Meeting the Universe Halfway

Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning

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Author: Karen Barad

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822339175

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 5209

A theoretical physicist and feminist theorist, Karen Barad elaborates her theory of agential realism, a schema that is at once a new epistemology, ontology, and ethics.

Agentieller Realismus

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Author: Karen Barad

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772201

Category: Philosophy

Page: 122

View: 2961

Mit ihrem Konzept des »Agentialen Realismus« findet Karen Barad seit einigen Jahren große Aufmerksamkeit, insbesondere unter Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern, die sich mit Diskursanalyse, Techniksoziologie und Gender Studies beschäftigten. Barads Anliegen besteht darin, das Denken über Sprache, Diskurse und Dinge auf eine radikal neue Grundlage zu stellen. In ihrem vielbeachteten Essay, mit dem nun erstmals ein Text Barads auf Deutsch vorliegt, plädiert sie ausgehend von epistemologischen Überlegungen des dänischen Physikers Niels Bohr dafür, die Grenzen zwischen den Objekten, unseren Instrumenten, der Sprache und den menschlichen Beobachtern neu zu vermessen.

Familie – Jugend – Generation

Medienkulturwissenschaftliche und japanwissenschaftliche Perspektiven

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Author: Nora Kottmann,Hans Malmede,Stephanie Osawa,Katrin Ullmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658015683

Category: Social Science

Page: 213

View: 7206

Der demographische Wandel hat in allen postindustriellen Gesellschaften unübersehbare ökonomische, kulturelle und soziale Folgen; sie zeigen sich nicht zuletzt in der Entgrenzung von Familie, Jugend(lichkeit) und Generation(alität). Begleitet von Verunsicherungen und Risiken, aber auch Chancen und Möglichkeiten werden familiäre Lebensformen, (Geschlechter-)Identitäten und Altersrollen neu ausgehandelt. Als Reaktion darauf deuten sich in globaler Perspektive diverse Anforderungen und Handlungsstrategien an. Dies nehmen die AutorInnen zum Anlass, Familie – Jugend – Generation im japanischen sowie europäischen/deutschen Kontext interdisziplinär zu betrachten und (mögliche) Veränderungen sowohl diskursiv als auch konkret lebensweltlich zu untersuchen.

Handbuch Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung

Theorie, Methoden, Empirie

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Author: Ruth Becker,Beate Kortendiek

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322994619

Category: Social Science

Page: 736

View: 5605

Das Handbuch der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung bietet mit seinen Beiträgen zu 90 Stichworten einen fundierten Überblick über die Entwicklung und den aktuellen Stand der deutschsprachigen und internationalen Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung. Es eignet sich insbesondere als Nachschlagewerk für Forschung und Lehre. Die Aufsätze behandeln zentrale Fragen der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung aus unterschiedlichen Disziplinen (Soziologie, Pädagogik, Politik-, Kultur-, Ingenieur- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Medizin, Psychologie, Theologie und Jura) und auf unterschiedlichen Ebenen: Das Spektrum der Beiträge reicht von den theoretischen Konzepten zum Geschlecht über Methoden der Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung bis zu zentralen Forschungs- und Arbeitsfeldern. Die Artikel bieten eine Übersicht über die jeweiligen zentralen Definitionen, grundlegenden Studien und Debatten und aktuellen (Forschungs-)Ergebnisse des vorgestellten Themenbereichs sowie einen Ausblick auf Forschungsfragen und Zukunftsvisionen.

Geschlechter Interferenzen

Wissensformen - Subjektivierungsweisen - Materialisierungen

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Author: Corinna Bath,Hanna Meissner,Stephan Trinkaus

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643109040

Category: Feminism and science

Page: 253

View: 3422

Worlds Without End

The Many Lives of the Multiverse

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Author: Mary-Jane Rubenstein

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152742X

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 7283

"Multiverse" cosmologies imagine our universe as just one of a vast number of others. While this idea has captivated philosophy, religion, and literature for millennia, it is now being considered as a scientific hypothesis—with different models emerging from cosmology, quantum mechanics, and string theory. Beginning with ancient Atomist and Stoic philosophies, Mary-Jane Rubenstein links contemporary models of the multiverse to their forerunners and explores the reasons for their recent appearance. One concerns the so-called fine-tuning of the universe: nature's constants are so delicately calibrated that it seems they have been set just right to allow life to emerge. For some thinkers, these "fine-tunings" are evidence of the existence of God; for others, however, and for most physicists, "God" is an insufficient scientific explanation. Hence the allure of the multiverse: if all possible worlds exist somewhere, then like monkeys hammering out Shakespeare, one universe is bound to be suitable for life. Of course, this hypothesis replaces God with an equally baffling article of faith: the existence of universes beyond, before, or after our own, eternally generated yet forever inaccessible to observation or experiment. In their very efforts to sidestep metaphysics, theoretical physicists propose multiverse scenarios that collide with it and even produce counter-theological narratives. Far from invalidating multiverse hypotheses, Rubenstein argues, this interdisciplinary collision actually secures their scientific viability. We may therefore be witnessing a radical reconfiguration of physics, philosophy, and religion in the modern turn to the multiverse.

?Selbst?-Inszenierung in der Videokunst: Die Knstlerin und ihr K”rper: Lynda Benglis, Lili Dujourie und Joan Jonas

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Author: Marie Sophie Beckmann

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 3955491870

Category: Photography

Page: 52

View: 5589

Wie verwenden weibliche Knstlerinnen das Medium Video in seiner Frhphase? Wie setzen sie ihre K”rper ein und welche neuen K”rperbilder entstehen durch diesen Umgang? Die Arbeit geht der Frage des Erscheinens des K”rpers in verschiedenen Video-Arbeiten dreier feministischer Knstlerinnen der 1970er Jahre nach. Dabei steht ein komplexes Verst„ndnis des ?Video-Apparatus? und dessen spezifische technische Performativit„t im Fokus der Betrachtung. Video erlaubt es, den K”rper innerhalb eines sowohl beeinflussbaren als auch grunds„tzlich instabilen Raum-Zeit-Gefges erscheinen zu lassen. Es geht also nicht um Abbildungen oder Repr„sentationen des K”rpers, sondern um ein K”rperwerden der Video-Assemblage selbst. Die Arbeit macht dieses Werden analysierbar, indem sie sich auf das Konzept der Intra-Aktivit„t und der Diffraktion von Karen Barad sttzt. Arbeiten der Knstlerinnen Lynda Benglis, Lili Dujourie und Joan Jonas werden in die Analyse einbezogen, um verschiedene Strategien der Selbst-Inszenierung aufzuzeigen.

Embodied Politics in Visual Autobiography

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Author: Sarah Brophy,Janice Hladki

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442666153

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 320

View: 4579

From reality television to film, performance, and video art, autobiography is everywhere in today’s image-obsessed age. With contributions by both artists and scholars, Embodied Politics in Visual Autobiography is a unique examination of visual autobiography’s involvement in the global cultural politics of health, disability, and the body. This provocative collection looks at images of selfhood and embodiment in a variety of media and with a particular focus on bodily identities and practices that challenge the norm: a pregnant man in cyberspace, a fat activist performance troupe, indigenous artists intervening in museums, transnational selves who connect disability to war, and many more. The chapters in Embodied Politics in Visual Autobiography reflect several different theoretical approaches but share a common concern with the ways in which visual culture can generate resistance, critique, and creative interventions. With contributions that investigate digital media, installation art, graphic memoir, performance, film, reality television, photography, and video art, the collection offers a wide-ranging critical account of what is clearly becoming one of the most important issues in contemporary culture.

Danish Yearbook of Philosophy, Vol. 44 (2009)

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Author: Finn Collin

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 8763530988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 122

View: 3179

The Danish Yearbook of Philosophy is a peer reviewed journal committed to publishing high quality articles from Danish and international scholars, and encourages papers across a wide range of philosophical issues. Volume 44 includes the following: Unreduced Experience in the Medium of Conceptual Reflection: Adorno and the Future of Post-Analytical Philosophy * Dissent in Communicative Ethics and Political Philosophy * A Brief History of Climatological Time * Modalities of Science: Narrative, Phronesis, and the Practices of Medicine * Humanities for Humanity 2.0: The Problem of 'Human' as a Projectible Predicate * A New Start for the Humanities Is Required for the 21st Century: A Debate among Steve Fuller, Ronald Schleifer, and Robert Markley

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

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Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 9671

It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

How Matter Matters

Objects, Artifacts, and Materiality in Organization Studies

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Author: Paul R. Carlile,Davide Nicolini,Ann Langley,Haridimos Tsoukas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199671532

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 294

View: 8284

The third volume in the Perspectives on Process Organization Studies Series focuses on the entanglement of social and material aspects of organizations, and in particular the role of objects and material artifacts in the process of organizing.

The Social Politics of Research Collaboration

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Author: Gabriele Griffin,Katarina Hamberg,Britta Lundgren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135091706

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1838

The past two decades have seen an increasing emphasis on large and interdisciplinary research configurations such as research networks, and centers of excellence including those in Social Sciences and Humanities research. Little research has been undertaken, however, to understand how these new large research structures that are being called forth by research funders and research/higher education institutions alike function socially, and what the impact of operating within such structures is on those working within, and those working with, them. Past writers have discussed the "intra-agentic" operations of human researchers and the material laboratory environment in its broadest sense. This volume is concerned with the social politics of research collaboration in relation to six key positions: leaders of large research formations, leaders of sub-projects within large collaborations, participant researchers, junior and early career researchers, advisory board members, and those who look in from the outside such as researchers who are un-funded. It explores the mostly unacknowledged but critical aspect of social structures in research, discussing issues such as struggles over leadership styles, the marginalization of researchers working cross-disciplinarily, power hierarchies and intellectual ownership, and the silencing of dissent in research.

Modernist Fiction and Vagueness

Philosophy, Form, and Language

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Author: Megan Quigley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131619566X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 5202

Modernist Fiction and Vagueness marries the artistic and philosophical versions of vagueness, linking the development of literary modernism to changes in philosophy. This book argues that the problem of vagueness - language's unavoidable imprecision - led to transformations in both fiction and philosophy in the early twentieth century. Both twentieth-century philosophers and their literary counterparts (including James, Eliot, Woolf, and Joyce) were fascinated by the vagueness of words and the dream of creating a perfectly precise language. Building on recent interest in the connections between analytic philosophy, pragmatism, and modern literature, Modernist Fiction and Vagueness demonstrates that vagueness should be read not as an artistic problem but as a defining quality of modernist fiction.

Environmental Practice and Early American Literature

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Author: Michael Ziser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107005434

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 224

View: 3715

This original and provocative study tells the story of American literary history from the perspective of its environmental context. Weaving together close readings of early American texts with ecological histories of tobacco, potatoes, apples, and honey bees, Michael Ziser presents a method for literary criticism that explodes the conceptual distinction between the civilized and natural world. Beginning with the English exploration of Virginia in the sixteenth century, Ziser argues that the settlement of the "New World" - and the cultivation and exploitation of its bounty - dramatically altered how writers used language to describe the phenomena they encountered on the frontier. Examining the work of Harriot, Grainger, Cooper, Thoreau and others, Ziser reveals how these authors, whether consciously or not, transcribed the vibrant ecology of North America, and the ways that the environment helped codify a uniquely American literary aesthetic of lasting importance.

An Anthropology of Learning

On Nested Frictions in Cultural Ecologies

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Author: Cathrine Hasse

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401796068

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 7857

This book has one explicit purpose: to present a new theory of cultural learning in organisations which combines practice-based learning with cultural models - a cognitive anthropological schema theory of taken-for-granted connections - tied to the everyday meaningful use of artefacts. The understanding of culture as emerging in a process of learning open up for new understandings, which is useful for researchers, practitioners and students interested in dynamic studies of culture and cultural studies of organisations. The new approach goes beyond culture as a static, essentialist entity and open for our possibility to learn in organisations across national cultures, across ethnicity and across the apparently insurmountable local educational differences which makes it difficult for people to communicate working together in an increasingly globalized world. The empirical examples are mainly drawn from organisations of education and science which are melting-pots of cultural encounters.

Geschlechter Interferenzen

Wissensformen - Subjektivierungsweisen - Materialisierungen

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Author: Corinna Bath,Hanna Meissner,Stephan Trinkaus

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643109040

Category: Feminism and science

Page: 253

View: 7368

Darwin's Pharmacy

Sex, Plants, and the Evolution of the Noosphere

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Author: Richard M. Doyle

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295803002

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 852

Are humans unwitting partners in evolution with psychedelic plants? Darwin�s Pharmacy shows they are by weaving the evolutionary theory of sexual selection and the study of rhetoric together with the science and literature of psychedelic drugs. Long suppressed as components of the human tool kit, psychedelic plants can be usefully modeled as �eloquence adjuncts� that intensify a crucial component of sexual selection in humans: discourse. Psychedelic plants seduce us to interact with them, building an ongoing interdependence: rhetoric as evolutionary mechanism. In doing so, they engage our awareness of the noosphere, or thinking stratum of the earth. The realization that the human organism is part of an interconnected ecosystem is an apprehension of immanence that could ultimately benefit the planet and its inhabitants. To explore the rhetoric of the psychedelic experience and its significance to evolution, Doyle takes his readers on an epic journey through the writings of William Burroughs and Kary Mullis, the work of ethnobotanists and anthropologists, and anonymous trip reports. The results offer surprising insights into evolutionary theory, the war on drugs, the internet, and the nature of human consciousness itself. Watch the book trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xof-t2cAob4

Culturing Bioscience

A Case Study in the Anthropology of Science

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Author: Udo Krautwurst

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604646

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 1642

Charting the rise and fall of an experimental biomedical facility at a North American university, Culturing Bioscience offers a fascinating glimpse into scientific culture and the social and political context in which that culture operates. Krautwurst nests the discussion of scientific culture within a series of levels from the lab to the global political economy. In the process he explores a number of topics, including: the social impact of technology; researchers' relationships with sophisticated equipment; what scientists actually do in a laboratory; what role science plays in the contemporary university; and the way bioscience interacts with local, regional, and global governments. The result is a rich case study that illustrates a host of contemporary issues in the social study of science.