Meteorology

The Atmosphere and the Science of Weather

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Author: Joseph M. Moran,Michael D. Morgan

Publisher: Macmillan College

ISBN: 9780023833410

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 784

The book integrates atmospheric aspects of contemporary environmental concerns with traditional coverage of the basics of meteorology/climatology and, at the same time, introduces the reader to the nature of scientific inquiry and the methodology of science. Focuses on contemporary environmental issues, such as global change, acid deposition and air quality, and threats to the stratospheric ozone shield.

Fundamentals of Weather and Climate

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Author: Robin McIlveen

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780748740796

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 886

This text combines the study of atmospheric behaviour with its physical explanation. Initial chapters provide an introduction to meteorology and the atmosphere and are followed by substantial chapters on atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics; cloud and precipitation; radiation and global climate; surface and boundary layer; smaller and larger scale weather systems in mid- and low latitudes; and the atmospheric engine.To address concern over environmental change, topics on chaos, the ozone hole, the greenhouse effect and climate change, among others, have been included.This text is suitable for students of meteorology and environmental science and those studying a component of meteorology.

An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology

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Author: Renata Dmowska

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080959881

Category: Science

Page: 511

View: 5742

Dynamic meteorology is the study of those motions of the atmosphere that are associated with weather and climate. The science of dynamic meteorology continues its rapid advance, and its scope has broadened considerably. There continue to be important new developments in the analysis and prediction of extratropical synoptic-scale systems. Important progress has been made in the understanding of mesoscale storms, in tropical dynamics, in the dynamics of climate, and in the dynamics of the middle atmosphere. An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, Third Edition reflects the full scope of modern dynamic meteorology, while providing a coherent presentation of the fundamentals. The text emphasizes physical principles rather than mathematical elegance. * Presents a cogent explanation of the fundamentals of meteorology * Explains storm dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists * Discusses climate dynamics and the implications posed for global change * Features a new chapter on mesoscale dynamics * Includes updated treatments of climate dynamics, tropical meteorology, middle atmosphere dynamics, and numerical prediction * Instructor's manual is available

Meteorology

The Science of the Atmosphere (Illustrations)

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Author: Charles Fitzhugh Talman

Publisher: P. F. COLLIER & SON COMPANY

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 211

View: 611

Meteorology is the science of the atmosphere and its phenomena, including weather. Nowadays, when we speak of a “meteor,” we generally mean a shooting star; but formerly this term was applied (and it still often is in technical literature) to a great variety of phenomena and appearances in the atmosphere, including clouds, rain, snow, rainbows, and so forth. That is how the science of the atmosphere came to have its present name. Meteorology is not a branch of astronomy. These two sciences are as different from each other as zoölogy is from botany. They are both founded on physics, and they “overlap” each other to some extent, just as every science does certain others; but if you want information about the atmosphere, weather and climate, an astronomical observatory is not the place to seek it; while if you wish to make inquiries about comets, sun spots, eclipses, standard time, or the date on which Easter fell in the year 1666, do not apply to the Weather Bureau. In the city of Washington the Government maintains an astronomical and timekeeping institution known as the Naval Observatory, and it maintains in the same city the central office of the United States Weather Bureau. The two establishments are a mile apart in space and nearly a whole library apart in the subjects with which they are concerned. The fact that their functions are persistently confounded by the public indicates the necessity of writing this preface to a popular book on meteorology.

Atmosphere

A Scientific History of Air, Weather, and Climate

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Author: Michael Allaby

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 0816060983

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 242

View: 8189

Presents a history of atmospheric studies, discussing such topics as the study of air, water, and gases throughout the ages, the classification of climates, the development of weather maps and forecasting, and the discovery and theory of the ice ages.

Weather by the Numbers

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Author: Kristine C. Harper

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262260794

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 5938

For much of the first half of the twentieth century, meteorology was more art than science, dependent on an individual forecaster's lifetime of local experience. In Weather by the Numbers, Kristine Harper tells the story of the transformation of meteorology from a "guessing science" into a sophisticated scientific discipline based on physics and mathematics. What made this possible was the development of the electronic digital computer; earlier attempts at numerical weather prediction had foundered on the human inability to solve nonlinear equations quickly enough for timely forecasting. After World War II, the combination of an expanded observation network developed for military purposes, newly trained meteorologists, savvy about math and physics, and the nascent digital computer created a new way of approaching atmospheric theory and weather forecasting. This transformation of a discipline, Harper writes, was the most important intellectual achievement of twentieth-century meteorology, and paved the way for the growth of computer-assisted modeling in all the sciences.

Predicting the Weather

Victorians and the Science of Meteorology

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Author: Katharine Anderson

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226019705

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 7817

Victorian Britain, with its maritime economy and strong links between government and scientific enterprises, founded an office to collect meteorological statistics in 1854 in an effort to foster a modern science of the weather. But as the office turned to prediction rather than data collection, the fragile science became a public spectacle, with its forecasts open to daily scrutiny in the newspapers. And meteorology came to assume a pivotal role in debates about the responsibility of scientists and the authority of science. Studying meteorology as a means to examine the historical identity of prediction, Katharine Anderson offers here an engrossing account of forecasting that analyzes scientific practice and ideas about evidence, the organization of science in public life, and the articulation of scientific values in Victorian culture. In Predicting the Weather, Anderson grapples with fundamental questions about the function, intelligibility, and boundaries of scientific work while exposing the public expectations that shaped the practice of science during this period. A cogent analysis of the remarkable history of weather forecasting in Victorian Britain, Predicting the Weather will be essential reading for scholars interested in the public dimensions of science.

Meteorology Today

An Introduction to Weather, Climate, and the Environment

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Author: C. Donald Ahrens,Peter Lawrence Jackson,Christine E. O. Jackson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0176500391

Category: Meteorology

Page: 704

View: 3719

Meteorology Today 1st Canadian edition is the first textbook of its type written specifically with the needs of the Canadian market and its unique meteorological environment in mind. This first Canadian edition builds upon the tried and tested strengths of the Ahrens Meteorology series and provides a more relevant resource for Canadian students and instructors by ensuring that Canadian content, practices, conventions and examples are used throughout. An Earth Systems feature ? the first of its kind in Ahrens ? has been developed for this edition, presenting the interconnectedness of elements, and providing a peek at the chapter content. This ?visual table of contents? highlights the Earth system components reflected in each chapter (the atmosphere; hydrosphere, cryosphere, lithosphere, biosphere and anthrosphere). The relationships between the chapter?s content and Earth systems are further expanded upon in the introduction of each chapter.

Meteorology

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Author: Steven Ackerman,John Knox

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763789275

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 721

Written for the undergraduate, non-majors course, the Third Edition engages students with real-world examples and a captivating narrative. It highlights how we observe the atmosphere and then uses those discoveries to explain atmospheric phenomena. Early chapters discuss the primary atmospheric variables involved in the formation of weather: pressure, temperature, moisture, clouds, and precipitation, and include practical information on weather maps and weather observation. The remainder of the book focuses on weather and climate topics such as the interaction between atmosphere and ocean, severe/extreme weather, and climate change.

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics

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Author: Murry L. Salby

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080532152

Category: Science

Page: 627

View: 7510

Fundamentals of Atmospheric Physics emphasizes the interrelationships of physical and dynamical meteorology. The text unifies four major subject areas: atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatic equilibrium and stability, atmospheric radiation and clouds, and atmospheric dynamics. These fundamental areas serve as cornerstones of modern atmospheric research on environmental issues like global change and ozone depletion. Physical concepts underlying these subject areas are developed from first principles, providing a self-contained text for students and scholars from diverse backgrounds. The presentation is Lagrangian (single-body problems) in perspective, with a balance of theory and application. Each chapter includes detailed and extensive problems; selected answers are provided, as are appendices of various constants. The text requires a thorough foundation in calculus. Presents a comprehensive introduction to atmospheric thermodynamics, hydrostatics, radiation and clouds, and dynamics Develops concepts from first principles, providing a self-contained volume for readers from diverse backgrounds Emphasizes the interaction of physical processes shaping global problems of atmospheric energetics, transport, and chemistry Provides a balance of theory and applications, with examples drawn from a wide range of phenomena figuring in global atmospheric research Extensively illustrated with global satellite imagery and analyses and photographs of laboratory simulations Exercises apply to a wide range of topical problems

Desert Meteorology

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Author: Thomas T. Warner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449632

Category: Science

Page: 595

View: 1674

Aridity prevails over more than one third of the land area of the Earth and over a significant fraction of the oceans as well. Yet to date there has been no comprehensive reference volume or textbook dealing with the weather processes that define the character of desert areas. Desert Meteorology fills this gap by treating all aspects of desert weather, such as large-scale and local-scale causes of aridity; precipitation characteristics in deserts; dust storms; floods; climate change in deserts; precipitation processes; desertification; land-surface physics of deserts; numerical modelling of desert atmospheres; and the effect of desert weather on humans. A summary is provided of the climates and surface properties of the desert areas of the world. The book is written with the assumption that the reader has only a basic knowledge of meteorology, physics and calculus, making it useful to those in a wide range of disciplines. It includes review questions and problems for the student. This comprehensive volume will satisfy all who need to know more about the weather and climate of arid lands. It will appeal especially to advanced students and researchers in environmental science, meteorology, physical geography, hydrology and engineering.

Essentials of Meteorology: An Invitation to the Atmosphere

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Author: C. Donald Ahrens,Robert Henson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305628454

Category: Nature

Page: 508

View: 9666

ESSENTIALS OF METEOROLOGY: AN INVITATION TO THE ATMOSPHERE, 8th Edition, is written by the most widely read and authoritative author in introductory meteorology, Donald Ahrens, together with a new coauthor -- meteorologist and award-winning science writer Robert Henson. Their ability to explain relatively complicated ideas in a student-friendly way allows both science and nonscience majors to visualize the principles of meteorology. The text's clear and inviting narrative is supplemented by pedagogical features that encourage observing, calculating, and synthesizing information, and recent weather and climate events are incorporated to enhance student interest. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Numerical Methods in Weather Prediction

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Author: G Marchuk

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323157467

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 524

Numerical Methods in Weather Prediction focuses on the numerical methods for solving problems of weather prediction and explains the aspect of the general circulation of the atmosphere. This book explores the development in the science of meteorology, which provides investigators with improved means of studying physical processes by mathematical stimulation. Organized into eight chapters, this book starts with an overview of the significant physical factors that are instrumental in enriching the theoretical models of weather prediction. This text then examines the system of hydrodynamic equations and the equation of heat transfer related to large-scale atmospheric processes. Other chapters consider the quasigeostrophic approximation model, which is the basis for concepts of the dynamics of atmospheric motions and instrumental in establishing the basic features and laws of evolution of meteorological variables as applied to large-scale processes. The final chapter deals with the adjustment of the humidity field. This book is a valuable resource for meteorologists.

Physical Principles of Meteorology and Environmental Physics

Global, Synoptic and Micro Scales

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Author: David Blake,Robert Robson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812813845

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 8884

This book starts with the big picture, relating Einstein's famous mass-energy formula E = mc2 to the global climate; and then proceeds to examine the structure and dynamics of the atmosphere, from the synoptic scale through to the microscale, including the interaction of living things with their environment. It covers a range of topics from the laboratory to the field, including the analysis of thermodynamic diagrams and dispersion of pollutants, simple micrometeorological experiments on a sports field, as well as a detailed study on the measurement of carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and tropical rainforests.Straightforward, simple models and short arguments are used wherever possible to promote physical understanding, for example, in the discussion of the greenhouse effect. The aim is to bring the reader to the point where he or she is able to understand and analyze weather charts in daily use around the world; obtain an appreciation of current experimental techniques; and also make informed, quantitative estimates in relation to current issues surrounding the current debate on climate change.

Calculating the Weather

Meteorology in the 20th Century

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Author: Frederik Nebeker

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080528410

Category: Science

Page: 255

View: 6602

During the course of this century, meteorology has become unified, physics-based, and highly computational. Calculating the Weather: Meteorology in the 20th Century explains this transformation by examining thevarious roles of computation throughout the history of meteorology, giving most attention to the period from World War I to the 1960s. The electronic digital computer, a product of World War II, led to great advances in empirical, theoretical, and practical meteorology. At the same time, the use of the computer led to the discovery of so-called"chaotic systems,"and to the recognition that there may well be fundamental limits to predicting the weather. One of the very few books covering 20th century meteorology, this text is an excellent supplement to any course in general meteorology, forecasting, or history of science. Key Features * Provides a narrative account of the growth of meteorology in the 20th century * Explains how forecasting the weather became a physics-based science * Studies the impact of the computer on meteorology and thus provides an example of science transformed by the computer * Describes three traditions in meteorology: * The empirical tradition of gathering data and making inferences * A theoretical tradition of explaining atmospheric motions by means of the laws of physics * The practical tradition of predicting the weather * Analyzes the increasing role of calculation within each of the traditions and explains how electronic digital computers made possible many connections between traditions

Meteorology

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Author: Professor of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences University of Wisconsin-Madison Director Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (Cimss) Steven A Ackerman,Steven A. Ackerman,John A Knox

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284027384

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 3037

Written for the undergraduate, introductory course, the updated Fourth Edition engages students with real-world examples and a captivating narrative. It highlights how we observe the atmosphere and then uses those discoveries to explain atmospheric phenomena. The text begins with discussions on primary atmospheric variables involved in the formation of weather: pressure, temperature, moisture, clouds, and precipitation, and include practical information on weather maps and weather observation. It then progresses to discuss weather and climate topics such as the interaction between atmosphere amd ocean, severe/extreme weather, weather forecasting, and climate change.The updated Fourth Edition includes new content on recent meteorological topics, including geomagnetic storms, normal temperatures, extreme rainfall, flooding, global-scale winds, tornado outbreaks and debris, the air pollution in China, the hole in the ozone layer, ocean acidification, and many more engaging topics. New sections on Superstorm Sandy and Cyclone Forecasting, the tornados of 2011, and conceptual models of frontal systems have been added making the Fourth Edition of Meteorology: Understanding the Atmosphere the most up-to-date and invaluable resource available.An Instructor's Media CD containing PowerPoint Lecture Outlines and a PowerPoint Image Bank is available to adopting institutions. An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank are also available for download.

Appropriating the Weather

Vilhelm Bjerknes and the Construction of a Modern Meteorology

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Author: Robert Marc Friedman

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801481604

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 6783

"Robert Marc Friedman has written a lucid and engaging narrative of the career of Vilhelm Bjerknes and his 'Bergen' school of meteorology, originators of the concept of the weather front. Friedman has skillfully woven together early twentieth-century meteorology with contemporary developments in agriculture, fishery, warfare, and communications. The result is a significant contribution to the history of science and will hold the interest of anyone concerned with the role of science in modern society."—American Historical Review "The history of modern meteorology has been shaped by a few brilliant individuals, whose enormous contributions set conditions for permanent progress. Robert Marc Friedman's book is a serious and substantial contribution to the documentation of this history."—American Meteorological Society "In this very thoughtful and extremely well-researched and well-written book, Robert Marc Friedman relates the story of Vilhelm Bjerknes's switch to geophysical studies and his subsequent development of scientific study of the weather into a persuasive new professional discipline."—Isis

Fundamentals of Numerical Weather Prediction

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Author: Jean Coiffier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139502700

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8418

Numerical models have become essential tools in environmental science, particularly in weather forecasting and climate prediction. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the techniques used in these fields, with emphasis on the design of the most recent numerical models of the atmosphere. It presents a short history of numerical weather prediction and its evolution, before describing the various model equations and how to solve them numerically. It outlines the main elements of a meteorological forecast suite, and the theory is illustrated throughout with practical examples of operational models and parameterizations of physical processes. This book is founded on the author's many years of experience, as a scientist at Météo-France and teaching university-level courses. It is a practical and accessible textbook for graduate courses and a handy resource for researchers and professionals in atmospheric physics, meteorology and climatology, as well as the related disciplines of fluid dynamics, hydrology and oceanography.

Fundamentals of meteorology

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Author: Louis J. Battan

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 4380

Atmospheric composition and energetics, winds, air masses, clouds, storms, and climates of the earth are among the topics explored in an introduction to meteorology and the applications of weather and climatic data