Madness and Civilization

A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

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Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415253857

Category: Civilization

Page: 282

View: 2289

This text is a classic of French post-structuralist scholarship and is widely recommended on humanities courses across a variety of disciplines. Foucault's analysis of psychology is a devastating critique of the common understanding of insanity.

Madness and Civilization

A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason

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Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307833100

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 2928

Michel Foucault examines the archeology of madness in the West from 1500 to 1800 - from the late Middle Ages, when insanity was still considered part of everyday life and fools and lunatics walked the streets freely, to the time when such people began to be considered a threat, asylums were first built, and walls were erected between the "insane" and the rest of humanity.

Madness in Civilization

A Cultural History of Insanity, from the Bible to Freud, from the Madhouse to Modern Medicine

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Author: Andrew Scull

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691166153

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 1153

Originally published: London: Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2015.

Madness Is Civilization

When the Diagnosis Was Social, 1948-1980

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Author: Michael E. Staub

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226771490

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 1288

In the 1960s and 1970s, a popular diagnosis for America’s problems was that society was becoming a madhouse. In this intellectual and cultural history, Michael E. Staub examines a time when many believed insanity was a sane reaction to obscene social conditions, psychiatrists were agents of repression, asylums were gulags for society’s undesirables, and mental illness was a concept with no medical basis. Madness Is Civilization explores the general consensus that societal ills—from dysfunctional marriage and family dynamics to the Vietnam War, racism, and sexism—were at the root of mental illness. Staub chronicles the surge in influence of socially attuned psychodynamic theories along with the rise of radical therapy and psychiatric survivors' movements. He shows how the theories of antipsychiatry held unprecedented sway over an enormous range of medical, social, and political debates until a bruising backlash against these theories—part of the reaction to the perceived excesses and self-absorptions of the 1960s—effectively distorted them into caricatures. Throughout, Staub reveals that at stake in these debates of psychiatry and politics was nothing less than how to think about the institution of the family, the nature of the self, and the prospects for, and limits of, social change. The first study to describe how social diagnostic thinking emerged, Madness Is Civilization casts new light on the politics of the postwar era.

Geschichte/History

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Author: Jürgen Stolzenberg,Fred Rush

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110389665

Category: Philosophy

Page: 323

View: 8325

Der zehnte Band des Internationalen Jahrbuchs des Deutschen Idealismus widmet sich dem Thema „Geschichte“. Die hier versammelten Beiträge behandeln aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven die verschiedenen Rollen, die die Geschichte, die Philosophiegeschichte, die Geschichtsphilosophie sowie die philosophische Geschichtsschreibung in der klassischen deutschen Philosophie spielen und untersuchen ihre Wirkung im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert.

Animal Philosophy

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Author: Matthew Calarco,Peter Atterton

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826464132

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 4724

Animal Philosophy is the first text to look at the place and treatment of animals in Continental thought. A collection of essential primary and secondary readings on the animal question, it brings together contributions from the following key Continental thinkers: Nietzsche, Heidegger, Bataille, Levinas, Foucault, Deleuze, Guattari, Derrida, Ferry, Cixous, and Irigaray. Each reading is followed by commentary and analysis from a leading contemporary thinker. The coverage of the subject is exceptionally broad, ranging across perspectives that include existentialism, poststructuralism, postmodernism, phenomenology and feminism. This anthology is an invaluable one-stop resource for anyone researching, teaching or studying animal ethics and animal rights in the fields of philosophy, cultural studies, literary theory, sociology, environmental studies and gender and women's studies.

History of Madness

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Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113447380X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 776

View: 2990

When it was first published in France in 1961 as Folie et Déraison: Histoire de la Folie à l'âge Classique, few had heard of a thirty-four year old philosopher by the name of Michel Foucault. By the time an abridged English edition was published in 1967 as Madness and Civilization, Michel Foucault had shaken the intellectual world. This translation is the first English edition of the complete French texts of the first and second edition, including all prefaces and appendices, some of them unavailable in the existing French edition. History of Madness begins in the Middle Ages with vivid descriptions of the exclusion and confinement of lepers. Why, Foucault asks, when the leper houses were emptied at the end of the Middle Ages, were they turned into places of confinement for the mad? Why, within the space of several months in 1656, was one out of every hundred people in Paris confined? Shifting brilliantly from Descartes and early Enlightenment thought to the founding of the Hôpital Général in Paris and the work of early psychiatrists Philippe Pinel and Samuel Tuke, Foucault focuses throughout, not only on scientific and medical analyses of madness, but also on the philosophical and cultural values attached to the mad. He also urges us to recognize the creative and liberating forces that madness represents, brilliantly drawing on examples from Goya, Nietzsche, Van Gogh and Artaud. The History of Madness is an inspiring and classic work that challenges us to understand madness, reason and power and the forces that shape them.

After the Reformation

Essays in Honor of J.H. Hexter

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Author: Barbara C. Malament,Jack H. Hexter

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719008054

Category: Grande-Bretagne - Histoire - 1603-1714 (Stuarts)

Page: 363

View: 8555

Michel Foucault (2)

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Author: Barry Smart

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415126809

Category: Reference

Page: 3576

View: 6280

This second set of Critical Assessments on Michel Foucault deals with his work in relation to the themes of rationality, power and subjectivity. Like the first set, these four volumes will serve as a benchmark guide to his thought.

The Cambridge Companion to Foucault

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Author: Gary Gutting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521840828

Category: History

Page: 465

View: 4258

For Michel Foucault, philosophy was a way of questioning the allegedly necessary truths that underpin the practices and institutions of modern society. He carried this out in a series of deeply original and strikingly controversial studies on the origins of modern medical and social scientific disciplines. These studies have raised fundamental questions about the nature of human knowledge and its relation to power structures, and have become major topics of discussion throughout the humanities and social sciences. The essays in this volume provide a comprehensive overview of Foucault's major themes and texts, from his early work on madness through his history of sexuality. Special attention is also paid to thinkers and movements, from Kant through current feminist theory, that are particularly important for understanding his work and its impact. This revised edition contains five new essays and revisions of many others, and the extensive bibliography has been updated.

Das Unbehagen in der Kultur

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Author: Sigmund Freud

Publisher: e-artnow

ISBN: 8027300703

Category: Social Science

Page: 79

View: 8205

Dieses eBook: "Das Unbehagen in der Kultur" ist mit einem detaillierten und dynamischen Inhaltsverzeichnis versehen und wurde sorgfältig korrekturgelesen. Das Unbehagen in der Kultur ist der Titel einer 1930 erschienenen Schrift von Sigmund Freud. Die Arbeit ist, neben Massenpsychologie und Ich-Analyse von 1921, Freuds umfassendste kulturtheoretische Abhandlung; sie gehört zu den einflussreichsten kulturkritischen Schriften des 20. Jahrhunderts. Thema ist der Gegensatz zwischen der Kultur und den Triebregungen. Die Kultur ist bestrebt, immer größere soziale Einheiten zu bilden. Hierzu schränkt sie die Befriedigung sexueller und aggressiver Triebe ein; einen Teil der Aggression verwandelt sie in Schuldgefühl. Auf diese Weise ist die Kultur eine Quelle des Leidens; ihre Entwicklung führt zu einem wachsenden Unbehagen. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) war ein österreichischer Neurologe, Tiefenpsychologe, Kulturtheoretiker und Religionskritiker. Er war der Begründer der Psychoanalyse und gilt als einer der einflussreichsten Denker des 20. Jahrhunderts. Seine Theorien und Methoden werden bis heute diskutiert und angewendet.

Rewriting the History of Madness

Studies in Foucault's `Histoire de la Folie'

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Author: Arthur Still,Irving Velody

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134919697

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 5659

Michel Foucault has had an extraordinary impact on writers in the human sciences since his first book Madness and Civilization appeared in English. This title assesses the reactions to Madness and Civilization.

Discovering the History of Psychiatry

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Author: Mark S. Micale,Roy Porter

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195077391

Category: Medical

Page: 466

View: 5163

The field of psychiatry has exercised enormous influence in our century, not only among scientists and mental health professionals, but also in the arts, humanities, and social sciences which shape the cultural life of millions. This vitality has been accompanied by a profusion of historical material. Yet, while growing rapidly, the documented history of psychiatry has been ridden with controversy due to the great variety of interpretive nuance among different writers. This book brings together leading international authorities - physicians, historians, social scientists, and others - who explore the many complex interpretive and ideological dimensions of historical writing about psychiatry. The book includes chapters on the history of the asylum, Freud, anti-psychiatry in the United States and abroad, feminist interpretations of psychiatry's past, and historical accounts of Nazism and psychotherapy, as well as discussions of many individual historical figures and movements. It represents the first attempt to study comprehensively the multiple mythologies that have grown up around the history of madness and the origin, functions, and validity of these myths in our psychological century. The audience includes every person interested in the state of discussion and reflection taking place in the compelling science of the human mind.

Court-Ordered Insanity

Interpretive Practice and Involuntary Commitment

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Author: James A. Holstein

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202365237

Category: Psychology

Page: 223

View: 2870

In preparation for his new study, Dr. Holstein observed several hundred commitment hearings in five widely separated jurisdictions. He then undertook a description of the interpretive practice under which the courts determined whether or not "candidate patients" should be committed against their will to institutions for the mentally ill. He has approached these hearings as a conversational analyst, examining the interaction among judges, lawyers, psychiatrists, and the patients themselves. He argues that decisions to commit are products of those conversations, that the ways in which patients are identified and responded to as concrete instances of "deviance" or "social problems" are constituted through such dialogue. (The book appends some useful transcripts of the actual hearings to illustrate its points.). Holstein's book is also concerned with social organization and culture. He shows how legal interpretation at these hearings takes place within socially organized circumstances, and consequently is responsive to diverse contextual factors, fraught with collective representations and cultural images that serve as further interpretive resources for participants. Court-Ordered Insanity addresses some serious questions: How do competence and incompetence emerge through the hearings? How do considerations about the patient's social status figure into the discussions? How do the actors' assumptions about mental illness shape what occurs? Thanks in part to the clarity and force of Holstein's presentation, the reader comes to recognize that much of the earlier sociological work on mental illness may have focused on the wrong issues.

Stations of the Divided Subject

Contestation and Ideological Legitimation in German Bourgeois Literature, 1770-1914

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Author: Richard T. Gray

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804724029

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 390

View: 8449

A sociohistory of German bourgeois literature from 1770-1914 based on detailed readings of six cononical literary texts.