Mathematical Modeling

A Chemical Engineer's Perspective

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Author: Rutherford Aris

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780126045857

Category: Mathematics

Page: 479

View: 2931

Mathematical modeling is the art and craft of building a system of equations that is both sufficiently complex to do justice to physical reality and sufficiently simple to give real insight into the situation. Mathematical Modeling: A Chemical Engineer's Perspective provides an elementary introduction to the craft by one of the century's most distinguished practitioners. Though the book is written from a chemical engineering viewpoint, the principles and pitfalls are common to all mathematical modeling of physical systems. Seventeen of the author's frequently cited papers are reprinted to illustrate applications to convective diffusion, formal chemical kinetics, heat and mass transfer, and the philosophy of modeling. An essay of acknowledgments, asides, and footnotes captures personal reflections on academic life and personalities. * Describes pitfalls as well as principles of mathematical modeling * Presents twenty examples of engineering problems * Features seventeen reprinted papers * Presents personal reflections on some of the great natural philosophers * Emphasizes modeling procedures that precede extensive calculations

Computational Methods in Chemical Engineering with Maple

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Author: Ralph E. White,Venkat R. Subramanian

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642043116

Category: Science

Page: 860

View: 946

This book presents Maple solutions to a wide range of problems relevant to chemical engineers and others. Many of these solutions use Maple’s symbolic capability to help bridge the gap between analytical and numerical solutions. The readers are strongly encouraged to refer to the references included in the book for a better understanding of the physics involved, and for the mathematical analysis. This book was written for a senior undergraduate or a first year graduate student course in chemical engineering. Most of the examples in this book were done in Maple 10. However, the codes should run in the most recent version of Maple. We strongly encourage the readers to use the classic worksheet (*. mws) option in Maple as we believe it is more user-friendly and robust. In chapter one you will find an introduction to Maple which includes simple basics as a convenience for the reader such as plotting, solving linear and nonlinear equations, Laplace transformations, matrix operations, ‘do loop,’ and ‘while loop. ’ Chapter two presents linear ordinary differential equations in section 1 to include homogeneous and nonhomogeneous ODEs, solving systems of ODEs using the matrix exponential and Laplace transform method. In section two of chapter two, nonlinear ordinary differential equations are presented and include simultaneous series reactions, solving nonlinear ODEs with Maple’s ‘dsolve’ command, stop conditions, differential algebraic equations, and steady state solutions. Chapter three addresses boundary value problems.

Process Systems Engineering

Volume 7: Dynamic Process Modeling

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Author: Efstratios Pistikopoulos,Michael Georgiadis,Vivek Dua

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527316965

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 616

View: 3645

Inspired by the leading authority in the field, the Centre for Process Systems Engineering at Imperial College London, this book includes theoretical developments, algorithms, methodologies and tools in process systems engineering and applications from the chemical, energy, molecular, biomedical and other areas. It spans a whole range of length scales seen in manufacturing industries, from molecular and nanoscale phenomena to enterprise-wide optimization and control. As such, this will appeal to a broad readership, since the topic applies not only to all technical processes but also due to the interdisciplinary expertise required to solve the challenge. The ultimate reference work for years to come.

Process Modelling and Model Analysis

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Author: Ian T. Cameron,Katalin Hangos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080514925

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 543

View: 8874

Process Modelling and Model Analysis describes the use of models in process engineering. Process engineering is all about manufacturing--of just about anything! To manage processing and manufacturing systematically, the engineer has to bring together many different techniques and analyses of the interaction between various aspects of the process. For example, process engineers would apply models to perform feasibility analyses of novel process designs, assess environmental impact, and detect potential hazards or accidents. To manage complex systems and enable process design, the behavior of systems is reduced to simple mathematical forms. This book provides a systematic approach to the mathematical development of process models and explains how to analyze those models. Additionally, there is a comprehensive bibliography for further reading, a question and answer section, and an accompanying Web site developed by the authors with additional data and exercises. Introduces a structured modeling methodology emphasizing the importance of the modeling goal and including key steps such as model verification, calibration, and validation Focuses on novel and advanced modeling techniques such as discrete, hybrid, hierarchical, and empirical modeling Illustrates the notions, tools, and techniques of process modeling with examples and advances applications

Introduction to Process Control, Second Edition

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Author: Jose A. Romagnoli,Ahmet Palazoglu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439854874

Category: Science

Page: 643

View: 6133

Introduction to Process Control, Second Edition provides a bridge between the traditional view of process control and the current, expanded role by blending conventional topics with a broader perspective of more integrated process operation, control, and information systems. Updating and expanding the content of its predecessor, this second edition addresses issues in today’s teaching of process control. Teaching & Learning Principles Presents a concept first followed by an example, allowing students to grasp theoretical concepts in a practical manner Uses the same problem in each chapter, culminating in a complete control design strategy Includes 50 percent more exercises Content Defines the traditional and expanded roles of process control in modern manufacturing Introduces the link between process optimization and process control (optimizing control), including the effect of disturbances on the optimal plant operation, the concepts of steady-state and dynamic backoff as ways to quantify the economic benefits of control, and how to determine an optimal transition policy during a planned production change Incorporates an introduction to the modern architectures of industrial computer control systems with real case studies and applications to pilot-scale operations Discusses the expanded role of process control in modern manufacturing, including model-centric technologies and integrated control systems Integrates data processing/reconciliation and intelligent monitoring in the overall control system architecture Web Resource The book’s website offers a user-friendly software environment for interactively studying the examples in the text. The site contains the MATLAB® toolboxes for process control education as well as the main simulation examples from the book. Access the site through the authors’ websites at www.pseonline.net and www.chms.ucdavis.edu/research/web/pse/ahmet/ Drawing on the authors’ combined 50 years of teaching experiences, this classroom-tested text is designed for chemical engineering students but is also suitable for industrial practitioners who need to understand key concepts of process control and how to implement them. The authors help readers see how traditional process control has evolved into an integrated operational environment used to run modern manufacturing facilities.

Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Design

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444634428

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 840

View: 3313

This volume collects together the presentations at the Eighth International Conference on Foundations of Computer-Aided Process Design, FOCAPD-2014, an event that brings together researchers, educators, and practitioners to identify new challenges and opportunities for process and product design. The chemical industry is currently entering a new phase of rapid evolution. The availability of low-cost feedstocks from natural gas is causing renewed investment in basic chemicals in the OECD, while societal pressures for sustainability and energy security continue to be key drivers in technology development and product selection. This dynamic environment creates opportunities to launch new products and processes and to demonstrate new methodologies for innovation, synthesis and design. FOCAPD-2014 fosters constructive interaction among thought leaders from academia, industry, and government and provides a showcase for the latest research in product and process design. Focuses exclusively on the fundamentals and applications of computer-aided design for the process industries. Provides a fully archival and indexed record of the FOCAPD14 conference Aligns the FOCAPD series with the ESCAPE and PSE series

Collaborative and Distributed Chemical Engineering. From Understanding to Substantial Design Process Support

Results of the IMPROVE Project

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Author: Manfred Nagl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540705511

Category: Computers

Page: 851

View: 7094

IMPROVE stands for "Information Technology Support for Collaborative and Distributed Design Processes in Chemical Engineering" and is a joint project of research institutions. This volume summarizes the results after nine years of cooperative research work.

Conservation Equations And Modeling Of Chemical And Biochemical Processes

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Author: Said S.E.H. Elnashaie,Parag Garhyan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203911501

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 4645

Presenting strategies in control policies, this text uses a systems theory approach to predict, simulate and streamline plant operation, conserve fuel and resources, and increase workplace safety in the manufacturing, chemical, petrochemical, petroleum, biochemical and energy industries. Topics of discussion include system theory and chemical/biochemical engineering systems, steady state, unsteady state, and thermodynamic equilibrium, modeling of systems, fundamental laws governing the processes in terms of the state variables, different classifications of physical models, the story of chemical engineering in relation to system theory and mathematical modeling, overall heat balance with single and multiple chemical reactions and single and multiple reactions.

Control Theory for Engineers

A Primer

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Author: Brigitte d'Andréa-Novel,Michel De Lara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642343244

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 257

View: 5411

Control Theory is at the heart of information and communication technologies of complex systems. It can contribute to meeting the energy and environmental challenges we are facing. The textbook is organized in the way an engineer classically proceeds to solve a control problem, that is, elaboration of a mathematical model capturing the process behavior, analysis of this model and design of a control to achieve the desired objectives. It is divided into three Parts. The first part of the text addresses modeling aspects through state space and input-output representations. The notion of the internal state of a system (for example mechanical, thermal or electrical), as well as its description using a finite number of variables, is also emphasized. The second part is devoted to the stability analysis of an equilibrium point. The authors present classical tools for stability analysis, such as linearization techniques and Lyapunov functions. Central to Control Theory are the notions of feedback and of closed-loop, and the third part of the textbook describes the linear control synthesis in a continuous and discrete-time framework and also in a probabilistic context. Quadratic optimization and Kalman filtering are presented, as well as the polynomial representation, a convenient approach to reject perturbations on the system without making the control law more complex. Throughout the text, different examples are developed, both in the chapters and in the exercises.

Technological Concepts and Mathematical Models in the Evolution of Modern Engineering Systems

Controlling • Managing • Organizing

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Author: Mario Lucertini,Ana Millàn Gasca,Fernando Nicolò

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764369408

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 6195

This collection of historical research studies covers the evolution of technology as knowledge, the emergence of an autonomous engineering science in the Industrial Age, the idea of scientific managment of production and operation systems, and the interaction between mathematical models and technological concepts. The book is published with the support of the UNESCO Venice Office - Regional Office for Science & Technology in Europe as an activity of the Project: The evolution of events, concepts and models in engineering systems.

Chemical Process Control

Assessment and New Directions for Research : Proceedings of the ... International Conference on Chemical Process Control

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Author: Jeffrey C. Kantor,Carlos E. García,Brice Carnahan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816907410

Category: Chemical process control

Page: 357

View: 4423

Control of Nonlinear Differential Algebraic Equation Systems with Applications to Chemical Processes

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Author: Aditya Kumar,Prodromos Daoutidis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849306099

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 5588

The feedback control of nonlinear differential and algebraic equation systems (DAEs) is a relatively new subject. Developing steadily over the last few years, it has generated growing interest inspired by its engineering applications and by advances in the feedback control of nonlinear ordinary differential equations (ODEs). This book-the first of its kind-introduces the reader to the inherent characteristics of nonlinear DAE systems and the methods used to address their control, then discusses the significance of DAE systems to the modeling and control of chemical processes. Within a unified framework, Control of Nonlinear Differential Algebraic Equation Systems presents recent results on the stabilization, output tracking, and disturbance elimination for a large class of nonlinear DAE systems. Written at a basic mathematical level-assuming some familiarity with analysis and control of nonlinear ODEs-the authors focus on continuous-time systems of differential and algebraic equations in semi-explicit form. Beginning with background material about DAE systems and their differences from ODE systems, the book discusses generic classes of chemical processes, feedback control of regular and non-regular DAE systems, control of systems with disturbance inputs, the connection of the DAE systems considered with singularly perturbed systems, and finally offers examples that illustrate the application of control methods and the advantages of using high-index DAE models as the basis for controller design. Mathematicians and engineers will find that this book provides unique, timely results that also clearly documents the relevance of DAE systems to chemical processes.

Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing

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Author: Enrique Saldivar-Guerra,Eduardo Vivaldo-Lima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118480775

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 644

View: 4016

Covering a broad range of polymer science topics, Handbook of Polymer Synthesis, Characterization, and Processing provides polymer industry professionals and researchers in polymer science and technology with a single, comprehensive handbook summarizing all aspects involved in the polymer production chain. The handbook focuses on industrially important polymers, analytical techniques, and formulation methods, with chapters covering step-growth, radical, and co-polymerization, crosslinking and grafting, reaction engineering, advanced technology applications, including conjugated, dendritic, and nanomaterial polymers and emulsions, and characterization methods, including spectroscopy, light scattering, and microscopy.

AIChE Symposium Series

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Author: James F. Davis,George Stephanopoulos,American Institute of Chemical Engineers,Venkat Venkatasubramanian,Computer Aids for Chemical Engineering Education

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780816907076

Category: Chemical engineering

Page: 422

View: 4241

Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition

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Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 146496355X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2996

View: 4358

Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties. The editors have built Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.