Mountains

The origins of the Earth's mountain systems

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Author: Graham Park

Publisher: Dunedin Academic Press

ISBN: 1780465793

Category: Nature

Page: 528

View: 3861

Most mountains on Earth occur within relatively well-defined, narrow belts separated by wide expanses of much lower-lying ground. Their distribution is not random but is caused by the now well-understood geological processes of plate tectonics. Some mountains mark the site of a former plate collision – where one continental plate has ridden up over another, resulting in a zone of highly deformed and elevated rocks. Others are essentially volcanic in origin. The most obvious mountain belts today – the Himalayas, the Alps and the Andes, for example - are situated at currently active plate boundaries. Others, such as the Caledonian mountains of the British Isles and Scandinavia, are the product of a plate collision that happened far in the geological past and have no present relationship to a plate boundary. These are much lower, with a generally gentler relief, worn down through millennia of erosion. The presently active mountain belts are arranged in three separate systems: the Alpine-Himalayan ranges, the circum-Pacific belt and the mid-ocean ridges. Much of the Alpine-Himalayan belt is relatively well known, but large parts of the circum-Pacific and ocean-ridge systems are not nearly as familiar, but contain equally impressive mountain ranges despite large parts being partly or wholly submerged. This book takes the reader along the active mountain systems explaining how plate tectonic processes have shaped them, then looks more briefly at some of the older mountain systems whose tectonic origins are more obscure. It is aimed at those with an interest in mountains and in developing an understanding of the geological processes that create them. The author, Graham Park is Emeritus Professor of Tectonic Geology at the University of Keele and the author of the best-selling books 'Introducing Geology' and 'The Making of Europe: A geological history' among others by him also published by Dunedin Academic Press.

The Mountains of My Life

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Author: Walter Bonatti

Publisher: Random House Digital, Inc.

ISBN: 037575640X

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 442

View: 1028

The legendary mountaineer describes his adventures in such ranges as the Alps and Himalayas, and provides details of what really happened during a controversial 1954 Italian expedition that made the first ascent of K2.

The Amenity Migrants

Seeking and Sustaining Mountains and Their Cultures

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Author: Laurence A. G. Moss

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845930363

Category: Science

Page: 329

View: 7592

Places with perceived high environmental quality and distinctive culture are globally attracting amenity migrants. Today this societal driving force is particularly manifest in mountain areas, and while beneficial for both the newcomers and locals, is also threatening highland ecologies and their human communities.

Mountains of the World

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Author: Dieter Braun

Publisher: Nobrow Press

ISBN: 9781912497942

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 9112

Wild Animals of The North creator, Dieter Braun, explores mountains of the world in his latest nonfiction picture book. Mountains have been the fascination (and sometimes the downfall) of adventurers and explorers throughout history. Meet the animal inhabitants of these rocky peaks, as well as the brave travelers who challenged their great heights. Climb into this immersive book and explore the top of the world, from the peaks of Kilimanjaro to the summit of Mount Everest. Revel in the lush illustrations by Wild Animals of The North creator, Dieter Braun, in this celebration of mountains all over the world.

Illustrated Atlas of the Himalaya

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Author: David Zurick,Julsun Pacheco

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813138566

Category: Reference

Page: 228

View: 5397

The Himalaya are world-renowned for their exquisite mountain scenery, ancient traditions, and diverse ethnic groups that tenaciously inhabit this harsh yet sublime landscape. Home to the world's highest peaks, including Mount Everest, and some of its deepest gorges, the region is a trove of biological and cultural diversity. Providing a panoramic overview of contemporary land and life in the Earth's highest mountains, the Illustrated Atlas of the Himalaya is the first full-color, comprehensive atlas of the geography, economics, politics, and culture of this spectacular area. Drawing from the authors' twenty-five years of scholarship and field experience in the region, the volume contains a stunning and unique collection of maps utilizing state-of-the-art cartography, exquisite photography, and engagingly-written text to give accurate coverage of the Himalaya. The volume covers the entire 2,700-kilometer length of the mountain range, from the Indus Valley in northern Pakistan and India, across Nepal and Bhutan, to the hidden realms of northeast India. The Illustrated Atlas of the Himalaya not only offers detailed explanations of geological formations, climate, vegetation, and natural resources but also explores the human dimension of the region's culture and economy. The authors devote special attention to discovery and travel, including exploration, mountaineering, and trekking. Packed with over 300 easy-to-read, custom designed full color maps and photographs and detailed text and map indexes, the Illustrated Atlas of the Himalaya is a superb collector's volume and an essential reference to this vast and complex mountain region.

How Mountains Are Made

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Author: Kathleen Weidner Zoehfeld

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062435760

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 3285

29,028 feet tall and still growing?! Even though Mount Everest measures 29,028 feet high, it may be growing about two inches a year. A mountain might be thousands of feet high, but it can still grow taller or shorter each year. Mountains are created when the huge plates that make up the earth's outer shell very slowly pull and push against one another. Read and find out about all the different kinds of mountains.

The Littlest Mountain

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Author: Barb Rosenstock

Publisher: Kar-Ben

ISBN: 1512495786

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 24

View: 4172

God realizes that the people of the world need rules to live by, and decides to speak to them from a mountaintop. Beautiful Mount Carmel, tall Mount Hermon, and majestic Mount Tabor all vie for the honor of being chosen. But little Mount Sinai is silent. Which mountain will God select?

The Roof at the Bottom of the World

Discovering the Transantarctic Mountains

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Author: Edmund Stump

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300171978

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 254

View: 6793

DIVA fascinating portrait and history of the most obscure mountains on Earth, by a modern scientist-explorer with unsurpassed knowledge of the region/div

"T. rex" and the Crater of Doom

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Author: Walter Alvarez

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400847400

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 1824

Sixty-five million years ago, a comet or asteroid larger than Mount Everest slammed into the Earth, inducing an explosion equivalent to the detonation of a hundred million hydrogen bombs. Vaporized detritus blasted through the atmosphere upon impact, falling back to Earth around the globe. Disastrous environmental consequences ensued: a giant tsunami, continent-scale wildfires, darkness, and cold, followed by sweltering greenhouse heat. When conditions returned to normal, half the plant and animal genera on Earth had perished. This horrific chain of events is now widely accepted as the solution to a great scientific mystery: what caused the extinction of the dinosaurs? Walter Alvarez, one of the Berkeley scientists who discovered evidence of the impact, tells the story behind the development of the initially controversial theory. It is a saga of high adventure in remote locations, of arduous data collection and intellectual struggle, of long periods of frustration ended by sudden breakthroughs, of friendships made and lost, and of the exhilaration of discovery that forever altered our understanding of Earth's geological history.

Sacred Geometry of the Earth

The Ancient Matrix of Monuments and Mountains

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Author: Mark Vidler,Catherine Young

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1620554690

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 288

View: 4915

Identifies the patterns of our planet’s design within the natural landscape • Explains the geometry inherent in the mountains and coasts on all continents • Reveals how ancient monuments were built to reflect and enhance the Earth’s design, often connecting sites around the world • Includes detailed maps that show the simple geometrical relationships among the world’s mountains, coastlines, islands, and ancient monuments From continent to continent across the globe, Mark Vidler and Catherine Young reveal that order is everywhere on Earth. On remote islands, soaring summits, and level deltas, they unveil natural topographic patterns related to pi, the golden ratio, and right-triangle geometry. And as the planet’s design emerges, it becomes clear that this hidden order in nature decided the location of ancient monuments the world over. Through detailed maps, Vidler and Young show how the locations of megalithic monuments reflect and enhance a natural pattern on the Earth that connects its major features. The rows of standing stones at Carnac in France, for example, point to the summits of Mount Everest and K2, and Angkor Wat in Cambodia is on a straight line joining Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa and the tip of Cape Comorin in India. The authors examine the geography of many islands and each continent, including Antarctica, to show how the highest peak on each landmass falls on a line connecting coastal extremes. They reveal how circles of standing stones and man-made mounds mark intersections of these lines. They explore the connection between the Nazca lines in Peru and the Amazon, Nile, and Ganges deltas and explain how the locations of the Giza pyramids, Stonehenge, and Machu Picchu are integrated into the natural design on Earth. As they uncover geometric patterns on the Earth line by line, point by point, the authors reveal how the world’s ancient monuments represent a form of transglobal communication that far predates the written word.

Family of Earth

A Southern Mountain Childhood

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Author: Wilma Dykeman

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469629151

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 6276

Discovered as a typewritten manuscript only after her death in 2006, Family of Earth allows us to see into the young mind of author and Appalachian native Wilma Dykeman (1920–2006), who would become one of the American South's most prolific and storied writers. Focusing on her childhood in Buncombe County, Dykeman reveals a perceptive and sophisticated understanding of human nature, the environment, and social justice. And yet, for her words' remarkable polish, her voice still resonates as raw and vital. Against the backdrop of early twentieth-century life in Asheville, she chronicles the touching, at times harrowing, story of her family's fortunes, plotting their rise and fall in uncertain economic times and ending with her father's sudden death in 1934 when she was fourteen years old. Featuring a new foreword by fellow North Carolinian Robert Morgan, Family of Earth stands as a new major literary work by a groundbreaking author.

Over the Mountains

An Aerial View of Geology

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781931414180

Category: Photography

Page: 127

View: 5142

Explores the geological forces that shape the landscape of planet Earth, with detailed, full-color, large-format photographs that cover the geology and features of every major mountain range in the United States, as well as easy-to-understand explanations of the processes at work.

How the Earth Works

An Illustrated Guide to the Wonders of Our Planet

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Author: Sol 90

Publisher: Chartwell Books

ISBN: 0785834397

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 4078

Covers animals, climate samples, earth history, biomes, volcanoes, geology, water, radiation, earthquake samples, plant samples, and so much more! Will teach you how continents move. Show how mountains are built and then eroded away. Follows our world on her ever-changing journey in slow motion with acute attention to detail. Compiles the history of the earth and all of our knowledge on the way the different pieces of the planet fit together. This inspiring book explains, with info-graphics, 3D illustrations and surprising cutaways, the function of thousands of organisms, natural systems and atmospheric systems, geographical and geological phenomena. How the Earth Works is a work intended to put the world in the hands of all readers, for the understanding of the most complex mechanisms that rule the natural world. The entire family will have the perfect editorial ally to get immersed in the intricacies of our planet and all its natural beauties and creatures.

Rivers of Sunlight: How the Sun Moves Water Around the Earth

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Author: Molly Bang,Penny Chisholm

Publisher: Scholastic Inc.

ISBN: 0545805422

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 5429

In this brightly illustrated narrative, readers will learn about the constant movement of water as it flows around the Earth and the sun's important role as water changes between liquid, vapor, and ice. From sea to sky, the sun both heats and cools water, ensuring that life can exist on Earth. How does the sun keep ocean currents moving, and lift fresh water from the seas? And what can we do to conserve one of our planet's most precious resources? Perfect for any young reader eager to learn more about his or her world, this is an invaluable addition to any classroom, library, or at-home collection. With stunning artwork and compelling scientific explanation, Bang and Chisholm have brought forth a masterpiece that is critically relevant in this environmentally tumultuous time. The newest book in the award-winning Sunlight Series is an important and beautiful exploration one of our planet's delicate geological cycles, clearly and simply presented for young readers.

The New and Complete American Encyclopædia; Or, Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences

On an Improved Plan : in which the Respective Sciences are Arranged Into Complete Systems, and the Arts Digested Into Distinct Treatises : Also the Detached Parts of Knowledge Alphabetically Arranged and Copiously Explained, According to the Best Authorities; : Containing a Digest and Display of the Whole Theory and Practice of the Liberal and Mechanical Arts, Comprising a General Repository of Ancient and Modern Literature, from the Earliest Ages Down to the Present Time ... : The Whole Forming a General Circle of Science, and Comprehensive Library of Universal Knowledge. : Illustrated with One Hundred and Seventy Copper Plates, Descriptive of the Subjects to which They Refer

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Arts

Page: N.A

View: 7032

The Last Kids on Earth

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Author: Max Brallier

Publisher: Viking Books for Young Readers

ISBN: 0670016616

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 240

View: 5971

"After a monster apocalypse hits town, average thirteen-year-old Jack Sullivan builds a team of friends to help slay the eerily intelligent monster known as Blarg"--

A Manual of Elementary Geology: The Ancient Changes of the Earth and its Inhabitants as Illustrated by Geological Monuments

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Author: Sir Charles Lyell

Publisher: Library of Alexandria

ISBN: 1465573925

Category: Geology

Page: 512

View: 4663

In the preliminary chapters of "The Principles of Geology," in the first and subsequent editions, I have considered the question, how far the changes of the earth's crust in past times confirm or invalidate the popular hypothesis of a gradual improvement in the habitable condition of the planet, accompanied by a contemporaneous development and progression in organic life. It had long been a favourite theory, that in the earlier ages to which we can carry back our geological researches, the earth was shaken by more frequent and terrible earthquakes than now, and that there was no certainty nor stability in the order of the natural world. A few sea-weeds and zoophytes, or plants and animals of the simplest organization, were alone capable of existing in a state of things so unfixed and unstable. But in proportion as the conditions of existence improved, and great convulsions and catastrophes became rarer and more partial, flowering plants were added to the cryptogamic class, and by the introduction of more and more perfect species, a varied and complex flora was at last established. In like manner, in the animal kingdom, the zoophyte, the brachiopod, the cephalopod, the fish, the reptile, the bird, and the warm-blooded quadruped made their entrance into the earth, one after the other, until finally, after the close of the tertiary period, came the quadrumanous mammalia, most nearly resembling man in outward form and internal structure, and followed soon afterwards, if not accompanied at first, by the human race itself. The objections which, in 1830, I urged against this doctrine, in so far as relates to the passage of the earth from a chaotic to a more settled condition, have since been embraced by a large and steadily increasing school of geologists; and in reference to the animate world, it will be seen, on comparing the present state of our knowledge with that which we possessed twenty years ago, how fully I was justified in declaring the insufficiency of the data on which such bold generalizations, respecting progressive development, were based. Speaking of the absence, from the tertiary formations, of fossil Quadrumana, I observed, in 1830, that "we had no right to expect to have detected any remains of tribes which live in trees, until we knew more of those quadrupeds which frequent marshes, rivers, and the borders of lakes, such being usually first met with in a fossil state." I also added, "if we are led to infer, from the presence of crocodiles and turtles in the London clay, and from the cocoa-nuts and spices found in the isle of Sheppey, that at the period when our older tertiary strata were formed, the climate was hot enough for the Quadrumana, we nevertheless could not hope to discover any of their skeletons, until we had made considerable progress in ascertaining what were the contemporary Pachydermata; and not one of these has been discovered as yet in any strata of this epoch in England."