Metallomics

A Primer of Integrated Biometal Sciences

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Author: Wolfgang Maret

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783268301

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 6337

Metallomics is an integrated biometal science as it unifies different disciplines into a mainstream subject that can be taught to students of the biological and biomedical sciences. Metallomics bridges chemistry and the biological sciences from a global and quantitative systems approach, while the biological context provides new insights into the functions of metals in biological cells. The book challenges the traditional view of relating biochemistry only to organic chemistry, and discusses the structure and function of metal ions in the context of their environment in organisms. This is an essential read for undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of biochemistry, cell biology, nutrition (trace element research), toxicology, pharmacology and ecology.

Metallomics

The Science of Biometals

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Author: Marco Aurélio Zezzi Arruda

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319901435

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 9435

This book covers the new Omics area, Metallomics. As Metallomics is intrinsically a transdisciplinary area, this book is authored by experts in the field on such diverse topics as Environmental, Nuclear, and Human Metallomics. Within these topics metals play important role, as being part of biomolecules, controlling different biochemical process, being signaling agents, being catalyst of biochemical reactions, among others. This volume demonstrates the importance of more investigation about metals and their interactions with biomolecules. As the knowledge in this field is growing and growing daily, then new challenges concerning studies involving Metallomics is appearing, such as comparative metallomics, speciation metallomics, real-time metallomics, new predictions of metals in biomolecules, metalloprotein databank expansion, interactions between metalloprotein-metalloprotein, among others.

Nuclear Analytical Techniques for Metallomics and Metalloproteomics

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Author: Chunying Chen,Zhifang Chai,Yuxi Gao

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847559018

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 5112

This authoritative book provides readers with a comprehensive view of advanced nuclear analytical techniques for metallomics and metalloproteomics.

Metallomics

Recent Analytical Techniques and Applications

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Author: Yasumitsu Ogra,Takafumi Hirata

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 4431564632

Category: Medical

Page: 364

View: 9266

This book focuses on recent topics in metallomics, a study of the metallome, or metal-containing biomolecules. Metals can induce various physiological and toxicological effects in a very small amounts, in other words, the concentrations of biometals are very low in organisms. Thus, analytical techniques for a trace amount of metal are crucial to understand the biological and toxicological functions of metals.This volume begins with an overview of metallomics including the history and development of the field. Subsequent parts provide basic and advanced techniques for metallomics. Speciation and imaging of metals are basic approaches to reveal the function of the metallome. The applications of speciation using an HPLC hyphenated with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LC-ICP-MS) and flow cytometry ICP-MS are described. As advanced approaches, the applications using a micro-flow injection-ICP-MS, an ICP-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, an ICP-sector field mass spectrometer, and an ICP-multi-collector mass spectrometer are mentioned. For the imaging of metals, basic principles and applications of several techniques such as scanning X-ray fluorescence microscopy and ICP-MS equipped with laser ablation (LA-ICP-MS) are presented. Speciation analyses using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) are also introduced. The last part highlights the medical and pharmaceutical applications of metallomics. Molecular biological approaches to reveal the effects of toxic metals, metal functions in brain and neurodegenerative diseases, and metallodrugs are explained. The topic of metal transporters is also presented.

Metallomics

Analytical Techniques and Speciation Methods

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Author: Bernhard Michalke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527339698

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 2932

Latest developments, new insights and knowledge derived from speciation analysis in one unique compilation: The reader gets acquainted with relevant instrumental as well as application aspects of metallomics approaches, paving the road to understanding fate, pathway, and action of metals in environment and organisms. Upon an introductory chapter on analytical methods and strategies, the full bandwidth of applications is discussed. Expert chapter authors cast spotlights on recent topics such as metallomics applications to environmental and nutrition studies as well as biology and medicine. Special chapters deal with the impact of manganese and iron on neurodegeneration, and the impact of nanoparticles on health.

Metallomics and the Cell

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Author: Lucia Banci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400755619

Category: Science

Page: 609

View: 895

Metallomics and the Cell provides in an authoritative and timely manner in 16 stimulating chapters, written by 37 internationally recognized experts from 9 nations, and supported by more than 3000 references, several tables, and 110 illustrations, mostly in color, a most up-to-date view of the "metallomes" which, as defined in the "omics" world, describe the entire set of biomolecules that interact with or are affected by each metal ion. The most relevant tools for visualizing metal ions in the cell and the most suitable bioinformatic tools for browsing genomes to identify metal-binding proteins are also presented. Thus, MILS-12 is of relevance for structural and systems biology, inorganic biological chemistry, genetics, medicine, diagnostics, as well as teaching, etc.

Biological Chemistry of Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth

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Author: Hongzhe Sun

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470976225

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 1180

Arsenic, antimony and bismuth, three related elements of group 15, are all found in trace quantities in nature and have interesting biological properties and uses. While arsenic is most well known as a poison - and indeed the contamination of groundwater by arsenic is becoming a major health problem in Asia - it also has uses for the treatment of blood cancer and has long been used in traditional chinese medicine. Antimony and bismuth compounds are used in the clinic for the treatment of parasitic and bacterial infections. Biological Chemistry of Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth is an essential overview of the biological chemistry of these three elements, with contributions from an international panel of experts. Topics covered include: chemistry of As, Sb and Bi biological chemistry of arsenic biological chemistry of Sb and Bi arsenic and antimony speciation in environmental and biological samples arsenic in traditional chinese medicine arsenic in aquifers biomethylation of As, Sb and Bi uptake of metalloids by cells bismuth complexes of porphyrins and their potential in medical applications Helicobacter pylori and bismuth metabolism of arsenic trioxide in blood of the acute promyelocytic leukemia patients anticancer properties of As, Sb and Bi radio-Bi in cancer therapy genotoxicity of As, Sb and Bi metallomics as a new technique for As, Sb and Bi metalloproteomics for As, Sb and Bi Biological Chemistry of Arsenic, Antimony and Bismuth conveys the essential aspects of the bioinorganic chemistry of these three elements, making this book a valuable complement to more general bioinorganic chemistry texts and more specialized topical reviews. It will find a place on the bookshelves of practitioners, researchers and students working in bioinorganic chemistry and medicinal chemistry.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

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Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta,Francisco J. Corpas,José M. Palma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642384692

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 7276

Plants possess a range of potential cellular mechanisms that may be involved in the detoxification of heavy metals and thus tolerance to metal stress. Metal toxicity causes multiple direct and indirect effects in plants that concern practically all physiological functions. The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive and concise information on recent advances in the field of metal transport and how genetic diversity affects heavy metal transport in plants. Other key futures of the book are related to metal toxicity and detoxification mechanisms, biochemical tools for HM remediation processes, molecular mechanisms for HM detoxification, how metallomics and metalloproteomics are affected by heavy metal stress in plants, and the role of ROS metabolism in the alleviation of heavy metals. Some chapters also focus on recent developments in the field of phytoremediation. Overall the book presents in-depth information and the most essential advances in the field of heavy metal toxicity in plants in recent years.

Zinc Signaling in Physiology and Pathogenesis

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Author: Toshiyuki Fukada,Taiho Kambe

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3038428213

Category: Science

Page: 292

View: 3155

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Zinc Signaling in Physiology and Pathogenesis" that was published in IJMS

Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury

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Author: Guangliang Liu,Yong Cai,Nelson O'Driscoll

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118146638

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 4660

The book that looks at mercury's impact on the planet today Recent research by the EPA has concluded that one in six women of childbearing age have unsafe levels of mercury in their bodies, which puts 630,000 newborn babies each year at risk of neurological impairment. Mercury poses severe risks to the health of animals and ecosystems around the world, and this book provides the essential information that anyone interested in environmental sciences should know about the fundamentals of the entire mercury cycle. Comprised of four parts that present an overview of mercury in the environment, mercury transformations, transport, and bioaccumulation and toxicology, each chapter of Environmental Chemistry and Toxicology of Mercury includes the basic concepts of the targeted subject, a critical review of that subject, and the future research needs. This book explains the environmental behavior and toxicological effects of mercury on humans and other organisms, and provides a baseline for what is known and what uncertainties remain in respect to mercury cycling. The chapters focus on the fundamental science underlying the environmental chemistry and fate of mercury. This work will be invaluable to a wide range of policy experts, environmental scientists, and other people requiring a comprehensive source for the state of the science in this field.

Proceedings

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Author: National Academy of Sciences, India

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 961

Bacteria-Metal Interactions

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Author: Daad Saffarini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319185705

Category: Science

Page: 87

View: 3426

This book provides a detailed description and analysis of the reduction and metabolism of metals and metalloids by sulfate reducing bacteria. The molecular mechanisms of bacterial resistance to copper are examined as well as extracellular electron transfer and bacterial metal oxide respiration. Furthermore, in this book enrichment, isolation, and physiology of magnetotactic bacteria are discussed. The interactions of bacteria with metals in natural environments and their role in metal cycling have been studied for decades. Advances in studies of bacteria-metal interactions identified numerous important aspects of these interactions, such as bioremediation of metal-contaminated environments, the role of metals in redox reactions and other cellular functions, as well as the role of metals in toxicity and infection. Microbiologists, environmental scientists, and students interested in microbe interactions with metals and their effect on the environment and their application in biotechnology will be interested in the topics discussed in the book.

Molecular Microbiology of Heavy Metals

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Author: Dietrich H. Nies,Simon Silver

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540697713

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 8622

This book covers allocation of metals in cells, metal transporter, storage and metalloregulatory proteins, cellular responses to metal ion stress, transcription of genes involved in metal ion homeostasis, uptake of essential metals, metal efflux and other detoxification mechanisms. The book also discusses metal bioreporters for the nanomolar range of concentration and tools to address the metallome. In addition, coverage details specific metals.

Analysis of Chemical Warfare Degradation Products

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Author: Karolin K. Kroening,Renee N. Easter,Douglas D. Richardson,Stuart A. Willison,Joseph A. Caruso

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119970199

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 4444

This book describes nerve agents and vesicants, their decomposition and their degradation products' chemistry as well as their toxicity including a list of detection techniques of nerve agents and their degradation products. This book will present their history, toxicity, comparison between different sample preparation methods, separation techniques, and detection methods all together in a short, easy to read book, tied together by a single group doing the writing and the editing to assure smooth transition from chapter to chapter, with sufficient Tables and literature references for the reader who looks to further detail.The text will illustrate the pluses and minuses of the various techniques with sufficient references for the reader to obtain extensive detail.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

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Author: Dharmendra K. Gupta,Francisco J. Corpas,José M. Palma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642384692

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 529

Plants possess a range of potential cellular mechanisms that may be involved in the detoxification of heavy metals and thus tolerance to metal stress. Metal toxicity causes multiple direct and indirect effects in plants that concern practically all physiological functions. The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive and concise information on recent advances in the field of metal transport and how genetic diversity affects heavy metal transport in plants. Other key futures of the book are related to metal toxicity and detoxification mechanisms, biochemical tools for HM remediation processes, molecular mechanisms for HM detoxification, how metallomics and metalloproteomics are affected by heavy metal stress in plants, and the role of ROS metabolism in the alleviation of heavy metals. Some chapters also focus on recent developments in the field of phytoremediation. Overall the book presents in-depth information and the most essential advances in the field of heavy metal toxicity in plants in recent years.

NMR of Biomolecules

Towards Mechanistic Systems Biology

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Author: Ivano Bertini,Kathleen S. McGreevy,Giacomo Parigi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527328505

Category: Science

Page: 612

View: 4922

NMR is one of the most powerful methods for imaging of biomolecules. This book is the ultimate NMR guide for researchers in the biomedical community and gives not only background and practical tips but also a forward looking view on the future of NMR in systems biology.

Microwave-Assisted Sample Preparation for Trace Element Determination

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Author: Erico Marlon Moraes Flores

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444594442

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 3624

Microwave-Assisted Sample Preparation for Trace Element Analysis describes the principles, equipment, and applications involved in sample preparation with microwaves for trace element analysis. The book covers well-established applications as well as new trends in this field. Hot topics such as sample preparation for speciation, metabolomics, and halogen determination, as well as the alternatives of sample preparation for special samples (for example, carbon nanotubes, polymers, petroleum products), are also discussed. The use of microwaves in sample preparation has increased in recent decades. Several applications of microwaves for sample preparation can be found in the literature for practically all types of sample matrices, especially for the determination of trace elements by atomic spectrometric techniques, safely and cleanly reducing the time involved in this step. Microwave-assisted sample preparation is not only a tool for research but also for routine analysis laboratories; the state-of-the-art in sample preparation in trace element analysis. This book is the only resource for chemists specifically focused on this topic. The first book to describe the principles, equipment, and applications in microwave-assisted sample preparation Written by experts in the field who provide a comprehensive overview of the important concepts Introduces new alternatives and trends in microwave-assisted techniques

Toxicology of Nanomaterials

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Author: Yuliang Zhao,Zhiyong Zhang,Weiyue Feng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352768915X

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 587

This book provides the reader with a comprehensive view of analytical methods for nanotoxicology studies. After an introduction to nanomaterials and toxicological studies, the book discusses various characterization methods of nanomaterials and continues with the detection of nanoparticles in vivo as well as in vitro. A variety of techniques in molecular toxicology of nanomaterials is presented, followed by a detailed explanation of interaction between nanoparticles and biomacromolecules, including the structure-toxicity relationships of nanomaterials. Finally, the book concludes with the advantages and challenges of the analytical methods for nanotoxicology.

Environmental Problems in Marine Biology

Methodological Aspects and Applications

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Author: Tamara Garcia Barrera,Jose Luis Gomez Ariza

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482264500

Category: Aquatic organisms

Page: 368

View: 2837

Marine environment can be affected by several pollutants such as the presence of elements and their chemical species, pharmaceuticals, nanoparticles and other emerging contaminants. Environmental monitoring can be assessed by genomics, proteomics (i.e. redox proteomics), chemical speciation analysis and metallomics, metabolomics as well as other advanced strategies. The present book is a useful methodological tool for researchers and specialists in the field of analytical chemistry, environmental sciences, biochemistry, genomics and toxicology. The book includes for the first time the methodological aspects and applications related to chemical speciation and �omics strategies applied to marine environment.