Man and Wife in America

A History

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Author: Hendrik Hartog

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674038394

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 3340

In nineteenth-century America, the law insisted that marriage was a permanent relationship defined by the husband's authority and the wife's dependence. Yet at the same time the law created the means to escape that relationship. How was this possible? And how did wives and husbands experience marriage within that legal regime? These are the complexities that Hendrik Hartog plumbs in a study of the powers of law and its limits. Exploring a century and a half of marriage through stories of struggle and conflict mined from case records, Hartog shatters the myth of a golden age of stable marriage. He describes the myriad ways the law shaped and defined marital relations and spousal identities, and how individuals manipulated and reshaped the rules of the American states to fit their needs. We witness a compelling cast of characters: wives who attempted to leave abusive husbands, women who manipulated their marital status for personal advantage, accidental and intentional bigamists, men who killed their wives' lovers, couples who insisted on divorce in a legal culture that denied them that right. As we watch and listen to these men and women, enmeshed in law and escaping from marriages, we catch reflected images both of ourselves and our parents, of our desires and our anxieties about marriage. Hartog shows how our own conflicts and confusions about marital roles and identities are rooted in the history of marriage and the legal struggles that defined and transformed it.

Someday All This Will Be Yours

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Author: Hendrik Hartog

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674283198

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: N.A

View: 7086

Hartog tells the heartbreaking stories of how families fought over the work of caring for the elderly, and its compensation, in a time before pensions, Social Security, and nursing homes filled this gap. As an explosive economy drew the young away from home, we see how the elderly used promises of inheritance to keep children at their side.

Law and People in Colonial America

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Author: Peter Charles Hoffer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801858161

Category: History

Page: 193

View: 9855

This revised edition of Law and People in Colonial America will incorporate recent scholarship and encompass American Indians, the French, and Spaniards as people who—on the fringes of English settlement—raised interesting questions. Among them: how in legal terms did the English deal with "marginal"societies; how does this posture help us to understand English law and the changes the New World forced upon it; and how did these people on the outside themselves view English law?

Public Vows

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Author: Nancy F. COTT

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674029880

Category: History

Page: 303

View: 1046

A History Of The Wife

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Author: Marilyn Yalom

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780061913655

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 464

View: 514

How did marriage, considered a religious duty in medieval Europe, become a venue for personal fulfillment in contemporary America? How did the notion of romantic love, a novelty in the Middle Ages, become a prerequisite for marriage today? And, if the original purpose of marriage was procreation, what exactly is the purpose of marriage for women now? Combining "a scholar's rigor and a storyteller's craft"(San Jose Mercury News), distinguished cultural historian Marilyn Yalom charts the evolution of marriage in the Judeo Christian world through the centuries and shows how radically our ideas about marriage have changed. For any woman who is, has been, or ever will be married, this intellectually vigorous and gripping historical analysis of marriage sheds new light on an institution most people take for granted, and that may, in fact, be experiencing its most convulsive upheaval since the Reformation.

Marriage, a History

How Love Conquered Marriage

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Author: Stephanie Coontz

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101118252

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 9344

Just when the clamor over "traditional" marriage couldn’t get any louder, along comes this groundbreaking book to ask, "What tradition?" In Marriage, a History, historian and marriage expert Stephanie Coontz takes readers from the marital intrigues of ancient Babylon to the torments of Victorian lovers to demonstrate how recent the idea of marrying for love is—and how absurd it would have seemed to most of our ancestors. It was when marriage moved into the emotional sphere in the nineteenth century, she argues, that it suffered as an institution just as it began to thrive as a personal relationship. This enlightening and hugely entertaining book brings intelligence, perspective, and wit to today’s marital debate.

The Spirit of the Law

Religious Voices and the Constitution in Modern America

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Author: Sarah Barringer Gordon

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674046542

Category: Law

Page: 316

View: 8263

A new constitutional world burst into American life in the mid-twentieth century. For the first time, the national constitution's religion clauses were extended by the United States Supreme Court to all state and local governments. As energized religious individuals and groups probed the new boundaries between religion and government and claimed their sacred rights in court, a complex and evolving landscape of religion and law emerged. Sarah Gordon tells the stories of passionate believers who turned to the law and the courts to facilitate a dazzling diversity of spiritual practice. Legal decisions revealed the exquisite difficulty of gauging where religion ends and government begins. Controversies over school prayer, public funding, religion in prison, same-sex marriage, and secular rituals roiled long-standing assumptions about religion in public life. The range and depth of such conflicts were remarkableâe"and ubiquitous. Telling the story from the ground up, Gordon recovers religious practices and traditions that have generated compelling claims while transforming the law of religion. From isolated schoolchildren to outraged housewives and defiant prisoners, believers invoked legal protection while courts struggled to produce stable constitutional standards. In a field dominated by controversy, the vital connection between popular and legal constitutional understandings has sometimes been obscured. The Spirit of the Law explores this tumultuous constitutional world, demonstrating how religion and law have often seemed irreconcilable, even as they became deeply entwined in modern America.

Men and Marriage

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Author: George Gilder

Publisher: Pelican Publishing

ISBN: 9780882899466

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 219

View: 4040

"Timely when originally published, Men and Marriage is essential now given the the warlike climate ofmale-female relationships, unfortunately fostered by radical feminism."Rush Limbaugh Men and Marriage is a critical commentary that asks theburning question, How can society survive the pervasive disintegration of thefamily? A profound crisis faces modern social order as traditional familyrelationships become almost unrecognizable.George Gilder's Men and Marriage is a revised and expandededition of his 1973 landmark work, Sexual Suicide . He examinesthe deterioration of the family, the well-defined sex roles it offered, and howthis change has shifted the focus of our society. Poverty, for instance, stemsfrom the destruction of the family when unmarried parents are abandoned bytheir lovers or older women are divorced because society approves of theirhusbands' younger girlfriends. Gilder claims that men will only fulfill theirpaternal obligations when women lead them to do so, and that this civilizinginfluence, balanced with proper economic support, is the most important part ofmaintaining a productive, healthy, loving society. He offers a concrete planfor rebuilding the family in America. His solutions challenge readers to returnto these roles and reestablish the family values that were once so crucial instaving off the ills that plague our country.Gilder insists that it is time to reexamine what "liberation" haswrought and at what cost. Only a return to traditional family values, hecontends, can stem the tide of disaster.George Gilder is the author of Wealth and Poverty, thebest-selling critique of Reaganomics, The Spirit of Enterprise, Visible Man, Naked Nomads, and The Party ThatLost Its Head . He was a speechwriter for Ronald Reagan and now writesregularly for The Wall Street Journal and National Review aboutmaterial advances and their effect on society. His most recent books includetwo other well-known social commentaries, Microcosm and Life AfterTelevision.

What Comes Naturally

Miscegenation Law and the Making of Race in America

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Author: Peggy Pascoe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195094638

Category: History

Page: 404

View: 7046

" ... Examines two of the most insidious ideas in American history. The first is the belief that interracial marriage is unnatural. The second is the belief in white supremacy. When these two ideas converged, with the invention of the term 'miscegenation' in the 1860s, the stage was set for the rise of a social, political, and legal system of white supremacy that reigned through the 1960s and, many would say, beyond" -- Introduction, page 1.

Leviathan: The History of Whaling in America

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Author: Eric Jay Dolin

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393066665

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 7081

A Los Angeles Times Best Non-Fiction Book of 2007 A Boston Globe Best Non-Fiction Book of 2007 Amazon.com Editors pick as one of the 10 best history books of 2007 Winner of the 2007 John Lyman Award for U. S. Maritime History, given by the North American Society for Oceanic History "The best history of American whaling to come along in a generation." —Nathaniel Philbrick The epic history of the "iron men in wooden boats" who built an industrial empire through the pursuit of whales. "To produce a mighty book, you must choose a mighty theme," Herman Melville proclaimed, and this absorbing history demonstrates that few things can capture the sheer danger and desperation of men on the deep sea as dramatically as whaling. Eric Jay Dolin begins his vivid narrative with Captain John Smith's botched whaling expedition to the New World in 1614. He then chronicles the rise of a burgeoning industry—from its brutal struggles during the Revolutionary period to its golden age in the mid-1800s when a fleet of more than 700 ships hunted the seas and American whale oil lit the world, to its decline as the twentieth century dawned. This sweeping social and economic history provides rich and often fantastic accounts of the men themselves, who mutinied, murdered, rioted, deserted, drank, scrimshawed, and recorded their experiences in journals and memoirs. Containing a wealth of naturalistic detail on whales, Leviathan is the most original and stirring history of American whaling in many decades.

Harmful to Minors

The Perils of Protecting Children from Sex

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Author: Judith Levine

Publisher: Da Capo Press

ISBN: 9781560255161

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 313

View: 1528

Explores the highly sensitive issue of children and sex, offers advice on separating harmful from safe information about sex, and offers parents a guide to presenting the topic to their children.

Strange Bedfellows

Marriage in the Age of Women's Liberation

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Author: Alison Lefkovitz

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081225015X

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 280

View: 9420

Strange Bedfellows recounts the unlikely ways in which the efforts of feminists and divorced men's activists dovetailed with the activity of lawmakers, judges, welfare activists, immigrant spouses, the LGBTQ community, the Reagan coalition, and other Americans, to redefine family and marriage without relying on traditional gender norms.

A Man and His Ship

America's Greatest Naval Architect and His Quest to Build the S.S. United States

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Author: Steven Ujifusa

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451645090

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 5520

A Harvard-educated historian and advisor to the S.S. United States Conservancy documents the story of innovative ship designer William Francis Gibbs, describing the breakthroughs that enabled him to craft high-performance ships of unprecedented versatility. 50,000 first printing.

The Cambridge History of Law in America

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Author: Michael Grossberg,Christopher Tomlins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521803055

Category: History

Page: 739

View: 5764

This volume covers American law from the earliest settlement and colonization of North America.

Violent Land

Single Men and Social Disorder from the Frontier to the Inner City

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Author: David T. Courtwright

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674029897

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 3900

This book offers an explosive look at violence in America--why it is so prevalent, and what and who are responsible. David Courtwright takes the long view of his subject, developing the historical pattern of violence and disorder in this country. Where there is violent and disorderly behavior, he shows, there are plenty of men, largely young and single. What began in the mining camp and bunkhouse has simply continued in the urban world of today, where many young, armed, intoxicated, honor-conscious bachelors have reverted to frontier conditions. "Violent Land" combines social science with an engrossing narrative that spans and reinterprets the history of violence and social disorder in America. Courtwright focuses on the origins, consequences, and eventual decline of frontier brutality. Though these rough days have passed, he points out that the frontier experience still looms large in our national self-image--and continues to influence the extent and type of violence in America as well as our collective response to it. Broadly interdisciplinary, looking at the interplay of biological, social, and historical forces behind the dark side of American life, this book offers a disturbing diagnosis of violence in our society.

The Sedgwicks in Love

Courtship, Engagement, and Marriage in the Early Republic

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Author: Timothy Kenslea

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781584654940

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 2073

On a spring day in 1774, in western Massachusetts' Berkshire County, Pamela Dwight and Theodore Sedgwick were married. Theodore - destined to become one of the Federalist party's leaders in the U.S. Congress in the 1790s and later an influential judge on Massachusetts' highest court - was almost twenty-eight, and three years a widower. Pamela, not quite twenty-one, was marrying Theodore Sedgwick over the clearly stated objections of her widowed mother. In the course of her thirty-three-year marriage to Theodore, Pamela gave birth to ten children, seven of whom - four sons and three daughters - survived to adulthood. All but one of them would marry.

The World of Antebellum America: A Daily Life Encyclopedia [2 volumes]

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Author: Alexandra Kindell

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440837112

Category: History

Page: 1100

View: 1631

This set provides insight into the lives of ordinary Americans free and enslaved, in farms and cities, in the North and the South, who lived during the years of 1815 to 1860. • Provides intimate details about the personal lives of Americans during the Antebellum Era • Demonstrates the diversity of the American experience in the years before the Civil War • Makes clear how hard Americans worked to build their lives while still participating in the democratic process • Explores how Americans dealt with the daily demands of life as national and regional issues created insecurity and instability • Includes 40 primary source documents with detailed introductions to realize Antebellum America

Provenance

How a Con Man and a Forger Rewrote the History of Modern Art

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Author: Laney Salisbury,Aly Sujo

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101105003

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4033

A tautly paced investigation of one the 20th century's most audacious art frauds, which generated hundreds of forgeries-many of them still hanging in prominent museums and private collections today Provenance is the extraordinary narrative of one of the most far-reaching and elaborate deceptions in art history. Investigative reporters Laney Salisbury and Aly Sujo brilliantly recount the tale of a great con man and unforgettable villain, John Drewe, and his sometimes unwitting accomplices. Chief among those was the struggling artist John Myatt, a vulnerable single father who was manipulated by Drewe into becoming a prolific art forger. Once Myatt had painted the pieces, the real fraud began. Drewe managed to infiltrate the archives of the upper echelons of the British art world in order to fake the provenance of Myatt's forged pieces, hoping to irrevocably legitimize the fakes while effectively rewriting art history. The story stretches from London to Paris to New York, from tony Manhattan art galleries to the esteemed Giacometti and Dubuffet associations, to the archives at the Tate Gallery. This enormous swindle resulted in the introduction of at least two hundred forged paintings, some of them breathtakingly good and most of them selling for hundreds of thousands of dollars. Many of these fakes are still out in the world, considered genuine and hung prominently in private houses, large galleries, and prestigious museums. And the sacred archives, undermined by John Drewe, remain tainted to this day. Provenance reads like a well-plotted thriller, filled with unforgettable characters and told at a breakneck pace. But this is most certainly not fiction; Provenance is the meticulously researched and captivating account of one of the greatest cons in the history of art forgery.

Marriage Proposals

Questioning a Legal Status

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Author: Anita Bernstein

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814739407

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 1424

The essays in Marriage Proposals envision a variety of scenarios in which adults would continue to join themselves together seeking permanent companionship and sustenance, linking sexual intimacy to a long commitment, usually caring for each other, and building new families. What would disappear are the legal consequences associated with marriage. No joint income tax return; no immigration privileges like the “fiancée visa” or the right to bring in a husband or wife; no special statuses for prison visits or hospital decisions; no prerogative to remain silent in court by claiming “confidential marital communications”; no pension entitlements; no marital benefits and detriments regarding criminal or civil liability. The anthology makes a unique contribution amid the two marriage furors of the day: same-sex marriage and the Bush Administration's “marriage movement” (that marrying is good and more marriages would be better for society). Abolishing the legal category of marriage is the only policy suggestion in current American discourse that speaks to both causes. Activists on both sides of the same-sex marriage fight, along with marriage movement partisans, all seek improvement through law reform. Marriage Proposals gives them a viable reform—abolition of marriage as a legal status—for fighting battles in the courtroom and the streets. Contributors include Anita Bernstein, Peggy Cooper Davis, Martha Albertson Fineman, Linda C. McClain, Marshall Miller, Lawrence Rosen, Mary Lyndon Shanley, and Dorian Solot.