Logics of Critical Explanation in Social and Political Theory

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Author: Jason Glynos,David Howarth

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134138369

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3634

This book proposes a novel approach to practising social and political analysis based on the role of logics. The authors articulate a distinctive perspective on social science explanation that avoids the problems of scientism and subjectivism by steering a careful course between lawlike explanations and thick descriptions. Drawing upon hermeneutics, poststructuralism, psychoanalysis, and post-analytical philosophy, this new approach offers a particular set of logics – social, political and fantasmatic – with which to construct critical explanations of practices and regimes. While the first part of the book critically engages with lawlike, interpretivist and causal approaches to critical explanation, the second part elaborates an alternative grammar of concepts informed by an ontological stance rooted in poststructuralist theory. In developing this approach, a number of empirical cases are included to illustrate its basic concepts and logics, ranging from the apartheid regime in South Africa to recent changes in higher education. The book will be a valuable tool for scholars and researchers in a variety of related fields of study in the social sciences, especially the disciplines of political science and political theory, international relations, social theory, cultural studies, anthropology and philosophy.

Climate Justice vs. Klimaneoliberalismus?

Klimadiskurse im Spannungsfeld von Hegemonie und Gegen-Hegemonie

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Author: Philip Bedall

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839428068

Category: Social Science

Page: 460

View: 5471

Wie sich die internationale Klimapolitik ausgestaltet, ist nicht ausschließlich Ergebnis zwischenstaatlicher Verhandlungen. Mit Gramsci gilt die Zivilgesellschaft als Verhandlungsort darüber, was als klimapolitisch adäquat oder legitim angesehen wird. Philip Bedall untersucht die Ausbildung und Anfechtung dieses Konsenses während der Weltklimakonferenz 2009 in Kopenhagen anhand der Forderungen transnationaler NGOs und sozialer Bewegungen und macht hierfür die Diskurstheorie von Laclau und Mouffe handhabbar. Er zeigt, dass sich NGOs und Bewegungen nicht binär in affirmativ und revolutionär unterteilen lassen, und spürt der affirmativen Essenz artikulierter Kritik mit Hilfe der Methode der Dekonstruktion nach. So gelingt ihm eine differenzierte Beurteilung der Akteure und ihrer Forderungen.

Handbook of Critical Policy Studies

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Author: Frank Fischer,Douglas Torgerson,Anna Durnová,Michael Orsini

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783472359

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 544

View: 4792

Critical policy studies, as illustrated in this Handbook, challenges the conventional approaches public policy inquiry. But it offers important innovations as well, in particular its focus on discursive politics, policy argumentation and deliberation, and interpretive modes of analysis.

The Turkish Deep State

State Consolidation, Civil-Military Relations and Democracy

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Author: Mehtap Sooyler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317668790

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 802

The deep state ranks among the most critical issues in Turkish politics. This book traces its origins and offers an explanation of the emergence and trajectory of the deep state; the meaning and function of informal and authoritarian institutions in the formal security sector of a democratic regime; the involvement of the state in organized crime; armed conflict; corruption; and massive human rights violations. This book applies an innovative methodological approach to concept formation and offers a mid-range theory of deep state that sheds light on the reciprocal relationship between the state and political regimes and elaborates on the conditions for the consolidation of democracy. It traces the path-dependent emergence and trajectory of the deep state from the Ottoman Empire to the current Turkish Republic and its impact on state-society relations. It reads state formation, consolidation, and breakdown from the perspective of this most resilient phenomenon of Turkish politics. The analysis also situates recent developments regarding AKP governments, including the EU accession process, civil-military relations, coup trials, the Kurdish question, and the Gülen Movement in their context within the deep state. Moreover, this case-study offers an analytical framework for cross-regional comparative analysis of the deep states. Addressing the lacuna in academic scholarship on the deep state phenomenon in Turkey, this book is essential reading for students and scholars with an interest in democratization, politics and Middle East Studies.

Critical Theory and Democracy

Civil Society, Dictatorship, and Constitutionalism in Andrew Arato’s Democratic Theory

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Author: Enrique Peruzzotti,Martin Plot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136183701

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 8209

This book focuses on Andrew Arato’s democratic theory and its relevance to contemporary issues such as processes of democratization, civil society, constitution-making, and the modern Executive. Andrew Arato is -both globally and disciplinarily- a prominent thinker in the fields of democratic theory, constitutional law, and comparative politics, influencing several generations of scholars. This is the first volume to systematically address his democratic theory. Including contributions from leading scholars such as Dick Howard, Ulrich Preuss, Hubertus Buchstein, Janos Kis, Uri Ram, Leonardo Avritzer, Carlos de la Torre, and Nicolás Lynch, this book is organized around three major areas of Arato ́s influence on contemporary political and social thought. The first section offers a comprehensive view of Arato’s scholarship from his early work on critical theory and Western Marxism to his current research on constitution-making and its application. The second section shifts its focus from the previous, comprehensive approach, to a much more specific one: Arato ́s widespread influence on the study of civil society in democratization processes in Latin America. The third section includes a previously unpublished work, ‘A conceptual history of dictatorship (and its rivals,)’ one of the few systematic interrogations on the meaning of a political form of fundamental relevance in the contemporary world. Critical Theory and Democracy will be of interest to critical and social theorists, and all Arato scholars.

Democracy and Pluralism

The Political Thought of William E. Connolly

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Author: Alan Finlayson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135256071

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3402

William E. Connolly’s political theory forms a distinct and influential contribution to contemporary debates about the nature and prospects of democratic life in the twenty-first century. His original conceptualisations of pluralism, naturalism, the politics of the body, religion, secularism and his daring incorporation of contemporary neurobiology into political theory and analysis, have opened new paths for intellectual enquiry. Connolly has brought an American tradition of pragmatist political thinking into fruitful conversation with the best of contemporary continental European philosophy and given to both a new energy and focus. In this edited collection, a distinguished panel of political theorists from both Europe and the US provide a critical and nuanced assessment of his contribution to the discipline, especially in the field of democratic theory. They identify the sources of Connolly’s work, its connections to other ways of thinking about the political and they evaluate his continuing contribution to our understanding of the problems and promises of the present and to our appreciation of what it might mean to fulfil the promise of the democratic way of life. The final chapter provides space for Connolly himself to reflect on his interlocutors and further develop his conception of a ‘world of becoming’ considering the links between political theory and the science of complexity while focusing on the immediate challenges facing both American and world politics. Democracy and Pluralism provides a critical introduction to the work of William E. Connolly and to contemporary debates in political theory encompassing topics such as radical democracy, the body, religion, time and contingency.

The Politics of (M)Othering

Womanhood, Identity and Resistance in African Literature

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Author: Obioma Nnaemeka

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134774389

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6926

This collection is a study of African literature framed by the central, and multi-faceted, idea of 'mother' - motherland, mothertongue, motherwit, motherhood, mothering - looking at the paradoxical location of (m)other as both central and marginal. Whilst the volume stands as a sustained feminist analysis, it engages feminist theory itself by showing how issues in feminism are, in African literature, recast in different and complex ways.

Politics of Mothering

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Author: Obioma Nnaemeka

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415137904

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 233

View: 6586

This collection is a study of African literature framed by the central, and multi-faceted, idea of 'mother' - motherland, mothertongue, motherwit, motherhood, mothering - looking at the paradoxical location of (m)other as both central and marginal. Whilst the volume stands as a sustained feminist analysis, it engages feminist theory itself by showing how issues in feminism are, in African literature, recast in different and complex ways.

Ecopolitics

The Environment in Poststructuralist Thought

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Author: Verena Andermatt Conley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134850670

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 9832

Ecopolitics is a study of environmental awareness - or non-awareness - in contemporary French theory. Arguing that it is now impossible not to think in an ecological way, Verena Andermatt Conley traces the roots of today's concern for the environment back to the intellectual climate of the late 50s and 60s. The author considers key texts by influential figures such as Michael Serres, Paul Virilio, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, Michel de Certeau, Hélène Cixous and Luce Irigaray. Ecopolitics rehabilitates some ecological components of French intellectual thought of the past thirty years, and reassesses French poststructural thinkers who explicitly deal with ecology in their work.

The Spoils of Freedom

Psychoanalysis, Feminism and Ideology after the Fall of Socialism

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Author: Renata Salecl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134906110

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 6099

The rise of nationalist, racist and anti-feminist ideologies is one of the most frightening repercussions of the collapse of socialism. Using psychoanalytic theories of fantasy to investigate why such extremist ideologies have taken hold, Renata Salecl argues that the major social and political changes in post-communist Eastern Europe require a radical re-evaluation of notions of liberal theories of democracy. In doing so she offers a new approach to human rights and feminism grounded in her own active partipation in the struggles, first against communism and now against nationalism and anti-feminism.

Die feinen Unterschiede

Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518576250

Category: Aesthetics, French

Page: 877

View: 8575

Die Analyse des kulturellen Konsums ist für alle von Interesse, die geneigt sind, ihre eigenen, meist als selbstverständlich aufgefassten kulturellen Vorlieben und Praktiken zu prüfen. Der Reiz und das Verdienst des Buches liegen darin, dass der Autor immer im Kontakt zum konkreten Alltag bleibt. Die Lektüre der Feinen Unterschiede wird ein spannender Selbsterfahrungsprozess.

Dialectics and Contemporary Politics

Critique and Transformation from Hegel Through Post-Marxism

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Author: John Grant

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136703233

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 6571

Dialectics and Contemporary Politics develops a full theory of dialectics in order to reset the terms of dialectical critique and affirm its ability to produce radical insights about contemporary society. Dialectical thought has been the subject of sustained criticism since the 1960s, when competing approaches such as structuralism, genealogy, deconstruction and post-Marxism took political theorizing in new directions.

Critical Realism meets kritische Sozialtheorie

Ontologie, Erklärung und Kritik in den Sozialwissenschaften

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Author: Urs Lindner,Dimitri Mader

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839427258

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 1249

Der Critical Realism, wie er seit den 1970er Jahren im angelsächsischen Raum entwickelt wurde, nimmt nicht nur viele Einsichten gegenwärtiger Realismusdebatten vorweg, sondern arbeitet diese zugleich für die Sozialwissenschaften aus. Jenseits des modernen Natur/Kultur-Dualismus schlägt dieser Ansatz eine nicht-deterministische Kausalitätskonzeption vor, die ein neues Verständnis von sozialen Strukturen, kulturellen Konfigurationen und Akteuren ermöglicht und mit einer Ethik des guten Lebens verbindet. Dieser Band führt den Critical Realism erstmals in den deutschsprachigen Kontext ein und setzt ihn in Dialog zu hiesigen Bemühungen um eine kritische Sozialtheorie. Mit Beiträgen von Margaret S. Archer, Hartmut Rosa, Uwe Schimank u.a.

History After Lacan

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Author: Teresa Brennan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134982844

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5078

Lacan was not an ahistorical post-structuralist. Starting from this controversial premiss, Teresa Brennan tells the story of a social psychosis. She begins by recovering Lacan's neglected theory of history which argued that we are in the grip of a psychotic's era which began in the seventeenth century and climaxes in the present. By extending and elaborating Lacan's theory, Brennan develops a general theory of modernity. Contrary to postmodern assumptions, she argues, we need general historical explanation. An understanding of historical dynamics is essential if we are to make the connections between the outstanding facts of modernity - ethnocentrism, the relationship between the sexes and ecological catastrophe.

New Directions In Educational Evaluation

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Author: Ernest R. House University of Colorado, Boulder, USA.

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135850763

Category: Education

Page: 260

View: 5164

First published in 1986. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

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Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 3624

An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.

Collective Decision Making

Applications from Public Choice Theory

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Author: Clifford S. Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135996946

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 2758

First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Foucault and International Relations

New Critical Engagements

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Author: Nicholas J. Kiersey,Doug Stokes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131798675X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 7809

The recent debate about biopolitics in International Relations (IR) theory may well prove to be one of the most provocative and rewarding engagements with the concept of power in the history of the discipline. Building on Foucault's arguments concerning the role played by the concept of security in 19th-century liberal government, numerous IR scholars are now arguing for the relevance of his theories of biopolitics and governmentality for understanding the Global War on Terror (GWOT) and broader issues of security and governance in the post 9/11 world. Conversely, others have criticized this idea. Marxist and Communitarian scholars have challenged the notion that the category of biopolitics can be 'scaled' up to the level of international relations with any analytical precision. This edited volume covers these debates in IR with a series of critical engagements with Foucault's own thought and its increasing relevance for understanding international relations in the post 9/11 world. This book was based on a special issue of Global Society.

Das Sein und das Ereignis

Logiken der Welten / aus dem Franz. von Heinz Jatho unter Mitarb. von Arno Schubbach

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Author: Alain Badiou

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037340233

Category:

Page: 639

View: 7452