Mechanisms of Organic Reactions

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Author: Howard Maskill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198558224

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 998

Focusing on organic reactions, this text begins by introducing modern technology, definitions, and concepts of mechanisms and reactivity. The following four chapters are accounts of the mechanisms of four of the main classes of reactions of aliphatic compounds.

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

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Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124967120

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 1732

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis

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Author: Rakesh Kumar Parashar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681266

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 3510

Organic chemistry is a core part of the chemistry curricula, and advanced levels texts often obscure the essential framework underlying and uniting the vast numbers of reactions as a result of the high level of detail presented. The material in this book is condensed into a manageable text of 350 pages and presented in a clear and logical fashion, focusing purely on the basics of the subject without going through exhaustive detail or repetitive examples. The book aims to bridge the gap between undergraduate organic chemistry textbooks and advanced level textbooks, beginning with a basic introductory course and arranging the reaction mechanisms according to an ascending order of difficulty. As such, the author believes the book will be excellent primer for advanced postgraduates Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis is written from the point of view of the synthetic organic chemist, enabling students and researchers to understand and expand on reactions covered in foundation courses, and to apply them in a practical context by designing syntheses. As a further aid to the practical research student, the content is organized according to the conditions under which a reaction is executed rather than by the types of mechanisms. Particular emphasis is placed on controlling stereospecificity and regiospecificity. Topics covered include: Transition metal mediated carbon-carbon bond formation reactions Use of stabilized carbanions, ylides and enamines for carbon-carbon bond formation reactions, Advanced level use of oxidation and reduction reagents in synthesis. As a modern text, this book stands out from its competitors due to its comprehensive coverage of recently published research. The book contains specific examples from the latest literature, covering modern reactions and the latest procedural modifications. The focus on contemporary and synthetically useful reactions ensures that the contents are specifically relevant and attractive to postgraduate students and industrial organic chemists.

The Art of Writing Reasonable Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Robert B. Grossman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387954686

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 7465

Intended for students of intermediate organic chemistry, this text shows how to write a reasonable mechanism for an organic chemical transformation. The discussion is organized by types of mechanisms and the conditions under which the reaction is executed, rather than by the overall reaction as is the case in most textbooks. Each chapter discusses common mechanistic pathways and suggests practical tips for drawing them. Worked problems are included in the discussion of each mechanism, and "common error alerts" are scattered throughout the text to warn readers about pitfalls and misconceptions that bedevil students. Each chapter is capped by a large problem set.

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

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Author: Kenneth A. Savin

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124105092

Category: Science

Page: 510

View: 7445

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Third Edition, is a guide to understanding the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Expanding on the successful book by Miller and Solomon, this new edition further enhances your understanding of reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry and shows that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. The book has been extensively revised with new material including a completely new chapter on oxidation and reduction reactions including stereochemical reactions. It is also now illustrated with hundreds of colorful chemical structures to help you understand reaction processes more easily. The book also features new and extended problem sets and answers to help you understand the general principles and how to apply these to real applications. In addition, there are new information boxes throughout the text to provide useful background to reactions and the people behind the discovery of a reaction. This new edition will be of interest to students and research chemists who want to learn how to organize what may seem an overwhelming quantity of information into a set of simple general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. Extensively rewritten and reorganized with a completely new chapter on oxidation and reduction reactions including stereochemical reactions Essential for those who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide Now illustrated with hundreds of colorful chemical structures to help you understand reaction processes more easily New and extended problem sets and answers to help you understand the general principles and how to apply this to real applications New information boxes throughout the text to provide useful background to reactions and the people behind the discovery of a reaction

Organic Mechanisms

Reactions, Stereochemistry and Synthesis

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Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642036503

Category: Science

Page: 855

View: 4211

This English edition of a best-selling and award-winning German textbook Reaction Mechanisms: Organic Reactions · Stereochemistry · Modern Synthetic Methods is aimed at those who desire to learn organic chemistry through an approach that is facile to understand and easily committed to memory. Michael Harmata, Norman Rabjohn Distinguished Professor of Organic Chemistry (University of Missouri) surveyed the accuracy of the translation, made certain contributions, and above all adapted its rationalizations to those prevalent in the organic chemistry community in the English-speaking world. Throughout the book fundamental and advanced reaction mechanisms are presented with meticulous precision. The systematic use of red "electron-pushing arrows" allows students to follow each transformation elementary step by elementary step. Mechanisms are not only presented in the traditional contexts of rate laws and substituent effects but, whenever possible, are illustrated using practical, useful and state-of-the-art reactions. The abundance of stereoselective reactions included in the treatise makes the reader familiar with key concepts of stereochemistry. The fundamental topics of the book address the needs of upper-level undergraduate students, while its advanced sections are intended for graduate-level audiences. Accordingly, this book is an essential learning tool for students and a unique addition to the reference desk of practicing organic chemists, who as life-long learners desire to keep abreast of both fundamental and applied aspects of our science. In addition, it will well serve ambitious students in chemistry-related fields such as biochemistry, medicinal chemistry and pharmaceutical chemistry. From the reviews: "Professor Bruckner has further refined his already masterful synthetic organic chemistry classic; the additions are seamless and the text retains the magnificent clarity, rigour and precision which were the hallmark of previous editions. The strength of the book stems from Professor Bruckner’s ability to provide lucid explanations based on a deep understanding of physical organic chemistry and to limit discussion to very carefully selected reaction classes illuminated by exquisitely pertinent examples, often from the recent literature. The panoply of organic synthesis is analysed and dissected according to fundamental structural, orbital, kinetic and thermodynamic principles with an effortless coherence that yields great insight and never over-simplifies. The perfect source text for advanced Undergraduate and Masters/PhD students who want to understand, in depth, the art of synthesis ." Alan C. Spivey, Imperial College London "Bruckner’s ‘Organic Mechanisms’ accurately reflects the way practicing organic chemists think and speak about organic reactions. The figures are beautifully drawn and show the way organic chemists graphically depict reactions. It uses a combination of basic valence bond pictures with more sophisticated molecular orbital treatments. It handles mechanisms both from the "electron pushing perspective" and from a kinetic and energetic view. The book will be very useful to new US graduate students and will help bring them to the level of sophistication needed to be serious researchers in organic chemistry." Charles P. Casey, University of Wisconsin-Madison "This is an excellent advanced organic chemistry textbook that provides a key resource for students and teachers alike." Mark Rizzacasa, University of Melbourne, Australia.

Organic Mechanisms

Reactions, Methodology, and Biological Applications

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Author: Xiaoping Sun

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118507916

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 7580

Instills a deeper understanding of how and why organic reactions happen Integrating reaction mechanisms, synthetic methodology, and biological applications, Organic Mechanisms gives organic chemists the tools needed to perform seamless organic reactions. By explaining the underlying mechanisms of organic reactions, author Xiaoping Sun makes it possible for readers to gain a deeper understanding of not only chemical phenomena, but also the ability to develop new synthetic methods. Moreover, by emphasizing biological applications, this book enables readers to master both advanced organic chemistry theory and practice. Organic Mechanisms consists of ten chapters, beginning with a review of fundamental physicochemical principles that are essential for understanding the nature of organic mechanisms. Each one of the remaining chapters is devoted to a major class of organic reactions, including: Aliphatic C–H bond functionalization Functionalization of the alkene C=C bond by cycloaddition reactions Nucleophilic substitutions on sp3-hybridized carbons Nucleophilic additions and substitutions on carbonyl groups Reactivity of the α-hydrogen to carbonyl groups Rearrangements A brief review of basic organic chemistry begins each chapter, helping readers move from fundamental concepts to an advanced understanding of reaction mechanisms. Key mechanisms are illustrated by expertly drawn figures highlighting microscopic details. End-of-chapter problems enable readers to put their newfound knowledge into practice by solving key problems in organic reactions with the use of mechanistic studies, and a Solutions Manual is available online for course instructors. Thoroughly referenced and current with recent findings in organic reaction mechanisms, Organic Mechanisms is recommended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in advanced organic chemistry, as well as for practicing chemists who want to further explore the mechanistic aspects of organic reactions.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: V. K. Ahluwalia,Rakesh Kumar Parashar

Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

ISBN: 9781842652367

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 7531

This book, written explicitly for graduate and postgraduate students of chemistry, provides an extensive coverage of various organic reaction and rearrangements with emphasis on there application in synthesis. A summary of oxidation and reduction of organic compounds is given in tabular form (correlation tables) for the convenience of students. The most commonly encountered reaction intermediates are dealt with. Applications of organic reagents illustrated with examples and problems at the end of each chapter will enable students to evaluate their understanding of the topic.

Determination of organic reaction mechanisms

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Author: Barry Keith Carpenter

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 247

View: 1049

This practical handbook presents concise descriptions of the most commonly employed experimental techniques for studying reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. For each technique, all necessary theoretical background is covered, and at least one example of its application--taken from the research literature--is described in detail.

A Handbook of Organic Chemistry Mechanisms

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Author: Peter Wepplo

Publisher: Curved Arrow Press

ISBN: 0977931331

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 2104

A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms is designed to accompany a standard organic chemistry textbook. The book presents complete mechanisms, start to finish, without any steps skipped or left out. The mechanisms have been carefully written to show each step in a logical and easy to follow format. Students have enthusiastically attested to the ease with which they could understand the mechanisms. Reaction mechanisms are one of the most challenging aspects of organic chemistry. This book is derived from Part D of A Guide to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms. That book is a guided inquiry workbook that shows students how to study and enables them to learn reaction mechanisms. Student knowledge is increased step by step by completing mechanisms at easy, moderate, and textbook levels of difficulty. A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms also relies on example-based teaching. Chemical reactions can be learned in context, the way infants learn. Learning reactions from rules is difficult when there are many exceptions. Substitution and elimination reactions are noteworthy due to the number of conditions that must be accounted for. With example-based teaching, you can deduce the importance that stereochemistry, structure, solvent, leaving group, charge, basicity, or nucleophilicity may have on a reaction. A Handbook to Organic Chemistry Mechanisms has been designed with the principle that our brains are pattern-matching machines. Therefore, an emphasis has been placed upon the patterns of reactions. Each chapter represents a basic mechanistic theme. That theme is repeated with the examples. Insightful explanations have been included with the mechanisms. This book will be a valuable resourcefor reviewing for an exam, solving problems, or studying for the MCAT.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121381103

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 1699

Contents - Radical Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Additions to the Olefinic C=C Double Bond. Eliminations Substitution Reactions on Aromatic Compounds. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions (Except Through Enolates) on the Carboxyl Carbon. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Heterocumulenes. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds and Their Secondary Reactions. Addition of H Nucleophiles and Metal Organyls to Carbonyl Compounds. Reaction of Ylides with Saturated or Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds. Chemistry of the Alkaline Earth Metal Enolates. Rearrangements. Thermal Cycloadditions. Transition Metal-Mediated Alkenylations, Arylations and Alkynylations. Oxidations and Reductions.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms

40 Solved Cases

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Author: Mar Gomez-Gallego,Miguel A. Sierra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642187889

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 3451

Organic Reaction Mechanisms shows readers how to interpret the experimental data obtained from an organic reaction, and specifically how an organic reaction mechanism can be considered or rejected based on the analysis of the experimental evidence. Whilst examining a series of selected examples of mechanisms, the text focuses on real cases and discusses them in detail. The examples are arranged to elucidate key aspects of organic reaction mechanisms. The authors employ all the types of information that the authors of the original work considered useful and necessary, including spectroscopic data, kinetic and thermodynamic data, isotopic labelling and organic reactivity. The book makes an excellent primer for advanced undergraduates in chemistry who are preparing for exams and is also useful for graduate students and instructors.

Electrochemical Reactions and Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

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Author: J. Grimshaw

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080530727

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 6678

Electrochemical reactions make significant contributions to organic synthesis either in the laboratory or on an industrial scale. These methods have the potential for developing more "green" chemical synthesis. Over recent years, modern investigations have clarified the mechanisms of important organic electrochemical reactions. Progress has also been made in controlling the reactivity of intermediates through either radical or ionic pathways. Now is the time to gather all the electrochemical work into a textbook. As an essential addition to the armory of synthetic organic chemists, electrochemical reactions give results not easily achieved by many other chemical routes. This book presents a logical development of reactions and mechanisms in organic electrochemistry at a level suited to research scientists and final year graduate students. It forms an excellent starting point from which synthetic organic chemists, in both academia and industry, can appreciate uses for electrochemical methods in their own work. The book is also a reference guide to the literature.

Strategic Applications of Named Reactions in Organic Synthesis

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Author: Laszlo Kurti,Barbara Czako

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080575412

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 7742

Kurti and Czako have produced an indispensable tool for specialists and non-specialists in organic chemistry. This innovative reference work includes 250 organic reactions and their strategic use in the synthesis of complex natural and unnatural products. Reactions are thoroughly discussed in a convenient, two-page layout--using full color. Its comprehensive coverage, superb organization, quality of presentation, and wealth of references, make this a necessity for every organic chemist. * The first reference work on named reactions to present colored schemes for easier understanding * 250 frequently used named reactions are presented in a convenient two-page layout with numerous examples * An opening list of abbreviations includes both structures and chemical names * Contains more than 10,000 references grouped by seminal papers, reviews, modifications, and theoretical works * Appendices list reactions in order of discovery, group by contemporary usage, and provide additional study tools * Extensive index quickly locates information using words found in text and drawings

Challenging Problems in Organic Reaction Mechanisms

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Author: Darshan Ranganathan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323160719

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 8380

Challenging Problems in Organic Reaction Mechanisms explores the problems encountered in the study of the various facets of organic chemistry, including syntheses, reactions, reagents, and reaction mechanisms. Each problem describes the starting material, the conditions of the reaction, and the product, followed by the reference to the original publication. This permits the reader to solve the problem independently and then compare the results with those presented in the literature. The example problems are arranged in such a manner that each page is balanced. The utility of this collection has been enhanced by inclusion of, first, a ""compound index"" which allows rapid identification of rearrangements associated with a specific substrate; second, a ""reaction-type index"" which unifies reactions associated with a particular transition state and brings into focus the usefulness of Woodward-Hoffman notations in understanding bond formation and cleavage; and, finally, a ""problem classification index"". This work is of great value to organic chemists and researchers and organic chemistry teachers and students.

Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2012

An annual survey covering the literature dated January to December 2012

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Author: A. C. Knipe

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118930762

Category: Science

Page: 658

View: 4685

Organic Reaction Mechanisms 2012, the 48th annual volume in this highly successful and unique series, surveys research on organic reaction mechanisms described in the available literature dated 2012. The following classes of organic reaction mechanisms are comprehensively reviewed: Reaction of Aldehydes and Ketones and their Derivatives Reactions of Carboxylic, Phosphoric, and Sulfonic Acids and their Derivatives Oxidation and Reduction Carbenes and Nitrenes Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Carbocations Nucleophilic Aliphatic Substitution Carbanions and Electrophilic Aliphatic Substitution Elimination Reactions Polar Addition Reactions Cycloaddition Reactions Molecular Rearrangements An experienced team of authors compiled these reviews, ensuring the quality of selection and presentation.