Mothers' Work and Children's Lives

Low-income Families After Welfare Reform

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Author: Rucker C. Johnson,Ariel Kalil,Rachel Elizabeth Dunifon

Publisher: W.E. Upjohn Institute

ISBN: 0880993561

Category: Political Science

Page: 147

View: 9048

This book examines the effects of work requirements imposed by welfare reform on low-income women and their families. The authors pay particular attention to the nature of work, whether it is stable or unstable, the number of hours worked in a week, and regularity and flexibility of work schedules. They also show how these factors make it more difficult for low-income women to balance work and family requirements.

Mothers at Work

Effects on Children's Well-Being

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Author: Lois Norma Wladis Hoffman,Lisa Youngblade

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521668965

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 338

View: 7646

There is perhaps no greater controversy resulting from womens' increasing autonomy than the debate over the effects of a mother's employment on family life and children's well-being. This important volume starts with a thorough review of previous research on this topic and then reports the results of a study designed to answer the key questions that emerge. The study focuses on 448 families with an elementary school child, living in an industrialized city in the Midwest. They include both one-parent and two-parent families, African Americans and Whites, and a broad range of economic circumstances. Extensive data have been obtained from mothers, fathers, children, teachers, classroom peers, and school records. The analysis reported reveals how the mother's employment status affects the father's role, the mother's sense of well-being, and child rearing patterns and how these, in turn, affect the child. The book provides an intimate picture of urban life and how families cope with mothers' employment.

Parents' Jobs and Children's Lives

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Author: Toby Lee Parcel,Elizabeth G. Menaghan

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367743

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 6620

Parents' Jobs and Children's Lives considers the effects of parental working conditions on children's cognition and social development. It also investigates how parental work affects the home environments that parents create for their children, and how these home environments influence the children directly. The theoretical underpinnings of the book draw from both sociology and economics; in addition, the authors make use of literature derived from developmental psychology. Theoretically eclectic, they rely on the personality and social structure framework developed by Melvin Kohn and his colleagues, on arguments regarding the importance of family social capital developed by James Coleman, as well as on ideas from Gary Becker's "new home economics" as guides to model specification. The empirical basis for Parcel and Menaghan's study is a series of multivariate analyses using data drawn from the 1986 and 1988 waves of the National Longitudinal Survey's Child-Mother data set. This data set matches longitudinal data on mothers, derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, with data on the children of these mothers born as of 1986. Children aged 3 to 6 were given age-appropriate developmental assessments every two years in order to assess the influence of parental work on short-term changes in their cognition and social behavior. The authors also devote considerable attention to the effects of fathers' work and family structure on the well-being of their children. Parcel and Menaghan's work brings evidence to bear on both the theoretical perspectives guiding the analyses and on current policy debates regarding the nexus of work and family.

Regretting Motherhood

Wenn Mütter bereuen

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Author: Orna Donath

Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag

ISBN: 364118701X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8226

Darf man es bereuen, Mutter zu sein? Ein Tabubruch "Regretting Motherhood" thematisiert, was bisher kaum ausgesprochen wird: Dass viele Frauen in der Mutterschaft nicht die "vorgeschriebene" Erfüllung finden. Dass sie ihre Kinder lieben und trotzdem nicht Mutter sein wollen. Ih ihrem bahnbrechenden Buch analysiert die engagierte Soziologin Orna Donath die Dimension des Tabus und lässt Mütter selbst von ihren Erfahrungen berichten.

Lives on the Edge

Single Mothers and Their Children in the Other America

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Author: Valerie Polakow

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226671840

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 232

View: 1724

One out of five children, and one out of two single mothers, lives in destitution in America today. The feminization and "infantilization" of poverty have made the United States one of the most dangerous democracies for poor mothers and their children to inhabit. Why then, Valerie Polakow asks, is poverty seen as a private issue, and how can public policy fail to take responsibility for the consequences of our politics of distribution? Written by a committed child advocate, Lives on the Edge draws on social, historical, feminist, and public policy perspectives to develop an informed, wide-ranging critique of American educational and social policy. Stark, penetrating, and unflinching in its first-hand portraits of single mothers in America today, this work challenges basic myths about justice and democracy.

Wie ich die Dinge geregelt kriege

Selbstmanagement für den Alltag

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Author: David Allen

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492972314

Category: Self-Help

Page: 432

View: 8929

Eigentlich sollte man längst bei einem Termin sein, doch dann klingelt das Handy und das E-Mail-Postfach quillt auch schon wieder über. Für Sport und Erholung bleibt immer weniger Zeit und am Ende resigniert man ausgebrannt, unproduktiv und völlig gestresst. Doch das muss nicht sein. Denn je entspannter wir sind, desto kreativer und produktiver werden wir. Mit David Allens einfacher und anwendungsorientierter Methode wird beides wieder möglich: effizient zu arbeiten und die Freude am Leben zurückzugewinnen.

Working Mothers and the Welfare State

Religion and the Politics of Work-family Policies in Western Europe and the United States

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Author: Kimberly J. Morgan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804754149

Category: Political Science

Page: 250

View: 4481

This book explains why countries have adopted different policies for working parents through a comparative historical study of four nations: France, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States.

Modern Motherhood

An American History

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Author: Jodi Vandenberg-Daves

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813573130

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 4359

How did mothers transform from parents of secondary importance in the colonies to having their multiple and complex roles connected to the well-being of the nation? In the first comprehensive history of motherhood in the United States, Jodi Vandenberg-Daves explores how tensions over the maternal role have been part and parcel of the development of American society. Modern Motherhood travels through redefinitions of motherhood over time, as mothers encountered a growing cadre of medical and psychological experts, increased their labor force participation, gained the right to vote, agitated for more resources to perform their maternal duties, and demonstrated their vast resourcefulness in providing for and nurturing their families. Navigating rigid gender role prescriptions and a crescendo of mother-blame by the middle of the twentieth century, mothers continued to innovate new ways to combine labor force participation and domestic responsibilities. By the 1960s, they were poised to challenge male expertise, in areas ranging from welfare and abortion rights to childbirth practices and the confinement of women to maternal roles. In the twenty-first century, Americans continue to struggle with maternal contradictions, as we pit an idealized role for mothers in children’s development against the social and economic realities of privatized caregiving, a paltry public policy structure, and mothers’ extensive employment outside the home. Building on decades of scholarship and spanning a wide range of topics, Vandenberg-Daves tells an inclusive tale of African American, Native American, Asian American, working class, rural, and other hitherto ignored families, exploring sources ranging from sermons, medical advice, diaries and letters to the speeches of impassioned maternal activists. Chapter topics include: inventing a new role for mothers; contradictions of moral motherhood; medicalizing the maternal body; science, expertise, and advice to mothers; uplifting and controlling mothers; modern reproduction; mothers’ resilience and adaptation; the middle-class wife and mother; mother power and mother angst; and mothers’ changing lives and continuous caregiving. While the discussion has been part of all eras of American history, the discussion of the meaning of modern motherhood is far from over.

Combining Self-employment and Family Life

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Author: Bell, Alice,La Valle, Ivana

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 186134533X

Category: Medical

Page: 56

View: 6429

Despite the increasing policy interest in work-life balance issues, relatively little research has been carried out into the links between self-employment and family life. This report considers, for the first time, the extent to which new family-friendly initiatives and legislation provide adequate support for self-employed parents. Drawing on an analysis of survey material from 10,000 families with children, the report explores topical issues such as: whether self-employment offers working parents greater flexibility than other forms of employment the price of flexibility difficulties in relation to childcare differences between the experiences of self-employed mothers and fathers

Mother in Law

Work-Life Balance from the Children's Perspective

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Author: Jacquelyn Hersh Slotkin,Samantha Slotkin Goodman

Publisher: Vandeplas Pub

ISBN: 9781600421815

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 65

View: 4756

Work-life balance is more than a woman's issue. Men and women struggle to balance work and personal lives, and children are affected by this balancing act as well. This third book in the series presents the "rest of the story" - about family life and work-life balance described by children of women lawyers. In this collection of essays, children of women lawyers from ages three to forty share their thoughts and feelings about having a mom who is a lawyer. Many of the younger writers say their mothers are always working, and they wish they were more available. As they become older, the children discuss having to "look after" younger siblings and having too many babysitters. As authors approach their teens, they describe what their mothers have taught them: how to be impartial, self-disciplined, independent, organized, self-sufficient, and diplomatic. Across all ages, the children observe that success in a parent's profession means life is better. Many of the authors want to be lawyers. Others emphatically do not. There is agreement that mothers work hard, and all admit they are proud their mothers are lawyers as well as role models, the nicest women, involved parents, helpful, fun, beautiful, independent, and generous. Jacquelyn Slotkin: B.A., University of Pittsburgh; M.A., West Virginia University; Ph.D., University of Arizona; J.D., University of San Diego. Professor Slotkin, former legal skills professor and director of the Legal Skills program, is director of the LL.M./M.C.L. program for foreign lawyers at California Western School of Law in San Diego. She and her daughter, Samantha Goodman, produced their first book, IT'S HARDER IN HEELS: Essays by Women Lawyers Achieving Work-Life Balance in 2007 and their second book, SHARING THE PANTS: Essays on Work-Life Balance by Men Married to Lawyers in 2009. Samantha Slotkin Goodman: B.A., University of California Los Angeles; J.D., Loyola Law School. Samantha Goodman concentrates her practice on commercial real estate leasing representing landlords and tenants. Samantha was Senior Associate at Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman LLP, Senior Associate at DLA Piper US LLP, and Counsel with Bryan Cave LLP. She frequently lectures on landlord and tenant law, has been named a California Rising Star every year since 2004 in a poll among South California Super Lawyers conducted by Law and Politics and Los Angeles magazines, and was named one of the "Southland's Rising Young Stars Under 40" by Real Estate Southern California.

Faith of Our Mothers

Inspirational Stories of Church of God Women

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Author: Donald S. Aultman

Publisher: Pathway Press

ISBN: 1596848146

Category:

Page: 478

View: 6657

Dr. Donald Aultman brings together in one volume leaders from the Church of God to reveal the Faith of Our Mothers - stories of faithful women who valued, nourished, and trained their children, sometimes against all odds. These are women of virtue and godly character whose faith, patience, sacrifice, and humor forever shaped the sons and daughters now walking in their footsteps. In a culture where Christianity is increasingly marginalized and children are pulled away from faith...in a world that's cold, raw, and harsh...in a society built on high achievement, self-serving goals, and shortsighted pursuits...may God continue to raise up women of faith who will minister the Word of God, love their families, and show us the way home. -Mark L. Williams Church of God Overseer

Fathers and Mothers: Dilemmas of the Work-Life Balance

A Comparative Study in Four European Countries

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Author: Margret Fine-Davis,Jeanne Fagnani,Dino Giovannini,Lis Højgaard,Hilary Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402025386

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 9866

At the risk of sounding frivolous, there is a good case to be made for the argument that women constitute the revolutionary force behind contemporary social and economic transformation. It is in large part the changing role of women that explains the new household structure, our altered demographic behaviour, the growth of the service economy and, as a consequence, the new dilemmas that the advanced societies face. Most European countries have failed to adapt adequately to the novel challenges and the result is an increasingly serious disequilibrium. Women explicitly desire economic independence and the societal collective, too, needs to maximise female employment. And yet, this runs up against severe incompatibility problems that then result in very low birth rates. Our aging societies need more kids, yet fertility levels are often only half of what citizens define as their desired number of children. No matter what happens in the next decade, we are doomed to have exceedingly small cohorts that, in turn, must shoulder the massive burden of supporting a retired baby-boom generation. Hence it is tantamount that tomorrow’s adults be maximally productive and, yet, the typical EU member state invests very little in its children and families.

Making It Work

Low-Wage Employment, Family Life, and Child Development

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Author: Hirokazu Yoshikawa,Thomas S. Weisner,Edward D. Lowe

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610445651

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 4762

Low-skilled women in the 1990s took widely different paths in trying to support their children. Some held good jobs with growth potential, some cycled in and out of low-paying jobs, some worked part time, and others stayed out of the labor force entirely. Scholars have closely analyzed the economic consequences of these varied trajectories, but little research has focused on the consequences of a mother's career path on her children's development. Making It Work, edited by Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Thomas Weisner, and Edward Lowe, looks past the economic statistics to illustrate how different employment trajectories affect the social and emotional lives of poor women and their children. Making It Work examines Milwaukee's New Hope program, an experiment testing the effectiveness of an anti-poverty initiative that provided health and child care subsidies, wage supplements, and other services to full-time low-wage workers. Employing parent surveys, teacher reports, child assessment measures, ethnographic studies, and state administrative records, Making It Work provides a detailed picture of how a mother's work trajectory affects her, her family, and her children's school performance, social behavior, and expectations for the future. Rashmita Mistry and Edward D. Lowe find that increases in a mother's income were linked to higher school performance in her children. Without large financial worries, mothers gained extra confidence in their ability to parent, which translated into better test scores and higher teacher appraisals for their children. JoAnn Hsueh finds that the children of women with erratic work schedules and non-standard hours—conditions endemic to the low-skilled labor market—exhibited higher levels of anxiety and depression. Conversely, Noemi Enchautegui-de-Jesus, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, and Vonnie McLoyd discover that better job quality predicted lower levels of acting-out and withdrawal among children. Perhaps most surprisingly, Anna Gassman-Pines, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, and Sandra Nay note that as wages for these workers rose, so did their marriage rates, suggesting that those worried about family values should also be concerned with alleviating poverty in America. It is too simplistic to say that parental work is either "good" or "bad" for children. Making It Work gives a nuanced view of how job quality, flexibility, and wages are of the utmost importance for the well-being of low-income parents and children.

Children, Changing Families and Welfare States

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Author: Jane Lewis

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1847204368

Category: Political Science

Page: 328

View: 521

As welfare states grow up, they begin to think more carefully about their future. Jane Lewis is showing them how best to do so. This stellar collection of articles by top European scholars combines creative thinking about the new social investment state with impressive empirical research on specific forms of public support for family work. Nancy Folbre, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, US The nature of the relationship between children, parents and the state has been central to the growth of the modern welfare state and has long been a problem for western liberal democracies. Welfare states have undergone profound restructuring over the past two decades and families also have changed, in terms of their form and the nature of the contributions that men and women make to them. More attention is being paid to children by policymakers, but often because of their importance as future citizen workers . The book explores the implications of changes to the welfare state for children in a range of countries. Children, Changing Families and Welfare States: examines the implications of social policies for children sets the discussion in the broader context of both family change and welfare state change, exploring the nature of the policy debate that has allowed the welfare of the child to come to the fore tackles policies to do with both the care and financial support of children looks at the household level and how children fare when both adult men and women must seek to combine paid and unpaid work, and what support is offered by welfare states endeavours to provide a comparative perspective on these issues. The contributors have written a book that will be warmly welcomed by scholars and researchers of social policy, social work and sociology and students at both the advanced undergraduate and post-graduate level.

Das Ja-Experiment – Year of Yes

Wie ein kleines Wort dein Leben ändern kann!

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Author: Shonda Rhimes

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641203759

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8098

Shonda Rhimes schreibt Drehbücher für die erfolgreichsten Serien: Grey’s Anatomy, Private Practice und How to Get Away with Murder sind auch hierzulande Publikumsrenner. Bloß beim Drehbuch für ihr eigenes Leben fehlt ihr der nötige Schwung: Privat ist sie schüchtern, ängstlich, menschenscheu. Bis sie eines Tages beschließt, sich zu ändern. Mit einem fi lmreifen Trick: einfach ein Jahr lang zu allem Ja sagen. Ebenso witzig und selbstironisch wie ihre TV-Serien und zugleich schonungslos ehrlich beschreibt Rhimes die große Wirkung eines kleinen Wortes, das aus ihr einen neuen Menschen macht – glücklich, selbstbewusst und 60 Kilo leichter. Die wahrscheinlich unterhaltsamste und motivierendste Aufforderung, das eigene Leben mutiger zu gestalten!

Mommy Burnout

How to Reclaim Your Life and Raise Healthier Children in the Process

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Author: Dr. Sheryl G. Ziegler

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062683705

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5294

The ultimate must-read handbook for the modern mother: a practical, and positive tool to help free women from the debilitating notion of being the "perfect mom," filled with funny and all too relatable true-life stories and realistic suggestions to stop the burnout cycle, and protect our kids from the damage burnout can cause. Moms, do you feel tired? Overwhelmed? Have you continually put off the things you need to do for you? Do you feel like it’s all worth it because your kids are happy? Are you "over" being a mother? If you answered yes to these questions, you’re not alone. Parents today want to create the ideal childhood for their children. Women strive to be the picture-perfect Pinterest mother that looks amazing, hosts the best birthday parties in town, posts the most "liked" photos, and serves delicious, nutritious home-cooked meals in her neat, organized home after ferrying the kids to school and a host of extracurricular activities on time. This drive, while noble, can also be destructive, causing stress and anxiety that leads to "mommy burnout." Psychologist and family counselor Dr. Sheryl Ziegler is well-versed in the stress that moms face, and the burden of guilt they carry because they often feel like they aren’t doing enough for their kids’ happiness. A mother of three herself, Dr. Z—as she’s affectionately known by her many patients—recognizes and understands that modern moms are all too often plagued by exhaustion, failure, isolation, self-doubt, and a general lack of self-love, and their families are also feeling the effects, too. Over the last nineteen years working with families and children, Dr. Z has devised a prescriptive program for addressing "mommy burnout"—teaching moms that they can learn to re-energize themselves and still feel good about their families and their lives. In this warm and empathetic guide, she examines this modern epidemic among mothers who put their children’s happiness above their own, and offers empowering, proven solutions for alleviating this condition, saving marriages and keeping kids happy in the process.

Mother and Child

Visions of Parenting from Indigenous Cultures

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Author: Jan Reynolds

Publisher: Inner Traditions / Bear & Co

ISBN: 9780892816378

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 104

View: 1940

Mothers shape the world in which we live through the love and guidence they give their children. Award-winning journalist and photographer Jan Reynolds explored the mother/child relationship through seven stages of life--marriage, pregnancy, birth, infancy, toddling, independence, and adolescence--while living with women in the Himalaya, the Sahara, the Aboriginal Outback, the Amazon Territory, above the Arctic Circle, and Mongolia. Reynolds was struck by the special relationship of these women and children and their deep connection with the natural environment. Her stories and photographs chronicle the ancient art of mothering and describe ways mothers in the modern world can incorporated these indigenous methods into their own lives.

Women, Television and Everyday Life in Korea

Journeys of Hope

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Author: Youna Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134224664

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6015

Fusing audience research and ethnography, the book presents a compelling account of women’s changing lives and identities in relation to the impact of the most popular media culture in everyday life: television. Within the historically-specific social conditions of Korean modernity, Youna Kim analyzes how Korean women of varying age and class group cope with the new environment of changing economical structure and social relations. The book argues that television is an important resource for women, stimulating them to research their own lives and identities. Youna Kim reveals Korean women as creative, energetic and critical audiences in their responses to evolving modernity and the impact of the West. Based on original empirical research, the book explores the hopes, aspirations, frustrations and dilemmas of Korean women as they try to cope with life beyond traditional grounds. Going beyond the traditional Anglo-American view of media and culture, this text will appeal to students and scholars of both Korean area studies and media and communications studies.

A Mother's Work

How Feminism, the Market, and Policy Shape Family Life

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Author: Neil Gilbert

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300145098

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 9571

The question of how best to combine work and family life has led to lively debates in recent years. Both a lifestyle and a policy issue, it has been addressed psychologically, socially, and economically, and conclusions have been hotly contested. But as Neil Gilbert shows in this penetrating and provocative book, we haven't looked closely enough at how and why these questions are framed, or who benefits from the proposed answers. A Mother's Work takes a hard look at the unprecedented rise in childlessness, along with the outsourcing of family care and household production, which have helped to alter family life since the 1960s. It challenges the conventional view on how to balance motherhood and employment, and examines how the choices women make are influenced by the culture of capitalism, feminist expectations, and the social policies of the welfare state. Gilbert argues that while the market ignores the essential value of a mother's work, prevailing norms about the social benefits of work have been overvalued by elites whose opportunities and circumstances little resemble those of most working- and middle-class mothers. And the policies that have been crafted too often seem friendlier to the market than to the family. Gilbert ends his discussion by looking at the issue internationally, and he makes the case for reframing the debate to include a wider range of social values and public benefits that present more options for managing work and family responsibilities.

Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare

Congruence with the Everyday Lives of Children and Parents

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Author: Gary Cameron,Marshall Fine,Sarah Maiter,Karen Frensch,Nancy Freymond

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442614552

Category: Political Science

Page: 337

View: 7245

Based on findings from a decade's worth of research, Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare provides original reflections on the everyday realities of families and front-line service providers involved with the system.