Mathematics: A Concise History and Philosophy

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: W.S. Anglin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208750

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 5098

This is a concise introductory textbook for a one-semester (40-class) course in the history and philosophy of mathematics. It is written for mathemat ics majors, philosophy students, history of science students, and (future) secondary school mathematics teachers. The only prerequisite is a solid command of precalculus mathematics. On the one hand, this book is designed to help mathematics majors ac quire a philosophical and cultural understanding of their subject by means of doing actual mathematical problems from different eras. On the other hand, it is designed to help philosophy, history, and education students come to a deeper understanding of the mathematical side of culture by means of writing short essays. The way I myself teach the material, stu dents are given a choice between mathematical assignments, and more his torical or philosophical assignments. (Some sample assignments and tests are found in an appendix to this book. ) This book differs from standard textbooks in several ways. First, it is shorter, and thus more accessible to students who have trouble coping with vast amounts of reading. Second, there are many detailed explanations of the important mathematical procedures actually used by famous mathe maticians, giving more mathematically talented students a greater oppor tunity to learn the history and philosophy by way of problem solving.

Die phantastische Geschichte der Analysis

Ihre Probleme und Methoden seit Demokrit und Archimedes. Dazu die Grundbegriffe von heute.

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Hans-Heinrich Körle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486716255

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 7297

Vor fach- und kulturgeschichtlichem Hintergrund und mit viel Sinn für Didaktik und Sprachwitz skizziert der Autor die Gründungsphase der Analysis. Der Leser erfährt, wie eine mit Thales beginnende Geometrie ins Infinitesimale gleitet, wie dies die kühne Phantasie ihrer Väter anspornt und wie die Analysis im 19. Jahrhundert schließlich den Standard erreicht, mit dem sie heute den Stoff einführender Vorlesungen bildet. Unter dem Titel "Aus Schatztruhe und Trickkiste" illustriert ein zweiter, getrennt lesbarer Teil des Buches die Entwicklung der Analysis anhand von "Arbeitsproben" großer Pioniere. "Noch kein anderes Buch hat mir so viele neue und spannende Fassetten der Mathematik vermittelt." (Christoph Marty, Spektrum der Wissenschaft März 2011)

Mathematics and Its History

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468492810

Category: Mathematics

Page: 544

View: 549

This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This second edition includes new chapters on Chinese and Indian number theory, on hypercomplex numbers, and on algebraic number theory. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.

Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: I. Grattan-Guinness

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801873966

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1806

View: 5813

Mathematics is one of the most basic -- and most ancient -- types of knowledge. Yet the details of its historical development remain obscure to all but a few specialists. The two-volume Companion Encyclopedia of the History and Philosophy of the Mathematical Sciences recovers this mathematical heritage, bringing together many of the world's leading historians of mathematics to examine the history and philosophy of the mathematical sciences in a cultural context, tracing their evolution from ancient times to the twentieth century. In 176 concise articles divided into twelve parts, contributors describe and analyze the variety of problems, theories, proofs, and techniques in all areas of pure and applied mathematics, including probability and statistics. This indispensable reference work demonstrates the continuing importance of mathematics and its use in physics, astronomy, engineering, computer science, philosophy, and the social sciences. Also addressed is the history of higher education in mathematics. Carefully illustrated, with annotated bibliographies of sources for each article, The Companion Encyclopedia is a valuable research tool for students and teachers in all branches of mathematics. Contents of Volume 1: •Ancient and Non-Western Traditions •The Western Middle Ages and the Renaissance •Calculus and Mathematical Analysis •Functions, Series, and Methods in Analysis •Logic, Set Theories, and the Foundations of Mathematics •Algebras and Number Theory Contents of Volume 2: •Geometries and Topology •Mechanics and Mechanical Engineering •Physics, Mathematical Physics, and Electrical Engineering •Probability, Statistics, and the Social Sciences •Higher Education and Institutions •Mathematics and Culture •Select Bibliography, Chronology, Biographical Notes, and Index

A Concise History of Mathematics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dirk Jan Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486602554

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 2683

This compact, well-written history covers major mathematical ideas and techniques from the ancient Near East to 20th-century computer theory, surveying the works of Archimedes, Pascal, Gauss, Hilbert, and many others. "The author's ability as a first-class historian as well as an able mathematician has enabled him to produce a work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature.

A Concise History of Mathematics

Fourth Revised Edition

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Dirk J. Struik

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486138887

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 4632

Compact, well-written survey ranges from the ancient Near East to 20th-century computer theory, covering Archimedes, Pascal, Gauss, Hilbert, and many others. "A work which is unquestionably one of the best." — Nature.

Mathematical masterpieces

further chronicles by the explorers

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Arthur Knoebel

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 2655

Experience the discovery of mathematics by reading the original work of some of the greatest minds throughout history. Here are the stories of four mathematical adventures, including the Bernoulli numbers as the passage between discrete and continuous phenomena, the search for numerical solutions to equations throughout time, the discovery of curvature and geometric space, and the quest for patterns in prime numbers. Each story is told through the words of the pioneers of mathematical thought. Particular advantages of the historical approach include providing context to mathematical inquiry, perspective to proposed conceptual solutions, and a glimpse into the direction research has taken. The text is ideal for an undergraduate seminar, independent reading, or a capstone course, and offers a wealth of student exercises with a prerequisite of at most multivariable calculus. Book jacket.

Calculus of Several Variables

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Serge Lang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461210682

Category: Mathematics

Page: 619

View: 9657

This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.

(K)ein Gespür für Zahlen

So bekommt man den Durchblick in Mathe

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Barbara Oakley

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3864157811

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 3980

Mathematik versteht man oder eben nicht. Der eine ist dafür natürlich begabt, dem anderen bleibt dieses Fach für immer ein Rätsel. Stimmt nicht, sagt nun Barbara Oakley und zeigt mit ihrem Buch, dass wirklich jeder ein Gespür für Zahlen hat. Mathematik braucht nämlich nicht nur analytisches Denken, sondern auch den kreativen Geist. Denn noch mehr als um Formeln geht es um die Freiheit, einen der vielen möglichen Lösungsansätze zu finden. Der Weg ist das Ziel. Und wie man zum richtigen Ergebnis kommt, ist eine Kunst, die man entwickeln, entdecken und in sich wecken kann. Die Autorin vermittelt eine Vielfalt an Techniken und Werkzeugen, die das Verständnis von Mathematik und Naturwissenschaft grundlegend verbessern. (K)ein Gespür für Zahlen nimmt Ihnen — vor allem wenn Sie sich in Schule, Uni oder Beruf mathematisch oder naturwissenschaftlich beweisen müssen — nicht nur die Grundangst, sondern stärkt Ihren Mut, Ihren mathematischen Fähigkeiten zu vertrauen. So macht Mathe Spaß!

Introduction to Calculus and Classical Analysis

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Omar Hijab

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387693165

Category: Mathematics

Page: 342

View: 3928

Intended for an honors calculus course or for an introduction to analysis, this is an ideal text for undergraduate majors since it covers rigorous analysis, computational dexterity, and a breadth of applications. The book contains many remarkable features: * complete avoidance of /epsilon-/delta arguments by using sequences instead * definition of the integral as the area under the graph, while area is defined for every subset of the plane * complete avoidance of complex numbers * heavy emphasis on computational problems * applications from many parts of analysis, e.g. convex conjugates, Cantor set, continued fractions, Bessel functions, the zeta functions, and many more * 344 problems with solutions in the back of the book.

Three Views of Logic

Mathematics, Philosophy, and Computer Science

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Donald W. Loveland,Richard E. Hodel,S. G. Sterrett

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140084875X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 344

View: 8244

Demonstrating the different roles that logic plays in the disciplines of computer science, mathematics, and philosophy, this concise undergraduate textbook covers select topics from three different areas of logic: proof theory, computability theory, and nonclassical logic. The book balances accessibility, breadth, and rigor, and is designed so that its materials will fit into a single semester. Its distinctive presentation of traditional logic material will enhance readers' capabilities and mathematical maturity. The proof theory portion presents classical propositional logic and first-order logic using a computer-oriented (resolution) formal system. Linear resolution and its connection to the programming language Prolog are also treated. The computability component offers a machine model and mathematical model for computation, proves the equivalence of the two approaches, and includes famous decision problems unsolvable by an algorithm. The section on nonclassical logic discusses the shortcomings of classical logic in its treatment of implication and an alternate approach that improves upon it: Anderson and Belnap's relevance logic. Applications are included in each section. The material on a four-valued semantics for relevance logic is presented in textbook form for the first time. Aimed at upper-level undergraduates of moderate analytical background, Three Views of Logic will be useful in a variety of classroom settings. Gives an exceptionally broad view of logic Treats traditional logic in a modern format Presents relevance logic with applications Provides an ideal text for a variety of one-semester upper-level undergraduate courses

Computing the Continuous Discretely

Integer-point Enumeration in Polyhedra

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Matthias Beck,Sinai Robins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387461124

Category: Mathematics

Page: 227

View: 5972

This textbook illuminates the field of discrete mathematics with examples, theory, and applications of the discrete volume of a polytope. The authors have weaved a unifying thread through basic yet deep ideas in discrete geometry, combinatorics, and number theory. We encounter here a friendly invitation to the field of "counting integer points in polytopes", and its various connections to elementary finite Fourier analysis, generating functions, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, solid angles, magic squares, Dedekind sums, computational geometry, and more. With 250 exercises and open problems, the reader feels like an active participant.

Classics of Mathematics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ronald Calinger

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780023183423

Category: Mathematics

Page: 793

View: 1495

Appropriate for undergraduate and select graduate courses in the history of mathematics, and in the history of science. This edited volume of readings contains more than 130 selections from eminent mathematicians from A `h-mose' to Hilbert and Noether. The chapter introductions comprise a concise history of mathematics based on critical textual analysis and the latest scholarship. Each reading is preceded by a substantial biography of its author.

Funktionentheorie

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Reinhold Remmert

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783540127833

Category: Mathematics

Page: 299

View: 9268

A Manual of Greek Mathematics

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Sir Thomas L. Heath

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486432319

Category: Mathematics

Page: 576

View: 2788

Originally published: Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1931; previously published by Dover Publications in 1963.

The Mathematics of the Heavens and the Earth

The Early History of Trigonometry

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Glen Van Brummelen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691129730

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 844

"There does not seem to have been a book-length history of trigonometry in English before this fine book. Van Brummelen takes us from the unnamed Egyptians and Babylonians who created trigonometry to the subject's first few centuries in Europe. In between, he deftly traces how it was studied by the astronomers Hipparchus and Ptolemy in classical Greece, and later by a host of scholars in India and the Islamic world."--John H. Conway, coauthor of "The Book of Numbers" "This book is the first detailed history of trigonometry in more than half a century, and it far surpasses any earlier attempts. "The Mathematics of the Heavens and the Earth" is an extremely important contribution to scholarship. It will be the definitive history of trigonometry for years to come. There is nothing like this out there."--Victor J. Katz, professor emeritus, University of the District of Columbia "A pleasure to read. "The Mathematics of the Heavens and the Earth" is destined to become the standard reference on the history of trigonometry for the foreseeable future. Although other authors have attempted to tell the story, I know of no other book that has either the breadth or the depth of this one. Van Brummelen is one of the leading experts in the world on this subject."--Dennis Duke, Florida State University "Van Brummelen presents a history of trigonometry from the earliest times to the end of the sixteenth century. He has produced a work that rises to the highest standards of scholarship but never strays into pedantry. His extensive bibliography cites every work of consequence for the history of trigonometry, copious footnotes and diagrams illuminate the text, and reproductions from old printed works add interest and texture to the narrative."--J. Lennart Berggren, professor emeritus, Simon Fraser University "This book presents, for the first time in more than a century, a concise history of plane and spherical trigonometry, an important field within applied mathematics. It will appeal to a wide audience thanks to the pleasant style in which it is written, but at the same time it adheres to a very high scholarly standard."--Benno van Dalen, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich