Literature in the Modern World

Critical Essays and Documents

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Author: Dennis Walder

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199253012

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 552

View: 7005

This text offers a unique combination of British, European, American and Post-Colonial perspectives on literary study from the 1920s to the present day. Carefully introduced and arranged to highlight the development of debates, it is designed to engage newcomers to the field with some of the main themes and issues that will concern them as readers of modern literary texts of all genres. In the second edition, there is an increased focus on questions of gender and identity and on recent debates, such as 'Literature and Nation' and 'Literature and Value'. The reach and relevance of the book has been extended, taking a more international voice, focusing on American and European writers and critics.

Scottish Literature and Postcolonial Literature: Comparative Texts and Critical Perspectives

Comparative Texts and Critical Perspectives

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Author: Michael Gardiner

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748637753

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 5550

The first full-length study of Scottish literature using a post-devolutionary understanding of postcolonial studies. Using a comparative model and spanning over two hundred years of literary history from the 18th Century to the contemporary, this collection of 19 new essays by some of the leading figures in the field presents a range of perspectives on Scottish and postcolonial writing. The essays explore Scotland's position on both sides of the colonial divide and also its role as instigator of a devolutionary process with potential consequences for British Imperialism.

The Future Revisited

Jules Verne on Screen in 1950s America

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Author: Francoise Schiltz

Publisher: Andrews UK Limited

ISBN: 095711284X

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 290

View: 6571

The Future Revisited examines Hollywood adaptations of Jules Verne stories and is an interdisciplinary study that offers a fresh perspective on film history, French literature, science fiction and America in the 1950s. It is a fascinating and authoritative account of how the stories of Jules Verne, a distinguished French novelist better known around the world as the father of science fiction and an accurate predictor of much of the twentieth century, found particular resonance with US filmmakers in the 1950s. Schiltz looks at four of the most popular films - Around the World in 80 Days, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth and Mysterious Island - and argues that there were many parallels between Verne’s technological adventures and postwar America, with its themeparks, shopping malls, Levittowns and plethora of consumer goods. Just as nineteenth-century readers of Verne’s books could experience travel from the comfort of their seats, viewers of these films could be swept away on an imaginary flight, a voyage in a submarine, or a trek to the earth’s core, all in spectacular widescreen and with ground-breaking special effects. Yet the pleasures offered were ambivalent: encounters with exotic places and cultures might have led the audience to question common assumptions such as gender roles; seeing futuristic domestic spaces could highlight the confusion of attitudes to private and public life in suburbia, and the films’ blending of nostalgia and progress might draw attention to society’s tug-of-war between innovation and conformity.

Literary Modernism and Beyond

The Extended Vision and the Realms of the Text

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Author: Richard Daniel Lehan

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 080714388X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 343

View: 5623

Early modernists turned to theories of consciousness and aestheticism to combat what they saw as the hostility of naturalism and to find new ways of thinking about reality. This consciousness took various forms, including a Jamesian sense of moral ambiguity, Proustian time spots, and B ergsonian intuition, but the Nietzschean theory that reality depends on perception connected them all. This modernist movement reached a distinguished level of achievement with novelists Thomas Mann, Marcel Proust, and James Joyce, but a succession of counterinfluences transformed it after World War II, when elitism and a desire for a homogeneous culture gave way to diversity and elements of mass culture. In Literary Modernism and Beyond, Richard Lehan tracks the evolution of the movement from its emergence in the late nineteenth century to its recent incarnations. In this wide-ranging study, Lehan demonstrates how and why the "originary vision" of modernism changed radically after it gained prominence. With critical discussions on a wide variety of major modernist writers, intellectuals, and artists and their works -- including Virginia Woolf, Gertrude Stein, T. S. Eliot, Wallace Stevens, Andre Gide, Franz Kafka, Zora Neale Hurston, Ian Fleming, and J. K. Rowling -- Lehan examines the large-scale changes that came as critical authority moved from one generation to another. Both popular culture and literary criticism -- especially "critical theory" -- acted as key agents of change, and structuralism, poststructuralism, and concerns with gender and race also greatly influenced the movement. Along with a process of decline and a nihilism that emerged from the modernist movement, these changes created a new literary reality and with it a new textuality. Literary Modernism and Beyond treats modernism's major innovations of myth, symbol, and structure not as individual pieces but as interrelated contributions to a historical process, the product of three generations of transformations. Lehan's analysis provides a more complete understanding than ever before of the movement itself.

All Art Is Propaganda

Critical Essays

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Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 9780547417752

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 416

View: 6882

As a critic, George Orwell cast a wide net. Equally at home discussing Charles Dickens and Charlie Chaplin, he moved back and forth across the porous borders between essay and journalism, high art and low. A frequent commentator on literature, language, film, and drama throughout his career, Orwell turned increasingly to the critical essay in the 1940s, when his most important experiences were behind him and some of his most incisive writing lay ahead. All Art Is Propaganda follows Orwell as he demonstrates in piece after piece how intent analysis of a work or body of work gives rise to trenchant aesthetic and philosophical commentary. With masterpieces such as "Politics and the English Language" and "Rudyard Kipling" and gems such as "Good Bad Books," here is an unrivaled education in, as George Packer puts it, "how to be interesting, line after line."

F.R. Leavis

Essays and Documents

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Author: Ian MacKillop,Richard Storer,Frank Raymond Leavis

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826485762

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 314

View: 6551

A collection of new studies on one of the best known and most important British literary critics of the twentieth century. The book is divided into four sections: documentary analysis of Leavis's practice as a teacher, drawing on seminar notes, lecture handouts, reading lists and other material; new bibliographical data, including a detailed account of Leavis's project to turn Daniel Deronda into a new novel called Gwendolen Harleth; critical essays on Leavis's thought; and memoirs of different phases in Leavis's career, from the 1930s to the 1960s. The volume also includes an up-to-date Reader's Guide to Leavis's own writings and to the many studies of his work.

Masculinities in Black and White

Manliness and Whiteness in (African) American Literature

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Author: J. Armengol

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113748280X

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 2163

Inverting the traditional focus of ethnic studies on blackness as the object of scrutiny, this book explores dominant forms of white masculinity as seen by African American authors placed alongside certain white writers. Author analyzes texts by Herman Melville, Ernest Hemingway, Martha Gellhorn, Frederick Douglass, and James Baldwin.

Literature and Technology

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Author: Mark L. Greenberg

Publisher: Lehigh University Press

ISBN: 9780934223201

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 322

View: 1769

This collection of essays uses recent work on literature and science to establish new ways of relating literature and language theory to writings about technology (as distinguished from science). The interdisciplinary character of these essays is further enriched by drawing upon contemporary studies of the philosophy and history of technology, which provide the context for the first essay (Mitcham and Casey). Subsequent essays examine technology from many points of view - how technology shapes texts and contexts, as well as how writers shape perspectives on technology. The essays examine texts as diverse as seventeenth-century science and twentieth-century children's literature and spy fiction. Major authors investigated include Chaucer, Blake, Romains, Pynchon, and Prigogine. Individual essays consider: Chaucer's use of mapmaking as a coercive technology (Tomasch), the Renaissance fascination with mechanical contrivances and their depiction (Knoespel), the contexts within which Boyle and his successors described the air pump (Markley), Blake's manifold interests in the technology of printing (Greenberg), Romains's development of a philosophy of poetry appropriate to early twentieth-century technology in Paris (Williams), gender issues in children's literature about machines (Lee), technology in the modern spy novel (Slade), Thomas Pynchon's mixed feelings about technology and its value (Schachterle), and the relations between postmodern fiction and the technology of thermodynamics, as developed by Nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine (Porush). The editors of Literature and Technology have been active in the formation and direction of the Society for Literature and Science. In their introduction to this collection, they consider what characterizes literature and technology as a new and fertile field for interdisciplinary study. This volume concludes with selected bibliographies of basic references in the philosophy of technology and of works devoted to the examination of the relationships between literature and technology.

Scottish Christianity in the Modern World

In Honour of A. C. Cheyne

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Author: Stewart J. Brown,George Newlands,G. M. Newlands,A. C. Cheyne

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567087652

Category: Religion

Page: 323

View: 5974

A new and wide-ranging study of Christianity in Scotland, from the eighteenth century to the present.The contributors include D. W. D. Shaw, Ian Campbell, Kenneth Fielding, William Ferguson, Barbara MacHaffie, Peter Matheson, John McCaffrey, Owen Chadwick, David Thompson, Keith Robbins, Andrew Ross, Stewart J. Brown and George Newlands.Topics encompass varieties of unbelief, challenges to the Westminster confession, John Baillie, Queen Victoria and the Church of Scotland, the Scottish ecumenical movement, the disestablishment movement, and Presbyterian-Catholic relations.

The Broken Estate

Essays on Literature and Belief

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Author: James Wood

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 0804151903

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 1247

This book recalls an era when criticism could change the way we look at the world. In the tradition of Matthew Arnold and Edmund Wilson, James Wood reads literature expansively, always pursuing its role and destiny in our lives. In a series of essays about such figures as Melville, Flaubert, Chekhov, Virginia Woolf, and Don DeLillo, Wood relates their fiction to questions of religious and philosophical belief. He suggests that the steady ebb of the sea of faith has much to do with the revo- lutionary power of the novel, as it has developed over the last two centuries. To read James Wood is to be shocked into both thinking and feeling how great our debt to the novel is. In the grand tradition of criticism, Wood's work is both commentary and literature in its own right--fiercely written, polemical, and richly poetic in style. This book marks the debut of a masterly literary voice.

Documents of Modern Literary Realism

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Author: George Joseph Becker

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400874645

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 622

View: 1527

Using selections by American, British, French, German, Russian, Scandinavian, Spanish, Portuguese, and South American critics and authors, Professor Becker illustrates how realism arose as a reaction to romanticism, and how the practitioners of realism developed conflicting ideas about the means they should use and the ends toward which they should strive. The selections are concerned mainly with prose, since, according to the author, prose fiction has been the major vehicle of realism. Originally published in 1963. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Nature of Biblical Criticism

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Author: John Barton

Publisher: Presbyterian Publishing Corp

ISBN: 066422587X

Category: Religion

Page: 206

View: 3024

Biblical criticism faces increasing hostility on two fronts: from biblical conservatives, who claim it is inherently positivistic and religiously skeptical, and from postmodernists, who see it as driven by the falsities of objectivity and neutrality. In this magisterial overview of the key factors and developments in biblical studies, John Barton demonstrates that these evaluations of biblical criticism fail to do justice to the work that has been done by critical scholars over many generations. Traditional biblical criticism has had as its central concern a semantic interest: a desire to establish the "plain sense" of the biblical text, which in itself requires sensitivity to many literary aspects of texts. Therefore, he argues, biblical criticism already includes many of the methodological approaches now being recommended as alternatives to it and, further, the agenda of biblical studies is far less fragmented than often thought.

Modern Chinese Literature in the May Fourth Era

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Author: Merle Goldman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674579118

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 7459

One of the most creative and brilliant episodes in modern Chinese history, the cultural and literary flowering that takes the name of the May Fourth Movement, is the subject of this comprehensive and insightful book. This is the first study of modern Chinese literature that shows how China's Confucian traditions were combined with Western influences to create a literature of new values and consciousness for the Chinese people.

Documents of American Realism and Naturalism

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Author: Donald Pizer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 470

View: 829

Donald Pizer presents the major critical discussions of American realism and naturalism from the beginnings of the movement in the 1870s to the present. He includes the most often cited discussions ranging from William Dean Howells, Henry James, and Frank Norris in the late nineteenth century to those by V. L. Parrington, Malcolm Cowley, and Lionel Trilling in the early twentieth century. To provide the full context for the effort to interpret the nature and significance of realism and naturalism during the periods when the movements were live issues on the critical scene, however, he also includes many uncollected essays. His selections since World War II reflect the major recent tendencies in academic criticism of the movements. Through introductions to each of the three sections, Pizer provides background, delineating the underlying issues motivating attempts to attack, defend, or describe American realism and naturalism. In particular, Pizer attempts to reveal the close ties between criticism of the two movements and significant cultural concerns of the period in which the criticism appeared. Before each selection, Pizer provides a brief biographical note and establishes the cultural milieu in which the essay was originally published. He closes his anthology with a bibliography of twentieth-century academic criticism of American realism and naturalism.

Discourses of Postcolonialism in Contemporary British Children's Literature

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Author: Blanka Grzegorczyk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317962613

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 146

View: 826

This book considers how contemporary British children’s books engage with some of the major cultural debates of recent years, and how they resonate with the current preoccupations and tastes of the white mainstream British reading public. A central assumption of this volume is that Britain’s imperial past continues to play a key role in its representations of race, identity, and history. The insistent inclusion of questions relating to colonialism and power structures in recent children’s novels exposes the complexities and contradictions surrounding the fictional treatment of race relations and ethnicity. Postcolonial children’s literature in Britain has been inherently ambivalent since its cautious beginnings: it is both transgressive and authorizing, both undercutting and excluding. Grzegorczyk considers the ways in which children’s fictions have worked with and against particular ideologies of race. The texts analyzed in this collection portray ethnic minorities as complex, hybrid products of colonialism, global migrations, and the ideology of multiculturalism. By examining the ideological content of these novels, Grzegorczyk demonstrates the centrality of the colonial past to contemporary British writing for the young.

Community, Religion, and Literature

Essays

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Author: Cleanth Brooks

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780826209931

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 334

View: 2452

As the last collection of Cleanth Brooks's essays before his death, Community, Religion, and Literature represents his final, considered views on the reading of literature and the role it plays in our society. He argues that the proper and essential role of literature lies in giving us our sense of community. Yet he denounces the extent to which literature, too, is now being usurped by the critics who see writing as pure language. He believes that just as religion renders truth of another sort, so literature is an expression of the "truth about human beings." More and more in this age of science, literature has "assumed the burden of providing civilization with its values." Community, Religion, and Literature offers students of literature the opportunity to understand what Cleanth Brooks was actually saying, rather than what others have said he was saying.

Reader's Guide to Literature in English

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Author: Mark Hawkins-Dady

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135314179

Category: Reference

Page: 1010

View: 2515

Reader's Guide Literature in English provides expert guidance to, and critical analysis of, the vast number of books available within the subject of English literature, from Anglo-Saxon times to the current American, British and Commonwealth scene. It is designed to help students, teachers and librarians choose the most appropriate books for research and study.

Subordinate Subjects

Gender, the Political Nation, and Literary Form in England, 1588–1688

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Author: Mihoko Suzuki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351897071

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 8711

Considering as evidence literary texts, historical documents, and material culture, this interdisciplinary study examines the entry into public political culture of women and apprentices in seventeenth-century England, and their use of discursive and literary forms in advancing an imaginary of political equality. Subordinate Subjects traces to the end of Elizabeth Tudor's reign in the 1590s the origin of this imaginary, analyses its flowering during the English Revolution, and examines its afterlife from the Restoration of Charles II in 1660 to the Glorious Revolution of 1688-89. It uses post-Marxist theories of radical democracy, post-structuralist theories of gender, and a combination of political theory and psychoanalysis to discuss the early modern construction of the political subject. Subordinate Subjects makes a distinctive contribution to the study of early modern English literature and culture through its chronological range, its innovative use of political, psychoanalytic, and feminist theories, and its interdisciplinary focus on literature, social history, political thought, gender studies, and cultural studies.