Logics of History

Social Theory and Social Transformation

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Author: William H. Sewell Jr.

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226749198

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 9273

While social scientists and historians have been exchanging ideas for a long time, they have never developed a proper dialogue about social theory. William H. Sewell Jr. observes that on questions of theory the communication has been mostly one way: from social science to history. Logics of History argues that both history and the social sciences have something crucial to offer each other. While historians do not think of themselves as theorists, they know something social scientists do not: how to think about the temporalities of social life. On the other hand, while social scientists’ treatments of temporality are usually clumsy, their theoretical sophistication and penchant for structural accounts of social life could offer much to historians. Renowned for his work at the crossroads of history, sociology, political science, and anthropology, Sewell argues that only by combining a more sophisticated understanding of historical time with a concern for larger theoretical questions can a satisfying social theory emerge. In Logics of History, he reveals the shape such an engagement could take, some of the topics it could illuminate, and how it might affect both sides of the disciplinary divide.

The Logic of the History of Ideas

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Author: Mark Bevir

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521016841

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7145

Human cultures generate meanings, and the history of ideas, broadly conceived, is the study of these meanings. An adequate theory of culture must therefore rest on a suitable philosophical enquiry into the nature of the history of ideas. Mark Bevir's book explores the forms of reasoning appropriate to the history of ideas, enhancing our understanding by grappling with central questions such as: What is a meaning? What constitutes objective knowledge of the past? What are beliefs and traditions? How can we explain why people held the beliefs they did? The book ranges widely over issues and theorists associated with post-analytic philosophy, post-modernism, hermeneutics, literary theory, political thought, and social theory.

Bad History and the Logics of Blockbuster Cinema

Titanic, Gangs of New York, Australia, Inglourious Basterds

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Author: Patrick McGee

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137012528

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 218

View: 4083

In his latest book, Patrick McGee argues for the political and social significance of mass culture through the interpretation of four recent big-budget movies:Titanic,Gangs of New York,Australia, andInglourious Basterds. Through philosophical and historical contextualization, he reveals the logic of what appears on the screen, a logic that shows how these films both represent and distort the historical record in order to articulate a truth that challenges conventional history as a discipline. Counterdisciplinary in its method, this exciting work asserts that no movie can ever be reduced to the absolutely authentic or the absolutely inauthentic.

Continuity, Quantum, Continuum, and Dialectic

The Foundational Logics of Western Historical Thinking

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Author: Mark E. Blum

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820463988

Category: Philosophy

Page: 497

View: 4813

Continuity, quantum, continuum, and dialectic are foundational logics of Western historical thought. The historiographical method to discern them is a critique of historical reason. Through 'stylistics' Mark E. Blum demonstrates how the inner temporal experience of the person shapes both judgment and historical action. Blum's work augments the epistemology of Immanuel Kant, Wilhelm Dilthey, and Edmund Husserl. Studies of significant persons from Shakespeare through the Framers of the American Constitution, as well as contemporary adolescents, illustrate the intergenerational presence of these historical logics. Courses in historical method, phenomenological philosophy, cognitive psychology, linguistics, and literary theory can benefit from Blum's findings and approach.

The Service-dominant Logic of Marketing

Dialog, Debate, and Directions

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Author: Robert F. Lusch,Stephen L. Vargo

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765614902

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 449

View: 5015

Presents a challenging paradigm for the marketing discipline, which is service-oriented, customer-oriented, relationship-focused, and knowledge-based, and places marketing central to overall business strategy. This work provides a comprehensive marketing theory that challenges both modern thinking and marketing practice.

Inductive Logic

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Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 800

View: 4650

This volume is number ten in the 11-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. While there are many examples were a science split from philosophy and became autonomous (such as physics with Newton and biology with Darwin), and while there are, perhaps, topics that are of exclusively philosophical interest, inductive logic — as this handbook attests — is a research field where philosophers and scientists fruitfully and constructively interact. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in Inductive Logic, including probability theory and decision theory. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in the history of logic, the history of philosophy, and any discipline, such as mathematics, computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration. • Chapter on the Port Royal contributions to probability theory and decision theory • Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century • Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Remaking Modernity

Politics, History, and Sociology

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Author: Julia Adams,Elisabeth Clemens,Ann Shola Orloff

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822333630

Category: Social Science

Page: 612

View: 1946

A state-of-the-field survey of historical sociology, Remaking Modernity highlights the resurgence in historical inquiry underway right now, assesses the field's past accomplishments, and peers into the future, delineating changes to come. The seventeen essays in this collection reveal the potential of historical sociology to transform understandings of social and cultural change. Where many discussions of the field have focused on questions of method, these essays illuminate the substantive and theoretical challenges presented by modernity, by social change writ large. This volume captures an exciting new conversation among historical sociologists that brings a wider interdisciplinary project to bear on the problems and prospects of modernity. The contributors represent a wide range of theoretical orientations and a broad spectrum of understandings of what constitutes historical sociology. They address such topics as religion, war, citizenship, markets, professions, gender and welfare, colonialism, ethnicity and groups, bureaucracy, revolutions, collective action, and the modernist social sciences themselves. Remaking Modernity includes a significant introduction in which the editors consider prior orientations in historic sociology in order to highlight more recent developments. They point out how current research is building on and challenging previous work through attention to institutionalism, rational-choice, the cultural turn, feminist theories and approaches, and colonialism and the racial formations of empire. Contributors Julia Adams Justin Baer Richard Biernacki Bruce Carruthers Elisabeth Clemens Rebecca Jean Emigh Philip Gorski Roger Gould Meyer Kestmbaum Edgar Kiser Ming-Cheng Lo Zine Magubane Ann Shola Orloff Nader Sohrabi George Steinmetz Julia Adams is Arthur F. Thurnau Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Michigan. She is the author of The Familial State: Ruling Families and Merchant Capitalism in Early Modern Europe. Elisabeth Clemens is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago. She is the author of The People's Lobby: Organizational Innovation and the Rise of the Interest Group. Ann Shola Orloff is Professor of Sociology at Northwestern University. Her most recent book is Women's Employment and Welfare Regimes: Globalization, Export Orientation, and Social Policy in Europe and North America.

Other Logics

Alternatives to Formal Logic in the History of Thought and Contemporary Philosophy

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Author: Admir Skodo

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004270183

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

View: 7399

In Other Logics: Alternatives to Formal Logic in the History of Thought and Contemporary Philosophy, edited by Admir Skodo, an array of historical and philosophical chapters decenter the idea of formal logic as the most accurate, timeless, and abstract description of all thought and reasoning.

Technology and the Logic of American Racism

A Cultural History of the Body as Evidence

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Author: Sarah E. Chinn

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826447500

Category: Social Science

Page: 233

View: 2874

In this book, Sarah E. Chinn pulls together what seems to be opposite discourses--the information-driven languages of law and medicine and the subjective logics of racism--to examine how racial identity has been constructed in the United States over the past century. She examines a range of primary social case studies such as the American Red Cross' lamentable decision to segregate the blood of black and white donors during World War II, and its ramifications for American culture, and more recent examples that reveal the racist nature of criminology, such as the recent trial of O.J. Simpson. Among several key American literary texts, she looks at Mark Twain's Pudd'nhead Wilson, a novel whose plot turns on issues of racial identity and which was written at a time when scientific and popular interest in evidence of the body, such as fingerprinting, was at a peak.

Remaking the Rhythms of Life

German Communities in the Age of the Nation-State

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Author: Oliver Zimmer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191639869

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 9149

Across Europe the late nineteenth century marked a period of rapid economic change, increased migration, religious conflict, and inter-state competition. In Germany, these developments were further accentuated by the creation of the imperial state in 1870-1871, and the conflicting hopes and expectations it provoked. Attempting to make sense of this turbulent period of German history, historians have frequently reverted to terms such as industrialization, urbanization, nation-formation, modernity or modernization. Using the prism of comparative urban history, Oliver Zimmer highlights the limitations of these conceptual abstractions and challenges the separation of local and national approaches to the past. He shows how men and women drew on their creative energies to instigate change at various levels. Focusing on conflicts over the local economy and elementary schools, as well as on nationalist and religious processions, Remaking the Rhythms of Life examines how urban residents sought to regain a sense of place in a changing world - less by resisting the novel than by reconfiguring their environments in ways that reflected their sensibilities and aspirations; less by lamenting the decline of civic virtues than by creating surroundings that proved sufficiently meaningful to sustain lives. In their capacity as consumers, citizens, and members of religious or economic associations, people embarked on a multitude of journeys. As they did, larger phenomena such as religion, nationalism, and the state became intertwined with their everyday affairs and concerns.

Logics of Resistance

Globalization and Telephone Unionism in Mexico and British Columbia

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Author: Steve Dubb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135686424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 476

View: 1701

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Castes of Mind

Colonialism and the Making of Modern India

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Author: Nicholas B. Dirks

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691088950

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 2155

This volume traces the caste system from the medieval kingdoms of southern India through early colonial archives to the 20th century. It surveys the rise of caste politics and how caste-based movements have threatened nationalist consensus.

The Logic of Epistemology and the Epistemology of Logic

Selected Essays

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Author: Jaakko Hintikka,Merrill B.P. Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400926472

Category: Philosophy

Page: 246

View: 2215

Somewhat like Henkin's nonstandard interpretation of higher-order logics, while the right semantics [or logical modalities is an analogue to the standard of type theory in Henkin's sense. interpretation Another possibility would be to follow W.V. Quine's advice to give up logi cal modalities as being beyond repair. Or we could also try to develop a logic of conceptual possibility, restricting the range of our "possible worlds" to those compatible with the transcendental presuppositions of our own conceptual sys tem. This looks in fact like one of the most interesting possible theories I have dreamt of developing but undoubtedly never will. Its kinship with Kant's way of thinking should be obvious. Besides putting the entire enterprise of possible-worlds semantics into a perspective, we can also see that the actual history of possible-worlds seman tics is more complicated than it might first appear to be. For the standard in terpretation of modal logics has reared its beautiful head repeatedly in the writings of Stig Kanger, Richard Montague the pre-Montague-semantics theorist, and Nino Cocchiarella.

Evil Paradises

Dreamworlds of Neoliberalism

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Author: Mike Davis,Daniel Bertrand Monk

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595587780

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1299

Evil Paradises, edited by Mike Davis and Daniel Bertrand Monk, is a global guidebook to phantasmagoric but real places—alternate realities being constructed as “utopias” in a capitalist era unfettered by unions and state regulation. These developments—in cities, deserts, and in the middle of the sea—are worlds where consumption and inequality surpass our worst nightmares. Although they read like science fiction, the case studies are shockingly real. In Dubai, where child slavery existed until very recently, a gilded archipelago of private islands known as “The World” is literally being added to the ocean. In Medellín and Kabul, drug lords—in many ways textbook capitalists—are redefining conspicuous consumption in fortified palaces. In Hong Kong, Cairo, and even the Iranian desert, burgeoning communities of nouveaux riches have taken shelter in fantasy Californias, complete with Mickey Mouse statues, while their maids sleep in rooftop chicken coops. Meanwhile, Ted Turner rides herd over his bison in 2 million acres of private parkland. Davis and Monk have assembled an extraordinary group of urbanists, architects, historians, and visionary thinkers to reflect upon the trajectory of a civilization whose deepest ethos seems to be to consume all the resources of the earth within a single lifetime.

Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century

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Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080463032

Category: Mathematics

Page: 732

View: 6181

Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science and artificial intelligence, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, philosophy, and the history of ideas. This volume is number seven in the eleven volume Handbook of the History of Logic. It concentrates on the development of modal logic in the 20th century, one of the most important undertakings in logic’s long history. Written by the leading researchers and scholars in the field, the volume explores the logics of necessity and possibility, knowledge and belief, obligation and permission, time, tense and change, relevance, and more. Both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for students and researchers in the history of logic, the history of philosophy, and any discipline, such as mathematics, computer science, artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration. · Detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic. · Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights that answer many questions in the field of logic.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

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Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402005831

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 7774

such questions for centuries (unrestricted by the capabilities of any hard ware). The principles governing the interaction of several processes, for example, are abstract an similar to principles governing the cooperation of two large organisation. A detailed rule based effective but rigid bureaucracy is very much similar to a complex computer program handling and manipulating data. My guess is that the principles underlying one are very much the same as those underlying the other. I believe the day is not far away in the future when the computer scientist will wake up one morning with the realisation that he is actually a kind of formal philosopher! The projected number of volumes for this Handbook is about 18. The subject has evolved and its areas have become interrelated to such an extent that it no longer makes sense to dedicate volumes to topics. However, the volumes do follow some natural groupings of chapters. I would like to thank our authors are readers for their contributions and their commitment in making this Handbook a success. Thanks also to our publication administrator Mrs J. Spurr for her usual dedication and excellence and to Kluwer Academic Publishers for their continuing support for the Handbook.

The Methods of Contemporary Thought

Translated from the German by Peter Caws

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Author: J.M. Bochenski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401035784

Category: Philosophy

Page: 145

View: 7715

Professor Bochenski, as he himself points out in the prologue, is a logician; he is best known in England and the United States for his work in the history of logic, and more recently in Soviet and East European philosophy. But he has taught philosophy for many years - in Rome, in Switzerland, and on a number of visits to the United States - and in this book provides an elementary introduction to contemporary work in the field. As a means to this end he has chosen to deal with four alternative methods employed by philosophers in the twentieth century. Philosophical methodology has not attracted much attention, in English speaking circles, as a distinct branch of the discipline of philosophy; the term "methodologist", if used at all, would ordinarily be taken to refer to somebody concerned with scientific rather than philosophical method. When, therefore, Professor Bochenski refers, as he frequently does, to "contemporary methodologists", meaning people who debate the re spective merits of phenomenology and mathematical logic as ways of approaching the world, the phrase has an odd ring. But philosophical methodology really makes a great deal more sense than scientific method ology. In science methodology is almost superfluous; given all the avail able information and a reasonably clear idea of what is wanted, there is usually not much ambiguity as to the means of getting it, or not much that could be resolved by mere argument.

Logics of Failed Revolt

French Theory After May '68

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Author: Peter Starr

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804724456

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 268

View: 1883

Using the events of May '68 as a historical touchstone, this book examines the political ramifications of the literary, philosophical, and psychoanalytic work known as French theory.