November 1969, it was under that name that the incident became infamous as the "My Lai Massacre." The My Lai Massacre was possibly the single worst atrocity committed by American forces during the long and sometimes brutal Vietnam War, and it has been called "the most shocking episode of the Vietnam War." It became a touchstone not only for the controversial conflict but for the manner in which the American government had covered up the truth, which many felt was emblematic of the government's behavior throughout much of the war itself. Moreover, it damaged the nation's credibility, as well as the military's; as Reinhold Neibuhr put it, "I think there is a good deal of evidence that we thought all along that we were a redeemer nation. There was a lot of illusion in our national history. Now it is about to be shattered." The My Lai Massacre: The History of the Vietnam War's Most Notorious Atrocity traces the history of one of the American military's darkest days.

My Lai

A Brief History with Documents

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Author: James S. Olson,Randy Roberts

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312142278

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 2333

The massacre at My Lai on March 16, 1968 continues to haunt students of the Vietnam War as a moment that challenges notions of American virtue. James Olson and Randy Roberts have combed unpublished testimony and gather a collection of eyewitness accounts from those who were at My Lai and reports from those who investigated the incident and its cover-up.

My Lai Massacre

Colin Powell, Ernest Medina, Four Hours in My Lai, Glenn Andreotta, Hugh Thompson, Jr. , Lawrence Colburn, Lawrence Rockwood, Ronald L

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Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN: 9781230526492

Category:

Page: 38

View: 5491

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 32. Chapters: Colin Powell, Ernest Medina, Four Hours in My Lai, Glenn Andreotta, Hugh Thompson, Jr., Lawrence Colburn, Lawrence Rockwood, Ronald L. Haeberle, Ronald Ridenhour, Samuel W. Koster, Seymour Hersh, The Battle Hymn of Lt. Calley, Varnado Simpson, William Calley.