Liberal Democracies at War

Conflict and Representation

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Author: Andrew Knapp,Hilary Footitt

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441168710

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 5974

Liberal democracies have always accepted the need to go to war, despite the fact that war can undermine liberal values. Wars may be won or lost, not only on the battlefield, but in the perceptions of the publics who pay for them. Presentation is therefore increasingly important. Starting with the First World War, the first major war fought by liberal democracies after the emergence on mass media, Liberal Democracies at War explores the relationship between representations of liberal violence and the ways in which the liberal state understands 'rights' in war. Experts in the field explore crucial questions such as: · How have the violences of war perpetrated in their names been communicated to publics of liberal democracies? · How have representations of conflict changed over time? · How far have the victims of liberal wars been able to insert their stories into the record?

In War's Wake

International Conflict and the Fate of Liberal Democracy

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Author: Elizabeth Kier,Ronald R. Krebs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521157706

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 7993

This landmark interdisciplinary volume brings together distinguished historians, sociologists, and political scientists to examine the impact of war on democracy.

Democracies at War

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Author: Dan Reiter,Allan C. Stam

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400824458

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 4115

Why do democracies win wars? This is a critical question in the study of international relations, as a traditional view--expressed most famously by Alexis de Tocqueville--has been that democracies are inferior in crafting foreign policy and fighting wars. In Democracies at War, the first major study of its kind, Dan Reiter and Allan Stam come to a very different conclusion. Democracies tend to win the wars they fight--specifically, about eighty percent of the time. Complementing their wide-ranging case-study analysis, the authors apply innovative statistical tests and new hypotheses. In unusually clear prose, they pinpoint two reasons for democracies' success at war. First, as elected leaders understand that losing a war can spell domestic political backlash, democracies start only those wars they are likely to win. Secondly, the emphasis on individuality within democratic societies means that their soldiers fight with greater initiative and superior leadership. Surprisingly, Reiter and Stam find that it is neither economic muscle nor bandwagoning between democratic powers that enables democracies to win wars. They also show that, given societal consent, democracies are willing to initiate wars of empire or genocide. On the whole, they find, democracies' dependence on public consent makes for more, rather than less, effective foreign policy. Taking a fresh approach to a question that has long merited such a study, this book yields crucial insights on security policy, the causes of war, and the interplay between domestic politics and international relations.

Liberal Peace, Liberal War

American Politics and International Security

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Author: John M. Owen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801486906

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3369

Liberal democracies very rarely fight wars against each other, even though they go to war just as often as other types of states do. John M. Owen IV attributes this peculiar restraint to a synergy between liberal ideology and the institutions that exist within these states. Liberal elites identify their interests with those of their counterparts in foreign states, Owen contends. Free discussion and regular competitive elections allow the agitations of the elites in liberal democracies to shape foreign policy, especially during crises, by influencing governmental decision makers. Several previous analysts have offered theories to explain liberal peace, but they have not examined the state. This book explores the chain of events linking peace with democracies. Owen emphasizes that peace is constructed by democratic ideas, and should be understood as a strong tendency built upon historically contingent perceptions and institutions. He tests his theory against ten cases drawn from over a century of U.S. diplomatic history, beginning with the Jay Treaty in 1794 and ending with the Spanish-American War in 1898. A world full of liberal democracies would not necessarily be peaceful. Were illiberal states to disappear, Owen asserts, liberal states would have difficulty identifying one another, and would have less reason to remain at peace.

Wie Demokratien sterben

Und was wir dagegen tun können

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Author: Steven Levitsky,Daniel Ziblatt

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641222915

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4890

Ausgezeichnet mit dem NDR Kultur Sachbuchpreis 2018 als bestes Sachbuch des Jahres Demokratien sterben mit einem Knall oder mit einem Wimmern. Der Knall, also das oft gewaltsame Ende einer Demokratie durch einen Putsch, einen Krieg oder eine Revolution, ist spektakulärer. Doch das Dahinsiechen einer Demokratie, das Sterben mit einem Wimmern, ist alltäglicher – und gefährlicher, weil die Bürger meist erst aufwachen, wenn es zu spät ist. Mit Blick auf die USA, Lateinamerika und Europa zeigen die beiden Politologen Steven Levitsky und Daniel Ziblatt, woran wir erkennen, dass demokratische Institutionen und Prozesse ausgehöhlt werden. Und sie sagen, an welchen Punkten wir eingreifen können, um diese Entwicklung zu stoppen. Denn mit gezielter Gegenwehr lässt sich die Demokratie retten – auch vom Sterbebett.

Identität

Wie der Verlust der Würde unsere Demokratie gefährdet

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Author: Francis Fukuyama

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455005292

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4134

In den letzten zehn Jahren ist die Anzahl der demokratischen Staaten weltweit erschreckend schnell zurückgegangen. Erleben wir gerade das Ende der liberalen Demokratie? Der US-amerikanische Politikwissenschaftler Francis Fukuyama, Autor des Weltbestsellers Das Ende der Geschichte, sucht in seinem neuen Buch nach den Gründen, warum sich immer mehr Menschen antidemokratischen Strömungen zuwenden und den Liberalismus ablehnen. Er zeigt, warum die Politik der Stunde geprägt ist von Nationalismus und Wut, welche Rolle linke und recht Parteien bei dieser Entwicklung spielen, und was wir tun können, um unsere gesellschaftliche Identität und damit die liberale Demokratie wieder zu beleben. »Intelligent und klar – wir brauchen mehr Denker, die so weise sind wie Fukuyama.« THE NEW YORK TIMES »Einer der bedeutendsten Politikwissenschaftler der westlichen Welt.« DIE WELT

Power and Policy in Liberal Democracies

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Author: Martin Harrop

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521347983

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 827

This textbook, first published in 1992, integrates the field of policy studies with more traditional approaches to comparative politics.

Victorious and Vulnerable

Why Democracy Won in the 20th Century and how it is Still Imperiled

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Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442201149

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 6150

Azar Gat provides a politically and strategically vital understanding of the peculiar strengths and vulnerabilities that liberal democracy brings to the formidable challenges ahead. Arguing that the democratic peace is merely one manifestation of much more sweeping and less recognized pacifist tendencies typical of liberal democracies, Gat offers a panoramic view of their distinctive way in conflict and war.

Inside Out India and China

Local Politics Go Global

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Author: William Antholis

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815726465

Category: Political Science

Page: 235

View: 9379

One third of humanity is governed by two capitals, New Delhi and Beijing. Increasingly, these two countries are being led not from the top down, but rather from the Inside Out. In 2014, India overwhelmingly elected Narendra Modi minister, a man who rose to national prominence as chief minister of Gujarat, India's fastest growing state. Likewise, in 2013, Xi Jinping took over as president of China, having served as top official in Zhejiang and Shanghai, two of China's most prosperous provinces. Anticipating these trends and leadership transitions, William Antholis spent five months in 2012 traversing twenty Indian states and Chinese provinces, conducting over three hundred interviews, including with Narendra Modi. Antholis's detailed narratives show what both Modi and Xi Jinping learned firsthand: that local successes—and failures—will determine the future of the world's largest two nations. And his new forward, prepared for this edition, lays out key takeaways from the transitions of 2013 and 2014.

Resort to war

a data guide to inter-state, extra-state, intra-state, and non-state wars, 1816-2007

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Author: Meredith Reid Sarkees,Frank Whelon Wayman

Publisher: Cq Pr

ISBN: 9780872894341

Category: History

Page: 691

View: 1631

The benchmark reference for understanding the phenomenon of war.

Christian Faith and Social Justice: Five Views

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Author: Vic McCracken

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1623562414

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 8044

The Judeo-Christian tradition testifies to a God that cries out, demanding that justice "roll down like waters, righteousness like an ever-flowing stream" (Amos 5:24). Christians agree that being advocates for justice is critical to the Christian witness. And yet one need not look widely to see that Christians disagree about what social justice entails. What does justice have to do with healthcare reform, illegal immigration, and same-sex marriage? Should Christians support tax policies that effectively require wealthy individuals to fund programs that benefit the poor? Does justice require that we acknowledge and address the inequalities borne out of histories of gender and ethnic exclusivity? Is the Christian vision distinct from non-Christian visions of social justice? Christians disagree over the proper answer to these questions. In short, Christians agree that justice is important but disagree about what a commitment to justice means. Christian Faith and Social Justice makes sense of the disagreements among Christians over the meaning of justice by bringing together five highly regarded Christian philosophers to introduce and defend rival perspectives on social justice in the Christian tradition. While it aspires to offer a lucid introduction to these theories, the purpose of this book is more than informative. It is purposefully dialogical and is structured so that contributors are able to model for the reader reasoned exchange among philosophers who disagree about the meaning of social justice. The hope is that the reader is left with a better understanding of range of perspectives in the Christian tradition about social justice.

Die neuen Paten

Trump, Putin, Erdogan, Orbán & Co. - Wie die autoritären Herrscher und ihre mafiosen Clans uns bedrohen

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Author: Jürgen Roth

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641220513

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2543

Wenn Mafiamethoden offizielle Regierungspolitik werden Sie sind die »neuen Paten«: rechtspopulistische und rechtsradikale Politiker wie Viktor Orbán in Ungarn, Recep Tayyip Erdogan in der Türkei, Wladimir Putin in Russland, Donald Trump in den USA. Ihr Ziel: eine neue politische Ordnung. Ihr ideologisches Arsenal: Nationalismus, Rassismus und Religion. Sie sind demokratisch gewählt, doch sie unterwerfen den Staat und seine Institutionen, um sich selbst, ihre Familien und Gefolgsleute hemmungslos zu bereichern – mit Mafiamethoden. Die Grenze zwischen den klassischen Aktivitäten des Staates und denen des organisierten Verbrechens verschwimmt, Mafia-Staaten entstehen. Weit nach Deutschland hinein reichen die Verbindungen: Hier werden Allianzen geschmiedet, Geschäfte gemacht, Profite eingestrichen. Erstmals deckt Jürgen Roth die Strukturen und Hintergründe auf – und die Verflechtungen dieser autoritären Herrscher mit der Mafia und der organisierten Kriminalität.

The Story of Pain

From Prayer to Painkillers

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Author: Joanna Bourke

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191003557

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 4589

Everyone knows what is feels like to be in pain. Scraped knees, toothaches, migraines, giving birth, cancer, heart attacks, and heartaches: pain permeates our entire lives. We also witness other people - loved ones - suffering, and we 'feel with' them. It is easy to assume this is the end of the story: 'pain-is-pain-is-pain', and that is all there is to say. But it is not. In fact, the way in which people respond to what they describe as 'painful' has changed considerably over time. In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, for example, people believed that pain served a specific (and positive) function - it was a message from God or Nature; it would perfect the spirit. 'Suffer in this life and you wouldn't suffer in the next one'. Submission to pain was required. Nothing could be more removed from twentieth and twenty-first century understandings, where pain is regarded as an unremitting evil to be 'fought'. Focusing on the English-speaking world, this book tells the story of pain since the eighteenth century, addressing fundamental questions about the experience and nature of suffering over the last three centuries. How have those in pain interpreted their suffering - and how have these interpretations changed over time? How have people learnt to conduct themselves when suffering? How do friends and family react? And what about medical professionals: should they immerse themselves in the suffering person or is the best response a kind of professional detachment? As Joanna Bourke shows in this fascinating investigation, people have come up with many different answers to these questions over time. And a history of pain can tell us a great deal about how we might respond to our own suffering in the present - and, just as importantly, to the suffering of those around us.

The West at War

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Author: Bradley C. S. Watson

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739116128

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 518

In The West at War, Bradley C. S. Watson brings together renowned scholars and public policy experts to reflect on perhaps the most pressing problem of our time--the West's increasingly bloody conflict with forces that seek nothing less than its destruction. In eleven provocative chapters, contributors deal with the internal challenges and external conflicts facing Western civilization in the context of the "war on terror." Ranging from the nature of Islam and the West, to ethics and terror, to the western way of warfare, the volume deals thematically with major issues raised by this conflict in a way that no other single-volume does. Contributors bring to bear arguments on the philosophic, political, religious, ethical, and policy dimensions of the war. As the title of the book suggests, this conflict implicates all of Western civilization, demonstrating that this not merely an "American" concern.

Die Demokratie und ihre Feinde

Wer gestaltet die neue Weltordnung?

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Author: Robert Kagan

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641033713

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6216

Plädoyer für eine demokratische Weltordnung Robert Kagan bringt die weltpolitische Situation seit dem Ende des Kalten Krieges auf den Punkt. Den demokratischen Staaten steht mit Russland, China und Iran eine wachsende Zahl nach Macht und Einfluss strebender autokratischer Regime gegenüber. Gleichzeitig werden die Werte des Westens vom Herrschaftsanspruch radikaler Islamisten bedroht. Leidenschaftlich und pointiert stellt uns Kagan vor die Alternative, entweder die Welt im Sinne unserer freiheitlich-demokratischen Vorstellungen zu formen oder uns in einer neuen Weltordnung einzurichten, die andere gestaltet haben. Nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges keimte die Hoffnung, das Ende der Geschichte sei gekommen, eine friedvolle Zukunft liege vor uns. Diese Hoffnung war trügerisch. Die Jugoslawienkriege, der Kosovo-Konflikt und der 11. September zeigten auf brutale Weise, dass Nationalismen, ethnische Zugehörigkeiten und Religion die Völker nach wie vor trennen und in blutige Konflikte stürzen. Auch Großmachtansprüche gehören keineswegs der Vergangenheit an. Russland, China und Iran lassen ihre Muskeln spielen. Eindringlich ruft Robert Kagan die demokratischen Staaten dazu auf, sich zusammenzuschließen und gemeinsam für Demokratie und liberale Werte einzustehen. Die Geschichte ist zurückgekehrt, die hochfliegenden optimistischen Träume, die man nach dem Mauerfall und dem Zusammenbruch des Ostblocks gehegt hatte, sind ausgeträumt. Die Demokraten dürfen die Welt nicht den Despoten und Autokraten überlassen, sondern müssen aktiv an der Gestaltung einer neuen Weltordnung mitwirken. Kagan ist einer der scharfsinnigsten politischen Denker in den USA.

After War

The Political Economy of Exporting Democracy

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Author: Christopher J. Coyne

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804754392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 238

View: 7540

Post-conflict reconstruction is one of the most pressing political issues today. This book uses economics to analyze critically the incentives and constraints faced by various actors involved in reconstruction efforts. Through this analysis, the book will aid in understanding why some reconstructions are more successful than others.

The Future of Liberal Democracy

Thomas Jefferson and the Contemporary World

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Author: Robert Fatton Jr.,R. Ramazani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403981450

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1437

Top scholars and practitioners from a variety of ideological perspectives consider liberal democracy and the Jeffersonian legacy, both in relation to key issues in the practice and theory of rights (human rights, individual rights) and in relation to key themes in political thought such as citizenship and participation that remain at the forefront of our debates about public life today. The first section of this collection provides historical and theoretical perspectives on Jefferson's ideals and thought. The second section explores the key themes of sovereignty, citizenship, participation, and accountability. A concluding section analyzes the relevance and place of Jefferson's legacy and the fate of liberal democracy in today's world. Contributors offer varying perspectives on questions such as: Is what is good for America good for the rest of the world? What are the constraints that exist on the global spread of democracy, liberal or otherwise?

Gegen den Tag

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Author: Thomas Pynchon

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644046417

Category: Fiction

Page: 1600

View: 2189

Dieser Roman umspannt den Zeitraum zwischen der Weltausstellung in Chicago 1893 und den Jahren kurz nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg; er führt von Colorado über London und Göttingen, Venedig und Wien, den Balkan, Sibirien bis zum Hollywood der Stummfilmära sowie an ein, zwei Orte, die auf keiner Landkarte zu finden sind. Mit schrankenloser Phantasie und mit kauzigem Witz erzählt Thomas Pynchon von Macht, Dynamit und zügelloser Geldgier: «Vielleicht ist dies nicht die Welt, aber mit ein, zwei kleinen Änderungen könnte sie es sein.» «Das einzige Buch dieser Jahre, das die Welt, wie sie ist, tatsächlich herausfordert.» (Süddeutsche Zeitung) «Ein Meisterwerk, wie man es als Literaturkritiker vielleicht nur einmal in seinem Leben annoncieren darf ... aktueller als hier hat Pynchon nie geschrieben.» (Denis Scheck) «Sein komischster und zugleich sein zugänglichster Roman.» (The New York Book Review) «Pynchon lesen ist wie ein Sabbatical von all dem Müll, der uns umgibt.» (Stern) «Unvergesslich ... eines der größten Abenteuer der Gegenwartsliteratur.» (Focus) «Kaum eine der 1600 Seiten, auf der es nicht poetisch funkeln würde, die nicht von skurrilem Witz durchzogen wäre. Auf Knien möchte man den Übersetzern danken.» (Tagesspiegel) «Das Opus magnum im bisherigen Schaffen von Thomas Pynchon.» (Neue Zürcher Zeitung)

Redefining Sovereignty

Will Liberal Democracies Continue to Determine Their Own Laws and Public Policies Or Yield These Rights to Transnational Entities in Search of Universal Order and Justice?

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Author: Orrin C. Judd

Publisher: Smith & Kraus Global

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 527

View: 464

For those who believe that the September 11 attacks marked the emergence of a new era in international affairs, Orrin C. Judd's timely collection of writings will provide a valuable guide to the increasingly urgent debate between those who wish to promote an international order based on liberal and democratic nation states and those who seek a transnational alternative in which power is increasingly exercised by international organizations. For those who doubt that Sept. 11 marked the emergence of a new era, this book is indispensable. -Peter Berkowitz, Tad and Dianne Taube Senior Fellow, Hoover Institute, Stanford University In a unipolar world, the principal threat to America comes not from any other great power but from a rival ideology transnationalism, a philosophy that allows other countries to pass off their weakness as virtue, with profound dangers for them and for the United States. Orrin Judds splendid collection of essays provides an excellent guide to what will be the principal challenge to the American idea and to liberal democracy in the years ahead. -Mark Steyn, www.SteynOnline.com (www.steynonline.com) Easily one of the finest texts available for the study of American Sovereignty. A thorough investigation of the ramifications of transnationalism. A rare example of an anthology that delivers the goods. -Steven Martinovich, Editor of Enter Stage Right (www.enterstageright.com) This timely issue will attract many readers. -Brendan Driscoll, BOOKLIST, 2/1/06 Redefining Sovereignty is a compilation of essays by the worlds foremost political scholars: George W. Bush, Daniel Philpott, Kofi A. Annan, Ronald Reagan, Criton M. Zoakos, James Kitfield, John Fonte, Marc F. Plattner, Jeane J. Kirkpatrick, Fred Gedrich, Jeremy Rabkin, Paul Driessen, Stuart Taylor Jr., James Kalb, Ralph Peters, Lee Harris, Michael Walzer, Robert Cooper, Ramesh Ponnuru, Jonathan Rauch, David Warren, Jesse Helms, John Lewis Gaddis, Phyllis Chesler, Donna M. Hughes, Jed Rubenfeld, Yoram Hazony, Roger Scruton, Vaclav Havel, Walter Russell Mead, Francis Fukuyama. ORRIN JUDD is a husband and father of three who resides in Hanover, NH. Along with his brother, Stephen, he is the proprietor of two popular Internet sites a political/cultural weblog and a book review siteboth of which can be accessed at www.brothersjudd.com.