Lectures in Logic and Set Theory: Volume 2, Set Theory

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Author: George Tourlakis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439435

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7284

This two-volume work bridges the gap between introductory expositions of logic or set theory on one hand, and the research literature on the other. It can be used as a text in an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course in mathematics, computer science, or philosophy. The volumes are written in a user-friendly conversational lecture style that makes them equally effective for self-study or class use. Volume II, on formal (ZFC) set theory, incorporates a self-contained 'chapter 0' on proof techniques so that it is based on formal logic, in the style of Bourbaki. The emphasis on basic techniques will provide the reader with a solid foundation in set theory and provides a context for the presentation of advanced topics such as absoluteness, relative consistency results, two expositions of Godel's constructible universe, numerous ways of viewing recursion, and a chapter on Cohen forcing.

Fundamentals of Set and Number Theory

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Author: Valeriy K. Zakharov,Timofey V. Rodionov

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110550946

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 9850

This comprehensive two-volume work is devoted to the most general beginnings of mathematics. It goes back to Hausdorff’s classic Set Theory (2nd ed., 1927), where set theory and the theory of functions were expounded as the fundamental parts of mathematics in such a way that there was no need for references to other sources. Along the lines of Hausdorff’s initial work (1st ed., 1914), measure and integration theory is also included here as the third fundamental part of contemporary mathematics.The material about sets and numbers is placed in Volume 1 and the material about functions and measures is placed in Volume 2. Contents Fundamentals of the theory of classes, sets, and numbers Characterization of all natural models of Neumann – Bernays – Godel and Zermelo – Fraenkel set theories Local theory of sets as a foundation for category theory and its connection with the Zermelo – Fraenkel set theory Compactness theorem for generalized second-order language

Lectures in Logic and Set Theory: Volume 1, Mathematical Logic

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Author: George Tourlakis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139439428

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 9525

This two-volume work bridges the gap between introductory expositions of logic or set theory on one hand, and the research literature on the other. It can be used as a text in an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course in mathematics, computer science, or philosophy. The volumes are written in a user-friendly conversational lecture style that makes them equally effective for self-study or class use. Volume 1 includes formal proof techniques, a section on applications of compactness (including nonstandard analysis), a generous dose of computability and its relation to the incompleteness phenomenon, and the first presentation of a complete proof of Godel's 2nd incompleteness since Hilbert and Bernay's Grundlagen theorem.

Einführung in die Kategorientheorie

Mit ausführlichen Erklärungen und zahlreichen Beispielen

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Author: Martin Brandenburg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662535211

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

View: 6172

Die Kategorientheorie deckt die innere Architektur der Mathematik auf. Dabei werden die strukturellen Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen mathematischen Disziplinen und ihren spezifischen Konstruktionen herausgearbeitet. Dieses Buch gibt eine systematische Einführung in die Grundbegriffe der Kategorientheorie. Zahlreiche ausführliche Erklärungstexte sowie die große Menge an Beispielen helfen beim Einstieg in diese verhältnismäßig abstrakte Theorie. Es werden viele konkrete Anwendungen besprochen, welche die Nützlichkeit der Kategorientheorie im mathematischen Alltag belegen. Jedes Kapitel wird mit einem motivierenden Text eingeleitet und mit einer großen Aufgabensammlung abgeschlossen. An Vorwissen muss der Leser lediglich ein paar Grundbegriffe des Mathematik-Studiums mitbringen. Die vorliegende zweite vollständig durchgesehene Auflage ist um ausführliche Lösungen zu ausgewählten Aufgaben ergänzt.

Sets and Extensions in the Twentieth Century

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080930662

Category: Mathematics

Page: 880

View: 9600

Set theory is an autonomous and sophisticated field of mathematics that is extremely successful at analyzing mathematical propositions and gauging their consistency strength. It is as a field of mathematics that both proceeds with its own internal questions and is capable of contextualizing over a broad range, which makes set theory an intriguing and highly distinctive subject. This handbook covers the rich history of scientific turning points in set theory, providing fresh insights and points of view. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in mathematics, the history of philosophy, and any discipline such as computer science, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Introduction to Foliations and Lie Groupoids

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Author: I. Moerdijk,J. Mrcun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139438988

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

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This book gives a quick introduction to the theory of foliations, Lie groupoids and Lie algebroids. An important feature is the emphasis on the interplay between these concepts: Lie groupoids form an indispensable tool to study the transverse structure of foliations as well as their noncommutative geometry, while the theory of foliations has immediate applications to the Lie theory of groupoids and their infinitesimal algebroids. The book starts with a detailed presentation of the main classical theorems in the theory of foliations then proceeds to Molino's theory, Lie groupoids, constructing the holonomy groupoid of a foliation and finally Lie algebroids. Among other things, the authors discuss to what extent Lie's theory for Lie groups and Lie algebras holds in the more general context of groupoids and algebroids. Based on the authors' extensive teaching experience, this book contains numerous examples and exercises making it ideal for graduate students and their instructors.

Sheaves on Graphs, Their Homological Invariants, and a Proof of the Hanna Neumann Conjecture

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Author: Joel Friedman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470409887

Category: Mathematics

Page: 106

View: 6363

In this paper the author establishes some foundations regarding sheaves of vector spaces on graphs and their invariants, such as homology groups and their limits. He then uses these ideas to prove the Hanna Neumann Conjecture of the 1950s; in fact, he proves a strengthened form of the conjecture.

Principia Mathematica.

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Author: Alfred North Whitehead,Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Logic, Symbolic and mathematical

Page: 167

View: 1680

The Core Model Iterability Problem

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Author: John R. Steel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107167965

Category: Mathematics

Page: 118

View: 2994

Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. Large cardinal hypotheses play a central role in modern set theory. One important way to understand such hypotheses is to construct concrete, minimal universes, or 'core models', satisfying them. Since Gödel's pioneering work on the universe of constructible sets, several larger core models satisfying stronger hypotheses have been constructed, and these have proved quite useful. In this volume, the eighth publication in the Lecture Notes in Logic series, Steel extends this theory so that it can produce core models having Woodin cardinals, a large cardinal hypothesis that is the focus of much current research. The book is intended for advanced graduate students and researchers in set theory.

Topics in Algebraic Graph Theory

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Author: Lowell W. Beineke,Robin J. Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521801973

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 5567

There is no other book with such a wide scope of both areas of algebraic graph theory.

Games, Scales and Suslin Cardinals: The Cabal Seminar

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Author: A. S. Kechris,Benedikt Lwe,John R. Steel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521899516

Category: Mathematics

Page: 445

View: 5056

Presents seminal papers from the Caltech-UCLA 'Cabal Seminar', unpublished material, and related new papers.

A Course in Modern Mathematical Physics

Groups, Hilbert Space and Differential Geometry

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Author: Peter Szekeres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521829601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 2490

This book provides an introduction to the mathematics of modern physics, presenting concepts and techniques in mathematical physics at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It aims to introduce the reader to modern mathematical thinking within a physics setting. Topics covered include tensor algebra, differential geometry, topology, Lie groups and Lie algebras, distribution theory, fundamental analysis and Hilbert spaces. The book includes exercises and worked examples, to test the students' understanding of the various concepts, as well as extending the themes covered in the main text.

Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics 1640-1940

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Author: Ivor Grattan-Guinness

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080457444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1040

View: 1490

This book contains around 80 articles on major writings in mathematics published between 1640 and 1940. All aspects of mathematics are covered: pure and applied, probability and statistics, foundations and philosophy. Sometimes two writings from the same period and the same subject are taken together. The biography of the author(s) is recorded, and the circumstances of the preparation of the writing are given. When the writing is of some lengths an analytical table of its contents is supplied. The contents of the writing is reviewed, and its impact described, at least for the immediate decades. Each article ends with a bibliography of primary and secondary items. First book of its kind Covers the period 1640-1940 of massive development in mathematics Describes many of the main writings of mathematics Articles written by specialists in their field

Books in Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221092

Category: Monographic series

Page: 1756

View: 1535

Metamathematics of First-Order Arithmetic

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Author: Petr Hájek,Pavel Pudlák

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107168414

Category: Mathematics

Page: 474

View: 6688

Since their inception, the Perspectives in Logic and Lecture Notes in Logic series have published seminal works by leading logicians. Many of the original books in the series have been unavailable for years, but they are now in print once again. This volume, the third publication in the Perspectives in Logic series, is a much-needed monograph on the metamathematics of first-order arithmetic. The authors pay particular attention to subsystems (fragments) of Peano arithmetic and give the reader a deeper understanding of the role of the axiom schema of induction and of the phenomenon of incompleteness. The reader is only assumed to know the basics of mathematical logic, which are reviewed in the preliminaries. Part I develops parts of mathematics and logic in various fragments. Part II is devoted to incompleteness. Finally, Part III studies systems that have the induction schema restricted to bounded formulas (bounded arithmetic).

The Descriptive Set Theory of Polish Group Actions

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Author: Howard Becker,A. S. Kechris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576055

Category: Mathematics

Page: 136

View: 6170

Research monograph on set theory by two of the world's leading researchers.

Towards a Philosophy of Real Mathematics

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Author: David Corfield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139436397

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7245

In this ambitious study, David Corfield attacks the widely held view that it is the nature of mathematical knowledge which has shaped the way in which mathematics is treated philosophically and claims that contingent factors have brought us to the present thematically limited discipline. Illustrating his discussion with a wealth of examples, he sets out a variety of approaches to new thinking about the philosophy of mathematics, ranging from an exploration of whether computers producing mathematical proofs or conjectures are doing real mathematics, to the use of analogy, the prospects for a Bayesian confirmation theory, the notion of a mathematical research programme and the ways in which new concepts are justified. His inspiring book challenges both philosophers and mathematicians to develop the broadest and richest philosophical resources for work in their disciplines and points clearly to the ways in which this can be done.