Life at the Extremes

The Science of Survival

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Author: Frances Ashcroft

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520234208

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 7330

From the oxygen-deprived heights of Everest to the high-pressure ocean depths, the limits of human endurance are probed in this fascinating look at the borderlands of physical potential.

Superhuman

Life at the Extremes of Mental and Physical Ability

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Author: Rowan Hooper

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1408709481

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 3796

'Fascinating, timely and very well put together . . . The range of human activities, and abilities, covered in Rowan Hooper's study is astonishing and inspiring. It's a reminder of the incomparable adaptability that evolution has brought about in the human body and mind, and I found myself frequently wondering: what else are we capable of? How much further can we reach? And not least: how can we make sure the human race survives long enough for all our potential to unfold? The whole study is enthralling' Philip Pullman This is a book about what it feels like to be exceptional - and what it takes to get there. Why can some people achieve greatness when others can't, no matter how hard they try? What are the secrets of long life and happiness? Just how much potential does our species have? In this inspirational book, New Scientist Managing Editor Rowan Hooper takes us on a tour of the peaks of human achievement. We sit down with some of the world's finest minds, from a Nobel-prize winning scientist to a double Booker-prize winning author; we meet people whose power of focus has been the difference between a world record and death; we learn from international opera stars; we go back in time with memory champions, and we explore the transcendent experience of ultrarunners. We meet people who have rebounded from near-death, those who have demonstrated exceptional bravery, and those who have found happiness in the most unexpected ways. Drawing on interviews with a wide range of superhumans as well as those who study them, Hooper assesses the science of peak potential, reviewing the role of genetics alongside the famed 10,000 hours of practice. For anyone who ever felt that they might be able to do something extraordinary in life, for those who simply want to succeed, and for anyone interested in incredible human stories, Superhuman is a must-read.

Inside Concentration Camps

Social Life at the Extremes

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Author: Maja Suderland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745679552

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 9384

Terror was central to the Nazi regime, and the Nazi concentration camps were places of horror where prisoners were dehumanized and robbed of their dignity and where millions were murdered. How did prisoners cope with the brutal and degrading conditions of life within the camps? In this highly original book Maja Suderland takes the reader inside the concentration camps and examines the everyday social life of prisoners - their daily activities and routines, the social relationships and networks they created and the strategies they developed to cope with the harsh conditions and the brutality of the guards. Without overlooking the violence of the camps, the contradictions of camp life or the elusive complexity of the multicultural prisoner society, Suderland explores the hidden social practices that enabled prisoners to preserve their human dignity and create a sense of individuality and community despite the appalling circumstances. This remarkable account of social life in extreme conditions will be of great interest to students and scholars in history, sociology and the social sciences generally, as well as to a wider readership interested in the Holocaust and the concentration camps.

Extreme Conservation

Life at the Edges of the World

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Author: Joel Berger

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022636643X

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 7527

“By turns lyrical, despairing, and hilariously funny. . . . Informative and impassioned.”—Publishers Weekly On the Tibetan Plateau, there are wild yaks with blood cells thinner than those of horses’ by half, enabling the endangered yaks to survive at 40 below zero and in the lowest oxygen levels of the mountaintops. But climate change is causing the snow patterns here to shift, and with the snows, the entire ecosystem. Food and water are vaporizing in this warming environment, and these beasts of ice and thin air are extraordinarily ill-equipped for the change. A journey into some of the most forbidding landscapes on earth, Joel Berger’s Extreme Conservation is an eye-opening, steely look at what it takes for animals like these to live at the edges of existence. But more than this, it is a revealing exploration of how climate change and people are affecting even the most far-flung niches of our planet. Berger’s quest to understand these creatures’ struggles takes him to some of the most remote corners and peaks of the globe: across Arctic tundra and the frozen Chukchi Sea to study muskoxen, into the Bhutanese Himalayas to follow the rarely sighted takin, and through the Gobi Desert to track the proboscis-swinging saiga. Known as much for his rigorous, scientific methods of developing solutions to conservation challenges as for his penchant for donning moose and polar bear costumes to understand the mindsets of his subjects more closely, Berger is a guide par excellence. He is a scientist and storyteller who has made his life working with desert nomads, in zones that typically require Sherpas and oxygen canisters. Recounting animals as charismatic as their landscapes are extreme, Berger’s unforgettable tale carries us with humor and expertise to the ends of the earth and back. But as his adventures show, the more adapted a species has become to its particular ecological niche, the more devastating climate change can be. Life at the extremes is more challenging than ever, and the need for action, for solutions, has never been greater.

Quentin Tarantino

Life at the Extremes

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Author: Aaron Barlow

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN: 9780313380044

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 187

View: 6788

This book places Quentin Tarantino at the heart of Hollywood, showing a director who speaks film through film, who examines the world beyond the movies in a way few have previously attempted, and at which fewer still have succeeded.

The Spark of Life

Electricity in the Human Body

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Author: Frances Ashcroft

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141939826

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 6905

'A wonderful book' Bill Bryson 'Ashcroft achieves the sort of rich simplicity most science writers can only dream about ... this book carries the eponymous spark of life' Sunday Telegraph From before birth to the last breath we draw, from consciousness to sexual attraction, fighting infection to the beating of our hearts, electricity is essential to everything we think and do. In The Spark of Life award-winning physiologist Frances Ashcroft reveals the secrets of ion channels, which produce the electrical signals in our cells. Can someone really die of fright? How do cocaine, LSD and morphine work? Why do chilli peppers taste hot? Ashcroft explains all this and more with wit and clarity. Anyone who has ever wondered about what makes us human will find this book a revelation. 'A rare gift for making difficult subjects accessible and fascinating' Bill Bryson 'She communicates complex science with engaging passion and eloquence' Helen Dunmore, Observer 'Compelling and very readable, an excellent writer' Literary Review 'Riveting ... she has a stock of good tales' New Scientist 'Lively, conversational prose, refreshingly accessible to any lay reader ... a positively charged little book' Daily Telegraph Frances Ashcroft is Professor of Physiology at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Trinity College Oxford. She is also Director of OXION, a consortium of scientists studying ion channels, the heroes of this book. Her scientific research focuses on how a rise in your blood sugar level stimulates the release of insulin and what why this process goes wrong in diabetes. She has won many prizes for her research, most recently the L'Oreal/UNESCO 2012 Women in Science award. She is also a recipient of the Lewis Thomas Prize for Science Writing for The Spark of Life. Her first book for the general reader was Life at the Extremes: The Science of Survival.

12 Rules For Life

Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!

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Author: Jordan B. Peterson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641239842

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5123

Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!

Animals at the Extremes

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Author: Kathy Kinsner

Publisher: Benchmark Education Company

ISBN: 145090680X

Category: Animals

Page: 32

View: 5236

"Learn amazing facts about amazing animals"--Cover.

Das geheime Leben der Bäume

Was sie fühlen, wie sie kommunizieren - die Entdeckung einer verborgenen Welt

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Author: Peter Wohlleben

Publisher: Ludwig

ISBN: 3641114004

Category: Nature

Page: 224

View: 7922

Ein neuer Blick auf alte Freunde Erstaunliche Dinge geschehen im Wald: Bäume, die miteinander kommunizieren. Bäume, die ihren Nachwuchs, aber auch alte und kranke Nachbarn liebevoll umsorgen und pflegen. Bäume, die Empfindungen haben, Gefühle, ein Gedächtnis. Unglaublich? Aber wahr! – Der Förster Peter Wohlleben erzählt faszinierende Geschichten über die ungeahnten und höchst erstaunlichen Fähigkeiten der Bäume. Dazu zieht er die neuesten wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisse ebenso heran wie seine eigenen unmittelbaren Erfahrungen mit dem Wald und schafft so eine aufregend neue Begegnung für die Leser: Wir schließen Bekanntschaft mit einem Lebewesen, das uns vertraut schien, uns aber hier erstmals in seiner ganzen Lebendigkeit vor Augen tritt. Und wir betreten eine völlig neue Welt ...

Die subtile Kunst des darauf Scheißens

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Author: Mark Manson

Publisher: MVG Verlag

ISBN: 3961210594

Category: Self-Help

Page: 224

View: 1719

Scheiß auf positives Denken sagt Mark Manson. Die ungeschönte Perspektive ist ihm lieber. Wenn etwas scheiße ist, dann ist es das eben. Und wenn man etwas nicht kann, dann sollte man dazu stehen. Nicht jeder kann in allem außergewöhnlich sein und das ist gut so. Wenn man seine Grenzen akzeptiert, findet man die Stärke, die man braucht. Denn es gibt so viele Dinge, auf die man im Gegenzug scheißen kann. Man muss nur herausfinden, welche das sind und wie man sie sich richtig am Arsch vorbeigehen lässt. So kann man sich dann auf die eigenen Stärken und die wichtigen Dinge besinnen und hat mehr Zeit, sein Potential gänzlich auszuschöpfen. Die subtile Kunst des darauf Scheißens verbindet unterhaltsame Geschichten und schonungslosen Humor mit hilfreichen Tipps für ein entspannteres und besseres Leben. Damit man seine Energie für sinnvolleres verwendet als für Dinge, die einem egal sein können.

Die Bücherdiebin

Roman

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Author: Markus Zusak

Publisher: cbj Verlag

ISBN: 3894804270

Category: Fiction

Page: 592

View: 8288

Selbst der Tod hat ein Herz ... Molching bei München. Hans und Rosa Hubermann nehmen die kleine Liesel Meminger bei sich auf – für eine bescheidene Beihilfe, die ihnen die ersten Kriegsjahre kaum erträglicher macht. Für Liesel jedoch bricht eine Zeit voller Hoffnung, voll schieren Glücks an – in dem Augenblick, als sie zu stehlen beginnt. Anfangs ist es nur ein Buch, das im Schnee liegen geblieben ist. Dann eines, das sie aus dem Feuer rettet. Dann Äpfel, Kartoffeln und Zwiebeln. Das Herz von Rudi. Die Herzen von Hans und Rosa Hubermann. Das Herz von Max. Und das des Todes. Denn selbst der Tod hat ein Herz. „Die Bücherdiebin“ ist eine Liebesgeschichte, eine Hommage an Bücher und Worte und eine Erinnerung an die Macht der Sprache, die im Roman von Markus Zusak viele Facetten zeigt: den lakonisch-distanzierten Ton des Erzählers, Poesie und Zuversicht – und die reduzierte Sprache der Nazipropaganda.

An Introduction to the Earth-Life System

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Author: Charles Cockell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521493918

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 4565

This concise textbook combines Earth and biological sciences to explore the co-evolution of the Earth and life over geological time.

Unser verrücktes Gehirn

Über Blackouts, Aberglaube, Seekrankheit - wie uns das Gehirn austrickst

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Author: Dean Burnett

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641185076

Category: Psychology

Page: 400

View: 4028

Ohne Zweifel haben wir das größte Wunderwerk der Evolution in unserem Kopf. Das ist aber nur die halbe Wahrheit. Denn das Gehirn spielt uns fortwährend Streiche: Es versetzt uns in Angstzustände, als verfolge uns der Säbelzahntiger, quält uns an Bord eines Schiffes mit Übelkeit oder entwirft ein völlig überzogenes Bild von uns selbst. Die Gründe werden im unausgeglichenen Verhältnis sehr alter primitiver Hirnteile und neuerer Regionen vermutet. So dominiert uns oft das sogenannte Reptilgehirn, und die uralte Amygdala lässt uns weiterhin Ausschau nach Gefahren halten, die es längst nicht mehr gibt – mit entsprechenden unpassenden, lästigen Reaktionsmustern. Kompetent, leicht nachvollziehbar und witzig erklärt Burnett, wie, wann und warum uns das Gehirn in die Irre führt.

Integrative Physiology in the Proteomics and Post-Genomics Age

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Author: Wolfgang Walz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592599257

Category: Medical

Page: 269

View: 7041

There is a perception in the scientific community that the discipline of Physiology is in crisis, or at least, in a phase of profound transition and change. At the root of the problem is confusion between objectives (the biological questions to be solved) and the methods and technologies to be applied. Traditionally, ever since Claude Bernard’s concept of the “milieu interieur,” Physiology was an integrative science with the prime concern of studying regulatory mechanisms leading to adaptation and homeostasis in the presence of challenges from a dynamic internal and external environment. This study of control mechanisms can be applied on any level of fu- tion whether subcellular, cellular, and organ, but reaches its highest level of complexity with the functioning of the body as a whole and its interaction with the external environment. This involves the determination of the interaction of genetic with environmental factors and the resulting integrated body adaptation. It might seem obvious that in the pursuit of these questions any appropriate combination of techniques on any organizational level could be used. Yet the advent of molecular techniques has resulted in a preoccupation with the problems and challenges inherent in these techniques, sometimes at the expense of the original perspectives and concepts. The many new mechanisms that have been discovered at the molecular level, as well as their economical exploitation, have contributed to a climate of reductionism.

Life at Extremes

Environments, Organisms, and Strategies for Survival

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Author: Elanor Bell

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845938143

Category: Science

Page: 554

View: 2481

From arid deserts to icy poles, outer space to the depths of the sea, this exciting new work studies the remarkable life forms that have made these inhospitable environments their home. Covering not only micro-organisms, but also higher plants and animals such as worms, fish and polar plants, this book details the ecological, biological and biogeochemical challenges these organisms face and unifying themes between environments. Equally useful for the expert, student and casual scientific reader, this book also explores the impact of climate change, rapid seasonal changes and pollution on these extraordinary creatures.

Life at the Speed of Light

From the Double Helix to the Dawn of Digital Life

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Author: J. Craig Venter

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1408705265

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7632

In 2010, scientists led by J. Craig Venter became the first to successfully create 'synthetic life' -- putting humankind at the threshold of the most important and exciting phase of biological research, one that will enable us to actually write the genetic code for designing new species to help us adapt and evolve for long-term survival. The science of synthetic genomics will have a profound impact on human existence, including chemical and energy generation, health, clean water and food production, environmental control, and possibly even our evolution. In Life at the Speed of Light, Venter presents a fascinating and authoritative study of this emerging field from the inside -- detailing its origins, current challenges and controversies, and projected effects on our lives. This scientific frontier provides an opportunity to ponder anew the age-old question 'What is life?' and examine what we really mean by 'playing God'. Life at the Speed of Light is a landmark work, written by a visionary at the dawn of a new era of biological engineering.

Extreme

Why some people thrive at the limits

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Author: Emma Barrett,Paul Martin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191645664

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 7775

Why do some people risk their lives regularly by placing themselves in extreme and challenging situations? For some, such as astronauts, the extreme environments are part of the job. For others, they involve the thrill and competition of extreme sports, or the achievement of goals such as being the first to reach the South Pole or climb Everest. Whether for sport or employment, all these people have made the personal choice to put themselves in environments in which there is significant risk. What drives such people? And what skills and personality traits enable the best to succeed? What abilities are shared by the successful mountaineer, astronaut, caver, or long-distance solo sailer? And are there lessons the rest of us can learn from them? The psychology of those who have to cope with extreme conditions has been a matter of much research. It is important, for example to those planning manned space programmes or the makeup of teams who will spend months in an isolated or hostile environment such as Antarctica, to understand the psychological pressures involved, and to recognize those best equipped to handle them. In Extreme, Emma Barrett and Paul Martin explore the challenges that people in extreme environments face, including pain, physical hardship, loneliness, and friction between individuals, and the approaches taken to overcome them. Using many fascinating examples and personal accounts, they argue that we can all benefit from the insights gained.

Extreme Encounters

How It Feels to Be Drowned in Quicksand, Shredded by Piranhas, Swept Up in a Tornado, and Dozens of Other Unpleasant Experiences...

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Author: Greg Emmanuel

Publisher: Quirk Books

ISBN: 9781931686006

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 176

View: 5714

Provides descriptions in the second person of what it is like to experience a variety of dangerous events, from wilderness disasters, medical emergencies, and everyday accidents to execution.

Factfulness

Wie wir lernen, die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist

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Author: Hans Rosling,Anna Rosling Rönnlund,Ola Rosling

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843717451

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 4677

Es wird alles immer schlimmer, eine schreckliche Nachricht jagt die andere: Die Reichen werden reicher, die Armen ärmer. Es gibt immer mehr Kriege, Gewaltverbrechen, Naturkatastrophen. Viele Menschen tragen solche beängstigenden Bilder im Kopf. Doch sie liegen damit grundfalsch. Unser Gehirn verführt uns zu einer dramatisierenden Weltsicht, die mitnichten der Realität entspricht, wie der geniale Statistiker und Wissenschaftler Hans Rosling erklärt. Wer das Buch gelesen hat, wird • ein sicheres, auf Fakten basierendes Gerüst besitzen, um die Welt so zu sehen, wie sie wirklich ist • die zehn gängigsten Arten von aufgebauschten Geschichten erkennen • bessere Entscheidungen treffen können • wahre Factfulness erreichen – jene offene, neugierige und entspannte Geisteshaltung, in der Sie nur noch Ansichten teilen und Urteile fällen, die auf soliden Fakten basieren