Law, Legislation and Liberty

A new statement of the liberal principles of justice and political economy

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Author: F. A. Hayek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136246428

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 584

View: 5407

With a new foreword by Paul Kelly 'I regard Hayek's work as a new opening of the most fundamental debate in the field of political philosophy' – Sir Karl Popper 'This promises to be the crowning work of a scholar who has devoted a lifetime to thinking about society and its values. The entire work must surely amount to an immense contribution to social and legal philosophy' - Philosophical Studies Law, Legislation and Liberty is Hayek's major statement of political philosophy and one of the most ambitious yet subtle defences of a free market society ever written. A robust defence of individual liberty, it is also crucial for understanding Hayek’s influential views concerning the role of the state: far from being an innocent bystander, he argues that the state has an important role to play in defending the norms and practices of an ordered and free society. His arguments had a profound influence on the policies of Thatcher in the 1980s and resonate today in visions of the ‘Big Society’. First published in three separate volumes, this Routledge Classics edition makes one of his most important books available in a single volume. Essential reading for understanding the background to the recent world economic turmoil and financial crisis, it also foreshadows the subsequent heated debate about regulation and political governance if such disasters are to be avoided in the future.

Law, Legislation and Liberty

A New Statement of the Liberal Principles of Justice and Political Economy

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Author: F. A. Hayek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415522293

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 584

View: 2970

With a new foreword by Paul Kelly 'I regard Hayek's work as a new opening of the most fundamental debate in the field of political philosophy' - Sir Karl Popper 'This promises to be the crowning work of a scholar who has devoted a lifetime to thinking about society and its values. The entire work must surely amount to an immense contribution to social and legal philosophy' - Philosophical Studies Law, Legislation and Liberty is Hayek's major statement of political philosophy and one of the most ambitious yet subtle defences of a free market society ever written. A robust defence of individual liberty, it is also crucial for understanding Hayek's influential views concerning the role of the state: far from being an innocent bystander, he argues that the state has an important role to play in defending the norms and practices of an ordered and free society. His arguments had a profound influence on the policies of Thatcher in the 1980s and resonate today in visions of the 'Big Society'. First published in three separate volumes, this Routledge Classics edition makes one of his most important books available in a single volume. Essential reading for understanding the background to the recent world economic turmoil and financial crisis, it also foreshadows the subsequent heated debate about regulation and political governance if such disasters are to be avoided in the future.

Inequality

An Entangled Political Economy Perspective

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Author: Mikayla Novak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331989417X

Category: Political Science

Page: 262

View: 2936

‘This book is a thoroughly researched and well written exploration of one of the most divisive topics in modern democratic discourse. Novak brings careful and clear thinking to a topic too often clouded in emotion and guided by moral intuition. ‘ —Peter Boettke, Professor of Economics and Philosophy, George Mason University, USA ‘Inequality has bred a climate of hostile political discourse reminiscent of the cold war. In this lucid book, Novak explains how we can transcend that hostility by recognizing the deeply entangled character of politics and economics within modern societies.’ —Richard E. Wagner, Hobart R. Harris Professor of Economics, George Mason University, USA ‘Mikayla Novak has provided a bold new intellectual foundation for social policy analysis.’ —Jason Potts, Professor of Economics, RMIT University, Australia In recent years the degree of income and wealth inequality within developed countries has been raised as a central issue in economic and social policy debates. Numerous figures across diverse ideological affinities have advocated policy measures to significantly alter income and wealth distributions, while the inequality debate has become infused with other subjects such as social justice and identity politics. This book presents an account of economic inequality from a contemporary classical liberal perspective. Inequality is seen as a by-product of entangled relationships within society, bringing to the fore key ideas from complexity, evolutionary and network sciences. Novak illustrates that inequality is problematic insofar as it generates pro-rich redistribution and constrains progress by the less well off. Economic inequality has important links with issues such as fiscal and regulatory policies, discrimination and social exclusion, and institutional design. This unique book is important reading for social science academics, policy makers and people interested in exploring the dimensions and solutions to inequality, a critical issue of our time.

Constitutional Values and European Contract Law

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Author: Stefan Grundmann

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041127658

Category: Law

Page: 265

View: 4039

Two major developments in European Private and European Business Law come together when we speak about "Constitutional Values and European Contract Law". European Contract Law has become extreme?ly dynamic over the last 10 years, both in substance and perspec?tive: all core areas are considered now in legal science and in EC legislation, and there are even the prospects of some kind of codification. On the other hand, constitutional values and their impact on private law have been an issue of high concern in major Member States over decades, namely Italy and Germany, but as well the Netherlands - hence the strong presence of scholars and practising lawyers from these countries in this book. Constitutional values have, however, found their way to the EC level and the national discussions have inspired a European one, with three core values discussed: Fundamental Freedoms, fundamental rights and constitutional system building principles- such as the social welfare state or the rule of law. Their impact on private law can be sensed nowadays quite considerably also on the European level. These fundamental values are often seen as the ingredient, which renders European Private Law, namely European Contract Law, more responsive to social values or more "humane". For all these reasons, the book combines comparative law, EC Law and interdisciplinary approaches to the question "Constitutional Values and European Contract Law". Outstanding scholars from six Member States and beyond - quite a few also practising lawyers - discuss the issue and do so for the first time on such a broad and all encompassing basis.

"Der Markt" existiert nicht

Aufklärung gegen die Marktvergötterung

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Author: Peter Seele,Chr. Lucas Zapf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662539403

Category: Political Science

Page: 122

View: 7073

Der Markt diktiert unsere Wirtschaft: Er zwingt Unternehmen zu Entlassungen, scheucht die Politik vor sich her oder reagiert nervös. Doch existiert dieser „Markt“ überhaupt? Und was verbirgt sich dahinter? Peter Seele und Lucas Zapf räumen auf mit dieser Vergötterung eines bewährten Tauschmechanismus zwischen Individuen, Unternehmen und öffentlichen Akteuren. In diesem Buch betrachten sie den Marktbegriff unter logischen Aspekten und untersuchen seine Bedeutung und Verwendung in der Sprache. Mit diesem logischen Blickwinkel fällen sie keine Aussage über ein wahrhaftiges Dasein des Marktes – vielmehr weisen sie darauf hin, wie die Marktvergötterung genutzt wird, um beispielsweise unangenehme Entscheidungen zu legitimieren und die Verantwortung auf einen ominösen Markt abzuwälzen. Sie entwerfen einen freien und aufgeklärten Marktbegriff, der diese riskanten Verzerrungen verhindert.

Ansprüche, Eigentums- und Verfügungsrechte

Arbeitstagung des Vereins für Socialpolitik, Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften in Basel 1983

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Author: Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Verein für Socialpolitik. Arbeitstagung

Publisher: Duncker & Humblot

ISBN: 9783428056033

Category: Property

Page: 741

View: 9963

Ökonomischer Liberalismus als politische Theorie

Befund, Kritik, Rekonstruktion

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Author: Gerhard Wegner

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161510342

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 292

View: 6843

English summary: Unlike classical economic liberalism which advocates the economic interests of citizens against a non-democratic ruler, its modern followers address liberal policy norms to citizens being the co-authors of politics. Democracy revises the preconditions of policy norms deriving from liberal economic theory. How can a policy conception uphold its normative status given that the majority in any European state would reject the minimal state? To this end Gerhard Wegner construes the meaning of economic liberalism from the perspective of Rawls' political liberalism. Hayek's theory of spontaneous order undergoes a reinterpretation: it becomes the legitimate ideology critique of legitimate political preferences. The author shows how political preferences lack consistency given the evolutionary character of market process. Modern economic liberalism thus inaugurates a dialogue partner for the public which has become disenchanted with its welfare expectations. German description: Wahrend der klassische okonomische Liberalismus die Wohlstandsinteressen der Burger gegenuber einem nicht demokratisch legitimierten Herrscher vertrat, wenden sich die modernen Varianten des Liberalismus an den Burger als Souveran der Gesetzgebung. Das klassische Modell verliert unter dieser grundlegenden politischen Veranderung jedoch seinen ursprunglichen Geltungsanspruch. Gefordert ist nunmehr die demokratietheoretische Verortung einer wirtschaftspolitischen Konzeption, die in der demokratischen Offentlichkeit Europas nur eine Mindermeinung darstellt. Zu diesem Zweck rekonstruiert Gerhard Wegner den okonomischen Liberalismus aus der Perspektive des politischen Liberalismus. Er interpretiert Hayeks Theorie der spontanen Ordnung neu: sie tritt als legitime Ideologiekritik legitimer politischer Praferenzen auf. Metaphorisch gesprochen bildet der moderne okonomische Liberalismus den Dialogpartner einer mit sich unzufrieden gewordenen demokratischen Offentlichkeit, die ihre Wohlstandserwartungen enttauscht sieht.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2094

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Finanztheoretische Untersuchungen: Nebst Darstellung Und Kritik Des Steuerwesens Schwedens

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Author: Knut Wicksell

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270248630

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 374

View: 6301

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Handbook of Social Interactions in the 21st Century

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Author: Anne T. Heatherton,Vivian A. Walcott

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 397

View: 455

Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions according to those of their interaction partner(s). In other words, they are events in which people attach meaning to a situation, interpret what others are meaning, and respond accordingly. Social interactions can be differentiated into: Accidental (also known as social contact) - not planned and likely not repeated. For example, asking a stranger for directions or shopkeeper for product availability. Repeated - not planned, bound to happen from time to time. For example, accidentally meeting a neighbour when walking on your street; Regular - not planned, but very common, likely to raise questions when missed. Meeting a doorman or a security guard every workday in your workplace, dining every day in the same restaurant, etc. Regulated - planned and regulated by customs or law, will definitely raise questions when missed. Interaction in a workplace (coming to work, staff meetings, playing a game, etc.), family, etc. In sociological hierarchy, social interaction is more advanced than behaviour, action, social behaviour, social action and social contact, and is in turn followed by more advanced concept of social relation. In other words, social interactions, which consist of social actions, form the basis for social relations. This handbook presents the latest international research in the field.

Die Welt des Parmenides

der Ursprung des europäischen Denkens

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Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492240710

Category:

Page: 480

View: 6029

Ein Leben lang hat sich der aus Wien stammende Philosoph Karl R. Popper mit den Vorsokratikern Parmenides, Xenophanes, Heraklit und anderen auseinandergesetzt. Europa verdankt ihnen die Grundlegung seiner Philosophie, seiner Wissenschaft und seines Humanismus. In dieser einzigartigen Sammlung von Texten wird deutlich, wie die Urväter der Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft Probleme durchdacht haben. Popper zeigt in seiner klaren Sprache die erstaunliche Vielfalt und ungebrochene Aktualität frühgriechischen Denkens. >Parmenides öffnete mir die Augen für die poetische Schönheit der Erde und des gestirnten Himmels. Er lehrte mich, sie mit neuem Forscherblick zu betrachten.

Die Perspektive der Moral

Philosophische Grundlagen der Tugendethik

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Author: Martin Rhonheimer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3050079657

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 3429

Die erste Fassung dieses Buches wurde 1994 in einer italienischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel La prospettiva della morale im Verlag Armando in Rom veröffentlicht. Im Jahre 2000 folgte eine erweiterte Version in spanischer Übersetzung (La perspectiva de la moral) im Verlag Rialp, Madrid. Schließlich ist nun auch die Zeit gekommen, das deutsche Original zu veröffentlichen, allerdings in einer wiederum erheblich erweiterten und aktualisierten Version. Abgesehen von einigen substantiellen inhaltlichen Zusätzen versuche ich hier nun auch auf Kritik an einigen meiner Ansichten und Positionen zu antworten, wie ich sie in der ersten, im deutschen Sprachraum kaum rezipierten Version dieses Buches wie auch in anderen Arbeiten vertreten habe. Dies betrifft vor allem die Studie „Natur als Grundlage der Moral" (Tyrolia, Innsbruck 1987, in einer englischen Übersetzung unter dem Titel Natural Law and Practical Reason: A Thomist View of Moral Autonomy bei Fordham University Press, New York 2000 erschienen) und die breit angelegten Untersuchungen zur ethischen Handlungstheorie bei Aristoteles und Thomas von Aquin, die 1994 unter dem Titel „Praktische Vernunft und Vernünftigkeit der Praxis" ebenfalls im Berliner Akademie Verlag erschienen sind.

Is There Progress in Economics?

Knowledge, Truth and the History of Economic Thought

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Author: Stephan Boehm

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 410

View: 5343

'Is There Progress in Economics? should be given relatively high marks. First, the quality of the papers is quite high, and second, the editors did a relatively good job of selecting, arranging and editing the contributions so that the volume really does focus on the question in its title. the editors' introduction also contributes to the overall effect by attempting to tie all of the papers together into a reasonably tight bundle.' - D. Wade Hands, Economic Record This thought-provoking book discusses the concept of progress in economics and investigates whether any advance has been made in its different spheres of research. the authors look back at the history, successes and failures of their respective fields and thoroughly examine the notion of progress from an epistemological and methodological perspective.