Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Robert Heidersbach

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119252377

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 1124

Details the proper methods to assess, prevent, and reduce corrosion in the oil industry using today's most advanced technologies This book discusses upstream operations, with an emphasis on production, and pipelines, which are closely tied to upstream operations. It also examines protective coatings, alloy selection, chemical treatments, and cathodic protection—the main means of corrosion control. The strength and hardness levels of metals is also discussed, as this affects the resistance of metals to hydrogen embrittlement, a major concern for high-strength steels and some other alloys. It is intended for use by personnel with limited backgrounds in chemistry, metallurgy, and corrosion and will give them a general understanding of how and why corrosion occurs and the practical approaches to how the effects of corrosion can be mitigated. Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition updates the original chapters while including a new case studies chapter. Beginning with an introduction to oilfield metallurgy and corrosion control, the book provides in-depth coverage of the field with chapters on: chemistry of corrosion; corrosive environments; materials; forms of corrosion; corrosion control; inspection, monitoring, and testing; and oilfield equipment. Covers all aspects of upstream oil and gas production from downhole drilling to pipelines and tanker terminal operations Offers an introduction to corrosion for entry-level corrosion control specialists Contains detailed photographs to illustrate descriptions in the text Metallurgy and Corrosion Control in Oil and Gas Production, Second Edition is an excellent book for engineers and related professionals in the oil and gas production industries. It will also be an asset to the entry-level corrosion control professional who may have a theoretical background in metallurgy, chemistry, or a related field, but who needs to understand the practical limitations of large-scale industrial operations associated with oil and gas production.

Challenges in Corrosion

Costs, Causes, Consequences, and Control

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: V. S. Sastri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522109

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 5112

Provides detailed methods to reduce or eliminate damage caused by corrosion Explains the human and environmental costs of corrosion Explains causes of and various types of corrosion Summarizes the costs of corrosion in different industries, including bridges, mining, petroleum refining, chemical, petrochemical, and pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, agricultural, food processing, electronics, home appliances etc Discusses the technical aspects of the various methods available to detect, prevent, and control corrosion

Corrosion and Materials in Hydrocarbon Production

A Compendium of Operational and Engineering Aspects

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dr. Bijan Kermani,Don Harrop

Publisher: Wiley-ASME Press Series

ISBN: 1119515726

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 7023

Comprehensively covers the engineering aspects of corrosion and materials in hydrocarbon production This book captures the current understanding of corrosion processes in upstream operations and provides a brief overview of parameters and measures needed for optimum design of facilities. It focuses on internal corrosion occurring in hydrocarbon production environments and the key issues affecting its occurrence, including: the types and morphology of corrosion damage; principal metallic materials deployed; and mitigating measures to optimise its occurrence. The book also highlights important areas of progress and challenges, and looks toward the future of research and development to enable improved and economical design of facilities for oil and a gas production. Written for both those familiar and unfamiliar with the subject—and by two authors with more than 60 years combined industry experience—this book covers everything from Corrosion Resistant Alloys (CRAs) to internal metal loss corrosion threats, corrosion in injection systems to microbiologically influenced corrosion, corrosion risk analysis to corrosion and integrity management, and more, notably: Comprehensively covers the engineering aspects of corrosion and materials in hydrocarbon production Written by two, renowned experts in the field Offers practical guide to those unfamiliar with the subject whilst providing a focused roadmap to addressing the topics in a precise and methodical manner Covers all aspects of corrosion threat and remedial and mitigation measures in upstream hydrocarbon production applicable to sub-surface, surface, and transportation facilities Outlines technology challenges that need further research as a pre-cursor to moving the industry forward. Operational and Engineering Aspects of Corrosion and Materials in Hydrocarbon Production is an excellent guide for both practicing materials and corrosion engineers working in hydrocarbons production as well as those entering the area who may not be fully familiar with the subject.

Materials Selection in Mechanical Design: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen

Easy-Reading-Ausgabe

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael F. Ashby

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417626

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 8917

Das englischsprachige, weltweit anerkannte Standardwerk zur Werkstoffauswahl - als neuer Buchtyp speziell für die Bedürfnisse deutschsprachiger Leser angepasst! Der Zusatznutzen, den dieses Buch bietet ist das Lesen und Lernen im englischen Original zu erleichtern und gleichzeitig in die spezielle Fachterminologie einzuführen und zwar durch: - Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte zur Fachterminologie und zu schwierigen normalsprachlichen Ausdrücken - Ein zweisprachiges Fachwörterbuch zum raschen Nachschlagen

Corrosion Failures

Theory, Case Studies, and Solutions

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: K. Elayaperumal,V. S. Raja

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470455640

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 7373

This book, the first of its kind, provides practical case studies of corrosion-induced failures that have occurred in process equipment in the engineering/ process industries in the recent past, along with the authors' analysis. Chapters deal with Basics of Corrosion, Importance of Failure Analysis, and Standard Methodology of Failure Analysis before presenting the case studies. Satifying the needs of practicing engineers, this book helps companies save money and increase profits by avoiding process equipment downtime due to major failures.

Handbuch des Kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes

Theorie und Praxis der elektrochemischen Schutzverfahren

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Walter von Baeckmann,W. Schwenk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527625739

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 400

Seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Auflage vor fast 30 Jahren ist das Handbuch des kathodischen Korrosionsschutzes zu einem Klassiker geworden. Der Erfolgstitel liegt nun in der vierten Auflage vor. Kathodischer Korrosionsschutzes hat in den vergangenen Jahren nichts an seiner Bedeutung verloren - er ist auch heute noch eines der wichtigsten Verfahren des Korrosionschutzes überhaupt. Auf einigen Gebieten wie dem Schutz von Stahlbeton ist seine Bedeutung sogar noch gewachsen. Gut zehn Jahre nach dem Erscheinen der dritten Auflage musste in vielen Bereichen eine Neubearbeitung durchgeführt werden. Das gilt - wie bereits bei früheren Auflagen - für die Messtechnik zum Nachweis der ausreichenden Schutzwirkung mit der praktischen Anwendung bei Rohrleitungen und Fragen der Beeinflussung durch Gleichströme sowie die Wirkung von Wechselspannungen. Im Bereich der Korrosion bilden die verschiedenen Arten der Risskorrosion und die Wechselstromkorrosion Schwerpunkte der Überarbeitung. Auf dem Gebiet der Messtechnik und der Umhüllungsschäden wurden neuartige Beschriebungen der elektrischen Eigenschaften von Beschichtungsfehlstellen entwickelt. Die vierte Auflage erscheint in einer Zeit der verstärkten internationalen Zusammenarbeit - insbesondere bei der Normung - und eines zunehmenden Sicherbeitsbedarfs. Deshalb dient das Handbuch auch der Wissenserhaltung mit allen zugehörigen Grundlagenwissenschaften und gegebenenfalls auch zur Basis von Qualifikationsnachweisen. Wieder haben zahlreiche Fachleute aus der Industrie ihr Fachwissen zum weltweit einzigartigen Standardwerk über alle Anwendungsbereiche der elektrochemischen Korrosionsschutzverfahren beigetragen. Dabei wurde Wert auf lückenlose Querverweise zwischen den einzelnen Kapiteln und einheitliche bzw. normgerechte Terminologie gelegt. Das Handbuch ist nicht nur unentbehrlich für Unternehmen für kathodischen Schutz, sondern ist für alle Personen, die sich mit Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz beschäftigen, zum Nachschlagen und zur Weiterbildung geeignet.

Green Corrosion Inhibitors

Theory and Practice

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: V. S. Sastri

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111801541X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6798

A book to cover developments in corrosion inhibitors is long overdue. This has been addressed by Dr Sastri in a book which presents fundamental aspects of corrosion inhibition, historical developments and the industrial applications of inhibitors. The book deals with the electrochemical principles and chemical aspects of corrosion inhibition, such as stability of metal complexes, the Hammett equation, hard and soft acid and base principle, quantum chemical aspects and Hansch' s model and also with the various surface analysis techniques, e.g. XPS, Auger, SIMS and Raman spectroscopy, that are used in industry for corrosion inhibition. The applications of corrosion inhibition are wide ranging. Examples given in this book include: oil and gas wells, petrochemical plants, steel reinforced cement, water cooling systems, and many more. The final chapters discuss economic and environmental considerations which are now of prime importance. The book is written for researchers in academia and industry, practicing corrosion engineers and students of materials science, engineering and applied chemistry.

Books in Series

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221092

Category: Monographic series

Page: 1756

View: 8183

Materials Performance

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Page: N.A

View: 7707

Werkstoffe 2: Metalle, Keramiken und Gläser, Kunststoffe und Verbundwerkstoffe

Deutsche Ausgabe herausgegeben von Michael Heinzelmann

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Michael F. Ashby,David R. H. Jones

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 338

View: 1994

Kurzweilig geschrieben, didaktisch überzeugend sowie fachlich umfassend und hochkompetent: Diesen Qualitäten verdanken die beiden Bände des Ashby/Jones schon seit Jahren ihre führende Stellung unter den englischsprachigen Lehrbüchern der Werkstoffkunde. Der nun in der deutschen Ausgabe vorliegende zweite Band behandelt ausführlich, wie die für technische Anwendungen wichtigsten Werkstoffeigenschaften von Metallen, Keramiken und Gläsern, sowie Kunst- und Verbundwerkstoffen von ihrer Herstellung und Mikrostruktur abhängen und in technischen Konstruktionen gewinnbringend eingesetzt werden. Zielgruppe dieses werkstoffkundlichen Standardwerkes sind fortgeschrittene Studenten der Ingenieur- und Werkstoffwissenschaften sowie Ingenieure und Techniker. Aus dem Inhalt: - Metalle: Strukturen, Phasendiagramme, Triebkräfte und Kinetik von Strukturänderungen, diffusive und martensitische Umwandlungen, Stähle, Leichtmetalle, Herstellung und Umformung - Keramiken und Gläser: Strukturen, mechanischEigenschaften, Streuung der Festigkeitswerte, Herstellung und Verarbeitung, Sonderthema Zement und Beton - Kunststoffe und Verbundwerkstoffe: Strukturen, mechanisches Verhalten, Herstellung, Verbundwerkstoffe, Sonderthema Holz - Werkstoffgerechtes Konstruieren, Werkstoffkundliche Untersuchung von Schadensfällen (Brückeneinsturz über dem Firth of Tay, Flugzeugabstürze der Baureihe Comet, Eisenbahnkatastrophe von Eschede, ein gerissenes Bungee-Seil) - Anhang: Phasendiagramme im Selbststudium Highlights: - Detaillierte Fallstudien, Beispiele und Übungsaufgaben - Ausführliche Hinweise zu Konstruktion und Anwendungen Verwandte Titel: Ashby/Jones, Werkstoffe 1: Eigenschaften, Mechanismen und Anwendungen. Deutsche Ausgabe der dritten Auflage des englischen Originals, 2006 Ashby, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. Easy-Reading-Ausgabe der dritten Auflage des englischen Originals, 2006

Corrosion and Corrosion Control, 4th Ed, Revie & Uhlig, 2008

Corrosion and Corrosion Control,

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Wiley & Sons,Inc

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 513

View: 5924

PREFACE The three main global challenges for the twenty - fi rst century are energy, water, and air — that is, suffi cient energy to ensure a reasonable standard of living, clean water to drink, and clean air to breathe. The ability to manage corrosion is a central part of using materials effectively and effi ciently to meet these challenges. For example, oil and natural gas are transmitted across continents using high - pressure steel pipelines that must operate for decades without failure, so that neither the groundwater nor the air is unnecessarily polluted. In design, operation, and maintenance of nuclear power plants, management of corrosion is critical. The reliability of materials used in nuclear waste disposal must be suffi cient so that that the safety of future generations is not compromised. Materials reliability is becoming ever more important in our society, particularly in view of the liability issues that develop when reliability is not assured, safety is compromised, and failure occurs. Notwithstanding the many years over which university, college, and continuing education courses in corrosion have been available, high - profi le corrosion failures continue to take place. Although the teaching of corrosion should not be regarded as a dismal failure, it has certainly not been a stellar success providing all engineers and technologists a basic minimum “ literacy level ” in corrosion that would be suffi cient to ensure reliability and prevent failures. Senior management of some organizations has adopted a policy of “ zero failures ” or “ no failures. ” In translating this management policy into reality, so that “ zero ” really does mean “ zero ” and “ no ” means “ no, ” engineers and others manage corrosion using a combination of well - established strategies, innovative approaches, and, when necessary, experimental trials. One objective of preparing the fourth edition of this book is to present to students an updated overview of the essential aspects of corrosion science and engineering that underpin the tools that are available and the technologies that are used for managing corrosion and preventing failures. A second objective is to engage students, so that they are active participants in understanding corrosion and solving problems, rather than passively observing the smorgasbord of information presented. The main emphasis is on quantitative presentation, explanation, and analysis wherever possible; for example, in this new edition, the galvanic series in seawater is presented with the potential range of each material, rather than only as a qualitative list. Considering the potential ranges that can be involved, the student can see how anodic/cathodic effects can develop, not only when different materials form a couple, but also when materials that are nominally the same are coupled. In this edition, some new numerical problems have been added, and the problems are integrated into the book by presenting them at the ends of the chapters. Since the third edition of this book was published, there have been many advances in corrosion, including advances in knowledge, advances in alloys for application in aggressive environments, and advances of industry in response to public demand. For example, consumer demand for corrosion protection of automobiles has led to a revolution of materials usage in the automotive industry. For this reason, and also because many students have a fascination with cars, numerous examples throughout this book illustrate advances that have been made in corrosion engineering of automobiles. Advances in protecting cars and trucks from corrosion must also be viewed in the context of reducing vehicle weight by using magnesium, aluminum, and other lightweight materials in order to decrease energy usage (increase the miles per gallon, or kilometers per liter, of gasoline) and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Although the basic organization of the book is unchanged from the previous edition, there is in this edition a separate chapter on Pourbaix diagrams, very useful tools that indicate the thermodynamic potential – pH domains of corrosion, passivity, and immunity to corrosion. A consideration of the relevant Pourbaix diagrams can be a useful starting point in many corrosion studies and investigations. As always in corrosion, as well as in this book, there is the dual importance of thermodynamics (In which direction does the reaction go? Chapters 3 and 4 ) and kinetics (How fast does it go? Chapter 5 ). After establishing the essential basics of corrosion in the fi rst fi ve chapters, the next 23 chapters expand upon the fundamentals in specifi c systems and applications and discuss strategies for protection. There are separate chapters on aluminum (Chapter 21 ), magnesium (Chapter 22 ), and titanium (Chapter 25 ) to provide more information on these metals and their alloys than in the previous editions. Throughout this book, environmental concerns and regulations are presented in the context of their impact on corrosion and its control — for example, the EPA Lead and Copper rule enacted in the United States in 1991. The industrial developments in response to the Clean Air Act, enacted in 1970, have reduced air pollution in the United States, with some effect on atmospheric corrosion (Chapter 9 ). To meet the requirements of environmental regulations and reduce the use of organic solvents, compliant coatings have been developed (Chapter 16 ). This is primarily a textbook for students and others who need a basic understanding of corrosion. The book is also a reference and starting point for engineers, researchers, and technologists requiring specifi c information. The book includes discussion of the main materials that are available, including alloys both old and new. For consistency with current practice in metallurgical and engineering literature, alloys are identifi ed with their UNS numbers as well as with their commonly used identifi ers. To answer the question from students about why so many alloys have been developed and are commercially available, the contributions of individual elements to endow alloys with unique properties that are valuable for specifi c applications are discussed. Throughout the book, there are numerous references to further sources of information, including handbooks, other books, reviews, and papers in journals. At the end of each chapter, there is a list of “ General References ” pertinent to that chapter, and most of these were published in 2000 and later. This edition includes introductory discussions of risk (Chapter 1 ), AC impedance measurements (Chapter 5 ), Ellingham diagrams (Chapter 11 ), and, throughout the book, discussions of new alloys that have been developed to meet demands for increasing reliability notwithstanding the increased structural lifetimes that are being required in corrosive environments of ever - increasing severity. Perhaps nowhere are the demands for reliability more challenging than in nuclear reactors, discussed in Chapters 8 and 26 . In the discussion of stainless steels (Chapter 19 ), the concept of critical pitting temperature (CPT) is introduced, as well as the information on critical pitting potential (CPP). The important problem of corrosion of rebar (reinforced steel in concrete) is discussed in Chapter 7 on iron and steel. In addition to new technologies and new materials for managing corrosion, new tools for presenting books have become available; hence, this book is being published as an electronic book, as well as in the traditional print format. An instructor ’ s manual is also being prepared. Experience has been invaluable in using the book in a corrosion course in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Carleton University in Ottawa, which Glenn McRae and I developed along with other members of the Canadian National Capital Section of NACE International. It would be a delight for me to hear from readers of this book, with their suggestions and ideas for future editions. I would like to acknowledge my many friends and colleagues at the CANMET Materials Technology Laboratory, with whom it has been my privilege to work for the past nearly 30 years. I would also like to thank the many organizations and individuals who have granted permission to use copyright material; acknowledgments for specifi c material are provided throughout the book. In addition, I would like to thank Bob Esposito and his staff at John Wiley & Sons, Inc. for their encouragement with this book and also with the Wiley Series in Corrosion. I would like to thank the Uhlig family for their generosity and hospitality during fi ve decades, beginning when I was a student in the M.I.T. Corrosion Laboratory in the 1960s and 1970s. In particular, I would like to acknowledge Mrs. Greta Uhlig, who continues to encourage initiatives in corrosion education in memory of the late Professor Herbert H. Uhlig (1907 – 1993). Lastly, I would like to quote from the Preface of the fi rst edition of this book: If this book stimulates young minds to accept the challenge of continuing corrosion problems, and to help reduce the huge economic losses and dismaying wastage of natural resources caused by metal deterioration, it will have fulfi lled the author ’ s major objective. Indeed, this remains the main objective today. Ottawa, Canada R. W inston R evie September 2007

Korrosion und Korrosionsschutz

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Fritz Tödt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: N.A

Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Page: 1102

View: 4583

Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik

Eine Einführung

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William D. Callister,David G. Rethwisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527330070

Category:

Page: 906

View: 7713

Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.