Lipidomics of Stem Cells

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Author: Alice Pébay,Raymond C.B. Wong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319493434

Category: Science

Page: 212

View: 6989

This book combines the current knowledge on the role of lipids in stem cell pluripotency and differentiation. It showcases various approaches to the study of lipids and focuses on various types of stem cells and specific lipids driving maintenance or differentiation. The volume includes chapters reviewing roles of specific lipids in pluripotency, neurogenesis and exocytosis as well as in cancer stem cells. Examples of different classes of lipids—such as sphingolipids, lysophospholipids, cannabinoids and neutral lipids—are described and illustrate the vast biological effects of this class of molecules. The international contributors are all recognized experts in their respective fields. Covering the various aspects of the topic, Lipidomics of Stem Cells provides an up-to-date snapshot—unique among the literature—of where the lipid world is in terms of understanding the roles of lipids in stem cell biology. It provides an essential reference for stem cell biologists, lipid biologists, development biologists, students, academics and clinicians in related areas.

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes

The Potential for Translational Nanomedicine

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Author: Yaoliang Tang,Buddhadeb Dawn

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128004975

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 537

Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes are at the forefront of research in two of the most high profile and funded scientific areas – cardiovascular research and stem cells. Mesenchymal Stem Cell Derived Exosomes provides insight into the biofunction and molecular mechanisms, practical tools for research, and a look toward the clinical applications of this exciting phenomenon which is emerging as an effective diagnostic. Primarily focused on the cardiovascular applications where there have been the greatest advancements toward the clinic, this is the first compendium for clinical and biomedical researchers who are interested in integrating MSC-derived exosomes as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool. Introduces the MSC-exosome mediated cell-cell communication Covers the major functional benefits in current MSC-derived exosome studies Discusses strategies for the use of MSC-derived exosomes in cardiovascular therapies

Chemical and Functional Genomic Approaches to Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Sheng Ding

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470199121

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 5579

Scientists believe that stem cells have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of numerous diseases and conditions. This guide covers recent advances in technologies and their applications in stem cell biology, addressing the use of both embryonic and adult stem cells and discussing diverse technologies, including genome-wide expression analysis, informatics, chemical genomics, and more. Applications covered encompass self-renewal, differentiation, reprogramming, and regeneration in model organisms. This is a premier reference for practicing professionals involved in stem cell research and students.

Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Julie Audet,William L. Stanford

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 9781617377846

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 3286

As regenerative medicine involves replacing diseased cells, tissues or organs, or repairing tissues in vivo, the manipulation of stem cells underlie its goals. In Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine: Methods and Protocols, leading experts in the field provide an updated representation of the landscape of stem cell-based therapies in a wide spectrum of tissue systems and ontogenic stages, from the isolation and culture of stem cells to their actual use in vivo. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, these chapters include brief introductions to the topic, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, readily reproducible, step-by-step laboratory protocols, and tips for troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and easy-to-use, Stem Cells in Regenerative Medicine: Methods and Protocols is certain to contribute greatly to the definition of standardized procedures for the manipulation of somatic and embryonic stem cells in research and clinical applications.

Advances In Pharmaceutical Cell Therapy: Principles Of Cell-based Biopharmaceuticals

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Author: Huss Ralf,Guenther Christine,Hauser Andrea Josefine

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981461680X

Category: Medical

Page: 564

View: 4899

This textbook is a comprehensive overview of the development of cell-based biopharmaceuticals. Beginning with the underlying biology of stem cell and cell-based products, it traces the long and complex journey from preclinical concept to initiation of a pivotal clinical trial and the potential business model behind it.The book also takes into consideration the different regulatory landscapes and their continuous evolution in Europe, North America and other parts of the world. The authors describe a path to manufacture a clinical grade therapeutic that passes all necessary quality measures as a robust and marketable product including an outlook on next generation products and innovative strategies.This reference book is a must-have guide for any professional already active in biopharmaceuticals and anyone interested in getting involved in a scientific, medical or business capacity.

Stem Cell Research

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Author: Jennifer Viegas

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780823936694

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 64

View: 9537

Discusses the latest scientific breakthroughs regarding embryonic stem cells and the growing of new human tissues, and how this can help doctors treat human illnesses.

Stem Cells & Regenerative Medicine

From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering

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Author: Krishnarao Appasani,Raghu K. Appasani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781607618607

Category: Science

Page: 629

View: 1242

Defined as, “The science about the development of an embryo from the fertilization of the ovum to the fetus stage,” embryology has been a mainstay at universities throughout the world for many years. Throughout the last century, embryology became overshadowed by experimental-based genetics and cell biology, transforming the field into developmental biology, which replaced embryology in Biology departments in many universities. Major contributions in this young century in the fields of molecular biology, biochemistry and genomics were integrated with both embryology and developmental biology to provide an understanding of the molecular portrait of a “development cell.” That new integrated approach is known as stem-cell biology; it is an understanding of the embryology and development together at the molecular level using engineering, imaging and cell culture principles, and it is at the heart of this seminal book. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine: From Molecular Embryology to Tissue Engineering is completely devoted to the basic developmental, cellular and molecular biological aspects of stem cells as well as their clinical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It focuses on the basic biology of embryonic and cancer cells plus their key involvement in self-renewal, muscle repair, epigenetic processes, and therapeutic applications. In addition, it covers other key relevant topics such as nuclear reprogramming induced pluripotency and stem cell culture techniques using novel biomaterials. A thorough introduction to stem-cell biology, this reference is aimed at graduate students, post-docs, and professors as well as executives and scientists in biotech and pharmaceutical companies.

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Walter C. Low,Catherine M. Verfaillie

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812775773

Category: Electronic books

Page: 551

View: 1651

The commercialization of biotechnology has resulted in an intensive search for new biological resources for the purposes of increasing food productivity, medicinal applications, energy production, and various other applications. Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, the exploitation of the planet's natural resources has also resulted in some undesirable consequences such as diminished species biodiversity, climate change, environmental contamination, and intellectual property right and patent concerns.This book discusses the role of biological, ecological, environmental, ethical, and economic issues in the interaction between biotechnology and biodiversity, using different contexts. No other book has discussed all of these issues in a comprehensive manner. Of special interest is their impact when biotechnology is shared between developed and developing countries, and the lack of recognition of the rights of indigenous populations and traditional farmers in developing countries by large multinational corporations.

Stem Cell Research

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Author: Hal Marcovitz

Publisher: Referencepoint PressInc

ISBN: 9781601521309

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 96

View: 6013

Presents information on the stem cell research that scientists do, including the methods that they employ and the results that they achieve.

Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Kursad Turksen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319213865

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 8753

This volume presents the current state of laser-assisted bioprinting, a cutting edge tissue engineering technology. Nineteen chapters discuss the most recent developments in using this technology for engineering different types of tissue. Beginning with an overview, the discussion covers bioprinting in cell viability and pattern viability, tissue microfabrication to study cell proliferation, microenvironment for controlling stem cell fate, cell differentiation, zigzag cellular tubes, cartilage tissue engineering, osteogenesis, vessel substitutes, skin tissue and much more. Because bioprinting is on its way to becoming a dominant technology in tissue-engineering, Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine is essential reading for those researching or working in regenerative medicine, tissue engineering or translational research. Those studying or working with stem cells who are interested in the development of the field will also find the information invaluable.

Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition

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Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464993319

Category: Medical

Page: 446

View: 8689

Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Nervous System Diseases. The editors have built Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Nervous System Diseases in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Nervous System Diseases—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Translational Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Anthony Atala,Julie Allickson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124104576

Category: Science

Page: 606

View: 9540

Translational Regenerative Medicine is a reference book that outlines the life cycle for effective implementation of discoveries in the dynamic field of regenerative medicine. By addressing science, technology, development, regulatory, manufacturing, intellectual property, investment, financial, and clinical aspects of the field, this work takes a holistic look at the translation of science and disseminates knowledge for practical use of regenerative medicine tools, therapeutics, and diagnostics. Incorporating contributions from leaders in the fields of translational science across academia, industry, and government, this book establishes a more fluid transition for rapid translation of research to enhance human health and well-being. Provides formulaic coverage of the landscape, process development, manufacturing, challenges, evaluation, and regulatory aspects of the most promising regenerative medicine clinical applications Covers clinical aspects of regenerative medicine related to skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone, fat, muscle, vascular system, hematopoietic /immune system, peripheral nerve, central nervous system, endocrine system, ophthalmic system, auditory system, oral system, respiratory system, cardiac system, renal system, hepatic system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system Identifies effective, proven tools and metrics to identify and pursue clinical and commercial regenerative medicine

Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine

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Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Institute of Medicine,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Commission on Life Sciences,Committee on the Biological and Biomedical Applications of Stem Cell Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309170420

Category: Science

Page: 112

View: 1702

Recent scientific breakthroughs, celebrity patient advocates, and conflicting religious beliefs have come together to bring the state of stem cell researchâ€"specifically embryonic stem cell researchâ€"into the political crosshairs. President Bush’s watershed policy statement allows federal funding for embryonic stem cell research but only on a limited number of stem cell lines. Millions of Americans could be affected by the continuing political debate among policymakers and the public. Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine provides a deeper exploration of the biological, ethical, and funding questions prompted by the therapeutic potential of undifferentiated human cells. In terms accessible to lay readers, the book summarizes what we know about adult and embryonic stem cells and discusses how to go about the transition from mouse studies to research that has therapeutic implications for people. Perhaps most important, Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine also provides an overview of the moral and ethical problems that arise from the use of embryonic stem cells. This timely book compares the impact of public and private research funding and discusses approaches to appropriate research oversight. Based on the insights of leading scientists, ethicists, and other authorities, the book offers authoritative recommendations regarding the use of existing stem cell lines versus new lines in research, the important role of the federal government in this field of research, and other fundamental issues.

Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine

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Author: Mehdi Razavi

Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

ISBN: 168108578X

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 4021

Tissue engineering is an interdisciplinary field which involves the fabrication of tissues by using a porous protein scaffold, cells and bioactive molecules. The aim of tissue engineering is to enhance medical applications and procedures. This volume introduces the reader to the basics of employing pluripotent stem cells in tissue engineering. Successive chapters present knowledge about relevant tissue engineering techniques in different medical and physiological specialties including dentistry, cardiovascular physiology, hepatology, nephrology, dermatology and orthopedics. The text offers a wealth of information that will be of use to all students, bioengineers, materials scientists, chemists, physicians and surgeons concerned with the properties, performance, and the application of tissue engineering scaffolds in clinical settings.

Toward Precision Medicine:

Building a Knowledge Network for Biomedical Research and a New Taxonomy of Disease

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Author: Committee on a Framework for Development a New Taxonomy of Disease,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309222222

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 4307

Motivated by the explosion of molecular data on humans-particularly data associated with individual patients-and the sense that there are large, as-yet-untapped opportunities to use this data to improve health outcomes, Toward Precision Medicine explores the feasibility and need for "a new taxonomy of human disease based on molecular biology" and develops a potential framework for creating one. The book says that a new data network that integrates emerging research on the molecular makeup of diseases with clinical data on individual patients could drive the development of a more accurate classification of diseases and ultimately enhance diagnosis and treatment. The "new taxonomy" that emerges would define diseases by their underlying molecular causes and other factors in addition to their traditional physical signs and symptoms. The book adds that the new data network could also improve biomedical research by enabling scientists to access patients' information during treatment while still protecting their rights. This would allow the marriage of molecular research and clinical data at the point of care, as opposed to research information continuing to reside primarily in academia. Toward Precision Medicine notes that moving toward individualized medicine requires that researchers and health care providers have access to very large sets of health- and disease-related data linked to individual patients. These data are also critical for developing the information commons, the knowledge network of disease, and ultimately the new taxonomy.

Regenerative Biology and Medicine

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Author: David L. Stocum

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012384861X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 3164

Regenerative Biology and Medicine, Second Edition — Winner of a 2013 Highly Commended BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine — discusses the fundamentals of regenerative biology and medicine. It provides a comprehensive overview, which integrates old and new data into an ever-clearer global picture. The book is organized into three parts. Part I discusses the mechanisms and the basic biology of regeneration, while Part II deals with the strategies of regenerative medicine developed for restoring tissue, organ, and appendage structures. Part III reflects on the achievements of regenerative biology and medicine; future challenges; bioethical issues that need to be addressed; and the most promising developments in regenerative medicine. The book is designed for multiple audiences: undergraduate students, graduate students, medical students and postdoctoral fellows, and research investigators interested in an overall synthesis of this field. It will also appeal to investigators from fields not directly related to regenerative biology and medicine, such as chemistry, informatics, computer science, mathematics, physics, and engineering. Highly Commended 2013 BMA Medical Book Award for Medicine Includes coverage of skin, hair, teeth, cornea, and central neural tissues Provides description of regenetive medicine in digestive, respiratory, urogenital, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular systems Includes amphibians as powerful research models with discussion of appendage regeneration in amphibians and mammals

Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy

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Author: Hossein Baharvand,Nasser Aghdami

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1627030980

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 7486

Therapeutic applications within regenerative biomedicine has gained tremendous interest from a growing, multidisciplinary community of investigators in recent years, driven by the hope of finding cures for several diseases. Regenerative Medicine and Cell Therapy discusses cutting-edge science in the field of regenerative biomedicine and its therapeutic applications to various medical disorders. The chapters are written by renowned scientists in the specific fields. This will be a useful book for basic and clinical scientists, especially young investigators and stem cell biology students who are newly entering the world of stem cells research. The editors’ goal is that the new knowledge and research outlined in this book will help contribute to new therapies for a wide variety of diseases that presently afflict humanity.

Exosomes in Cardiovascular Diseases

Biomarkers, Pathological and Therapeutic Effects

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Author: Junjie Xiao,Sanda Cretoiu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811043973

Category: Science

Page: 307

View: 9152

The book provides and intensive overview on exosomes in cardiovascular diseases, its potential as biomarkers, as well as pathological and therapeutic effects. It firstly describes the general aspects of exosomes including the definition, formation and secretion of exosomes and highlight their roles as biomarkers and pathological and therapeutic effects in cardiovascular diseases as well. Secondly, basic aspects of exosomes including the purification methods of exosomes, exosomes content, and functional roles of the cardiovascular exosomes are summarized. Thirdly, exosomes as biomarkers of cardiovascular diseases are overviewed including their roles in diagnosis, prognosis and reaction to therapy. Fourthly, pathological effects of exosomes and therapeutic effects of exosomes are highlighted. Finally, future prospects of exosomes in cardiovascular research would be provided. This is an essential reference for researchers working in cell biology and regeneration, as well as clinicians such as cardiologist.

Regenerative Biology of the Eye

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Author: Alice Pébay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493948635

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 3886

This text is a comprehensive look at the current knowledge on stem cell application for vision loss, showcasing different types of stem cells (adult, embryonic, iPSCs) for diseases of the front and the back of the eye. It also highlights data obtained in various models from fish to human, as well as from the bionic eye project for vision regeneration. This volume in the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine series is essential reading for stem cell biologists, ophthalmologists, advanced and graduate students, in addition to academics and medical staff who work in these disciplines.

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

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Author: Sibel Yildirim

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461422068

Category: Science

Page: 73

View: 8976

Induced Pluripotent Stem (iPS) cells are mature cells that have been genetically reprogrammed so that they return to their embryonic state. It is not yet known if iPS stem cells and embryonic stem cells differ significantly. Today many fundamental belief systems in biology are shifting towards accepting that mature body cells can be reverted to an embryonic state without the help of eggs or embryos. With their changed identities, iPS cells are then ready to serve as new tools for research in the fields of disease pathogenesis, drug discovery, oncology, and cell transplantation. One example of this would be using iPS from a patient’s mature cells to repair damaged tissue; it is thought that there would be very low incidence of rejection of the ‘new’ tissue in these cases. For the last four years, this therapeutic promise has been studied by hundreds of researchers worldwide in an effort to understand the ability of these cells to reverse their biological clocks.