Meeting the Nation's Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists:

Summary of the 1993 Public Hearings

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Author: Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel,Studies and Surveys Unit,Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel,National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309083699

Category: Medical

Page: 108

View: 9411

Meeting the Nation's Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists : Summary of the 1993 Public Hearing

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Author: NRC Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel,NRC Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Research Personnel

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 96

View: 377

This book assesses the nation's future needs for biomedical and behavioral scientists and the role the National Research Service Awards (NRSA) program can play in meeting those needs. The year 1994 marks the twentieth anniversary of the National Research Act of 1974 (PL 93-348), which established the NRSA program. In its twenty years of operation, the NRSA program has made it possible for many thousands of talented individuals in the basic biomedical, behavioral, and clinical sciences to sharpen their research skills and to apply those skills to topics of special concern to the nation, such as aging, hypertension, the genetic basis of disease, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), cancer, environmental toxicology, nutrition and health, and substance abuse.

Addressing the Nation's Changing Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists

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Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Education and Career Studies Unit,Committee on National Needs for Biomedical and Behavioral Scientists

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309172035

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 9684

As biomedical and behavioral research progresses into new areas, the number of scientists active in various fields rises and falls, and the health needs of the U.S. population evolve, it is important to ensure that the preparation of future investigators reflects these changes. This book addresses these topics by considering questions such as the following: What is the current supply of biomedical and behavioral scientists? How is future demand for scientists likely to be affected by factors such as advances in research, trends in the employment of scientists, future research funding, and changes in health care delivery? What are the best ways to prepare prospective investigators to meet future needs in scientific research? In the course of addressing these questions, this volume examines the number of investigators trained every year, patterns of hiring by universities and industry, and the age of the scientific workforce in different fields, and makes recommendations for the number of scientists that should be trained in the years ahead. This book also considers the diversity of the research workforce and the importance of providing prospective scientists with the skills to successfully collaborate with investigators in related fields, and offers suggestions for how government and universities should structure their research training programs differently in the future.

Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences

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Author: Committee to Study the National Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Personnel,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309159652

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 6426

Comprehensive research and a highly-trained workforce are essential for the improvement of health and health care both nationally and internationally. During the past 40 years the National Research Services Award (NRSA) Program has played a large role in training the workforce responsible for dramatic advances in the understanding of various diseases and new insights that have led to more effective and targeted therapies. In spite of this program, the difficulty obtaining jobs after the postdoc period has discouraged many domestic students from pursuing graduate postdoc training. In the United States, more than 50 percent of the postdoc workforce is made up of individuals who obtained their Ph.D.s from other countries. Indeed, one can make a strong argument that the influx of highly trained and creative foreigners has contributed greatly to U.S. science over the past 70 years. Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences discusses a number of important issues, including: the job prospects for postdocs completing their training; questions about the continued supply of international postdocs in an increasingly competitive world; the need for equal, excellent training for all graduate students who receive NIH funding; and the need to increase the diversity of trainees. The book recommends improvements in minority recruiting, more rigorous and extensive training in the responsible conduct of research and ethics, increased emphasis on career development, more attention to outcomes, and the requirement for incorporating more quantitative thinking in the biomedical curriculum.

Writing Successful Grant Proposals from the Top Down and Bottom Up

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Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412999286

Category: Psychology

Page: 355

View: 1395

Witten by well-respected editors with proven success in grant writing, this book will provide comprehensive advice on how to build a successful grant proposal, from the top down and from the bottom up. The book provides advice on planning, executing, submitting, and revising grant proposals in order to maximize their chances of success. Features: · Explores general strategies and tactics including laying the groundwork, follow-up, attracting colleagues to participate, revisions, and resubmissions · Examines key mistakes that grant-proposers often make and offers suggestions for how to avoid them · Includes tips for writing specific proposal for various agencies

Assessment of NIH Minority Research and Training Programs

Phase 3

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Author: National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Oversight Committee for the Assessment of NIH Minority Research Training Programs,Committee for the Assessment of NIH Minority Research Training Programs

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309181259

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 1678

This report provides an assessment of NIH’s programs for increasing the participation in biomedical science of individuals from underrepresented minority groups. The report examines, using available data and the results of a survey of NIH trainees, the characteristics and outcomes of programs at the undergraduate, graduate, postdoctoral, and junior faculty levels. The report provides recommendations for improving these programs and their administration. It also recommends how NIH can improve the data it collects on trainees in all NIH research training programs so as to enhance training program evaluation.

Advancing the Nation's Health Needs:

NIH Research Training Programs

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Author: Committee for Monitoring the Nation's Changing Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council,Board on Higher Education and Workforce

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309094275

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 1081

This report is the twelfth assessment of the National Institutes of Health National Research Service Awards program. The research training needs of the country in basic biomedical, clinical, and behavioral and social sciences are considered. Also included are the training needs of oral health, nursing, and health services research. The report has been broadly constructed to take into account the rapidly evolving national and international health care needs. The past and present are analyzed, and predictions with regard to future needs are presented.

Careers in Clinical Research

Obstacles and Opportunities

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Author: William N. Kelley,Mark A. Randolph

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 332

View: 4808

This volume explores how clinical research is conducted, what human resources are available, and what research opportunities lie ahead; why health professionals become discouraged about clinical research; how the educational system has failed in this area and what programs stand out as models; and how funding affects the supply of researchers.

Performance Improvement 1995

Evaluation Activities of the Public Health Service

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Author: United States. Public Health Service

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 119

View: 6386

Health Services Research

Work Force and Educational Issues

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Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Health Services Research: Training and Work Force Issues

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309176071

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 8086

In a health care environment undergoing major restructuring, health services researchers have an important contribution to make in evaluating the impact of change and in guiding policymakers, clinicians, corporate purchasers, and patients. This book examines the health services research work force and its education. Conclusions focus on the quantity and quality of the work force, prospects for the future, and directions for government policy.

Performance Improvement

Evaluation Activities of the Public Health Service

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Public health

Page: N.A

View: 2478

Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation:

America's Science and Technology Talent at the Crossroads

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Author: Committee on Underrepresented Groups and the Expansion of the Science and Engineering Workforce Pipeline,Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy,Policy and Global Affairs,National Academy of Sciences,National Academy of Engineering,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309159687

Category: Education

Page: 286

View: 7850

In order for the United States to maintain the global leadership and competitiveness in science and technology that are critical to achieving national goals, we must invest in research, encourage innovation, and grow a strong and talented science and technology workforce. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation explores the role of diversity in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) workforce and its value in keeping America innovative and competitive. According to the book, the U.S. labor market is projected to grow faster in science and engineering than in any other sector in the coming years, making minority participation in STEM education at all levels a national priority. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation analyzes the rate of change and the challenges the nation currently faces in developing a strong and diverse workforce. Although minorities are the fastest growing segment of the population, they are underrepresented in the fields of science and engineering. Historically, there has been a strong connection between increasing educational attainment in the United States and the growth in and global leadership of the economy. Expanding Underrepresented Minority Participation suggests that the federal government, industry, and post-secondary institutions work collaboratively with K-12 schools and school systems to increase minority access to and demand for post-secondary STEM education and technical training. The book also identifies best practices and offers a comprehensive road map for increasing involvement of underrepresented minorities and improving the quality of their education. It offers recommendations that focus on academic and social support, institutional roles, teacher preparation, affordability and program development.

Optimizing the Nation's Investment in Academic Research

A New Regulatory Framework for the 21st Century

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Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Higher Education and Workforce,Committee on Science, Technology, and Law,Committee on Federal Research Regulations and Reporting Requirements: A New Framework for Research Universities in the 21st Century

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309379482

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 7628

Research universities are critical contributors to our national research enterprise. They are the principal source of a world-class labor force and fundamental discoveries that enhance our lives and the lives of others around the world. These institutions help to create an educated citizenry capable of making informed and crucial choices as participants in a democratic society. However many are concerned that the unintended cumulative effect of federal regulations undercuts the productivity of the research enterprise and diminishes the return on the federal investment in research. Optimizing the Nation's Investment in Academic Research reviews the regulatory framework as it currently exists, considers specific regulations that have placed undue and often unanticipated burdens on the research enterprise, and reassesses the process by which these regulations are created, reviewed, and retired. This review is critical to strengthen the partnership between the federal government and research institutions, to maximize the creation of new knowledge and products, to provide for the effective training and education of the next generation of scholars and workers, and to optimize the return on the federal investment in research for the benefit of the American people.

Bridging Disciplines in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences

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Author: Committee on Building Bridges in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences,Institute of Medicine,Division of Neuroscience and Behavioral Health

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309070783

Category: Medical

Page: 144

View: 5195

Interdisciplinary research is a cooperative effort by a team of investigators, each an expert in the use of different methods and concepts, who have joined in an organized program to attack a challenging problem. Each investigator is responsible for the research in their area of discipline that applies to the problem, but together the investigators are responsible for the final product. The need for interdisciplinary training activities has been detailed over the last 25 years in both public and private reports. The history of science and technology has even shown the important advances that arose from interdisciplinary research, including plate tectonics which brought together geologists, oceanographers, paleomagnetists, seismologists, and geophysicists to advance the ability to forecast earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. In recognition of this, the need to train scientists who can address the highly complex problems that challenge us today and fully use new knowledge and technology, and the fact that cooperative efforts have proved difficult, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR), the National Institute on Nursing Research (NINR), and the National Institute on Aging (NIA) requested that an Institute of Medicine (IOM) Committee be created to complete several tasks including: examining the needs and strategies for interdisciplinary training in the brain, behavioral, social, and clinical sciences, defining necessary components of true interdisciplinary training in these areas, and reviewing current educational and training programs to identify elements of model programs that best facilitate interdisciplinary training. Bridging Disciplines in the Brain, Behavioral, and Clinical Sciences provides the conclusions and recommendations of this committee. Due to evaluations of the success of interdisciplinary training programs are scarce, the committee could not specify the "necessary components" or identify the elements that "best facilitate" interdisciplinary training. However, after reviewing existing programs and consulting with experts, the committee identified approaches likely to be successful in providing direction for interdisciplinary endeavors at various career stages. This report also includes interviews, training programs, and workshop agendas used.

Advancing the Nation's Health Needs:

NIH Research Training Programs

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Author: Committee for Monitoring the Nation's Changing Needs for Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Personnel,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council,Board on Higher Education and Workforce

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309094275

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 8497

This report is the twelfth assessment of the National Institutes of Health National Research Service Awards program. The research training needs of the country in basic biomedical, clinical, and behavioral and social sciences are considered. Also included are the training needs of oral health, nursing, and health services research. The report has been broadly constructed to take into account the rapidly evolving national and international health care needs. The past and present are analyzed, and predictions with regard to future needs are presented.