Mathematics: A Concise History and Philosophy

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Author: W.S. Anglin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208750

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 417

This is a concise introductory textbook for a one-semester (40-class) course in the history and philosophy of mathematics. It is written for mathemat ics majors, philosophy students, history of science students, and (future) secondary school mathematics teachers. The only prerequisite is a solid command of precalculus mathematics. On the one hand, this book is designed to help mathematics majors ac quire a philosophical and cultural understanding of their subject by means of doing actual mathematical problems from different eras. On the other hand, it is designed to help philosophy, history, and education students come to a deeper understanding of the mathematical side of culture by means of writing short essays. The way I myself teach the material, stu dents are given a choice between mathematical assignments, and more his torical or philosophical assignments. (Some sample assignments and tests are found in an appendix to this book. ) This book differs from standard textbooks in several ways. First, it is shorter, and thus more accessible to students who have trouble coping with vast amounts of reading. Second, there are many detailed explanations of the important mathematical procedures actually used by famous mathe maticians, giving more mathematically talented students a greater oppor tunity to learn the history and philosophy by way of problem solving.

Die phantastische Geschichte der Analysis

Ihre Probleme und Methoden seit Demokrit und Archimedes. Dazu die Grundbegriffe von heute.

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Author: Hans-Heinrich Körle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486716255

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 6845

Vor fach- und kulturgeschichtlichem Hintergrund und mit viel Sinn für Didaktik und Sprachwitz skizziert der Autor die Gründungsphase der Analysis. Der Leser erfährt, wie eine mit Thales beginnende Geometrie ins Infinitesimale gleitet, wie dies die kühne Phantasie ihrer Väter anspornt und wie die Analysis im 19. Jahrhundert schließlich den Standard erreicht, mit dem sie heute den Stoff einführender Vorlesungen bildet. Unter dem Titel "Aus Schatztruhe und Trickkiste" illustriert ein zweiter, getrennt lesbarer Teil des Buches die Entwicklung der Analysis anhand von "Arbeitsproben" großer Pioniere. "Noch kein anderes Buch hat mir so viele neue und spannende Fassetten der Mathematik vermittelt." (Christoph Marty, Spektrum der Wissenschaft März 2011)

Undergraduate Algebra

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475768982

Category: Mathematics

Page: 371

View: 988

The companion title, Linear Algebra, has sold over 8,000 copies The writing style is very accessible The material can be covered easily in a one-year or one-term course Includes Noah Snyder's proof of the Mason-Stothers polynomial abc theorem New material included on product structure for matrices including descriptions of the conjugation representation of the diagonal group

Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences

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Author: I. Grattan-Guinness

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801873966

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1806

View: 608

Mathematics is one of the most basic -- and most ancient -- types of knowledge. Yet the details of its historical development remain obscure to all but a few specialists. The two-volume Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences recovers this mathematical heritage, bringing together many of the world's leading historians of mathematics to examine the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences in a cultural context, tracing their evolution from ancient times to the twentieth century. In 176 concise articles divided into twelve parts, contributors describe and analyze the variety of problems, theories, proofs, and techniques in all areas of pure and applied mathematics, including probability and statistics. This indispensable reference work demonstrates the continuing importance of mathematics and its use in physics, astronomy, engineering, computer science, philosophy, and the social sciences. Also addressed is the history of higher education in mathematics. Carefully illustrated, with annotated bibliographies of sources for each article, The Companion Encyclopedia is a valuable research tool for students and teachers in all branches of mathematics. Contents of Volume 1: •Ancient and Non-Western Traditions •The Western Middle Ages and the Renaissance •Calculus and Mathematical Analysis •Functions, Series, and Methods in Analysis •Logic, Set Theories, and the Foundations of Mathematics •Algebras and Number Theory Contents of Volume 2: •Geometries and Topology •Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering •Physics, Mathematical Physics, and Electrical Engineering •Probability, Statistics, and the Social Sciences •Higher Education and Institutions •Mathematics and Culture •Select Bibliography, Chronology, Biographical Notes, and Index

A Concise History of Mathematics

Fourth Revised Edition

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Author: Dirk J. Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138887

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 4706

Compact, well-written survey ranges from the ancient Near East to 20th-century computer theory, covering Archimedes, Pascal, Gauss, Hilbert, and many others. "A work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature.

(K)ein Gespür für Zahlen

So bekommt man den Durchblick in Mathe

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Author: Barbara Oakley

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864157811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 5842

Mathematik versteht man oder eben nicht. Der eine ist dafür natürlich begabt, dem anderen bleibt dieses Fach für immer ein Rätsel. Stimmt nicht, sagt nun Barbara Oakley und zeigt mit ihrem Buch, dass wirklich jeder ein Gespür für Zahlen hat. Mathematik braucht nämlich nicht nur analytisches Denken, sondern auch den kreativen Geist. Denn noch mehr als um Formeln geht es um die Freiheit, einen der vielen möglichen Lösungsansätze zu finden. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Und wie man zum richtigen Ergebnis kommt, ist eine Kunst, die man entwickeln, entdecken und in sich wecken kann. Die Autorin vermittelt eine Vielfalt an Techniken und Werkzeugen, die das Verständnis von Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft grundlegend verbessern. (K)ein Gespür für Zahlen nimmt Ihnen — vor allem wenn Sie sich in Schule, Uni oder Beruf mathematisch oder naturwissenschaftlich beweisen müssen — nicht nur die Grundangst, sondern stärkt Ihren Mut, Ihren mathematischen Fähigkeiten zu vertrauen. So macht Mathe Spaß!

Classics of Mathematics

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Author: Ronald Calinger

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780023183423

Category: Mathematics

Page: 793

View: 2371

Appropriate for undergraduate and select graduate courses in the history of mathematics, and in the history of science. This edited volume of readings contains more than 130 selections from eminent mathematicians from A `h-mose' to Hilbert and Noether. The chapter introductions comprise a concise history of mathematics based on critical textual analysis and the latest scholarship. Each reading is preceded by a substantial biography of its author.

Three Views of Logic

Mathematics, Philosophy, and Computer Science

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Author: Donald W. Loveland,Richard E. Hodel,S. G. Sterrett

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084875X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 6420

Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic using a computer-oriented (resolution) formal system. Linear resolution and its connection to the programming language Prolog are also treated. The computability component offers a machine model and mathematical model for computation, proves the equivalence of the two approaches, and includes famous decision problems unsolvable by an algorithm. The section on nonclassical logic discusses the shortcomings of classical logic in its treatment of implication and an alternate approach that improves upon it: Anderson and Belnap's relevance logic. Applications are included in each section. The material on a four-valued semantics for relevance logic is presented in textbook form for the first time. Aimed at upper-level undergraduates of moderate analytical background, Three Views of Logic will be useful in a variety of classroom settings. Gives an exceptionally broad view of logic Treats traditional logic in a modern format Presents relevance logic with applications Provides an ideal text for a variety of one-semester upper-level undergraduate courses

Linear algebra done right

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Author: Sheldon Jay Axler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780387945965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 238

View: 7216

This text for a second course in linear algebra is aimed at math majors and graduate students. The novel approach taken here banishes determinants to the end of the book and focuses on the central goal of linear algebra: understanding the structure of linear operators on vector spaces. The author has taken unusual care to motivate concepts and to simplify proofs. For example, the book presents--without having defined determinants--a clean proof that every linear operator on a finite-dimensional complex vector space (or an odd-dimensional real vector space) has an eigenvalue. A variety of interesting exercises in each chapter helps students understand and manipulate the objects of linear algebra. No prerequisites are assumed other than the usual demand for suitable mathematical maturity. Thus, the text starts by discussing vector spaces, linear independence, span, basis, and dimension. Students are introduced to inner-product spaces in the first half of the book and shortly thereafter to the finite-dimensional spectral theorem. This second edition includes a new section on orthogonal projections and minimization problems. The sections on self-adjoint operators, normal operators, and the spectral theorem have been rewritten. New examples and new exercises have been added, several proofs have been simplified, and hundreds of minor improvements have been made throughout the text.

Calculus of Several Variables

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Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 6459

This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

Taschenbuch der Mathematik

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Author: Ilja N. Bronstein,Heiner Mühlig,Gerhard Musiol,Konstantin A. Semendjajew

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783808556719

Category:

Page: 1231

View: 9783

A Manual of Greek Mathematics

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Author: Sir Thomas L. Heath

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486432319

Category: Mathematics

Page: 576

View: 4439

Originally published: Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931; previously published by Dover Publications in 1963.

Zahlen

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Author: Heinz-Dieter Ebbinghaus,Hans Hermes,Friedrich Hirzebruch,Max Koecher,Klaus Mainzer,Jürgen Neukirch,Alexander Prestel,Reinhold Remmert

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642971229

Category: Mathematics

Page: 337

View: 429

Aus den Besprechungen: "Ein Mathematikbuch der Superlativen, für Mathematiker (jeder Schattierung) und Nichtmathematiker (denen völlig unbekannte Dimensionen der Mathematik eröffnet werden - künstlerische, magische, historische, philosophische, wissenschaftstheoretische, "unlogische", phantasieerfüllte usw.). Der Aufbau ist meisterhaft, die Lektüre höchst anregend und leicht lesbar." Monatshefte für Mathematik #1 "Ein gelungenes Werk, das dem Vorurteil entgegenwirkt, Mathematik bestehe nur aus isolierten Theorien." Die NEUE HOCHSCHULE #1 "Das Lesen ist ein Genuß, den man sich nicht entgehen lassen sollte." Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung #1

Computing the Continuous Discretely

Integer-point Enumeration in Polyhedra

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Author: Matthias Beck,Sinai Robins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387461124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 7955

This textbook illuminates the field of discrete mathematics with examples, theory, and applications of the discrete volume of a polytope. The authors have weaved a unifying thread through basic yet deep ideas in discrete geometry, combinatorics, and number theory. We encounter here a friendly invitation to the field of "counting integer points in polytopes", and its various connections to elementary finite Fourier analysis, generating functions, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, solid angles, magic squares, Dedekind sums, computational geometry, and more. With 250 exercises and open problems, the reader feels like an active participant.

Das Mathebuch

Von Pythagoras bis in die 57. Dimension. 250 Meilensteine in der Geschichte der Mathematik

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Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789089982803

Category:

Page: 527

View: 2136

Introduction to the Foundations of Mathematics

Second Edition

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Author: Raymond L. Wilder

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486276201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 1473

Classic undergraduate text acquaints students with fundamental concepts and methods of mathematics. Topics include axiomatic method, set theory, infinite sets, groups, intuitionism, formal systems, mathematical logic, and much more. 1965 second edition.