Materialism

An Affirmative History and Definition

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Author: Richard C. Vitzthum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 7154

In Materialism: An Affirmative History and Definition Richard C. Vitzthum focuses on one side of this longstanding debate to offer the first comprehensive history and re-definition of materialist philosophy in more than a century. His is the first study ever to identify and analyze in detail the three masterpieces of pre-20th-century materialist literature: Lucretius' The Nature of Things (ca. 50 B.C.E.); Paul d'Holbach's 1770 System of Nature; and Ludwig Buechner's 1884 edition of Force and Matter. What's more, it is the first effort to evaluate 20th-century materialist literature in terms of the tradition as a whole.

The High Price of Materialism

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Author: Tim Kasser

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262611978

Category: Philosophy

Page: 149

View: 3009

A study of how materialism and consumerism undermine our quality of life. In The High Price of Materialism, Tim Kasser offers a scientific explanation of how our contemporary culture of consumerism and materialism affects our everyday happiness and psychological health. Other writers have shown that once we have sufficient food, shelter, and clothing, further material gains do little to improve our well-being. Kasser goes beyond these findings to investigate how people's materialistic desires relate to their well-being. He shows that people whose values center on the accumulation of wealth or material possessions face a greater risk of unhappiness, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, and problems with intimacy--regardless of age, income, or culture. Drawing on a decade's worth of empirical data, Kasser examines what happens when we organize our lives around materialistic pursuits. He looks at the effects on our internal experience and interpersonal relationships, as well as on our communities and the world at large. He shows that materialistic values actually undermine our well-being, as they perpetuate feelings of insecurity, weaken the ties that bind us, and make us feel less free. Kasser not only defines the problem but proposes ways we can change ourselves, our families, and society to become less materialistic.

Culture and Materialism

Selected Essays

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Author: Raymond Williams

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844670604

Category: Philosophy

Page: 277

View: 8212

Raymond Williams is a towering presence in cultural studies, most importantly as the founder of the apporach that has come to be known as cultural materialism. Yet Williams s method was always open-ended and fluid, and this volume collects together his most significant work from over a twenty-year peiod in which he wrestled with the concepts of materialism and culture and their interrelationship. Aside from his more directly theoretical texts, however, case-studies of theatrical naturalism, the Bloomsbury group, advertising, science fiction, and the Welsh novel are also included as illustrations of the method at work. Finally, Williams s identity as an active socialist, rather than simply an academic, is captured by two unambiguously political pieces on the past, present and future of Marxism.

Historical Materialism and Globalization

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Author: Mark Rupert,Hazel Smith

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415263702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 8843

Now that Soviet style socialism has collapsed upon itself and liberal capitalism offers itself as the natural, necessary and absolute condition of human social life on a worldwide scale, this book insists that the potentially emancipatory resources of a renewed, and perhaps reconstructed, historical materialism are more relevant in today's world than ever before. Rather than viewing global capitalism as an eluctable natural force, these essays seek to show how a dialectic of power and resistance is at work in the contemporary global political economy, producing and contesting new realities and creating conditions in which new forms of collective self determination become thinkable and materially possible. It will be vital, topical reading for anyone interested in international relations, international political economy, sociology and political theory.

Scientific Materialism in Nineteenth Century Germany

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Author: F. Gregory

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401011737

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 2537

A comprehensive study of German materialism in the second half of the nineteenth century is long overdue. Among contemporary historians the mere passing references to Karl Vogt, Jacob Moleschott, and Ludwig Buchner as materialists and popularizers of science are hardly sufficient, for few individuals influenced public opinion in nineteenth-century Germany more than these men. Buchner, for example, revealed his awareness of the historical significance of his Kraft und Stoff in comments made in 1872, just seventeen years after its original appearance. A philosophical book which has undergone twelve big German editions in the short span of seventeen years, which further has been issued in non-German countries and languages about fifteen to sixteen times in the same period, and whose appearance (although its author was entirely unknown up to then) has called forth an almost unprecedented storm in the press, . . . such a book can be nothing ordinary; the world-calling it enjoys at present must be justified through its wholly special characteristics or by the merits of its form and content. ' Vogt, Moleschott and Buchner explicitly held that their materialism was founded on natural science. But other materialists of the nineteenth century also laid claim to the scientific character of their own thought. It is likely that Marx and Engels would have permitted their brand of materialism to have been called scientific, provided, of course, that 'scientific' was understood in their dialectical meaning of the term. Socialism, Engels maintained, had become a science with Marx.

Fundamentals of Historical Materialism

The Marxist View of History and Politics

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Author: Doug Lorimer

Publisher: Resistance Books

ISBN: 9780909196929

Category: Communism and society

Page: 214

View: 7077

Materialism and the Mind-body Problem

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Author: David M. Rosenthal

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780872204782

Category: Philosophy

Page: 315

View: 5695

Expanded and updated to include a wide range of classic and contemporary works, this new edition of David Rosenthal's anthology provides a selection of the most important and influential writings on materialism and the mind-body problem.

Wild Materialism

The Ethic of Terror and the Modern Republic

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Author: Jacques Lezra

Publisher: Fordham Univ Press

ISBN: 0823232352

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 5238

"Blends a discussion of terror with radical democracy in a way that is thoroughly original ...an important book on a large and crucial topic."--Marc Redfield, Claremont Graduate University.

Rethinking Materialism

Perspectives on the Spiritual Dimension of Economic Behavior

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Author: Robert Wuthnow

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802807892

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 4344

This collection of essays by ten of the nation's prominent social scientists and theologians offers serious commentary on our culture's obsession with material goods and examines the uneasy relation of materialism to religion. The contributors assess the ways in which materialism has been understood in recent analyses of American character, how the economy shapes our understandings of ourselves, the ways in which religious thought is being reshaped by economic circumstances, and the nature of consumerism. The complement to Wuthnow's God and Mammon in America, this volume challenges us all to look at materialism in new ways and suggests viable means for reversing our country's prevailing material fixation and its destructive effects on our spiritual lives.

Cultural Materialism

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Author: Andrew Milner

Publisher: Melbourne University Publish

ISBN: 9780522844931

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 4046

This book places cultural materialism in relation to earlier paradigms such as literary humanism and Marxism, and explains how the new paradigm has been applied to important areas such as cultural studies, media studies and literary studies.

Contemporary Materialism

A Reader

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Author: Paul K. Moser,J. D. Trout

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134839332

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 8242

Contemporary Materialism brings together the best recent work on materialism from many of our leading contemporary philosophers. This is the first comprehensive reader on the subject. The majority of philosophers and scientists today hold the view that all phenomena are physical, as a result materialism or 'physicalism' is now the dominant ontology in a wide range of fields. Surprisingly no single book, until now, has collected the key investigations into materialism, to reflect the impact it has had on current thinking in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and the theory of value. The classic papers in this collection chart contemporary problems, positions and themes in materialism. At the invitation of the editors, many of the papers have been specially up-dated for this collection: follow-on pieces written by the contributors enable them to appraise the original paper and assess developments since the work was first published. The book's selections are largely non-technical and accessible to advanced undergraduates. The editors have provided a useful general introduction, outlining and contextualising this central system of thought, as well as a topical bibliography. Contemporary Materialism will be vital reading for anyone concerned to discover the ideas underlying contemporary philosophy. David Armstrong, University of Sydney; Jerry Fodor, Rutgers University, New Jersey; Tim Crane, University College, London; D. H. Mellor, Univeristy of Cambridge; J.J.C.

Intangible Materialism

The Body, Scientific Knowledge, and the Power of Language

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Author: Ronald Schleifer

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816644675

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 9000

Taking as his point of departure Norbert Weiner's statement that information is basic to understanding materialism in our era, Ronald Schleifer shows how discoveries of modern physics have altered conceptions of matter and energy and the ways in which both information theory and the study of literature can enrich these conceptions. Expanding the reductive notion of "the material" as simply matter and energy, he formulates a new, more inclusive idea of materialism.

Cutting Through Spiritual Materialism

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Author: Chogyam Trungpa

Publisher: Shambhala Publications

ISBN: 9780834821224

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 1152

In this modern spiritual classic, the Tibetan meditation master Chögyam Trungpa highlights the commonest pitfall to which every aspirant on the spiritual path falls prey: what he calls spiritual materialism. The universal tendency, he shows, is to see spirituality as a process of self-improvement—the impulse to develop and refine the ego when the ego is, by nature, essentially empty. "The problem is that ego can convert anything to its own use," he said, "even spirituality." His incisive, compassionate teachings serve to wake us up from this trick we all play on ourselves, and to offer us a far brighter reality: the true and joyous liberation that inevitably involves letting go of the self rather than working to improve it. It is a message that has resonated with students for nearly thirty years, and remains fresh as ever today. This new edition includes a foreword by Chögyam Trungpa's son and lineage holder, Sakyong Mipham.

Emergent Materialism

A Proposed Solution to the Mind/body Problem

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Author: Selton Luke Peters

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761800606

Category: Philosophy

Page: 94

View: 997

Selton L. Peters has created a significant book by presenting a complete emergentist view of mind which attempts to answer some of the major objections against traditional materialism. Particular contrast is made between this emergentist view and the Mind-Body Identity Theory. Topics include: the identity of mental and physical events, the question of the existence of irreducibly psychic properties, the function of consciousness, and the problem of personal identity. Peters also gives glimpses into future possibilities which may be realized as mankind continues to evolve. This book is particularly appropriate for graduate seminars or upper division courses in philosophy of mind, and for metaphysics or introductory philosophy courses.

Cultural Materialism

The Struggle for a Science of Culture

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Author: Marvin Harris

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759101357

Category: Social Science

Page: 381

View: 8357

Cultural Materialism, published in 1979, was Marvin Harris's first full-length explication of the theory with which his work has been associated. While Harris has developed and modified some of his ideas over the past two decades, generations of professors have looked to this volume as the essential starting point for explaining the science of culture to students. Now available again after a hiatus, this edition of Cultural Materialism contains the complete text of the original book plus a new introduction by Orna and Allen Johnson that updates his ideas and examines the impact that the book and theory have had on anthropological theorizing.

Ecology and Historical Materialism

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Author: Jonathan Hughes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521667890

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 5993

This book challenges the widely-held view that Marxism is unable to deal adequately with environmental problems. Jonathan Hughes considers the nature of environmental problems, and the evaluative perspectives that may be brought to bear on them. He examines Marx s critique of Malthus, his method, and his materialism, interpreting the latter as a recognition of human dependence on nature. Central to the book s argument is an interpretation of the development of the productive forces which takes account of the differing ecological impacts of different productive technologies while remaining consistent with the normative and explanatory roles that this concept plays within Marx s theory. Turning finally to Marx s vision of a society founded on the communist principle to each according to his needs , the author concludes that the underlying notion of human need is one whose satisfaction presupposes only a modest and ecologically feasible expansion of productive output.

The End of Materialism

How Evidence of the Paranormal is Bringing Science and Spirit Together

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Author: Charles T. Tart

Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

ISBN: 1572246456

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 397

View: 1688

Ideal for scientifically minded individuals curious about life's spiritual side as well as spiritually inclined people seeking to back up their beliefs, this book offers evidence for the existence of telepathy, precognition, and psychic healing.

Cultural Materialism

On Raymond Williams

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Author: Christopher Prendergast

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 9780816622818

Category: Social Science

Page: 387

View: 8062