Law as a Social System

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Author: Niklas Luhmann,Klaus A. Ziegert,Fatima Kastner

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198262381

Category: Medical

Page: 498

View: 7818

In this volume, Niklas Luhmann, the leading exponent of systems theory, explores its implications for our understanding of law. The volume provides a rigorous application to law of a theory that offers profound insights into the relationships between law and other aspects of contemporary society, including politics, the economy, the media, education, and religion.Readership: Academics and students of sociology, law, philosophy, and legal philosophy.

Rechtssoziologie

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Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322956997

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 7456

Inhalt: Klassische Ansätze zur Rechtssoziologie - Rechtsbildung: Grundlagen einer soziologischen Theorie - Recht als Struktur der Gesellschaft - Positives Recht - Sozialer Wandel durch positives Recht - Rechtssystem und Rechtstheorie.

Law in Modern Society

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Author: Denis Galligan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191018864

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 6913

Providing an introduction to law in modern society, D. J. Galligan considers how legal theory, and particularly H. L. A Hart's The Concept of Law, has developed the idea of law as a highly developed social system, which has a distinctive character and structure, and which shapes and influences people's behaviour. The concept of law as a distinct social phenomenon is examined through reference to, and analysis of, the work of prominent legal and social theorists, in particular M. Weber, E. Durkheim, and N. Luhmann. Galligan's approach is guided by two main ideas: that the law is a social formation with its own character and features, and that at the same time it interacts with, and is affected by, other aspects of society. In analysing these two ideas, Galligan develops a general framework for law and society within which he considers various aspects including: the nature of social rules and the concept of law as a system of rules; whether law has particular social functions and how legal orders run in parallel; the place of coercion; the characteristic form of modern law and the social conditions that support it; implementation and compliance; and what happens when laws are used to change society. Law in Modern Society encourages legal scholars to consider the law as an expression of social relations, examining the connections and tensions between the positive law of modern society and the spontaneous relations they often try to direct or change.

Exploiting the Limits of Law

Swedish Feminism and the Challenge to Pessimism

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Author: Åsa Gunnarsson,Eva-Maria Svensson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317137655

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 3534

Moving beyond the question of whether an area of scholarly investigation can truly be characterized as 'legal', Exploiting the Limits of Law combats the often unhelpful constraints of law's subject-matter and formal processes. Through a process of reflection on the limits of law and repeated efforts to redraw them, this book challenges the general sense of pessimism among feminists and others about the usefulness of law as an instrument of change. The work combines theoretical analysis of the law's boundaries with investigation of the practical settings for changing legal and policy environments. Both the empirical focus of this volume, and its underlying theoretical concern with the limits of the law and its gender implications, render it of interest to legal scholars throughout the world, whether of EU law, feminism, social policy or philosophy.

Realistic Socio-legal Theory

Pragmatism and a Social Theory of Law

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Author: Brian Z. Tamanaha

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198265603

Category: Law

Page: 280

View: 6879

Combining philosophical pargmatism with a methodological foundation, Tamanaha formulates a framework for a realistic approach to socio-legal theory. The strengths of this approach are contrasted with that of the major schools of socio-legal theory by application to core issues in this area. Thus Tamanaha explores the problematic state of socio-legal studies, the relationship between behaviour and meaning, the notion of legal ideology, the problem of indeterminacy in rule following and application, and the structure of judicial decision making. These issues are tackled in a clear and concise fashion while articulating a social theory of law which draws equally from legal theory and socio-legal theory.

Law's Community

Legal Theory in Sociological Perspective

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Author: Roger Cotterrell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198264903

Category: Law

Page: 381

View: 4419

Law's Community offers a distinctive analysis of law, identifying political and moral problems that are fundamental to contemporary legal theory. It portrays contemporary law as institutionalized doctrine, emphasizing ways in which legal modes of thought influence wider currents ofunderstanding and belief in contemporary Western societies. Exploring relationships between law and sociology as contrasting and competing fields of knowledge, Law's Community develops ideas from social theory to identify key problems for legal development; in particular, those of restoring moralauthority to law and of elaborating a concept of community that can guide legal regulation. The analysis leads to radical conclusions: among them, that law's functions need reconsideration at the most general level, that a unitary state legal system as portrayed in traditional kinds of legal theorymay no longer be adequate in complex contemporary societies, and that law should be reconceptualized as a diverse but co-ordinated plurality of systems, sites, and forms of regulation.

Law as Last Resort

Prosecution Decision-making in a Regulatory Agency

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Author: Keith Hawkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199243891

Category: Law

Page: 483

View: 9035

This is a book about the life of the legal system. Its concern is legal decision-making, its focus the handling of prosecution cases in a regulatory agency. In almost all legal disputing formalities are employed as a last resort for a small proportion of cases. Case attrition is a constant feature in the legal system, whether criminal or civil, since extensive pre-trial negotiations search for solutions to problems that avoid the costs, risks, and delays of trial. This book analyzes the attrition of cases by studying decisions made about their creation, handling, disposal, and prosecution. Exploring these issues asks questions about the public face of law, the meaning of formal processes, and their impact on pre-trial legal manoeuvring. To prosecute is to enforce the law in both a public and a consequential way. In enforcing regulation prosecution visibly takes sides in the fundamental dilemma of regulatory control about how far law should justifiably intervene in business. Using extensive data collected over a fifteen-year period, and with privileged access to the UK Health and Safety Executive, the book presents a multi-level analysis of decisions about prosecution policy and individual cases in a variety of inspectorates.

Redefreiheit

Prinzipien für eine vernetzte Welt

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Author: Timothy Garton Ash

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446254250

Category: Political Science

Page: 688

View: 9715

Noch nie konnten so viele Menschen wie heute ihre Meinung auf der ganzen Welt verbreiten. Internet und Globalisierung haben eine neue Epoche der Redefreiheit möglich gemacht, gleichzeitig provozieren sie neue kulturelle und religiöse Konflikte. Müssen wir rassistische Kommentare auf Facebook hinnehmen? Darf Satire den Propheten Mohammed verhöhnen? 2011 hat Timothy Garton Ash eine Debatte angestoßen, seitdem diskutieren Teilnehmer aus der ganzen Welt die Frage, wie wir in Zukunft vernünftig unsere Standpunkte austauschen, wie wir das Recht auf Redefreiheit genauso wie die Würde Andersdenkender sichern können. Es ist der Stoff für sein neues Buch: Ein Standardwerk zur Redefreiheit im 21. Jahrhundert.

The Anthropology of Law

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Author: Fernanda Pirie

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191650668

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 9886

Questions about the nature of law, its relationship with custom, and the form of legal rules, categories and claims, are placed at the centre of this challenging, yet accessible, introduction. Anthropology of law is presented as a distinctive subject within the broader field of legal anthropology, suggesting new avenues of inquiry for the anthropologist, while also bringing empirical studies within the ambit of legal scholarship. The Anthropology of Law considers contemporary debates on human rights, international laws, and new forms of property alongside ethnographic studies of order and conflict resolution. It also delves into the rich corpus of texts and codes studied by legal historians, classicists and orientalists: the great legal systems of ancient China, India, and the Islamic world, unjustly neglected by anthropologists, are examined alongside forms of law created on their peripheries. Ancient codes, medieval coutumes, village constitutions, and tribal laws provide rich empirical detail for the authors analysis of the cross-cultural importance of the form of law, as text or rule, and carefully-selected examples shed new light upon the interrelations and distinctions between laws, custom, and justice. Legalism is taken as the starting point for inquiry into the nature and functions of law, and its roles as an instrument of government, a subject of scholarship, and an assertion of moral order. An argument unfolds concerning the tensions between legalistic thought and argument, and the ideological or aspirational claims to embody justice, morality, and religious truth, which lie at the heart of what we think of as law.

Law, Justice, and Society

A Sociolegal Introduction

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Author: Anthony Walsh,Craig Hemmens

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 9780199958535

Category: Law

Page: 463

View: 1273

This textbook blends law with sociology as it explores the relationship between legal systems and other social institutions. With detailed discussions of the various ways in which law impacts people based on race, class, gender, and age, the book's sociological approach introduces students to the concept of "justice" as it is applied in the United States. The book includes discussions of such topics as the origins of the law, the history and development of the American legal system, the sociology of law, court structure, and the difference between civil and criminal law. In this edition, additional material expands coverage of race and class. Contemporary issues such as gay marriage, environmental justice, and affirmative action receive sociolegal analysis. With its wide appeal, this book can be used in courses as diverse as Political Science, Sociology, Criminal Justice, and Legal Studies.

Human Rights Brought Home

Socio-legal Perspectives on Human Rights in the National Context

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Author: Simon Halliday,Patrick Delbert Schmidt

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841133884

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 456

What practical impact does the incorporation of international human rights standards into domestic law have? This collection of essays explores human rights in domestic legal systems. The enactment of the Human Rights Act in 1998, ushering the European Convention on Human Rights fully into UK law, represented a landmark in the UK constitutional order. Other European states similarly have elevated the status of human rights in their domestic legal systems. However, while much has been written about doctrinal legal developments, little is yet known about the empirical effects of bringing rights home. This collection of essays, written by a range of distinguished socio-legal scholars, seeks to fill this gap in our knowledge. The essays, presenting new empirical research, begin their enquiry where many studies in human rights finish. The contributors do not stop at the recognition of international law and norms by states, but penetrate the internal workings of domestic legal systems to see the law in action â?? as it is developed, contested, manipulated, or even ignored by actors such as judges, lawyers, civil servants, interest groups, and others. This distinctly socio-legal approach offers a unique contribution to the literature on human rights, exploring human rights law-in-action in developed countries. In doing so, it demonstrates the importance of looking beyond grand generalities and the hopes of international human rights law in order to understand the impact of the global human rights movement.

The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research

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Author: Peter Cane,Herbert Kritzer

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191635421

Category: Law

Page: 1112

View: 5093

The empirical study of law, legal systems and legal institutions is widely viewed as one of the most exciting and important intellectual developments in the modern history of legal research. Motivated by a conviction that legal phenomena can and should be understood not only in normative terms but also as social practices of political, economic and ethical significance, empirical legal researchers have used quantitative and qualitative methods to illuminate manyaspects of laws meaning, operation and impact.In the 43 chapters of The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research leading scholars provide accessible and original discussions of the history, aims and methods of empirical research about law, as well as its achievements and potential. The Handbook has three parts. The first deals with the development and institutional context of empirical legal research. The second - and largest - part consists of critical accounts of empirical research on many aspects of the legal world - oncriminal law, civil law, public law, regulatory law and international law; on lawyers, judicial institutions, legal procedures and evidence; and on legal pluralism and the public understanding of law. The third part introduces readers to the methods of empirical research, and its place in the law schoolcurriculum.

Law and Anthropology

Current Legal Issues

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Author: Michael Freeman,David Napier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019958091X

Category: Law

Page: 569

View: 642

Law and Anthropology, the latest volume in the Current Legal Issues series, offers an insight into the state of law and anthropology scholarship today. Focussing on the inter-connections between the two disciplines it also includes case studies from around the world.

The Oldest Social Science?

Configurations of Law and Modernity

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Author: Timothy Murphy,W. T. Murphy

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198265597

Category: Law

Page: 269

View: 9471

This book looks critically at some of the underlying assumptions which shape our current understanding of the role and purpose of law and society. It focuses on adjudication as a social practice and as a set of governmental techniques. From this vantage point, it explores how the relationshipbetween law, government and society has changed in the course of history in significant ways. At the centre of the argument is the elaboration of the notion of `adjudicative government'. From this perspective it is argued that the relationship between law and society must be conceived in a differentway in the era of economics, sociology and statistics. The impact of these disciplines both constitutes `modernity' and unfolds a different role for law. The author argues that the traditional vision of the role of law, rooted in a complex set of hierarchical assumptions, is no longeradequate.

Social and Legal Norms

Towards a Socio-legal Understanding of Normativity

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Author: Matthias Baier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317054091

Category: Law

Page: 364

View: 1537

In an era where new areas of life and new problems call for normative solutions while the plurality of values in society challenge the very basis for normative solutions, this book looks at a growing field of research on the relations between social and legal norms. New technologies and social media offer new ways to communicate about normative issues and the centrality of formal law and how normativity comes about is a question for debate. This book offers empirical and theoretical research in the field of social and legal norms and will inspire future debate and research in terms of internationalization and cross-national comparative studies. It presents a consistent picture of empirical research in different social and organizational areas and will deepen the theoretical understanding regarding the interplay between social and legal norms. Including chapters written from four different aspects of normativity, the contributors argue that normativity is a result of combinations between law in books, law in action, social norms and social practice. The book uses a variety of different international examples, ranging from Sweden, Uzbekistan, Colombia and Mexico. Primarily aimed at scholars in sociology of law, socio-legal studies, law and legal theory, the book will also interest those in sociology, political science and psychology.

A General Jurisprudence of Law and Society

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Author: Brian Z. Tamanaha

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199244669

Category: Law

Page: 263

View: 1315

A theoretical and sociological exploration of the relationship between law and society, this book constructs an approach to law that integrates legal theory with sociological approaches to law. Law is generally understood to be a mirror of society--a reflection of its customs and morals--that functions to maintain social order. Focusing on this common understanding, the book conducts a survey of Western legal and social theories about law and its relationship within society, engaging in a theoretical and empirical critique of this common understanding.

Gender and Crime: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803422

Category: Social Science

Page: 22

View: 3149

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Normativity in Legal Sociology

Methodological Reflections on Law and Regulation in Late Modernity

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Author: Reza Banakar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319096508

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 7154

The field of socio-legal research has encountered three fundamental challenges over the last three decades – it has been criticized for paying insufficient attention to legal doctrine, for failing to develop a sound theoretical foundation and for not keeping pace with the effects of the increasing globalization and internationalization of law, state and society. This book examines these three challenges from a methodological standpoint. It addresses the first two by demonstrating that legal sociology has much to say about justice as a kind of social experience and has always engaged theoretically with forms of normativity, albeit on its own empirical terms rather than on legal theory’s analytical terms. The book then explores the third challenge, a result of the changing nature of society, by highlighting the move from the industrial relations of early modernity to the post-industrial conditions of late modernity, an age dominated by information technology. It poses the question whether socio-legal research has sufficiently reassessed its own theoretical premises regarding the relationship between law, state and society, so as to grasp the new social and cultural forms of organization specific to the twenty-first century’s global societies.