Music in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Encyclopedia

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Author: William Forde Thompson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483365581

Category: Reference

Page: 1360

View: 5900

This first definitive reference resource to take a broad interdisciplinary approach to the nexus between music and the social and behavioral sciences examines how music affects human beings and their interactions in and with the world. The interdisciplinary nature of the work provides a starting place for students to situate the status of music within the social sciences in fields such as anthropology, communications, psychology, linguistics, sociology, sports, political science and economics, as well as biology and the health sciences. Features: Approximately 450 articles, arranged in A-to-Z fashion and richly illustrated with photographs, provide the social and behavioral context for examining the importance of music in society. Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology of Music places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the field; and a Resource Guide provides lists of books, academic journals, websites and cross-references. The multimedia digital edition is enhanced with video and audio clips and features strong search-and-browse capabilities through the electronic Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references. Music in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, available in both multimedia digital and print formats, is a must-have reference for music and social science library collections.

Advances in Social Network Analysis

Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Stanley Wasserman,Joseph Galaskiewicz

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452253919

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 5970

In this book, leading methodologists address the issue of how effectively to apply the latest developments in social network analysis to behavioural and social science disciplines. Topics examined include: ways to specify the network contents to be studied; how to select the method for representing network structures; how social network analysis has been used to study interorganizational relations via the resource dependence model; how to use a contact matrix for studying the spread of disease in epidemiology; and how cohesion and structural equivalence network theories relate to studying social influence. The book also offers some statistical models for social support networks.

Advances in Longitudinal Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Gregory R. Hancock,Jeffrey R. Harring

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1617358916

Category: Education

Page: 355

View: 5161

The importance that practitioners are placing on longitudinal designs and analyses signals a critical shift toward methods that enable a better understanding of developmental processes thought to underlie many human attributes and behaviors. A simple scan of one’s own applied literature reveals evidence of this trend through the increasing number of articles adopting longitudinal methods as their primary analytic tools. Advances in Longitudinal Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences is a resource intended for advanced graduate students, faculty, and applied researchers interested in longitudinal data analysis, especially in the social and behavioral sciences. The chapters are written by established methodological researchers from diverse research domains such as psychology, biostatistics, educational statistics, psychometrics, and family sciences. Each chapter exposes the reader to some of the latest methodological developments and perspectives in the analysis of longitudinal data, and is written in a didactic tone that makes the content accessible to the broader research community. This volume will be particularly appealing to researchers in domains including, but not limited to: human development, clinical psychology, educational psychology, school psychology, special education, epidemiology, family science, kinesiology, communication disorders, and education policy and administration. The book will also be attractive to members of several professional organizations such as the American Educational Research Association (AERA), the American Psychological Association (APA), the American Psychological Society (APS), the Society for Research on Adolescence (SRA), the Society of Research in Child Development (SRCD), Society for Research in Adult Development (SRAD), British Psychological Society (BPS), Canadian Psychological Association (CPA), and other related organizations.

Introduction to Test Construction in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Practical Guide

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Author: Joshua A. Fishman,Tomás Galguera

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461665582

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 8926

Offers beginning researchers in psychology and education with limited statistics backgrounds a practical, hands-on guide to the preparation, assessment, and development of quantitative research instruments.

Research Methods in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Russell A. Jones

Publisher: Sinauer Associates Incorporated

ISBN: 9780878933723

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 300

This text acquaints the student with the diverse methods used in the social, psychological and behavioural sciences. The scientific question at hand affects the researcher's choice of methods, and this book helps students develop an appreciation for the sorts of hypotheses and questions that can be most profitably investigated with each method. The text emphasizes that the student needs to be acquainted with a variety of research methods, as there is no single perfect method. Along with the illustrative research in each chapter, the advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed.

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

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Author: Annabel Ness Evans

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483323617

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 1181

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Fifth Edition, by Annabel Ness Evans, presents introductory statistics in a practical, conceptual, and humorous way, reducing the anxiety that many students experience in introductory courses. Avoiding complex notation and derivation, the book focuses on helping readers develop an understanding of the underlying logic of statistics. Practical Focus on Research boxes engage students with realistic applications of statistics, and end-of-chapter exercises ensure student comprehension. This exciting new edition includes a greater number of realistic and engaging global examples within the social and behavioral sciences, making it ideal for use within many departments or in interdisciplinary settings.

The SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Larry E. Sullivan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412951437

Category: Psychology

Page: 577

View: 1711

Highly accessible A-Z of the major terms in the social and behavioural sciences, spanning anthropology, communication and media studies, criminal justice, economics, education, geography, human services, management, political science, psychology and sociology.

Bayesian Methods

A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach, Third Edition

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Author: Jeff Gill

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439862494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 724

View: 9350

An Update of the Most Popular Graduate-Level Introductions to Bayesian Statistics for Social Scientists Now that Bayesian modeling has become standard, MCMC is well understood and trusted, and computing power continues to increase, Bayesian Methods: A Social and Behavioral Sciences Approach, Third Edition focuses more on implementation details of the procedures and less on justifying procedures. The expanded examples reflect this updated approach. New to the Third Edition A chapter on Bayesian decision theory, covering Bayesian and frequentist decision theory as well as the connection of empirical Bayes with James–Stein estimation A chapter on the practical implementation of MCMC methods using the BUGS software Greatly expanded chapter on hierarchical models that shows how this area is well suited to the Bayesian paradigm Many new applications from a variety of social science disciplines Double the number of exercises, with 20 now in each chapter Updated BaM package in R, including new datasets, code, and procedures for calling BUGS packages from R This bestselling, highly praised text continues to be suitable for a range of courses, including an introductory course or a computing-centered course. It shows students in the social and behavioral sciences how to use Bayesian methods in practice, preparing them for sophisticated, real-world work in the field.

Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences

A Model-Based Approach

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Author: David B. Flora

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526421925

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 6880

Statistical methods in modern research increasingly entail developing, estimating and testing models for data. Rather than rigid methods of data analysis, the need today is for more flexible methods for modelling data. In this logical, easy-to-follow and exceptionally clear book, David Flora provides a comprehensive survey of the major statistical procedures currently used. His innovative model-based approach teaches you how to: Understand and choose the right statistical model to fit your data Match substantive theory and statistical models Apply statistical procedures hands-on, with example data analyses Develop and use graphs to understand data and fit models to data Work with statistical modeling principles using any software package Learn by applying, with input and output files for R, SAS, SPSS, and Mplus. Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioural Sciences: A Model Based Approach is the essential guide for those looking to extend their understanding of the principles of statistics, and begin using the right statistical modeling method for their own data. It is particularly suited to second or advanced courses in statistical methods across the social and behavioural sciences.

Handbook of Statistical Modeling for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: G. Arminger,Clifford C. Clogg,M.E. Sobel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489912924

Category: Psychology

Page: 592

View: 971

Contributors thoroughly survey the most important statistical models used in empirical reserch in the social and behavioral sciences. Following a common format, each chapter introduces a model, illustrates the types of problems and data for which the model is best used, provides numerous examples that draw upon familiar models or procedures, and includes material on software that can be used to estimate the models studied. This handbook will aid researchers, methodologists, graduate students, and statisticians to understand and resolve common modeling problems.

Relative Distribution Methods in the Social Sciences

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Author: Mark S. Handcock,Martina Morris

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387226583

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 6330

This monograph presents methods for full comparative distributional analysis based on the relative distribution. This provides a general integrated framework for analysis, a graphical component that simplifies exploratory data analysis and display, a statistically valid basis for the development of hypothesis-driven summary measures, and the potential for decomposition - enabling the examination of complex hypotheses regarding the origins of distributional changes within and between groups. Written for data analysts and those interested in measurement, the text can also serve as a textbook for a course on distributional methods.

Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals

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Author: Brian P. Hinote,Jason Adam Wasserman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442249722

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4342

Intended for courses in sociology and allied health, Social and Behavioral Science for Health Professionals examines social and behavioral factors affecting health and illness, and how these phenomena directly inform clinical practice. The text introduces interdisciplinary insights from fields like sociology, psychology, and epidemiology to elucidate critical features of contemporary patient care routinely confronting health practitioners. Directly correlated to the new MCAT standards, the text is invaluable to students planning a career in the medical professions.

Statistical Power Analysis for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Basic and Advanced Techniques

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Author: Xiaofeng Steven Liu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136464182

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 5418

This is the first book to demonstrate the application of power analysis to the newer more advanced statistical techniques that are increasingly used in the social and behavioral sciences. Both basic and advanced designs are covered. Readers are shown how to apply power analysis to techniques such as hierarchical linear modeling, meta-analysis, and structural equation modeling. Each chapter opens with a review of the statistical procedure and then proceeds to derive the power functions. This is followed by examples that demonstrate how to produce power tables and charts. The book clearly shows how to calculate power by providing open code for every design and procedure in R, SAS, and SPSS. Readers can verify the power computation using the computer programs on the book's website. There is a growing requirement to include power analysis to justify sample sizes in grant proposals. Most chapters are self-standing and can be read in any order without much disruption.This book will help readers do just that. Sample computer code in R, SPSS, and SAS at www.routledge.com/9781848729810 are written to tabulate power values and produce power curves that can be included in a grant proposal. Organized according to various techniques, chapters 1 – 3 introduce the basics of statistical power and sample size issues including the historical origin, hypothesis testing, and the use of statistical power in t tests and confidence intervals. Chapters 4 - 6 cover common statistical procedures -- analysis of variance, linear regression (both simple regression and multiple regression), correlation, analysis of covariance, and multivariate analysis. Chapters 7 - 11 review the new statistical procedures -- multi-level models, meta-analysis, structural equation models, and longitudinal studies. The appendixes contain a tutorial about R and show the statistical theory of power analysis. Intended as a supplement for graduate courses on quantitative methods, multivariate statistics, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) and/or multilevel modeling and SEM taught in psychology, education, human development, nursing, and social and life sciences, this is the first text on statistical power for advanced procedures. Researchers and practitioners in these fields also appreciate the book‘s unique coverage of the use of statistical power analysis to determine sample size in planning a study. A prerequisite of basic through multivariate statistics is assumed.

Social Network Analysis

Methods and Applications

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Author: Stanley Wasserman,Katherine Faust

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139788612

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6300

Social network analysis is used widely in the social and behavioral sciences, as well as in economics, marketing, and industrial engineering. The social network perspective focuses on relationships among social entities and is an important addition to standard social and behavioral research, which is primarily concerned with attributes of the social units. Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications reviews and discusses methods for the analysis of social networks with a focus on applications of these methods to many substantive examples. It is a reference book that can be used by those who want a comprehensive review of network methods, or by researchers who have gathered network data and want to find the most appropriate method by which to analyze it. It is also intended for use as a textbook as it is the first book to provide comprehensive coverage of the methodology and applications of the field.

Integrative Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

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Author: Renee R. Ha,James C. Ha

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452237298

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 7590

Designed to engage students and lower their "fear factor", Integrative Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences is a concise, user-friendly text that prepares students to use statistics in the real world. Providing depth and breadth of statistical tests, the text focuses on choosing the appropriate statistical analysis, and shows how to interpret the output and present the results. Basic descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, and basic inferential statistics are covered along with more advanced topics such as correlation, regression, non-parametric statistics, multivariate statistics, and general linear modeling. The authors emphasize choosing the appropriate statistical test through conceptual material, assumptions, homework exercises, and a helpful "choose-the-appropriate-test" flowchart. They focus on the interpretation of results from both Excel and SPSS outputs, and also demonstrate how to do important calculations by hand to help students grasp the underlying concepts. The book includes end-of-chapter exercises that help students fully grasp the content of each chapter.

Mindfulness and Performance

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Author: Amy L. Baltzell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316495388

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 7105

Incorporating the theoretical conceptualizations of Jon Kabat-Zinn and Ellen Langer, this volume illustrates how performers from a variety of disciplines - including sport, dance and music - can use mindfulness to achieve peak performance and improve personal well-being. Leading scholars in the field present cutting-edge research and outline their unique approach to mindfulness that is supported by both theory and practice. They provide an overview of current mindfulness-based manuals and programs used around the globe in countries such as the United States, China and Australia, exploring their effectiveness across cultures. Mindfulness and Performance will be a beneficial reference for practitioners, social and sport psychologists, coaches, athletes, teachers and students.

Explanation in the Behavioural Sciences

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Author: Robert Borger,Frank Cioffi

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521099059

Category: Philosophy

Page: 536

View: 2102

A confrontation of views written by distinguished figures concerned with the behavioural and social sciences.

Statistical Science in the Courtroom

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Author: Joseph L. Gastwirth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461212162

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 3926

Expert testimony relying on scientific and other specialized evidence has come under increased scrutiny by the legal system. A trilogy of recent U.S. Supreme Court cases has assigned judges the task of assessing the relevance and reliability of proposed expert testimony. In conjunction with the Federal judiciary, the American Association for the Advancement of Science has initiated a project to provide judges indicating a need with their own expert. This concern with the proper interpretation of scientific evidence, especially that of a probabilistic nature, has also occurred in England, Australia and in several European countries. Statistical Science in the Courtroom is a collection of articles written by statisticians and legal scholars who have been concerned with problems arising in the use of statistical evidence. A number of articles describe DNA evidence and the difficulties of properly calculating the probability that a random individual's profile would "match" that of the evidence as well as the proper way to intrepret the result. In addition to the technical issues, several authors tell about their experiences in court. A few have become disenchanted with their involvement and describe the events that led them to devote less time to this application. Other articles describe the role of statistical evidence in cases concerning discrimination against minorities, product liability, environmental regulation, the appropriateness and fairness of sentences and how being involved in legal statistics has raised interesting statistical problems requiring further research.

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080970875

Category: Social Science

Page: 23185

View: 6712

Fully revised and updated, the second edition of the International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, first published in 2001, offers a source of social and behavioral sciences reference material that is broader and deeper than any other. Available in both print and online editions, it comprises over 3,900 articles, commissioned by 71 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes. Provides authoritative, foundational, interdisciplinary knowledge across the wide range of behavioral and social sciences fields Discusses history, current trends and future directions Topics are cross-referenced with related topics and each article highlights further reading