Mortuary Ritual and Society in Bronze Age Cyprus


Author: Priscilla Keswani

Publisher: Equinox Publishing Ltd.

ISBN: 9781904768036

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 884

A ground-breaking investigation of burial practices and social transformations in the era when Cypriot agricultural communities moved from village to urban life and became major players in the eastern Mediterranean copper trade. The author develops an innovative theoretical and methodological approach that enables her to define and elucidate the shifting spatial relationships between tombs and habitation areas, the elaboration of rituals involving secondary treatment and collective burial, and changing patterns of mortuary expenditure and symbolism throughout the Bronze Age. Keswani proposes that during the Early-Middle Bronze periods, the growing elaboration of mortuary festivities and their crucial importance in negotiating status hierarchies contributed to the intensification of Cypriot copper production and the expansion of interregional exchange relations. Subsequent changes in mortuary practice suggest that the importance of collective burial rites and traditional modes of ritual display diminished over the course of the Late Bronze Age, as urban institutions multiplied and the bases of social prestige were transformed.

Material Connections in the Ancient Mediterranean

Mobility, Materiality and Identity


Author: Peter van Dommelen,A. Bernard Knapp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136903461

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5105

Material Connections eschews outdated theory, tainted by colonialist attitudes, and develops a new cultural and historical understanding of how factors such as mobility, materiality, conflict and co-presence impacted on the formation of identity in the ancient Mediterranean. Fighting against ‘hyper-specialisation’ within the subject area, it explores the multiple ways that material culture was used to establish, maintain and alter identities, especially during periods of transition, culture encounter and change. A new perspective is adopted, one that perceives the use of material culture by prehistoric and historic Mediterranean peoples in formulating and changing their identities. It considers how objects and social identities are entangled in various cultural encounters and interconnections. The movement of people as well as objects has always stood at the heart of attempts to understand the courses and process of human history. The Mediterranean offers a wealth of such information and Material Connections, expanding on this base, offers a dynamic, new subject of enquiry – the social identify of prehistoric and historic Mediterranean people – and considers how migration, colonial encounters, and connectivity or insularity influence social identities. The volume includes a series of innovative, closely related case studies that examine the contacts amongst various Mediterranean islands – Sardinia, Corsica, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus, the Balearics – and the nearby shores of Italy, Greece, North Africa, Spain and the Levant to explore the social and cultural impact of migratory, colonial and exchange encounters. Material Connections forges a new path in understanding the material culture of the Mediterranean and will be essential for those wishing to develop their understanding of material culture and identity in the Mediterranean.

Prehistoric and Protohistoric Cyprus

Identity, Insularity, and Connectivity


Author: A. Bernard Knapp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199237379

Category: History

Page: 497

View: 482

A new island archaeology and island history of Bronze Age and early Iron Age Cyprus, set in its Mediterranean context. In this extensively illustrated study, A. Bernard Knapp addresses an under-studied but dynamic new field of archaeological enquiry - the social identity of prehistoric and protohistoric Mediterranean islanders.

PoCA (Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology) 2012


Author: Bärbel Morstadt,Hartmut Matthäus

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443883395

Category: Social Science

Page: 515

View: 7788

This volume brings together papers presented at the 12th edition of Postgraduate Cypriot Archaeology (PoCA), an annual conference concerning the material culture of ancient, medieval and modern Cyprus, taking into account various aspects from different research projects conducted by researchers specialized in many fields of expertise. The contributions to this book cover multiple branches of study, including prehistory, archaeology, history, art history, religious history architecture and modern textiles studies, offering an interdisciplinary approach. Within this wide-ranging academic setting, a chronological span from the Early Cypriot period, that is to say from the 3rd millennium B.C. onwards, to modern times is covered. Contributions illuminate various aspects of Cypriot culture, such as funerary areas, settlement patterns, different types of artworks, and historical issues. Despite the great variety of archaeological and historical subjects, there is a special focus on Bronze Age Cypriot culture that helps to highlight a number of significant aspects of this important and formative period on the island of Aphrodite.

Residual Stresses 2016



Author: Thomas M. Holden,Ondrej Muránsky,Lyndon Edwards

Publisher: Materials Research Forum LLC

ISBN: 1945291176

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 9956

This book presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Residual Stresses 10 and is devoted to the prediction/modelling, evaluation, control, and application of residual stresses in engineering materials. New developments, on stress-measurement techniques, on modelling and prediction of residual stresses and on progress made in the fundamental understanding of the relation between the state of residual stress and the material properties, are highlighted. The proceedings offer an overview of the current understanding of the role of residual stresses in materials used in wide ranging application areas.

Early Enkomi

regionalism, trade and society at the beginning of the late bronze age on Cyprus


Author: Lindy Crewe

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd


Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 800

The beginning of the Late Bronze Age on Cyprus saw a range of dramatic changes occurring in the settlement patterns and material culture of the island, accompanied by evidence for increased interaction with the surrounding region. These include population movements from small inland to larger, nucleated coastal settlements, an increase in social stratification and copper production, the first evidence for literacy, and Cyprus becoming increasingly involved in the complex exchange networks of the eastern Mediterranean. Central to any study of the islandAes prehistory is the coastal settlement of Enkomi, often considered to be the first state-like entity on the island and identified with the Alashiya of contemporary textual. The authorAes main goal in this volume is to examine the archaeological evidence for the beginnings of the transformation of Cypriot society as it stands, to seek to understand the individual aspects of the process and to separate this from the later LCIIC outcomes. The author utilises the Enkomi pottery assemblage to examine the introduction of wheelmade pottery and thereby investigate the processes through which Cypriot society became highly complex, including whether the evidence points to early centralized control or independent regional developments. However, in order to understand the pottery, it was necessary to investigate all types of archaeological evidence pertaining to the early history of the site and this volume also includes discussion of architecture, tombs and other aspects of material culture. Part 1 provides the theoretical background to investigations of social complexity and discusses the applications. Part 2 addresses the evidence for both settlement and ceramics during the Cypriot Bronze Age. Part 3 is devoted to the analysis of the Enkomi data. Part 4 presents the authorAes conclusions.

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean


Author: A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131619406X

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3027

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.



Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 7227

Performing Death

Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean


Author: Nicola Laneri

Publisher: Oriental Inst Publications Sales

ISBN: 9781885923509

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 4461

This volume represents a collection of contributions presented by the authors during the Second Annual University of Chicago Oriental Institute Seminar "Performing Death: Social Analyses of Funerary Traditions in the Ancient Mediterranean," held at the Oriental Institute, February 17-18, 2006. The principal aim of the two-day seminar was to interpret the social relevance resulting from the enactment of funerary rituals within the broad-reaching Mediterranean basin from prehistoric periods to the Roman Age. Efforts were concentrated on creating a panel composed of scholars with diverse backgrounds - anthropologists, historians, archaeologists, art historians, and philologists - and the knowledge and expertise to enrich the discussion through the presentation of case-studies linked to both textual and archaeological evidence from the Mediterranean region. Fundamental to the successful realisation of this research process was the active dialogue between scholars of different backgrounds. These communicative exchanges provided the opportunity to integrate different approaches and interpretations concerning the role played by the performance of ancient funerary rituals within a given society and, as a result, helped in defining a coherent outcome towards the interpretation of ancient communities' behaviours.

"Up to the gates of Ekron"

essays on the archaeology and history of the eastern Mediterranean in honor of Seymour Gitin


Author: Sidnie White Crawford,Amnon Ben-Tor

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 509

View: 7376

Weights in Context

Bronze Age Weighing Systems of Eastern Mediterranean : Chronology, Typology, Material and Archaeological Contexts : Proceedings of the International Colloquium, Roma 22nd-24th November 2004


Author: Maria Emanuela Alberti,Enrico Ascalone,Luca Peyronel

Publisher: Ist. Italiano Numismatica

ISBN: 9788885914445

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 7405

Engendering Aphrodite

Women and Society in Ancient Cyprus


Author: Diane R. Bolger,Nancy J. Serwint

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental


Category: History

Page: 457

View: 6868

This is a collection of papers which focus on issues of gender and society in ancient Cyprus from the Neolithic to Roman periods.


Focus on the Mediterranean


Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Mediterranean Region

Page: N.A

View: 1861


Studies Presented to W.G. Cavanagh and C.B. Mee on the Anniverary of Their 30-year Joint Contribution to Aegean Archaeology


Author: Chrysanthi Gallou,Mercourios Georgiadis,Georgina M. Muskett

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: History

Page: 369

View: 9154

31 essays on the Bronze Age Aegean which cover a wide range of topics. They are grouped under the following headings: cult and death; Bronze Age material culture; gender; approaches to art; themes of ancient and modern identity; Homer once again; landscape and survey; ancient geography and regional studies; Sparta and Laconia.

An Archaeology of Prehistoric Bodies and Embodied Identities in the Eastern Mediterranean


Author: Maria Mina,Sevi Triantaphyllou,Yiannis Papadatos

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1785702920

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 7860

In the long tradition of the archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean bodies have held a prominent role in the form of figurines, frescos, or skeletal remains, and have even been responsible for sparking captivating portrayals of the Mother-Goddess cult, the elegant women of Minoan Crete or the deeds of heroic men. Growing literature on the archaeology and anthropology of the body has raised awareness about the dynamic and multifaceted role of the body in experiencing the world and in the construction, performance and negotiation of social identity. In these 28 thematically arranged papers, specialists in the archaeology of the eastern Mediterranean confront the perceived invisibility of past bodies and ask new research questions. Contributors discuss new and old evidence; they examine how bodies intersect with the material world, and explore the role of body-situated experiences in creating distinct social and other identities. Papers range chronologically from the Palaeolithic to the Early Iron Age and cover the geographical regions of the Aegean, Cyprus and the Near East. They highlight the new possibilities that emerge for the interpretation of the prehistoric eastern Mediterranean through a combined use of body-focused methodological and theoretical perspectives that are nevertheless grounded in the archaeological record.

Debating Orientalization

Multidisciplinary Approaches to Change in the Ancient Mediterranean


Author: Corinna Riva,Nicholas C. Vella

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)

ISBN: 9781845538910

Category: History

Page: 170

View: 2650

Initially coined by art historians in the second half of the nineteenth century to denote an ambivalent artistic style and period, `Orientalizing' has been invariably used to describe a phenomenon, a revolution, or a movement. Regional developments and innovations in the ancient Mediterranean have been explained by reference to an Orient, the metaphorical bazaar containing the artistic opulence and social sophistication that spread to the West and changed it Debating Orientalization brings together papers presented at a symposium held in Oxford in 2002 to debate the theme of ancient Orientalization. The volume reassesses the concept of Orientalizing, questioning whether it is valid to interpret Mediterranean-wide processes of change in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages by the term. Orientalization. Like the ancient Mediterranean itself, the list of contributors is multicultural, and their contributions multidisciplinary, combining various strands of archaeological and textual evidence with different methodological and theoretical approaches.

The Power of Technology in the Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean

The Case of the Painted Plaster


Author: Ann Brysbaert

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)

ISBN: 9781781792537

Category: Bronze age

Page: 286

View: 1345

In the past, Bronze Age painted plaster in the Aegean and the Eastern Mediterranean has been studied from a range of different but isolated viewpoints. This volume brings both technological and iconographic approaches closer together by completing certain gaps in the literature on technology and by investigating how and why technological transfer has developed and what broader impact this had on the wider social dynamics of the late Middle and Late Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean. This study approaches the topic of painted plaster by a multidisciplinary methodology and demonstrates the human forces through which transfer was enabled and how multiple social identities and the inter-relationships of these actors with each other and their material world were expressed through their craft production and organization. The investigated data from sixteen sites has been contextualized within a wider framework of Bronze Age interconnections both in time and space because studying painted plaster in the Aegean cannot be considered separate from similar traditions both in Egypt and in the Near East.

Provenience Studies and Bronze Age Cyprus

Production, Exchange and Politico-economic Change


Author: Arthur Bernard Knapp,John F. Cherry

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 280

View: 3222

In the archaeological reconstruction of prehistoric production and exchange systems, the use of provenience techniques has assumed a high profile. The primary aim of such archaeometric work has been the objective identification of non-local materials, and the isolation or elimination of specific stone, metal or clay sources. However, the important step of specifying and examining critically the relationships between archaeological data, human action, analytical results, and cultural interpretation has seldom been taken.

The Development of Pre-State Communities in the Ancient Near East

Studies in Honour of Edgar Peltenburg


Author: Diane Bolger,Louise C. Maguire

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842178377

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6328

This book explores the dynamics of small-scale societies in the ancient Near East by examining the ways in which particular communities functioned and interacted and by moving beyond the broad neo-evolutionary models of social change which have characterised many earlier approaches. By focusing on issues of diversity, scale, and context, it considers the ways in which economy, crafts, technology, and ritual were organised; the roles played by mortuary practices and households in the structure and development of ancient societies; and the importance of agency, identity, ethnicity, gender, community and cultural interaction for the rise of socio-economic complexity. The contributors to this volume are well-known archaeologists in the field of Near Eastern studies; all are currently engaged in fieldwork or research in Cyprus, the Levant, or Turkey. The variety and depth of the research they present here reflect the richness of the archaeological record in the 'cradle of civilisation' and convey the vibrancy of current interpretive approaches within the field of Near Eastern prehistory today.