Loop Spaces, Characteristic Classes and Geometric Quantization


Author: Jean-Luc Brylinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647308

Category: Mathematics

Page: 302

View: 4785

This book deals with the differential geometry of manifolds, loop spaces, line bundles and groupoids, and the relations of this geometry to mathematical physics. Various developments in mathematical physics (e.g., in knot theory, gauge theory, and topological quantum field theory) have led mathematicians and physicists to search for new geometric structures on manifolds and to seek a synthesis of ideas from geometry, topology and category theory. In this spirit, this book develops the differential geometry associated to the topology and obstruction theory of certain fiber bundles (more precisely, associated to grebes). The theory is a 3-dimensional analog of the familiar Kostant--Weil theory of line bundles. In particular the curvature now becomes a 3-form. Applications presented in the book involve anomaly line bundles on loop spaces and anomaly functionals, central extensions of loop groups, Kähler geometry of the space of knots, Cheeger--Chern--Simons secondary characteristics classes, and group cohomology. Finally, the last chapter deals with the Dirac monopole and Dirac’s quantization of the electrical charge. The book will be of interest to topologists, geometers, Lie theorists and mathematical physicists, as well as to operator algebraists. It is written for graduate students and researchers, and will be an excellent textbook. It has a self-contained introduction to the theory of sheaves and their cohomology, line bundles and geometric prequantization à la Kostant--Souriau.

Perspectives on Noncommutative Geometry


Author: Masoud Khalkhali

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821848496

Category: Mathematics

Page: 163

View: 2952

This volume represents the proceedings of the Noncommutative Geometry Workshop that was held as part of the thematic program on operator algebras at the Fields Institute in May 2008. Pioneered by Alain Connes starting in the late 1970s, noncommutative geometry was originally inspired by global analysis, topology, operator algebras, and quantum physics. Its main applications were to settle some long-standing conjectures, such as the Novikov conjecture and the Baum-Connes conjecture. Next came the impact of spectral geometry and the way the spectrum of a geometric operator, like the Laplacian, holds information about the geometry and topology of a manifold, as in the celebrated Weyl law. This has now been vastly generalized through Connes' notion of spectral triples. Finally, recent years have witnessed the impact of number theory, algebraic geometry and the theory of motives, and quantum field theory on noncommutative geometry. Almost all of these aspects are touched upon with new results in the papers of this volume. This book is intended for graduate students and researchers in both mathematics and theoretical physics who are interested in noncommutative geometry and its applications.

Discriminants, Resultants, and Multidimensional Determinants


Author: Israel M. Gelfand,Mikhail Kapranov,Andrei Zelevinsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0817647716

Category: Mathematics

Page: 523

View: 8499

"This book revives and vastly expands the classical theory of resultants and discriminants. Most of the main new results of the book have been published earlier in more than a dozen joint papers of the authors. The book nicely complements these original papers with many examples illustrating both old and new results of the theory."—Mathematical Reviews

A Concise Treatise on Quantum Mechanics in Phase Space


Author: Thomas L Curtright,David B Fairlie,Cosmas K Zachos

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814520462

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 3046

This is a text on quantum mechanics formulated simultaneously in terms of position and momentum, i.e. in phase space. It is written at an introductory level, drawing on the remarkable history of the subject for inspiration and motivation. Wigner functions — density matrices in a special Weyl representation — and star products are the cornerstones of the formalism. The resulting framework is a rich source of physical intuition. It has been used to describe transport in quantum optics, structure and dynamics in nuclear physics, chaos, and decoherence in quantum computing. It is also of importance in signal processing and the mathematics of algebraic deformation. A remarkable aspect of its internal logic, pioneered by Groenewold and Moyal, has only emerged in the last quarter-century: it furnishes a third, alternative way to formulate and understand quantum mechanics, independent of the conventional Hilbert space or path integral approaches to the subject. In this logically complete and self-standing formulation, one need not choose sides between coordinate or momentum space variables. It works in full phase space, accommodating the uncertainty principle; and it offers unique insights into the classical limit of quantum theory. The observables in this formulation are c-number functions in phase space instead of operators, with the same interpretation as their classical counterparts, only composed together in novel algebraic ways using star products. This treatise provides an introductory overview and supplementary material suitable for an advanced undergraduate or a beginning graduate course in quantum mechanics.

Dynamical Systems IV

Symplectic Geometry and its Applications


Author: S.P. Novikov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662067935

Category: Mathematics

Page: 286

View: 7176

This book takes a snapshot of the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum mechanics from a contemporary mathematical viewpoint. It covers a number of important recent developments in dynamical systems and mathematical physics and places them in the framework of the more classical approaches; the presentation is enhanced by many illustrative examples concerning topics which have been of especial interest to workers in the field, and by sketches of the proofs of the major results. The comprehensive bibliographies are designed to permit the interested reader to retrace the major stages in the development of the field if he wishes. Not so much a detailed textbook for plodding students, this volume, like the others in the series, is intended to lead researchers in other fields and advanced students quickly to an understanding of the 'state of the art' in this area of mathematics. As such it will serve both as a basic reference work on important areas of mathematical physics as they stand today, and as a good starting point for further, more detailed study for people new to this field.

Convexity Properties of Hamiltonian Group Actions


Author: Victor Guillemin,Reyer Sjamaar

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821842362

Category: Mathematics

Page: 82

View: 2696

This is a monograph on convexity properties of moment mappings in symplectic geometry. The fundamental result in this subject is the Kirwan convexity theorem, which describes the image of a moment map in terms of linear inequalities. This theorem bears a close relationship to perplexing old puzzles from linear algebra, such as the Horn problem on sums of Hermitian matrices, on which considerable progress has been made in recent years following a breakthrough by Klyachko. The book presents a simple local model for the moment polytope, valid in the ``generic'' case, and an elementary Morse-theoretic argument deriving the Klyachko inequalities and some of their generalizations. It reviews various infinite-dimensional manifestations of moment convexity, such as the Kostant type theorems for orbits of a loop group (due to Atiyah and Pressley) or a symplectomorphism group (due to Bloch, Flaschka and Ratiu). Finally, it gives an account of a new convexity theorem for moment map images of orbits of a Borel subgroup of a complex reductive group acting on a Kahler manifold, based on potential-theoretic methods in several complex variables.

A Primer on String Theory


Author: Volker Schomerus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107160014

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 1495

Since its conception in the 1960s, string theory has been hailed as one of the most promising routes we have to unify quantum mechanics and general relativity. This book provides a concise introduction to string theory explaining central concepts, mathematical tools and covering recent developments in physics including compactifications and gauge/string dualities. With string theory being a multidisciplinary field interfacing with high energy physics, mathematics and quantum field theory, this book is ideal for both students with no previous knowledge of the field and scholars from other disciplines who are looking for an introduction to basic concepts.

An Introduction to Frames


Author: Jelena Kovacevic,Amina Chebira

Publisher: Now Publishers Inc

ISBN: 160198068X

Category: Computers

Page: 100

View: 9680

An Introduction to Frames is an introduction to redundant signal representations called frames. These representations have recently emerged as yet another powerful tool in the signal processing toolbox, spurred by a host of recent applications requiring some level of redundancy. It asks the question: Why and where should one use frames? And answers emphatically: Anywhere where redundancy is a must. It then goes on to discuss a host of applications that richly illustrate that answer. An Introduction to Frames is geared primarily toward engineering students and those without extensive mathematical training. It is also intended to help researchers and practitioners decide whether frames are the right tool for their application.

The Topology of Fibre Bundles. (PMS-14)


Author: Norman Steenrod

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883873

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 3725

Fibre bundles, now an integral part of differential geometry, are also of great importance in modern physics--such as in gauge theory. This book, a succinct introduction to the subject by renown mathematician Norman Steenrod, was the first to present the subject systematically. It begins with a general introduction to bundles, including such topics as differentiable manifolds and covering spaces. The author then provides brief surveys of advanced topics, such as homotopy theory and cohomology theory, before using them to study further properties of fibre bundles. The result is a classic and timeless work of great utility that will appeal to serious mathematicians and theoretical physicists alike.

Symplectic Geometry of Integrable Hamiltonian Systems


Author: Michèle Audin,Ana Cannas da Silva,Eugene Lerman

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034880715

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 4048

Among all the Hamiltonian systems, the integrable ones have special geometric properties; in particular, their solutions are very regular and quasi-periodic. This book serves as an introduction to symplectic and contact geometry for graduate students, exploring the underlying geometry of integrable Hamiltonian systems. Includes exercises designed to complement the expositiont, and up-to-date references.

Non-commutative Algebraic Geometry

An Introduction


Author: F.M.J. van Oystaeyen,A.H.M.J. Verschoren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540386017

Category: Mathematics

Page: 408

View: 4454

Numerical Methods in Finance

Bordeaux, June 2010


Author: René Carmona,Pierre Del Moral,Peng Hu,Nadia Oudjane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642257461

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 4913

Numerical methods in finance have emerged as a vital field at the crossroads of probability theory, finance and numerical analysis. Based on presentations given at the workshop Numerical Methods in Finance held at the INRIA Bordeaux (France) on June 1-2, 2010, this book provides an overview of the major new advances in the numerical treatment of instruments with American exercises. Naturally it covers the most recent research on the mathematical theory and the practical applications of optimal stopping problems as they relate to financial applications. By extension, it also provides an original treatment of Monte Carlo methods for the recursive computation of conditional expectations and solutions of BSDEs and generalized multiple optimal stopping problems and their applications to the valuation of energy derivatives and assets. The articles were carefully written in a pedagogical style and a reasonably self-contained manner. The book is geared toward quantitative analysts, probabilists, and applied mathematicians interested in financial applications.

Quantum Gravity

Mathematical Models and Experimental Bounds


Author: Bertfried Fauser,Jürgen Tolksdorf,Eberhard Zeidler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764379780

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 8291

This book provides the reader with an overview of the different mathematical attempts to quantize gravity written by leading experts in this field. Also discussed are the possible experimental bounds on quantum gravity effects. The contributions have been strictly refereed and are written in an accessible style. The present volume emerged from the 2nd Blaubeuren Workshop "Mathematical and Physical Aspects of Quantum Gravity".

Unsolved Problems in Mathematical Systems and Control Theory


Author: Vincent D. Blondel,Alexandre Megretski

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400826152

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 6697

This book provides clear presentations of more than sixty important unsolved problems in mathematical systems and control theory. Each of the problems included here is proposed by a leading expert and set forth in an accessible manner. Covering a wide range of areas, the book will be an ideal reference for anyone interested in the latest developments in the field, including specialists in applied mathematics, engineering, and computer science. The book consists of ten parts representing various problem areas, and each chapter sets forth a different problem presented by a researcher in the particular area and in the same way: description of the problem, motivation and history, available results, and bibliography. It aims not only to encourage work on the included problems but also to suggest new ones and generate fresh research. The reader will be able to submit solutions for possible inclusion on an online version of the book to be updated quarterly on the Princeton University Press website, and thus also be able to access solutions, updated information, and partial solutions as they are developed.

Elementary Functions

Algorithms and Implementation


Author: Jean-Michel Muller

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 1489979832

Category: Computers

Page: 283

View: 6142

This textbook presents the concepts and tools necessary to understand, build, and implement algorithms for computing elementary functions (e.g., logarithms, exponentials, and the trigonometric functions). Both hardware- and software-oriented algorithms are included, along with issues related to accurate floating-point implementation. This third edition has been updated and expanded to incorporate the most recent advances in the field, new elementary function algorithms, and function software. After a preliminary chapter that briefly introduces some fundamental concepts of computer arithmetic, such as floating-point arithmetic and redundant number systems, the text is divided into three main parts. Part I considers the computation of elementary functions using algorithms based on polynomial or rational approximations and using table-based methods; the final chapter in this section deals with basic principles of multiple-precision arithmetic. Part II is devoted to a presentation of “shift-and-add” algorithms (hardware-oriented algorithms that use additions and shifts only). Issues related to accuracy, including range reduction, preservation of monotonicity, and correct rounding, as well as some examples of implementation are explored in Part III. Numerous examples of command lines and full programs are provided throughout for various software packages, including Maple, Sollya, and Gappa. New to this edition are an in-depth overview of the IEEE-754-2008 standard for floating-point arithmetic; a section on using double- and triple-word numbers; a presentation of new tools for designing accurate function software; and a section on the Toom-Cook family of multiplication algorithms. The techniques presented in this book will be of interest to implementers of elementary function libraries or circuits and programmers of numerical applications. Additionally, graduate and advanced undergraduate students, professionals, and researchers in scientific computing, numerical analysis, software engineering, and computer engineering will find this a useful reference and resource. PRAISE FOR PREVIOUS EDITIONS “[T]his book seems like an essential reference for the experts (which I'm not). More importantly, this is an interesting book for the curious (which I am). In this case, you'll probably learn many interesting things from this book. If you teach numerical analysis or approximation theory, then this book will give you some good examples to discuss in class." — MAA Reviews (Review of Second Edition) "The rich content of ideas sketched or presented in some detail in this book is supplemented by a list of over three hundred references, most of them of 1980 or more recent. The book also contains some relevant typical programs." — Zentralblatt MATH (Review of Second Edition) “I think that the book will be very valuable to students both in numerical analysis and in computer science. I found [it to be] well written and containing much interesting material, most of the time disseminated in specialized papers published in specialized journals difficult to find." — Numerical Algorithms (Review of First Edition)

Handbook of Differential Geometry


Author: F.J.E. Dillen,L.C.A. Verstraelen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080532837

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1053

View: 581

In the series of volumes which together will constitute the Handbook of Differential Geometry a rather complete survey of the field of differential geometry is given. The different chapters will both deal with the basic material of differential geometry and with research results (old and recent). All chapters are written by experts in the area and contain a large bibliography.

Conformal and Potential Analysis in Hele-Shaw Cells


Author: Bjorn Gustafsson,Alexander Vasiliev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764377045

Category: Mathematics

Page: 234

View: 9256

This monograph presents recent and new ideas arising from the study of problems of planar fluid dynamics, and which are interesting from the point of view of geometric function theory and potential theory. the book is concerned with geometric problems for Hele-Shaw flows. Additionally, Hele-Shaw flows on parameter spaces are discussed, and connections with string theory are revealed. Assumes a graduate level understanding of real and complex analysis, and fluid mechanics.

Lie Algebras In Particle Physics

from Isospin To Unified Theories


Author: Howard Georgi

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429967764

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 9430

Howard Georgi is the co-inventor (with Sheldon Glashow) of the SU(5) theory. This extensively revised and updated edition of his classic text makes the theory of Lie groups accessible to graduate students, while offering a perspective on the way in which knowledge of such groups can provide an insight into the development of unified theories of strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions.