Micromixers

Fundamentals, Design and Fabrication

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Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1437735207

Category: Science

Page: 351

View: 5965

Introduction -- Fundamentals of Mass Transport in Micro Scale -- Fabrication Technologies -- Micromixers Based on Molecular Diffusion -- Micromixers Based on Chaotic Advection -- Active Micromixers -- Characterization Techniques -- Applications of Micromixers.

Micromixers

Fundamentals, Design and Fabrication

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Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 1437735215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 8453

The ability to mix minute quantities of fluids is critical in a range of recent and emerging techniques in engineering, chemistry and life sciences, with applications as diverse as inkjet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing, specialty and hazardous chemical manufacturing, DNA analysis and disease diagnosis. The multidisciplinary nature of this field – intersecting engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, microtechnology and biotechnology – means that the community of engineers and scientists now engaged in developing microfluidic devices has entered the field from a variety of different backgrounds. Micromixers is uniquely comprehensive, in that it deals not only with the problems that are directly related to fluidics as a discipline (aspects such as mass transport, molecular diffusion, electrokinetic phenomena, flow instabilities, etc.) but also with the practical issues of fabricating micomixers and building them into microsystems and lab-on-chip assemblies.With practical applications to the design of systems vital in modern communications, medicine and industry this book has already established itself as a key reference in an emerging and important field. The 2e includes coverage of a broader range of fabrication techniques, additional examples of fully realized devices for each type of micromixer and a substantially extended section on industrial applications, including recent and emerging applications. Introduces the design and applications of micromixers for a broad audience across chemical engineering, electronics and the life sciences, and applications as diverse as lab-on-a-chip, ink jet printing, pharmaceutical manufacturing and DNA analysis Helps engineers and scientists to unlock the potential of micromixers by explaining both the scientific (microfluidics) aspects and the engineering involved in building and using successful microscale systems and devices with micromixers The author's applied approach combines experience-based discussion of the challenges and pitfalls of using micromixers, with proposals for how to overcome them

Micromixers: Fundamentals, Design, and Fabrication

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Author: Nam-Trung Nguyen

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0815518366

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 1806

A wide range of applications in chemistry and biochemistry are driving the rapid development of microfluidics. This book focuses its attention on an important subtopic of microfluidics; mixing in microscale. It provides the fundamentals of transport effects in microscale including molecular diffusion, convection, and chaotic advection. The science and technology of microfluidics cover a wide spectrum and the science of mixing in microscale has evolved from reports on fabricated devices to an extensive collection of established knowledge. The focal point of Micromixers: Fundamentals, Design, and Fabrication is the current applicable knowledge and practical issues in designing, fabricating, and characterizing micromixers in the chemical and biochemical industries. Based on scaling law, it recommends practical micromixer designs utilizing the advantages of the microscale effects. The book is intended for practicing engineers and for upper-level undergraduate and graduate level students. • Provides the basic terminology and fundamental physics of transport effects used for designing micromixers. • Highlights the challenges and advantages of miniaturization in mixing. • Outlines currently available microtechnologies for fabricating micromixers. • Discusses current applications including lab-on-a-chip for chemical/biochemical analysis, and chemical production. • Defines concepts such as electrohydrodynamic, dielectrophoretic, electrokinetic, magneto hydrodynamic, acoustic and thermal effects and their implementation in micromixers.

Passive Micromixers

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Author: Kwang-Yong Kim,Mubashshir A. Ansari,Arshad Afzal

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038970077

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 174

View: 6616

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue " Passive Micromixers" that was published in Micromachines

Methods in Bioengineering

Biomicrofabrication and Biomicrofluidics

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Author: Jeffrey D. Zahn

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1596934018

Category: Bioengineering

Page: 352

View: 2237

This unique volume presents leading-edge microfluidics methods used to handle, manipulate, and analyze cells, particles, and biological components (e.g., proteins and DNA) for microdiagnostics. The authors offer clear and detailed guidance on microfabrication techniques utilized to create microfluidic devices and on-chip flow control and mixing Microsystems, protein and DNA handling devices for electrophoretic and isoelectric separations in microchromatography columns, microfluidic manipulations of droplets via electrowetting and particles via dielectrophoresis for separations and chemical reactions, integrated optical characterization of microfluidic devices, controlling chemical gradients within devices, microimmunoassay diagnostics, multiphase microfluidics used in droplet formation for controlled chemical reactions, particle separation and analysis in Micro-FACS systems, flow characterization techniques in microfluidic devices and patterning and utilizing cytoskeletal filaments and cellular transport protein within microstructures.

Micro Process Engineering

A Comprehensive Handbook

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Author: Volker Hessel,Jaap C. Schouten,Albert Renken

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315500

Category: Science

Page: 1412

View: 2093

This three-volume handbook provides an overview of the key aspects of micro process engineering. Volume 1 covers the fundamentals, operations and catalysts, volume 2 examines devices, reactions and applications, with volume 3 rounding off the trilogy with system, process and plant engineering. Fluid dynamics, mixing, heat/mass transfer, purification and separation microstructured devices and microstructured reactors are explained in the first volume. Volume 2 segments microreactor design, fabrication and assembly, bulk and fine chemistry, polymerisation, fuel processing and functional materials into understandable parts. The final volume of the handbook addresses microreactor systems design and scale-up, sensing, analysis and control, chemical process engineering, economic and eco-efficiency analyses as well as microreactor plant case studies in one book. Together, this 3-volume handbook explains the science behind micro process engineering to the scale-up and their real life industrial applications.

Microfluidics

Technologies and Applications

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Author: Bingcheng Lin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642230490

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 5773

Flow Control Methods and Devices in Micrometer Scale Channels, by Shuichi Shoji and Kentaro Kawai. Micromixing Within Microfluidic Devices, by Lorenzo Capretto, Wei Cheng, Martyn Hill and Xunli Zhang. Basic Technologies for Droplet Microfluidics, by Shaojiang Zeng, Xin Liu, Hua Xie and Bingcheng Lin. Electrorheological Fluid and Its Applications in Microfluidics, by Limu Wang, Xiuqing Gong and Weijia Wen. Biosensors in Microfluidic Chips, by Jongmin Noh, Hee Chan Kim and Taek Dong Chung. A Nanomembrane-Based Nucleic Acid Sensing Platform for Portable Diagnostics, by Satyajyoti Senapati, Sagnik Basuray, Zdenek Slouka, Li-Jing Cheng and Hsueh-Chia Chang. Optical Detection Systems on Microfluidic Chips, by Hongwei Gai, Yongjun Li and Edward S. Yeung. Integrated Microfluidic Systems for DNA Analysis, by Samuel K. Njoroge, Hui-Wen Chen, Malgorzata A. Witek and Steven A. Soper. Integrated Multifunctional Microfluidics for Automated Proteome Analyses, by John K. Osiri, Hamed Shadpour, Malgorzata A. Witek and Steven A. Soper. Cells in Microfluidics, by Chi Zhang and Danny van Noort. Microfluidic Platform for the Study of Caenorhabditis elegans,by Weiwei Shi, Hui Wen, Bingcheng Lin and Jianhua Qin.

Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology

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Author: George K. Knopf,Yukitoshi Otani

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439840539

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 639

View: 2740

In Optical Nano and Micro Actuator Technology, leading engineers, material scientists, chemists, physicists, laser scientists, and manufacturing specialists offer an in-depth, wide-ranging look at the fundamental and unique characteristics of light-driven optical actuators. They discuss how light can initiate physical movement and control a variety of mechanisms that perform mechanical work at the micro- and nanoscale. The book begins with the scientific background necessary for understanding light-driven systems, discussing the nature of light and the interaction between light and NEMS/MEMS devices. It then covers innovative optical actuator technologies that have been developed for many applications. The book examines photoresponsive materials that enable the design of optically driven structures and mechanisms and describes specific light-driven technologies that permit the manipulation of micro- and nanoscale objects. It also explores applications in optofluidics, bioMEMS and biophotonics, medical device design, and micromachine control. Inspiring the next generation of scientists and engineers to advance light-driven technologies, this book gives readers a solid grounding in this emerging interdisciplinary area. It thoroughly explains the scientific language and fundamental principles, provides a holistic view of optical nano and micro actuator systems, and illustrates current and potential applications of light-driven systems.

Transport Phenomena in Micro Process Engineering

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Author: Norbert Kockmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540746188

Category: Science

Page: 365

View: 8653

In this book, the fundamentals of chemical engineering are presented with respect to applications in micro system technology, microfluidics, and transport processes within microstructures. Special features of the book include the state-of-the-art in micro process engineering, a detailed treatment of transport phenomena for engineers, and a design methodology from transport effects to economic considerations.

Microchemical Engineering in Practice

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Author: Thomas Dietrich

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118215990

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 487

View: 977

Microchemical Engineering in Practice provides the information chemists and engineers need to evaluate the use of microreactors, covering the technical, operational, and economic considerations for various applications. It explains the systems needed to use microreactors in production and presents examples of microreactor use in different chemistries, including larger scale production processes. There are guidelines on calculating the costs and the risks of production using continuous flow microreactors. Complete with case studies, this is an essential guide for chemists and engineers interested in investigating the advantages of chemical microreactors.

Microfluidic Technologies for Miniaturized Analysis Systems

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Author: Steffen Hardt,Friedhelm Schönfeld

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387684247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 616

View: 7146

This book addresses Lab-on-a-Chip devices. It focuses on microfluidic technologies that have emerged in the past decade. Coverage presents a comprehensive listing of the most promising microfluidic technologies in the Lab-on-a-Chip field. It also details technologies that can be viewed as toolboxes needed to set up complex Lab-on-a-Chip systems.

Micro and Macro Mixing

Analysis, Simulation and Numerical Calculation

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Author: Henning Bockhorn,Dieter Mewes,Wolfgang Peukert,Hans-Joachim Warnecke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642045499

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 5346

The homogenization of single phase gases or liquids with chemical reactive components by mixing belongs to one of the oldest basic operations applied in chemical engineering. The mixing process is used as an essential step in nearly all processes of the chemical industry as well as the pharmaceutical and food ind- tries. Recent experimentally and theoretically based results from research work lead to a fairly good prediction of the velocity fields in differend kinds of mixers, where as predictions of simultaneously proceeding homogeneous chemical re- tions, are still not reliable in a similar way. Therefore the design of equipment for mixing processes is still derived from measurements of the so called “mixing time” which is related to the applied methods of measurement and the special - sign of the test equipment itself. The cooperation of 17 research groups was stimulated by improved modern methods for experimental research and visualization, for simulations and nume- cal calculations of mixing and chemical reactions in micro and macro scale of time and local coordinates. The research work was financed for a six years period within the recently finished Priority Program of the German Research Foundation (DFG) named “Analysis, modeling and numerical prediction of flow-mixig with and without chemical reactions (SPP 1141)”. The objective of the investigations was to improve the prediction of efficiencies and selectivities of chemical re- tions on macroscopic scale.

Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics

4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE)

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Author: Jianzhong Xu,Yulin Wu,Yangjun Zhang,Junyue Zhang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540897491

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 500

View: 9958

"Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE)" is the proceedings of 4th International Symposium on Fluid Machinery and Fluid Engineering, held in Beijing November 24-27, 2008. It contains 69 highly informative technical papers presented at the Mei Lecture session and the technical sessions of the symposium. The Chinese Society of Engineering Thermophysics (CSET) organized the First, the Second and the Third International Symposium on Fluid Machinery and Fluid Engineering (1996, 2000 and 2004). The purpose of the 4th Symposium is to provide a common forum for exchange of scientific and technical information worldwide on fluid machinery and fluid engineering for scientists and engineers. The main subject of this symposium is "Fluid Machinery for Energy Conservation". The "Mei Lecture" reports on the most recent developments of fluid machinery in commemoration of the late professor Mei Zuyan. The book is intended for researchers and engineers in fluid machinery and fluid engineering. Jianzhong Xu is a professor at the Chinese Society of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing.