Liberals and Cannibals

The Implications of Diversity

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Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN: 1784786497

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 6656

With debates on the meaning of “liberal society” more heated than ever, this is a timely re-issue of a classic text Can the tension between relativism and the moral universalism current in contemporary politics be resolved within the framework of liberalism? How is liberal society to interpret the diversity of morals? Is pluralism the appropriate response? How does pluralism differ from the widely condemned ethnocentric relativism—“liberalism for the Liberals, cannibalism for the cannibals”? Confronting liberal thought with its own limitations, Steven Lukes’ work is more relevant than ever. While recognizing the dangers of moral imperialism, Lukes argues that a relativist position based on identifying clearly distinct cultural and moral communities is incoherent. Drawing on work in anthropology and philosophy, he examines the nature of social justice, the politics of identity and human rights theory.

Religion and the Political Imagination

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Author: Ira Katznelson,Gareth Stedman Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493175

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7769

The theory of secularisation became a virtually unchallenged truth of twentieth-century social science. First sketched out by Enlightenment philosophers, then transformed into an irreversible global process by nineteenth-century thinkers, the theory was given substance by the precipitate drop in religious practice across Western Europe in the 1960s. However, the re-emergence of acute conflicts at the interface between religion and politics has confounded such assumptions. It is clear that these ideas must be rethought. Yet, as this distinguished, international team of scholars reveal, not everything contained in the idea of secularisation was false. Analyses of developments since 1500 reveal a wide spectrum of historical processes: partial secularisation in some spheres has been accompanied by sacralisation in others. Utilising new approaches derived from history, philosophy, politics and anthropology, the essays collected in Religion and the Political Imagination offer new ways of thinking about the urgency of religious issues in the contemporary world.

Negotiating Diversity

Culture, Deliberation, Trust

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Author: Matthew Festenstein

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745624065

Category: Philosophy

Page: 197

View: 789

Debates about cultural diversity have become an important, controversial and inescapable features of the politics of modern democracies. Negotiating Diversity offers a lucid and accessible analysis of the political theory of multiculturalism. It is an ideal text for students looking for an overview of the state of play in this area. The book explores the ways the concept of culture has been used in political theory, and critically evaluates contemporary liberal responses to multiculturalism, including the work of key political philosophers such as Will Kymlicka, Brian Barry and Chandran Kukathas, drawing on a range of real-world examples to illustrate its arguments. It provides critique of the tendency to reify cultural identity in political thinking, particularly through an examination of contemporary liberalism. In its place, the author develops a deliberative alternative, which views the politics of cultural diversity as a fallible process of negotiation, argument and compromise. He confronts objections that this alternative itself offers an unrealistic or oppressive vision of politics, and explores the fragility of trust in the politics of multicultural societies.

Political Neutrality

A Re-evaluation

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Author: Roberto Merrill,Daniel Weinstock

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137319208

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 4460

The topic of neutrality on the good is linked rather closely to the ideal of political liberalism as formulated by John Rawls. Here internationally renowned authors, in several cases among the most prominent names to be found in contemporary political theory, present a collection of ten essays on the idea of liberal neutrality.

Theories of Multiculturalism

An Introduction

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Author: George Crowder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745673627

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 7210

Multiculturalism is one of the most controversial ideas in contemporary politics. In this new book George Crowder examines some of the leading responses to multiculturalism, both supportive and critical, found in the work of recent political theorists. The book provides a clear and accessible introduction to a diverse array of thinkers who have engaged with multiculturalism. These include Will Kymlicka, whose account of cultural rights is seminal, liberal critics of multiculturalism such as Brian Barry and Susan Okin, and multiculturalist critics of liberalism including Charles Taylor, Iris Marion Young, James Tully, and Bhikhu Parekh. In addition the discussion covers a wide range of other perspectives on multiculturalism - libertarian, feminist, democratic, nationalist, cosmopolitan - and rival accounts of Islamic and Confucian political culture. While offering a balanced assessment of these theories, Crowder also argues the case for a distinctive liberal-pluralist approach to multiculturalism, combining a liberal framework that emphasises the importance of personal autonomy with the value pluralism of thinkers such as Isaiah Berlin. This clear and comprehensive account will be an indispensable textbook for students in politics, sociology and political and social theory.

Moral Relativism

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Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847653200

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 5765

Do we as humans have no shared standards by which we can understand each other? Do we truly have divergent views about what constitutes good and evil, harm and welfare, dignity and humiliation, or is there some underlying commonality that wins out? These questions show up everywhere, from the debate over female circumcision to the UN Declaration of Human Rights. They become ever more pressing in an age of mass immigration, religious extremism and the rise of identity politics. So by what right do we judge particular practices as barbaric? Who are the real barbarians? This provocative book takes an enlightening look at what we believe, why we believe it and whether there really is an irreparable moral discord between 'us' and 'them'.

The Righteous Mind

Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion

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Author: Jonathan Haidt

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307455777

Category: Philosophy

Page: 500

View: 2598

Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.

Liberal Lion

Jo Grimond, A Political Life

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Author: Peter Barberis

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857714368

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 3783

Jo Grimond, leader of the Liberal Party from 1956 - 1967, was a key player in British politics for over four decades. On his death in 1993, Paddy Ashdown paid tribute to Grimond as a “lion of the liberal cause”. His numerous writings and his ten-year leadership of the Liberal party established him as one of the most influential figures in its history. _x000D_ _x000D_ A man of vision, Grimond was the party’s most fertile ideas man since Lloyd George. He was published widely and as well as being a compelling platform speaker he became a master of the new television medium. He led the way on policies such as Britain’s role in Europe and on devolution and his efforts inspired the Liberal/SDP alliance from which the Liberal Democrat party was born. But in later years some of his critics saw him as proclaiming common cause with New Right conservatism. _x000D_ _x000D_ Peter Barberis has produced a unique critical biography of this enigmatic figure based upon a careful examination of speeches, writings and archive material. He explores Grimond’s ideas, politics and family environment to shed light on his life and the apparent contradictions in his thought. The book offers the reader valuable insights into the changing character of British politics and society from the Second World War to the age of Thatcherism.

Living with Animals

Ojibwe Spirit Powers

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Author: Michael Pomedli

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667052

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4002

Within nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Chippewa medicine societies, and in communities at large, animals are realities and symbols that demonstrate cultural principles of North American Ojibwe nations. Living with Animals presents over 100 images from oral and written sources – including birch bark scrolls, rock art, stories, games, and dreams – in which animals appear as kindred beings, spirit powers, healers, and protectors. Michael Pomedli shows that the principles at play in these sources are not merely evidence of cultural values, but also unique standards brought to treaty signings by Ojibwe leaders. In addition, these principles are norms against which North American treaty interpretations should be reframed. The author provides an important foundation for ongoing treaty negotiations, and for what contemporary Ojibwe cultural figures corroborate as ways of leading a good, integrated life.

Individualism

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Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 0954796667

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 5105

Individualism embraces a wide diversity of meanings and is widely used by those who criticise and by those who praise Western societies and their culture, by historians and literary scholars in search of the emergence of 'the individual', by anthropologists claiming that there are different, culturally shaped conceptions of the individual or 'person', by philosophers debating what form social science explanations should take and by political theorists defending liberal principles. In this classic text, Steven Lukes discusses what 'individualism' has meant in various national traditions and across different provinces of thought, analysing it into its component unit-ideas and doctrines. He further argues that it now plays a malign ideological role, for it has come to evoke a socially-constructed body of ideas whose illusory unity is deployed to suggest that redistributive policies are neither feasible nor desirable and to deny that there are institutional alternatives to the market.

The Politics of Multiple Belonging

Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe and East Asia

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Author: Flemming Christiansen,Ulf Hedetoft

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780754641285

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 3711

This international collection examines how ethnic identity and belonging are created and used politically in Europe and East Asia. The contributors respond to debates about whether and how regional, supranational, transnational, and multicultural identities may compromise nation states, and how nation states deal with such centrifugal forces. The issues are discussed from various perspectives: diasporic communities; the State and its role in inventing and influencing national belonging; and societies and communities with a strongly engineered multicultural structure. Two central theoretical chapters examine the current debates on 'belonging' and 'multiculturalism', bringing together this complex field and developing new perspectives. In particular, the volume improves our understanding of how people 'belong' in different contexts; by examining how they give shape to 'belonging' it is possible to understand how these diverse trends cohere within nation states and across continents.

The Antioch Review

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Author: John Donald Kingsley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: N.A

View: 1470

MultiCultural Review

Dedicated to a Better Understanding of Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Diversity

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cultural pluralism

Page: N.A

View: 1248

The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat

A Comedy of Ideas

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Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840733

Category: Drama

Page: 261

View: 8938

A professor embarks on a search for the best of possible worlds. He visits Militaria, Communitaria, Utilitaria and Libertaria and concludes all of them are false Utopias. A spoof on the political theories of our time. A first novel.

Ethics

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Author: John K. Roth

Publisher: Salem Pr Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 590

View: 9351

Applied ethics is the main focus of this revised edition, with a particular emphasis on current ethics issues. Includes religious issues, business and labor ethics, political and economic issues, personal and social ethics issues, and bioethics.

The Wretched of the Earth

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Author: Frantz Fanon

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

ISBN: 9780802198853

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 8123

Frantz Fanon was one of the twentieth century’s most important theorists of revolution, colonialism, and racial difference, and this, his masterwork, is a classic alongside Orientalism and The Autobiography of Malcolm X. The Wretched of the Earth is a brilliant analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation. Bearing singular insight into the rage of colonized peoples and the role of violence in historical change, the book also incisively attacks postindependence disenfranchisement of the masses by the elite on one hand, and intertribal and interfaith animosities on the other. A veritable handbook of social reorganization for leaders of emerging nations, The Wretched of the Earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black-consciousness movements around the world. This new translation updates its language for a new generation of readers and its lessons are more vital now than ever.

The Interpretation of Cultures

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Author: Clifford Geertz

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465093566

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 6595

In The Interpretation of Cultures, the most original anthropologist of his generation moved far beyond the traditional confines of his discipline to develop an important new concept of culture. This groundbreaking book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped define for an entire generation of anthropologists what their field is ultimately about.

Unfinished Dialogue

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Author: Isaiah Berlin,Beata Polanowska-Sygulska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 4974

"This volume sheds considerable light on Berlin's thinking and clarifies some of the central themes of his philosophy. After an introductory memoir, the book is divided into four sections. The first is a selection from the correspondence conducted between Berlin and Polanowska-Sygulska from 1983 to 1997. These letters are published here in their entirety for the first time. The second section comprises two interviews Berlin gave in 1991 for Polish periodicals. Next come edited transcripts of a number of conversations recorded between 1986 and 1995. In one of these, Berlin tellingly recalls his childhood and youth. In other exchanges, he is pressed to be more concise about some of his most contested views, particularly his concepts of liberty and value pluralism, and to respond to criticism of these ideas by a wide range of authors.

Nationalism and Culture

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Author: Rudolf Rocker

Publisher: Black Rose Books Limited

ISBN: 9781551640945

Category: Education

Page: 592

View: 4598

An important contribution to our thought about human society. A classic, long out of print.