Market Risk Analysis, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments

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Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470772816

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 7587

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments forms part three of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. This book is an in-depth, practical and accessible guide to the models that are used for pricing and the strategies that are used for hedging financial instruments, and to the markets in which they trade. It provides a comprehensive, rigorous and accessible introduction to bonds, swaps, futures and forwards and options, including variance swaps, volatility indices and their futures and options, to stochastic volatility models and to modelling the implied and local volatility surfaces. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Duration-Convexity approximation to bond portfolios, and portfolio immunization; Pricing floaters and vanilla, basis and variance swaps; Coupon stripping and yield curve fitting; Proxy hedging, and hedging international securities and energy futures portfolios; Pricing models for European exotics, including barriers, Asians, look-backs, choosers, capped, contingent, power, quanto, compo, exchange, ‘best-of’ and spread options; Libor model calibration; Dynamic models for implied volatility based on principal component analysis; Calibration of stochastic volatility models (Matlab code); Simulations from stochastic volatility and jump models; Duration, PV01 and volatility invariant cash flow mappings; Delta-gamma-theta-vega mappings for options portfolios; Volatility beta mapping to volatility indices.

Market Risk Analysis, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments

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Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470997895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 4172

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Pricing, Hedging and Trading Financial Instruments forms part three of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. This book is an in-depth, practical and accessible guide to the models that are used for pricing and the strategies that are used for hedging financial instruments, and to the markets in which they trade. It provides a comprehensive, rigorous and accessible introduction to bonds, swaps, futures and forwards and options, including variance swaps, volatility indices and their futures and options, to stochastic volatility models and to modelling the implied and local volatility surfaces. All together, the MARKET RISK ANALYSIS four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the accompanying CD-ROM. In this volume alone there are over 200 spreadsheets in 25 workbooks. Here are just some of he illustrative empirical examples and case studies in this volume: Duration-Convexity approximation to bond portfolios, and portfolio immunization; Pricing floaters and vanilla, basis and variance swaps; Coupon stripping and yield curve fitting; Proxy hedging, and hedging international securities and energy futures portfolios; Pricing models for European exotics, including barriers, Asians, look-backs, choosers, capped, contingent, power, quanto, compo, exchange, ‘best-of’ and spread options; Libor model calibration; Dynamic models for implied volatility based on principal component analysis; Calibration of stochastic volatility models (Matlab code); Simulations from stochastic volatility and jump models; Duration, PV01 and volatility invariant cash flow mappings; Delta-gamma-theta-vega mappings for options portfolios; Volatility beta mapping to volatility indices.

Market Risk Analysis, Practical Financial Econometrics

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Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470771038

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 426

View: 1457

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Practical Financial Econometrics forms part two of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. It introduces the econometric techniques that are commonly applied to finance with a critical and selective exposition, emphasising the areas of econometrics, such as GARCH, cointegration and copulas that are required for resolving problems in market risk analysis. The book covers material for a one-semester graduate course in applied financial econometrics in a very pedagogical fashion as each time a concept is introduced an empirical example is given, and whenever possible this is illustrated with an Excel spreadsheet. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Factor analysis with orthogonal regressions and using principal component factors; Estimation of symmetric and asymmetric, normal and Student t GARCH and E-GARCH parameters; Normal, Student t, Gumbel, Clayton, normal mixture copula densities, and simulations from these copulas with application to VaR and portfolio optimization; Principal component analysis of yield curves with applications to portfolio immunization and asset/liability management; Simulation of normal mixture and Markov switching GARCH returns; Cointegration based index tracking and pairs trading, with error correction and impulse response modelling; Markov switching regression models (Eviews code); GARCH term structure forecasting with volatility targeting; Non-linear quantile regressions with applications to hedging.

Risk Management in Commodity Markets

From Shipping to Agriculturals and Energy

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Author: Helyette Geman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470740817

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6467

Commodities represent today the fastest growing markets worldwide. Historically misunderstood, generally under- studied and under- valued, certainly under- represented in the literature, commodities are suddenly receiving the attention they deserve. Bringing together some of the best authors in the field, this book focuses on the risk management issues associated with both soft and hard commodities: energy, weather, agriculturals, metals and shipping. Taking the reader through every part of the commodities markets, the authors discuss the intricacies of modelling spot and forward prices, as well as the design of new Futures markets. The book also looks at the use of options and other derivative contract forms for hedging purposes, as well as supply management in commodity markets. It looks at the implications for climate policy and climate research and analyzes the various freight derivatives markets and products used to manage shipping and freight risk in a global commodity world. It is required reading for energy and mining companies, utilities’ practitioners, commodity and cash derivatives traders in investment banks, CTA’s and hedge funds

Market Risk Analysis, Value at Risk Models

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Author: Carol Alexander

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047074507X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 492

View: 5203

Written by leading market risk academic, Professor Carol Alexander, Value-at-Risk Models forms part four of the Market Risk Analysis four volume set. Building on the three previous volumes this book provides by far the most comprehensive, rigorous and detailed treatment of market VaR models. It rests on the basic knowledge of financial mathematics and statistics gained from Volume I, of factor models, principal component analysis, statistical models of volatility and correlation and copulas from Volume II and, from Volume III, knowledge of pricing and hedging financial instruments and of mapping portfolios of similar instruments to risk factors. A unifying characteristic of the series is the pedagogical approach to practical examples that are relevant to market risk analysis in practice. All together, the Market Risk Analysis four volume set illustrates virtually every concept or formula with a practical, numerical example or a longer, empirical case study. Across all four volumes there are approximately 300 numerical and empirical examples, 400 graphs and figures and 30 case studies many of which are contained in interactive Excel spreadsheets available from the the accompanying CD-ROM . Empirical examples and case studies specific to this volume include: Parametric linear value at risk (VaR)models: normal, Student t and normal mixture and their expected tail loss (ETL); New formulae for VaR based on autocorrelated returns; Historical simulation VaR models: how to scale historical VaR and volatility adjusted historical VaR; Monte Carlo simulation VaR models based on multivariate normal and Student t distributions, and based on copulas; Examples and case studies of numerous applications to interest rate sensitive, equity, commodity and international portfolios; Decomposition of systematic VaR of large portfolios into standard alone and marginal VaR components; Backtesting and the assessment of risk model risk; Hypothetical factor push and historical stress tests, and stress testing based on VaR and ETL.

Options Installment Strategies

Long-Term Spreads for Profiting from Time Decay

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Author: Michael C. Thomsett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319998641

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 7624

An “installment strategy” in its most basic form, combines two options, one long-term position and one short-term. This strategy is designed as a conservative, no-cost method to either eliminate risk for future trading when stock is owned; or to fix the price for a future purchase of the underlying security. Portfolio managers and experienced individual traders face a chronic problem – risk versus time. This goes beyond the well-known time decay of options and expands to the ever-present market risk to an underlying security. How do you execute a successful, conservative strategy and eliminate or reduce market risk? In this book, a range of effective and creative strategies set out a conservative hedging system. This involves the combination of long-term long positions offset by short-term short positions in various configurations. Options Installment Strategies presents variations on the well-known calendar spread and demonstrates how specific strategies work well in short-term swings and even during extended periods of consolidation.

Portfolio Theory and Management

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Author: H. Kent Baker,Greg Filbeck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199311404

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 816

View: 4043

Portfolio management is an ongoing process of constructing portfolios that balances an investor's objectives with the portfolio manager's expectations about the future. This dynamic process provides the payoff for investors. Portfolio management evaluates individual assets or investments by their contribution to the risk and return of an investor's portfolio rather than in isolation. This is called the portfolio perspective. Thus, by constructing a diversified portfolio, a portfolio manager can reduce risk for a given level of expected return, compared to investing in an individual asset or security. According to modern portfolio theory (MPT), investors who do not follow a portfolio perspective bear risk that is not rewarded with greater expected return. Portfolio diversification works best when financial markets are operating normally compared to periods of market turmoil such as the 2007-2008 financial crisis. During periods of turmoil, correlations tend to increase thus reducing the benefits of diversification. Portfolio management today emerges as a dynamic process, which continues to evolve at a rapid pace. The purpose of Portfolio Theory and Management is to take readers from the foundations of portfolio management with the contributions of financial pioneers up to the latest trends emerging within the context of special topics. The book includes discussions of portfolio theory and management both before and after the 2007-2008 financial crisis. This volume provides a critical reflection of what worked and what did not work viewed from the perspective of the recent financial crisis. Further, the book is not restricted to the U.S. market but takes a more global focus by highlighting cross-country differences and practices. This 30-chapter book consists of seven sections. These chapters are: (1) portfolio theory and asset pricing, (2) the investment policy statement and fiduciary duties, (3) asset allocation and portfolio construction, (4) risk management, (V) portfolio execution, monitoring, and rebalancing, (6) evaluating and reporting portfolio performance, and (7) special topics.

Financial Engineering

Strategien, Bewertungen und Risikomanagement

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Author: Michael Bloss

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 311053116X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 674

View: 8437

Dieses Buch zeigt einzelne Strategien, Bewertungen, das Risikocontrolling und den Financial-Engineering-Prozess auf und geht dabei explizit auf die verwendeten Derivate sowie die eingesetzten Kombinationsstrategien ein. Gegenüber der Vorauflage wurde das Augenmerk verstärkt auf die Modelle im Financial Engineering, die neuen Produktausgestaltungen und die veränderte Regulatorik gelegt.

Freakonomics

überraschende Antworten auf alltägliche Lebensfragen ; [warum wohnen Drogenhändler bei ihren Müttern? Führt mehr Polizei zu weniger Kriminalität? Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Macht gute Erziehung glücklich?]

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Author: Steven D. Levitt,Stephen J. Dubner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783442154517

Category:

Page: 411

View: 9166

Sind Swimmingpools gefährlicher als Revolver? Warum betrügen Lehrer? Der preisgekrönte Wirtschaftswissenschaftler Steven D. Levitt kombiniert Statistiken, deren Zusammenführung und Gegenüberstellung auf den ersten Blick absurd erscheint, durch seine Analysetechnik aber zu zahlreichen Aha-Effekten führt. Ein äußerst unterhaltsamer Streifzug durch die Mysterien des Alltags, der uns schmunzeln lässt und stets über eindimensionales Denken hinausführt.

Investment Risk Management

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Author: H. Kent Baker,Greg Filbeck

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190214082

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 736

View: 8111

All investments carry with them some degree of risk. In the financial world, individuals, professional money managers, financial institutions, and many others encounter and must deal with risk. Risk management is a process of determining what risks exist in an investment and then handling those risks in the best-suited way. This is important because it can reduce or augment risk depending on the goals of investors and portfolio managers. The main purpose of Investment Risk Management is to provide an overview of developments in risk management and a synthesis of research involving these developments. The book examines ways to alter exposures through measuring and managing those exposures and provides an understanding of the latest strategies and trends within risk management. The scope of the coverage is broad and encompasses the most important aspects of investment risk management. Its 30 chapters are organized into six sections: (1) foundations of risk management, (2) types of risk, (3) quantitative assessment of risk, (4) risk and risk classes, (5) hedging risk and (6) going forward. The book should be of particular interest to sophisticated practitioners, investors, academics, and graduate finance students. Investment Risk Management provides a fresh look at this intriguing but complex subject.

The Performance of Hedge Funds: Risk, Return, and Incentives

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Author: Patrick Vogel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638938638

Category:

Page: 36

View: 9782

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2007 im Fachbereich BWL - Allgemeines, Note: 1,3, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitat Frankfurt am Main (Lehrstuhl fur Volkswirtschaftswirtschaftslehre, insbesondere Industrieokonomie Prof. Dr. Uwe Walz), Veranstaltung: Wettbewerbspolitik und Regulierung von Finanzintermediaren, 7 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Die vorliegende Seminararbeit befasst sich, auf Basis des von Ackermann, McEnally und Ravenscraft (Ackermann et al.) verfassten Artikels The Performance of Hedge Funds: Risk, Return, and Incentives," mit der Analyse der Performance von Hedge Funds. Im Rahmen dieses Artikels werden Untersuchungen der Performance-Komponenten, Rendite und Risiko, mit Hilfe statistischer Verfahren beschrieben und deren Ergebnisse dargestellt. Ziel dieser Untersuchungen war es zum einen zu erforschen, ob Hedge Funds in der Lage sind den Markt bzw. vergleichbare Anlageformen konstant zu ubertreffen. Hierfur wurden Performance-Vergleiche zwischen Hedge Funds und reprasentativen Marktindices bzw. Mutual Funds vorgenommen. Zum anderen sollte der Einfluss bestimmter Hedge Funds Eigenschaften auf die Performance erforscht werden. Diese Zusammenhange wurden mittels einer multiplen Regression analysiert. Der Artikel von Ackermann et al. geht neben der Vorgehensweise und den Resultate der Untersuchungen auch auf moglicherweise auftretende Probleme und systematische Messfehler der Analyse von Hedge Funds Daten ein. In der vorliegenden Seminararbeit sollen die wichtigsten Gesichtspunkte des Artikels wiedergeben werden. Es wird daher in Kapitel 2 zunachst ein kurzer Uberblick uber die Anlageform Hedge Funds gegeben, bevor in Kapitel 3 auf die statistischen Untersuchungen von Ackermann et al. naher eingegangen wird. In Kapitel 4 sollen dann die Resultate der Untersuchungen vorgestellt und kurz mogliche Interpretationen dargestellt werden. Anschliessend werden in Kapitel 5 die systematischen Messfehler, welche bei der Analyse von Hedge Fu

Das Risiko und sein Preis

Skin in the Game

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Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: Verlagsgruppe Random House GmbH

ISBN: 3641234522

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 3512

Warum wir nur denen vertrauen sollten, die etwas zu verlieren haben Stehen wir für die Risiken ein, die wir verursachen? Zu viele der Menschen, die auf der Welt Macht und Einfluss haben, so Nassim Nicholas Taleb, müssen nicht wirklich den Kopf hinhalten für das, was sie tun und veranlassen. Intellektuelle, Journalisten, Bürokraten, Banker, ihnen vor allem wirft er vor, kein »Skin in the Game« zu haben. Weil sie den Preis nicht bezahlen müssen, wenn sie irren, fällen sie schlechte Entscheidungen. Taleb zeigt anhand vieler Beispiele, wie »Skin in the Game«, ein fundamentales Konzept des Risikomanagements, auf alle Bereiche unseres Lebens übertragen werden kann. Sein neues Buch, so provozierend und bahnbrechend wie »Der Schwarze Schwan«, fordert uns heraus, alles, was wir über Risiko und Verantwortung in Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft zu wissen glauben, neu zu denken.

The Big Short - Wie eine Handvoll Trader die Welt verzockte

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Author: Michael Lewis

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593393573

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 2862

"The Big Short" erzählt von der Erfindung einer monströsen Geldmaschine: Ein paar Hedgefond-Manager sehen das katastrophale Platzen der amerikanischen Immobilienblase nicht nur voraus, sondern sie wetten sogar im ganz großen Stil darauf. Den Kollaps des Systems befördern sie unter anderem mittels des sogenannten "shortings", Leerverkäufen von Aktien großer Investmentbanken. Doch zu jeder Wette gehört auf der anderen Seite auch einer, der sie hält. Lewis entlarvt anhand seiner Protagonisten ein System, das sich verselbständigt und mit moralischen Kategorien wie Habgier oder Maßlosigkeit längst nicht mehr zu fassen ist. Der Zusammenbruch der Finanzmärkte, so lernen wir in diesem Buch, war ein kurzer Moment der Vernunft: Der Wahnsinn hatte sich in den Jahren davor abgespielt.

Finanzmanagement

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Author: Joachim Prätsch,Uwe Schikorra,Eberhard Ludwig

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540707867

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 2972

Ausführliches Lehr- und Praxisbuch zur Außen- und Innenfinanzierung sowie zur alternativen Finanzierung in 3., überarbeiteter Auflage: Die Autoren integrierten aktuelle Änderungen der Kapitalmärkte und die Auswirkungen von Basel II, insbesondere für mittelständische Unternehmen. Zusätzliche Kapitel erläutern Finanzstrategien mittels Derivaten und Finanzcontrolling, und relevante Themen wie Liquiditäts- und Finanzplanung, Kapitalflussrechnung sowie Kennzahlen(systeme) zur Finanzanalyse und Unternehmenssteuerung. Ein anwendungsorientierter und umfassender Überblick mit starkem Praxisbezug. Plus: viele Übersichten, Abbildungen und Beispiele.

Pit-Bull

Lektionen von Wall Streets Champion-Trader

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Author: Martin Schwartz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783922669340

Category:

Page: 383

View: 9484

The Professional Risk Managers' Guide to Financial Instruments

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Author: Professional Risk Managers' International Association (PRMIA)

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 007163164X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 6445

Techniques for pricing, hedging and trading The Professional Risk Managers' Guide to Financial Instruments will show you how manage the risk of the complex instruments offered to investors. Sponsored by PRMIA and edited by risk management experts Carol Alexander and Elizabeth Sheedy, this authoritative resource features contributions from eleven global experts who explore the major financial instruments, the valuation methods most appropriate for each, and strategies for assessing the associated market risks. The Professional Risk Managers' Guide to Financial Instruments offers step-by-step guidance in: The main types of bonds Futures and forward contracts Caps, floors, and interest rate options Swaps and swaptions Convertible bonds and other hybrid instruments Options, including exotic and path dependent pay-offs Using instruments for hedging and speculation

Narren des Zufalls

die verborgene Rolle des Glücks an den Finanzmärkten und im Rest des Lebens

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Author: Nassim Nicholas Taleb

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352750432X

Category:

Page: 352

View: 923

Versicherungsökonomie

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Author: Peter Zweifel,Roland Eisen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662107848

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 486

View: 2078

Das Buch macht den Leser mit den zentralen Fragestellungen und dem analytischen Werkzeug der Versicherungsökonomik vertraut. Es führt Beiträge zur Nachfrage nach Versicherung, zum Angebot an Versicherung und der Versicherungsregulierung sowie zur Sozialversicherung in einer vereinheitlichten Darstellung zusammen, die bisher nur verstreut in Zeitschriften und Sammelbänden verfügbar waren. Es werden empirisch überprüfbare Voraussagen der Theorie abgeleitet und den Ergebnissen internationaler empirischer Forschung gegenübergestellt. Ausformulierte Folgerungen fassen den Stoff zusammen und erleichtern die Kontrolle des Wissensstands.

Bond and Money Markets

Strategy, Trading, Analysis

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Author: Moorad Choudhry

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 0080574939

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1152

View: 7931

The Bond and Money Markets is an invaluable reference to all aspects of fixed income markets and instruments. It is highly regarded as an introduction and an advanced text for professionals and graduate students. Features comprehensive coverage of: * Government and Corporate bonds, Eurobonds, callable bonds, convertibles * Asset-backed bonds including mortgages and CDOs * Derivative instruments including futures, swaps, options, structured products * Interest-rate risk, duration analysis, convexity, and the convexity bias * The money markets, repo markets, basis trading, and asset/liability management * Term structure models, estimating and interpreting the yield curve * Portfolio management and strategies,total return framework, constructing bond indices * A stand alone reference book on interest rate swaps, the money markets, financial market mathematics, interest-rate futures and technical analysis * Includes introductory coverage of very specialised topics (for which one previously required several texts) such as VaR, Asset & liability management and credit derivatives * Combines accessible style with advanced level topics