Music in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Encyclopedia

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Author: William Forde Thompson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483365581

Category: Reference

Page: 1360

View: 3979

This first definitive reference resource to take a broad interdisciplinary approach to the nexus between music and the social and behavioral sciences examines how music affects human beings and their interactions in and with the world. The interdisciplinary nature of the work provides a starting place for students to situate the status of music within the social sciences in fields such as anthropology, communications, psychology, linguistics, sociology, sports, political science and economics, as well as biology and the health sciences. Features: Approximately 450 articles, arranged in A-to-Z fashion and richly illustrated with photographs, provide the social and behavioral context for examining the importance of music in society. Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology of Music places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the field; and a Resource Guide provides lists of books, academic journals, websites and cross-references. The multimedia digital edition is enhanced with video and audio clips and features strong search-and-browse capabilities through the electronic Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references. Music in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, available in both multimedia digital and print formats, is a must-have reference for music and social science library collections.

Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Stanley Wasserman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803943032

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 5292

In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.

Advances in Longitudinal Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Gregory R. Hancock,Jeffrey R. Harring

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1617358916

Category: Education

Page: 355

View: 8428

The importance that practitioners are placing on longitudinal designs and analyses signals a critical shift toward methods that enable a better understanding of developmental processes thought to underlie many human attributes and behaviors. A simple scan of one’s own applied literature reveals evidence of this trend through the increasing number of articles adopting longitudinal methods as their primary analytic tools. Advances in Longitudinal Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences is a resource intended for advanced graduate students, faculty, and applied researchers interested in longitudinal data analysis, especially in the social and behavioral sciences. The chapters are written by established methodological researchers from diverse research domains such as psychology, biostatistics, educational statistics, psychometrics, and family sciences. Each chapter exposes the reader to some of the latest methodological developments and perspectives in the analysis of longitudinal data, and is written in a didactic tone that makes the content accessible to the broader research community. This volume will be particularly appealing to researchers in domains including, but not limited to: human development, clinical psychology, educational psychology, school psychology, special education, epidemiology, family science, kinesiology, communication disorders, and education policy and administration. The book will also be attractive to members of several professional organizations such as the American Educational Research Association (AERA), the American Psychological Association (APA), the American Psychological Society (APS), the Society for Research on Adolescence (SRA), the Society of Research in Child Development (SRCD), Society for Research in Adult Development (SRAD), British Psychological Society (BPS), Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), and other related organizations.

Handbook of Statistical Modeling for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: G. Arminger,Clifford C. Clogg,M.E. Sobel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489912924

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 2260

Contributors thoroughly survey the most important statistical models used in empirical reserch in the social and behavioral sciences. Following a common format, each chapter introduces a model, illustrates the types of problems and data for which the model is best used, provides numerous examples that draw upon familiar models or procedures, and includes material on software that can be used to estimate the models studied. This handbook will aid researchers, methodologists, graduate students, and statisticians to understand and resolve common modeling problems.

Foundations of Mixed Methods Research

Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Charles Teddlie,Abbas Tashakkori

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761930124

Category: Psychology

Page: 387

View: 9579

Foundations of Mixed Methods Research is the first comprehensive textbook on using mixed methods in the social sciences, written by two leading names in the field. Mixed methodology (combining quantitative and qualitative approaches) has become an increasingly popular way of both researching and teaching methodology across the social sciences, and students across these fields are expected to be proficient in both quantitative and qualitative techniques. This text begins with an introduction to and overview of the development of mixed methodology, and then takes students through all aspects of working with mixed methods from research design and data collection through to analysis and conclusions.

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

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Author: Annabel Ness Evans

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483323617

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 8987

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Fifth Edition, by Annabel Ness Evans, presents introductory statistics in a practical, conceptual, and humorous way, reducing the anxiety that many students experience in introductory courses. Avoiding complex notation and derivation, the book focuses on helping readers develop an understanding of the underlying logic of statistics. Practical Focus on Research boxes engage students with realistic applications of statistics, and end-of-chapter exercises ensure student comprehension. This exciting new edition includes a greater number of realistic and engaging global examples within the social and behavioral sciences, making it ideal for use within many departments or in interdisciplinary settings.

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Larry E. Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412951437

Category: Psychology

Page: 577

View: 771

Highly accessible A-Z of the major terms in the social and behavioural sciences, spanning anthropology, communication and media studies, criminal justice, economics, education, geography, human services, management, political science, psychology and sociology.

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080548059

Category: Social Science

Page: 17500

View: 3048

This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.

Bayesian Methods

A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach, Third Edition

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Author: Jeff Gill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439862494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 724

View: 6234

An Update of the Most Popular Graduate-Level Introductions to Bayesian Statistics for Social Scientists Now that Bayesian modeling has become standard, MCMC is well understood and trusted, and computing power continues to increase, Bayesian Methods: A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach, Third Edition focuses more on implementation details of the procedures and less on justifying procedures. The expanded examples reflect this updated approach. New to the Third Edition A chapter on Bayesian decision theory, covering Bayesian and frequentist decision theory as well as the connection of empirical Bayes with James–Stein estimation A chapter on the practical implementation of MCMC methods using the BUGS software Greatly expanded chapter on hierarchical models that shows how this area is well suited to the Bayesian paradigm Many new applications from a variety of social science disciplines Double the number of exercises, with 20 now in each chapter Updated BaM package in R, including new datasets, code, and procedures for calling BUGS packages from R This bestselling, highly praised text continues to be suitable for a range of courses, including an introductory course or a computing-centered course. It shows students in the social and behavioral sciences how to use Bayesian methods in practice, preparing them for sophisticated, real-world work in the field.

Statistical Science in the Courtroom

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Author: Joseph L. Gastwirth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461212162

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 9426

Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially that of a probabilistic nature, has also occurred in England, Australia and in several European countries. Statistical Science in the Courtroom is a collection of articles written by statisticians and legal scholars who have been concerned with problems arising in the use of statistical evidence. A number of articles describe DNA evidence and the difficulties of properly calculating the probability that a random individual's profile would "match" that of the evidence as well as the proper way to intrepret the result. In addition to the technical issues, several authors tell about their experiences in court. A few have become disenchanted with their involvement and describe the events that led them to devote less time to this application. Other articles describe the role of statistical evidence in cases concerning discrimination against minorities, product liability, environmental regulation, the appropriateness and fairness of sentences and how being involved in legal statistics has raised interesting statistical problems requiring further research.

Music and Law

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Author: Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1783500379

Category: Music

Page: 350

View: 7633

This volume provides a timely discussion of legal issues involved with a variety of aspects of music and the music industry. Written by leading experts on music and law from around the world, the chapters offer unique social-science perspectives relevant to academics and policymakers alike.

Research Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Russell A. Jones

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878933723

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 5308

This text acquaints the student with the diverse methods used in the social, psychological and behavioural sciences. The scientific question at hand affects the researcher's choice of methods, and this book helps students develop an appreciation for the sorts of hypotheses and questions that can be most profitably investigated with each method. The text emphasizes that the student needs to be acquainted with a variety of research methods, as there is no single perfect method. Along with the illustrative research in each chapter, the advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed.

Integrative Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Renee R. Ha,James C. Ha

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452237298

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 6158

Designed to engage students and lower their "fear factor", Integrative Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences is a concise, user-friendly text that prepares students to use statistics in the real world. Providing depth and breadth of statistical tests, the text focuses on choosing the appropriate statistical analysis, and shows how to interpret the output and present the results. Basic descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, and basic inferential statistics are covered along with more advanced topics such as correlation, regression, non-parametric statistics, multivariate statistics, and general linear modeling. The authors emphasize choosing the appropriate statistical test through conceptual material, assumptions, homework exercises, and a helpful "choose-the-appropriate-test" flowchart. They focus on the interpretation of results from both Excel and SPSS outputs, and also demonstrate how to do important calculations by hand to help students grasp the underlying concepts. The book includes end-of-chapter exercises that help students fully grasp the content of each chapter.

Music Cultures in the United States

An Introduction

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Author: Ellen Koskoff

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135888817

Category: Music

Page: 448

View: 9367

Music Cultures in the United States is a basic textbook for an Introduction to American Music course. Taking a new, fresh approach to the study of American music, it is divided into three parts. In the first part, historical, social, and cultural issues are discussed, including how music history is studied; issues of musical and social identity; and institutions and processes affecting music in the U.S. The heart of the book is devoted to American musical cultures: American Indian; European; African American; Latin American; and Asian American. Each cultural section has a basic introductory article, followed by case studies of specific musical cultures. Finally, global musics are addressed, including Classical Musics and Popular Musics, as they have been performed in the U.S.. Each article is written by an expert in the field, offering in-depth, knowledgeable, yet accessible writing for the student. The accompanying CD offers musical examples tied to each article. Pedagogic material includes chapter overviews, questions for study, and a chronoloogy of key musical events in American music and definitions in the margins.

Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

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Author: Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470458038

Category: Psychology

Page: 647

View: 4919

This book integrates research methods and the interpretation of statistics in a comprehensive yet easy to understand format. Technical information is provided so instructors can show students what is "under the hood" of the techniques being used, with a focus on the application of statistical methods and designing and conducting meaningful research. In addition, it broadly represents the behavioral and social sciences, rather than being overly specific to a particular discipline.

Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Practical Introduction

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Author: Rand Wilcox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834563

Category: Mathematics

Page: 862

View: 2334

In addition to learning how to apply classic statistical methods, students need to understand when these methods perform well, and when and why they can be highly unsatisfactory. Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences illustrates how to use R to apply both standard and modern methods to correct known problems with classic techniques. Numerous illustrations provide a conceptual basis for understanding why practical problems with classic methods were missed for so many years, and why modern techniques have practical value. Designed for a two-semester, introductory course for graduate students in the social sciences, this text introduces three major advances in the field: Early studies seemed to suggest that normality can be assumed with relatively small sample sizes due to the central limit theorem. However, crucial issues were missed. Vastly improved methods are now available for dealing with non-normality. The impact of outliers and heavy-tailed distributions on power and our ability to obtain an accurate assessment of how groups differ and variables are related is a practical concern when using standard techniques, regardless of how large the sample size might be. Methods for dealing with this insight are described. The deleterious effects of heteroscedasticity on conventional ANOVA and regression methods are much more serious than once thought. Effective techniques for dealing heteroscedasticity are described and illustrated. Requiring no prior training in statistics, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a graduate-level introduction to basic, routinely used statistical techniques relevant to the social and behavioral sciences. It describes and illustrates methods developed during the last half century that deal with known problems associated with classic techniques. Espousing the view that no single method is always best, it imparts a general understanding of the relative merits of various techniques so that the choice of method can be made in an informed manner.

The Trouble with Twin Studies

A Reassessment of Twin Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Jay Joseph

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317605918

Category: Psychology

Page: 318

View: 5038

The Trouble with Twin Studies questions popular genetic explanations of human behavioral differences based upon the existing body of twin research. Psychologist Jay Joseph outlines the fallacies of twin studies in the context of the ongoing decades-long failure to discover genes for human behavioral differences, including IQ, personality, and the major psychiatric disorders. This volume critically examines twin research, with a special emphasis on reared-apart twin studies, and incorporates new and updated perspectives, analyses, arguments, and evidence.

The Science and Psychology of Music Performance

Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning

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Author: Richard Parncutt,Gary McPherson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195350173

Category: Music

Page: 400

View: 624

What type of practice makes a musician perfect? What sort of child is most likely to succeed on a musical instrument? What practice strategies yield the fastest improvement in skills such as sight-reading, memorization, and intonation? Scientific and psychological research can offer answers to these and other questions that musicians face every day. In The Science and Psychology of Music Performance, Richard Parncutt and Gary McPherson assemble relevant current research findings and make them accessible to musicians and music educators. This book describes new approaches to teaching music, learning music, and making music at all educational and skill levels. Each chapter represents the collaboration between a music researcher (usually a music psychologist) and a performer or music educator. This combination of expertise results in excellent practical advice. Readers will learn, for example, that they are in the majority (57%) if they experience rapid heartbeat before performances; the chapter devoted to performance anxiety will help them decide whether beta-blocker medication, hypnotherapy, or the Alexander Technique of relaxation might alleviate their stage fright. Another chapter outlines a step-by-step method for introducing children to musical notation, firmly based on research in cognitive development. Altogether, the 21 chapters cover the personal, environmental, and acoustical influences that shape the learning and performance of music.

Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals

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Author: Brian P. Hinote,Jason Adam Wasserman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249722

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 1860

Intended for courses in sociology and allied health, Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals examines social and behavioral factors affecting health and illness, and how these phenomena directly inform clinical practice. The text introduces interdisciplinary insights from fields like sociology, psychology, and epidemiology to elucidate critical features of contemporary patient care routinely confronting health practitioners. Directly correlated to the new MCAT standards, the text is invaluable to students planning a career in the medical professions.