Liberalism, Fascism, Or Social Democracy

Social Classes and the Political Origins of Regimes in Interwar Europe

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Author: Gregory M. Luebbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195066111

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 416

View: 5200

This work provides a sweeping historical analysis of the political development of Western Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Arguing that the evolution of most Western European nations into liberal democracies, social democracies, or fascist regimes was attributable to a discrete set of social class alliances, the author explores the origins and outcomes of the political development in the individual nations. In Britain, France, and Switzerland, countries with a unified middle class, liberal forces established political hegemony before World War I. By coopting considerable sections of the working class with reforms that weakened union movements, liberals essentially excluded the fragmented working class from the political process, remaining in power throughout the inter-war period. In countries with a strong, cohesive working class and a fractured middle class, Luebbert points out, a liberal solution was impossible. In Norway, Sweden, Denmark, and Czechoslovakia, political coalitions of social democrats and the "family peasantry" emerged as a result of the First World War, leading to social democratic governments. In Italy, Spain, and Germany, on the other hand, the urban middle class united with a peasantry hostile to socialism to facilitate the rise of fascism.

The Making and Unmaking of Democracy

Lessons from History and World Politics

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Author: Theodore K. Rabb,Ezra N. Suleiman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113670468X

Category: Political Science

Page: 392

View: 871

First Published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Democratization in the Global South

The Importance of Transformative Politics

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Author: K. Stokke,O. Törnquist

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370047

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 5863

Given the weaknesses of mainstream democratisation since the 1980s, the authors present a cutting edge examination of dynamics of political change in the direction of more substantive democracy. While focusing on the Global South, they also draw comparisons from historical and contemporary experiences from Scandinavia.

Explaining Federalism

State, society and congruence in Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany and Switzerland

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Author: Jan Erk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134082568

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 6727

This book deals with the theoretical and empirical questions of federalism in the context of five case studies: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany and Switzerland. The central argument is that in the long run the political institutions of federalism adapt to achieve congruence with the underlying social structure. This change could be in the centralist direction reflecting ethno-linguistic homogeneity, or in decentralist terms corresponding to ethno-linguistic heterogeneity. In this context, the volume: fills a gap in the comparative federalism literature by analyzing the patterns of change and continuity in five federal systems of the industrial west, this is done by an in-depth empirical examination of the case studies through a single framework of analysis illustrates the shortcomings of new-institutionalist approaches in explaining change, highlighting the usefulness of society-based approaches in studying change and continuity in comparative politics. Explaining Federalism will be of interest to students and scholars of federalism, comparative government, comparative institutional analysis and comparative public policy.

Historical Social Research

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social history

Page: N.A

View: 825

International journal for the application of formal methods to history.

Fascism, Liberalism, and Social Democracy in Central Europe

Past and Present

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Author: Lene Bøgh Sørensen,Leslie C. Eliason

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: 9788772887197

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 2827

The three main currents in twentieth century political thought and practice "fascism, liberalism, and social democracy", emerged not in isolation from one another, but rather as competing and conflicting ideologies connected with particular social strata in different parts of Central Europe. That historical legacy continues to exert influence on popular perceptions and the relationship of contemporary political parties in the post-communist world. This volume of essays seeks to place the forces of Neo-Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Neo-Fascism within their historical perspective and their appeal to contemporary constituencies. In addressing the left, center, and right political elements, an international group of authors presents detailed analyses of a myriad of political options, including the skinheads and Neo-Nazis of central Europe, Hungarian Social Democracy, the Civic Forum in the Czech Republic, the party system in Slovakia, the development of FPÖ in Austria, and the Radical right in the Czech Republic. Papers also document the fall and rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic, the undermining of Slovak democracy, and Austrian Social Democracy before and after 1945. Concluding articles reflect on the limitations of Liberalism in Hungary and the ideology and role of socialist parties in the post-socialist milieu of Eastern-Central Europe. This book will be invaluable in providing the historical environment with an understanding of a vibrant, sometimes turbulent political arena.

Partnerschaft oder Rivalität?

Sicherheitsbeziehungen zwischen Siegermächten

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Author: Reinhard Wolf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International relations

Page: 296

View: 2987

Politik und Wissenschaft

50 Jahre Politikwissenschaft in Marburg

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Author: Wolfgang Hecker,Joachim Klein,Hans Karl Rupp

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825854416

Category: Marburg (Germany)

Page: 444

View: 397

Geschichte des Faschismus

Aufstieg und Fall einer europäischen Bewegung

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Author: Stanley G. Payne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783549071489

Category: Europe

Page: 800

View: 1925

Darstellung und Interpretation der Geschichte des Aufstiegs und Endes des Faschismus im 2. Weltkrieg.

Forward to the Past?

Continuity and Change in Political Development in Hungary, Austria, and the Czech and Slovak Republics

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Author: Lene Bøgh Sørensen,Leslie C. Eliason

Publisher: Aarhus Universitetsforlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 1432

These eleven essays by historians, political scientists, sociologists and anthropologists establish a foundation for appreciating the political history of Central Europe. By examining the political landscape in each country, the contributors aim to evoke the legacy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and bridge the gap between the two extreme images of Central European history. Specific topics presented include: the lost dimensions of social movements and classes; the relationship between the concepts of "nation" and "state"; Austrian democracy; party system development; the myth of Czech liberalism; the Sudeten-German problem; Slovak politics; the regime change in Hungary; and the relationship between democracy and organised interests. By focusing on the consequences of past regime types, social structures and cultural contexts for democractic development, this volume presents a significant base from which future scholars can proceed on a country-by-country analysis.

History in Dispute: Twentieth-century European social and political movements. Second series

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Author: Benjamin Frankel

Publisher: St James Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 9172

Addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe. This volume covers twentieth-century European social and political movements. Provides students with an enhanced understanding of events only summarized in history texts, helps stimulate critical thinking and provides ideas for papers and assignments.

Höllensturz

Europa 1914 bis 1949

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Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641188725

Category: History

Page: 768

View: 7525

Europa am Abgrund Das europäische zwanzigste Jahrhundert war geprägt von kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen. Europa erlebte gewaltige Turbulenzen, die Hölle zweier Weltkriege in der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte und tiefgreifende Veränderungen. Der britische Historiker Ian Kershaw erzählt in einem meisterhaften Panorama die Geschichte dieses Kontinents vom Vorabend des Ersten Weltkriegs bis in die Zeit des beginnenden Kalten Kriegs Ende der vierziger Jahre, nachdem die europäische Zivilisation an den Rand der Selbstzerstörung gelangt war. Ethnische Auseinandersetzungen, aggressiver Nationalismus und Gebietsstreitigkeiten, Klassenkonflikte und die tiefe Krise des Kapitalismus waren die treibenden Kräfte, die Kershaw dabei besonders in den Blick nimmt. Neben den großen Entwicklungslinien in Politik, Wirtschaft, Kultur und Gesellschaft schildert er auch immer wieder Erlebnisse und Erfahrungen einzelner, die einen Eindruck geben vom Leben im Europa der ersten Jahrhunderthälfte.

Democratization in Eastern and Western Europe

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Author: Frederick D. Weil,Jeffrey Huffman,Mary Gautier

Publisher: JAI Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 378

View: 6186

Provides research on democracy and society, discussing such topics as: reformed churches and the fall of communism in Hungary and Romania; the Polish conflict of the 1980s as a challenge to systemic transformations; and nationalism and democracy in England, France and Russia.