Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

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Author: Francis Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118951433

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 8369

Recent years have seen extensive research in the molecular underpinnings of symbiotic plant-fungal interactions. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is a timely collection of work that will bridge the gap between molecular biology, fungal genomics, and ecology. A more profound understanding of mycorrhizal symbiosis will have broad-ranging impacts on the fields of plant biology, mycology, crop science, and ecology. Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis will open with introductory chapters on the biology, structure and phylogeny of the major types of mycorrhizal symbioses. Chapters then review different molecular mechanisms driving the development and functioning of mycorrhizal systems and molecular analysis of mycorrhizal populations and communities. The book closes with chapters that provide an overall synthesis of field and provide perspectives for future research. Authoritative and timely, Molecular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, will be an essential reference from those working in plant and fungal biology.

Plant Tolerance to Environmental Stress

Role of Phytoprotectants

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Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman,Masayuki Fujita,Hirosuke Oku,M. Tofazzal Islam

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351339931

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 810

Global climate change affects crop production through altered weather patterns and increased environmental stresses. Such stresses include soil salinity, drought, flooding, metal/metalloid toxicity, pollution, and extreme temperatures. The variability of these environmental conditions pared with the sessile lifestyle of plants contribute to high exposure to these stress factors. Increasing tolerance of crop plants to abiotic stresses is needed to fulfill increased food needs of the population. This book focuses on methods of improving plants tolerance to abiotic stresses. It provides information on how protective agents, including exogenous phytoprotectants, can mitigate abiotic stressors affecting plants. The application of various phytoprotectants has become one of the most effective approaches in enhancing the tolerance of plants to these stresses. Phytoprotectants are discussed in detail including information on osmoprotectants, antioxidants, phytohormones, nitric oxide, polyamines, amino acids, and nutrient elements of plants. Providing a valuable resource of information on phytoprotectants, this book is useful in diverse areas of life sciences including agronomy, plant physiology, cell biology, environmental sciences, and biotechnology.

Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

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Author: Sally E. Smith,David J. Read

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080559346

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 1094

The roots of most plants are colonized by symbiotic fungi to form mycorrhiza, which play a critical role in the capture of nutrients from the soil and therefore in plant nutrition. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis is recognized as the definitive work in this area. Since the last edition was published there have been major advances in the field, particularly in the area of molecular biology, and the new edition has been fully revised and updated to incorporate these exciting new developments. Over 50% new material Includes expanded color plate section Covers all aspects of mycorrhiza Presents new taxonomy Discusses the impact of proteomics and genomics on research in this area

Biogeography of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

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Author: Leho Tedersoo

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319563637

Category: Science

Page: 566

View: 9537

This book offers a timely overview and synthesis of biogeographic patterns of plants and fungi and their mycorrhizal associations across geographic scales. Written by leading experts in the field, it provides an updated definition of mycorrhizal types and establishes the best practices of modern biogeographic analyses. Individual chapters address the basic processes and mechanisms driving community ecology, population biology and dispersal in mycorrhizal fungi, which differ greatly from these of prokaryotes, plants and animals. Other chapters review the state-of-the-art knowledge about the distribution, ecology and biogeography of all mycorrhizal types and the most important fungal groups involved in mycorrhizal symbiosis. The book argues that molecular methods have revolutionized our understanding of the ecology and biogeography of mycorrhizal symbiosis and that rapidly evolving high-throughput identification and genomics tools will provide unprecedented information about the structure and functioning of mycorrhizal symbiosis on a global scale. This volume appeals to scientists in the fields of plant and fungal ecology and biogeography.

Mycorrhiza

Structure, Function, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

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Author: Ajit Varma,Bertold Hock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662037793

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 2977

The second edition of Mycorrhiza falls into a time period of excep tionally rapid growth in mycorrhizal research. Therefore the edi tors have been most pleased with the decision of the Springer Verlag to revise the first edition and to incorporate the remarkable advances experienced in the mycorrhizal field. The pace of discovery has been particularly fast at the two poles of biological complexity, the molecular events leading to changes in growth and differentiation, as well as the factors regulating the structure and diversity of natural populations and communities. Therefore the most significant changes introduced in the new edition of this book are found within these topics. Not only were many chapters up dated, but also new chapters have replaced existing ones. The individual decisions have not been easy, since valuable contribu tions had to be sacrificed in favour of new aspects; but the authors hope that a highly topical new edition will be of greatest benefit for a rapidly expanding field of research. We welcome comments and critics from readers. Since it was possible again to find leading scientists as contribu tors, we are confident that this revised second edition will stimulate further progress and contribute to a deeper understanding of advances in the mycorrhizal field. We are grateful to the Springer Verlag, especially Dr. Dieter Czeschlik, for his continued interest and active help. Dr. Maja Hilber-Bodmer and Dr.

A Textbook of Molecular Biotechnology

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Author: Ashok K. Chauhan

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9380026374

Category: Biotechnology

Page: 1352

View: 7868

Textbook of Molecular Biotechnology covers an amazing range of topics from the basic structure of the cell and diversity of microorganisms to the latest techniques in the field of biotechnology. Various topics have been included for the benefit of graduate and postgraduate students. In addition, the book will be of immense help for the researchers and can be used as a laboratory manual for various biotechnological techniques. A number of reputed subject experts, scientists, academicians, and researchers have contributed their chapters to this volume. This book describes the role of basic biotechnological tools in various spheres of human society, namely, agriculture, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, nanobiotechnology, proteomics, metagenomics and Intellectual Property rights.

Mycoremediation

Fungal Bioremediation

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Author: Harbhajan Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470050586

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 9969

The first encyclopedic examination of the application of fungi in bioremediation, this book gives an overview of the science today and covers all aspects of this multidisciplinary field. It provides a solid foundation in the fundamentals and progresses to practical applications. It features step-by-step guidance for a myriad of effective techniques to identify, select, and apply fungi towards the remediation of contaminated sites.

Current Advances in Mycorrhizae Research

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Author: Gopi K. Podila,David D. Douds

Publisher: Amer Phytopathological Society

ISBN: 9780890542453

Category: Science

Page: 193

View: 1766

Taking ectomycorrhizas and arbuscular as examples of the symbiotic associations between plant roots and fungi, researchers from widely spaced parts of the world report on the new in-vitro culturing and molecular methods of research that have led to discoveries nearly impossible when the fungi would only grow underneath forests, which are hard to manipulate in the laboratory.

Biotechnology of ectomycorrhizae

molecular approaches

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Author: Vilberto Stocchi,Paola Bonfante,Marco P. Nuti

Publisher: Plenum Pub Corp

ISBN: 9780306451263

Category: Medical

Page: 251

View: 1398

The Ecology of Mycorrhizae

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Author: Michael F. Allen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521335539

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 4070

A great many terrestrial plants live in close association with fungi. The features of this association known as mycorrhiza, are those of a mutualistic symbiosis. Almost all plants form mycorrhizae whereby the fungus provides soil resources to the plant in exchange for energy manufactured by the plant. The symbiosis means greater productivity under stress for the plant and a steady energy supply for the fungus. This book addresses the diverse and complex ways in which mycorrhizae affect the mechanisms for plant survival as individuals and populations, for community structure, and for ecosystem functioning. It integrates information on organisms interacting with mycorrhizae from bacteria to mammals. The author takes a unique evolutionary/ecological approach to describe how and under what conditions mycorrhizae influence basic ecological processes. The applications of mycorrhizal symbioses range from managing natural and agricultural lands to biotechnological processes that enhance agricultural productivity and sustainability.

Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence

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Author: Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal,Patrice Dion

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540755756

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 8874

Molecular Mechanisms of Plant and Microbe Coexistence presents studies on the complex and manifold interactions of plants and microbes at the population, genomics and proteomics level. The role of soil microbial diversity in enhancing plant health and plant microbe beneficial symbioses is discussed. Microbial communities are shown in the light of evolution. Main topics include genome coexistence and the functional genomics and proteomics of plant-associated microbes, which could form the basis for new environmentally benign strategies to combat infectious plant diseases and regulate plant growth. Further chapters focus on the role of signaling during the different stages of plant microbe coexistence, in symbiotic or pathogenic relationships, in quorum sensing and plant viral infections. Methods for studying the interactions in the root zone complement the book, which will certainly be of relevance in the practical application to agriculture, food security and for maintaining the balance of our ecosystems.

Plant signaling: Understanding the molecular crosstalk

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Author: Khalid Rehman Hakeem,Reiaz Ul Rehman,Inayatullah Tahir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132215427

Category: Science

Page: 355

View: 1297

​Plant signalling has emerged as an integrated field which has become indispensable in recent times to study any biological process. Over the last decade, an enormous amount of information has been generated in this field and the advances in information technology gave birth to bioinformatics which has helped greatly in managing the galaxy of information. It is now possible to view the different information’s in a systems biology approach which has unravelled the association/ new processes and thus helped us enormously in understanding of the biological processes. The present book is an attempt at understanding the plant signalling processes with different perspectives. Even though the plants are sessile but there exists a tremendous interconnected network of perception at morphological, physiological and molecular levels. The impact of the surrounding environment in terms of abiotic and biotic stresses is significant in terms of its survival, adaptation and productivity for the human welfare. The plants possess a wide array of processes at the organ, tissue and cellular levels which are governed by a plethora of molecules. The molecules govern individual processes and these exists a cross talk between them to form a complex network of processes. The book tries to envision how different processes are operating at different points in the life cycle of the plant.

Mycorrhizal Functioning

An Integrative Plant-Fungal Process

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Author: Michael Allen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412018916

Category: Nature

Page: 534

View: 7813

It is now known that over 90 percent of all plants have established integrative plant-fungal processes in their root systems, and it may well turn out to be the case that virtually all plants have mycorrhizae. In this work, many of the best researchers in the field review the current status of research in plant-fungal communications, mycorrhizal organisms, applications, and biotechnology. The focus is a hierarchical one. This volume is comprehensive and covers both ectomycorrhizae and vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizae, addressing concepts that are related to all the different groups. Mycorrhizal Functioning will be of interest to professionals and graduate students in microbiology, ecology, mycology, plant pathology, plant science, and soil science. Those working in the agricultural biotechnology industry will also benefit from the book's applications perspective.

Concepts in Mycorrhizal Research

Concepts in mycorrhizal research

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Author: K.G. Mukerji,Krisha Gopal Mukerji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792338901

Category: Nature

Page: 374

View: 908

Mycorrhiza will be the focus of research and study for the coming decade. Successful survival and maintenance of plant cover is mostly dependent on mycorrhization. During the last decade about ten books have appeared on various aspects of mycorrhiza, including two on methodology. The present book has been compiled to give a complete and comprehensive description of the topic to the students and researchers in botany, applied mycology, biotechnology, forestry and agriculture. The book will also be useful to planners dealing with biofertilizers and forestation. Besides topics of academic interest, the volume includes several aspects which are unique and are written about for the first time, e.g.: Arbuscular Mycorrhizal symbiosis - recognition and specificity; Mycorrhizal Integration and cellular compatibility between Endomycorrhizal symbionts; Cost - economics of existing methodology for inoculum production of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Mycorrhiza: Ecological Implications of Plant interactions; Outplanting performance of mycorrhizal inoculated seedlings; Fluorescence microscopy in mycorrhiza studies and Ectomycorrhizal fungi as experimental organism. Other aspects not mentioned above include most recent reviews concerning vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza and ectomycorrhizae. The different review chapters have been written by world authorities in their respective specialisations giving more up to date information than is provided anywhere else. This book deals with all major aspects of mycorrhiza, giving structure, ultrastructure, ecology and applications in agriculture and forestry.

Histology, Ultrastructure and Molecular Cytology of Plant-Microorganism Interactions

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Author: Michel Nicole,Vivienne Gianinazzi-Pearson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792338864

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 3152

This book provides comprehensive, up-to-date descriptions of cellular aspects of interactions between plants and microorganisms, including lichens, and also covers infections by viruses, trypanosomes and nematodes. The detailed reviews are accompanied by nearly 250 appropriate micrographs. Topics covered include: techniques that may be of use in studying plant infections such as colloidal gold cytochemistry, in situ hybridization, histochemical detection of polyphenols, cytodetection of pathogens, monoclonal antibodies and image analysis; host aggression by bacteria, fungi and nematodes with emphasis on adhesion, penetration and plant cell modifications; defense mechanisms of infected plants, including trees, cytolocalization of molecules involved in host resistance, plant responses to parasites or symbiotic microorganisms. Comparisons are also given between pathogenic interactions and mutualistic associations. Audience: An invaluable source of information and references for research scientists and students interested not only in plant-microbe interactions but also in cell biology in general.

Molecular Biology of Fungal Development

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Author: Heinz D. Osiewacz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824744527

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 3770

This text gives an overview of the fundamental aspects of molecular fungal development in one comprehensive volume, highlighting different elements in the maturational and reproductive cycles of selected fungal taxa.

Progress in Botany

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Author: Karl Esser,Ulrich Lüttge,Wolfram Beyschlag,Jin Murata

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540407218

Category: Science

Page: 628

View: 2003

With one volume each year, this series keeps scientists and advanced students informed of the latest developments and results in all areas of the plant sciences. The present volume includes reviews on genetics, cell biology, physiology, comparative morphology, systematics, ecology, and vegetation science.

Basic Research and Applications of Mycorrhizae

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Author: Gopi K. Podila,Ajit Varma

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8188237221

Category: Mycorrhizae-Research

Page: 511

View: 9905

Mycorrhizal research has grown by leaps and bounds in the past few decades. These fungi promise to promote plant growth, maintain plant and soil health, assist in bio-protection against root diseases, production with reduced fertilizer and pesticides & nutrient acquisition, affect soil skeletal structure holding primary soil particles together, are conductive to formation of microaggregate structures, higher rhizosphere population, symbiosis alters host water relations, alter root length and architecture. These fungi also help in re-vegetation of landscapes, golf course or contaminated soils, biological hardening of tissue culture raised plants, postpone leaf dehydration, draught responses, osmo-protecting enzymes and enhance P acquisition. AM symbiosis could conceivably affect any of these steps. AMF should be considered as an alternative to costly soil disinfection. The mechanism(s) by which fungi induce resistance in their hosts and enhance disease resistance need critical evaluation and examination. Editors see this volume as a tremendously valuable collection of specialized up-date chapters describing the State-of-The-Art and Modern Protocols in mycorrhizal research, seriously presented and synthesized.