Laser Doppler and Phase Doppler Measurement Techniques

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Author: H.-E. Albrecht,Nils Damaschke,Michael Borys,Cameron Tropea

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662051656

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 738

View: 1808

Providing the first comprehensive treatment, this book covers all aspects of the laser Doppler and phase Doppler measurement techniques, including light scattering from small particles, fundamental optics, system design, signal and data processing, tracer particle generation, and applications in single and two-phase flows. The book is intended as both a reference book for more experienced users as well as an instructional book for students. It provides ample material as a basis for a lecture course on the subject and represents one of the most comprehensive treatments of the phase Doppler technique to date. The book will serve as a valuable reference book in any fluid mechanics laboratory where the laser Doppler or phase Doppler techniques are used. This work reflects the authors' long practical experience in the development of the techniques and equipment, as the many examples confirm.

Springer Handbook of Experimental Fluid Mechanics

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Author: Cameron Tropea,Alexander L. Yarin,John F. Foss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540251413

Category: Science

Page: 1557

View: 1046

This key text is a major reference work – a totally authoritative handbook on a major current topic. It consolidates state-of-the-art information from the large number of disciplines used in Experimental Fluid Mechanics into a readable desk reference book. It comprises four parts: Experiments in Fluid Mechanics, Measurement of Primary Quantities, Specific Experimental Approaches, and Analyses and Post-Processing of Data. The book has been prepared for physicists and engineers in research and development in universities, in industry and in other research institutions. Both experimental methodology and techniques are covered fundamentally and for a wide range of application fields. A generous use of citations directs the reader to additional material on each subject.

Dynamics of Droplets

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Author: Arnold Frohn,Norbert Roth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662040409

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 3615

The book deals with the dynamical behaviour of single droplets and regular droplet systems. It has been written mainly for experimental researchers. After a short description of the theoretical background, the different experimental facilities and methods necessary for the investigation of single droplets are described in detail. A summary of important applications is included.

Laser Techniques for Fluid Mechanics

Selected Papers from the 10th International Symposium Lisbon, Portugal July 10–13, 2000

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Author: R.J. Adrian,Diamantino Durao,M.V. Heitor,M. Maeda,Cameron Tropea,J.H. Whitelaw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540428374

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 566

View: 5380

This volume includes revised and extended versions of selected papers presented at the Tenth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics held at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, during the period of July 10 to 13, 2000. The papers describe instrumentation developments for Velocity, Scalar and Multi-Phase Flows and results of measurements of Turbulent Flows, and Combustion and Engines. The papers demonstrate the continuing and healthy interest in the development of understanding of new methodologies and implementation in terms of new instrumentation. The prime objective of the Tenth Symposium was to provide a forum for the presentation of the most advanced research on laser techniques for flow measurements, and communicate significant results to fluid mechanics. The application of laser techniques to scientific and engineering fluid flow research was emphasized, but contributions to the theory and practice of laser methods were also considered where they facilitate new improved fluid mechanic research. Attention was placed on laser-Doppler anemometry, particle sizing and other methods for the measurement of velocity and scalars, such as particle image velocimetry and laser induced fluorescence.

LDA Application Methods

Laser Doppler Anemometry for Fluid Dynamics

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Author: Zhang Zhengji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642135149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 2092

This technical book considers the application side of LDA techniques. Starting from the basic theories that are crucial for each LDA user, the main subject of the book is focused on diverse application methods. In details, it deals with universal methodical techniques that have been mostly developed in the last 15 years. The book thus gives for the first time an application reference for LDA users in improving the optical conditions and enhancing the measurement accuracies. It also provides the guidelines for simplifying the measurements and correcting measurement errors as well as for clarifying the application limits and extending the application areas of LDA techniques. Beside the treatments of some traditional optical and flow mechanical features influencing the measurement accuracies, the book shows a broad spectrum of LDA application methods in the manner of measuring the flow turbulence, resolving the secondary flow structures, and quantifying the optical aberrations at measurements of internal flows etc.. Thus, it also supports the further developments of both the hard- and software of LDA instrumentations.

Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics

5th International Symposium Lisbon, Portugal, 9-12 July, 1990

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Author: R.J. Adrian,Diamantino Durao,F. Durst,M. Maeda,J. Whitelaw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642612547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 567

View: 2705

This volume consists of papers selected from the proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, held at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon from 9 to 12 July, 1990. Relative to previous meetings in the Lisbon series the scope of this symposium was broadened by expanding the topical coverage to include all laser techniques used in fluid mechanics. This change recognized the trend amongst experimental fluid dynamicists to employ laser techniques for the mea surement of many different quantities, including concentration, temperature, particle size, and velocity, and the need for researchers to have a forum in which to communicate their work and share their common interests. The Fifth Symposium contained twenty-three sessions of formal presentations and a lively Open Forum ses sion. In addition, Dr. H. J. Pfeiffer organized a special Workshop on the Use of Computers in Flow Mea surements which contained five sessions on frequency domain processors, correIa tors, special detectors, and biasing.

Instrumentation for Fluid Particle Flow

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Author: S.L. Soo

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9780080946696

Category: Science

Page: 429

View: 408

A focus on methods of measurement and options for engineers and scientists performing research and evaluation of particle-fluid flow systems. Improved instrumentation for measurement in this field is an essential element in the progress of research and engineering of multi-phase flow systems. Some of the most original and productive research specialists in the field of particle-fluid flow systems are assembled in this book, which is an important and current reference volume.

Laser Techniques Applied to Fluid Mechanics

Selected Papers from the 9th International Symposium Lisbon, Portugal, July 13–16, 1998

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Author: R.J. Adrian,Diamantino Durao,F. Durst,M.V. Heitor,M. Maeda,J.H. Whitelaw

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642569633

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 639

View: 1945

In the tradition of its predecessors, this volume comprises a selection of the best papers presented at the Ninth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, held in Lisbon in July 2000. The papers reflect the state-of-the-art in laser applications of laser techniques in fluid mechanics describing novel ideas for instrumentation, instrumentation developments, results of measurements of wall-bounded flows, free flows and flames and flow and combustion in engines. The papers demonstrate the continuing interest in the development of an understanding of new methodologies and implementation in terms of new instrumentation.

LDA Application Methods

Laser Doppler Anemometry for Fluid Dynamics

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Author: Zhang Zhengji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642135149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 7833

This technical book considers the application side of LDA techniques. Starting from the basic theories that are crucial for each LDA user, the main subject of the book is focused on diverse application methods. In details, it deals with universal methodical techniques that have been mostly developed in the last 15 years. The book thus gives for the first time an application reference for LDA users in improving the optical conditions and enhancing the measurement accuracies. It also provides the guidelines for simplifying the measurements and correcting measurement errors as well as for clarifying the application limits and extending the application areas of LDA techniques. Beside the treatments of some traditional optical and flow mechanical features influencing the measurement accuracies, the book shows a broad spectrum of LDA application methods in the manner of measuring the flow turbulence, resolving the secondary flow structures, and quantifying the optical aberrations at measurements of internal flows etc.. Thus, it also supports the further developments of both the hard- and software of LDA instrumentations.

Developments in Laser Techniques and Fluid Mechanics

Selected Papers from the 8th International Symposium, Lisbon, Portugal, 8-11 July, 1996

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Author: Ronald J. Adrian

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9783540635727

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 571

View: 756

This volume comprises a selection of the best papers presented at the Eighth International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, held in Lisbon in July 1996. The papers describe novel ideas for instrumentation, instrumentation developments, results of measurements of wall-bounded flows, free flows and flames and flow and combustion in engines. The papers demonstrate the continuing interest in the development of an understanding of new methodologies and implementation in terms of new instrumentation.

Measuring Techniques in Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flows

Symposium, Nancy, France July 5–8, 1983

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Author: J.M. Delhaye,G. Cognet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364282112X

Category: Science

Page: 746

View: 6163

A IUTAM symposium on "Measuring Techniques in Gas-Liquid Two Phase Flows" was held on July 5-8, 1983 in Nancy, France. This topic in cluded instrumentation for steam-water and liquid-vapor flows but strictly excluded measuring techniques for gas or liquid flows with solid particles. The top priority in the paper selection was given to presentations of new methods which had been substantiated by theoretical modeling, calibration tests and comparison tests with other techniques. Examples of experimental resul ts obtained with the proposed instrumentation had to be displayed. However the interpretation of these results in terms of two-phase flow or heat transfer modeling did not fall wi thin the scope of the meeting. Thirty four papers were presented during the Symposium and 79 participants coming from Canada, European countries, Japan and the United States attended the sessions. They represented not only Universities but also state agencies and private companies. After the meeting each paper was peer-reviewed by at least three referees. The Editors of this Procee dings Volume are pleased to extend their deep gratitude to the following reviewers: J.L. Achard, R.J. Adrian, B. Azzopardi, J.A. Boure, G. Costigan, M. Courtaud, A.E. Dukler, F. Durst, J.R. Fincke, G. Gouesbet, P. Griffith, T.J. Hanratty, A. Hawighorst, T.R. Heidrick, G. Hetsroni, Y.Y. Hsu, M.

Optical Particle Sizing

Theory and Practice

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Author: Gérard Gouesbet,Gerard Grehan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475719833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 642

View: 3672

Optical particle s1z1ng is undoubtedly a fascinating field of research of the utmost practical importance. In the Universe fluids are nearly everywhere, and when they occur they almost invariably contain particles. Inside our bodies we can take the example of blood transporting a vi tal procession of red and white cells. Around us, we can find various particles in the air we breathe, bubbles in the champagne or the soda we drink, or natural and artificial (polluting!) particles in the lakes we swim in. Industrial processes and systems are also concerned with particles, from pulverized coal flames to fluidized beds, in a range of applications involving rocket exhausts, pneuma tic transport and more generally the infinite realm of mul tiphase situations. Such an obviously vast field would require a whole volume like this one merely to attempt to describe it superficially. To be sure, we would need a scientific Prevert to catalogue such an endless inventory. Finally, even outside our terrestrial spaceship particles can be detected in alien atmospheres or between stars. Theorists will enjoy analyzing the richness of light/particle interact. ion, a subject which is very far from being exhausted. Experimental researchers will love designing and studying various probing instruments with a laser source at the input and a computer at the output, two requisites of today' s technological revolution.

Compressibility, Turbulence and High Speed Flow

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Author: Thomas B. Gatski,Jean-Paul Bonnet

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080559124

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 7767

This book introduces the reader to the field of compressible turbulence and compressible turbulent flows across a broad speed range through a unique complimentary treatment of both the theoretical foundations and the measurement and analysis tools currently used. For the computation of turbulent compressible flows, current methods of averaging and filtering are presented so that the reader is exposed to a consistent development of applicable equation sets for both the mean or resolved fields as well as the transport equations for the turbulent stress field. For the measurement of turbulent compressible flows, current techniques ranging from hot-wire anemometry to PIV are evaluated and limitations assessed. Characterizing dynamic features of free shear flows, including jets, mixing layers and wakes, and wall-bounded flows, including shock-turbulence and shock boundary-layer interactions, obtained from computations, experiments and simulations are discussed. Describes prediction methodologies including the Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) method, scale filtered methods and direct numerical simulation (DNS) Presents current measurement and data analysis techniques Discusses the linkage between experimental and computational results necessary for validation of numerical predictions Meshes the varied results of computational and experimental studies in both free and wall-bounded flows to provide an overall current view of the field

Fluid Mechanics Measurements, Second Edition

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Author: R. Goldstein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781560323068

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 4581

This revised edition provides updated fluid mechanics measurement techniques as well as a comprehensive review of flow properties required for research, development, and application. Fluid-mechanics measurements in wind tunnel studies, aeroacoustics, and turbulent mixing layers, the theory of fluid mechanics, the application of the laws of fluid mechanics to measurement techniques, techniques of thermal anemometry, laser velocimetry, volume flow measurement techniques, and fluid mechanics measurement in non-Newtonian fluids, and various other techniques are discussed.

Optical Diagnostics for Flow Processes

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Author: P. Buchhave,L. Lading,G. Wigley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489912711

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 704

The origin of optical methods for fluid flow investigations appears to be nontraceable. This is no matter for surprise. After all seeing provides the most direct and common way for humans to learn about their environment. But at the same time some of the most sophisticated methods for doing measurements in fluids are also based on light and often laser light. A very large amount of material has been published in this area over the last two decades. Why then another publication? Well, the field is still in a state of rapid development. It is characterised by the use of results and methods developed within very different areas like optical physics, spectroscopy, communication systems, electronics and computer science, mechanical engineering, chemical engineering and, of course, fluid dynamics. We are not aware of a book containing both introductory and more advanced material that covers the same material as presented here. The book is the result of a compilation and expansion of material presented at a summer school on Optical Diagnosticsfor Flow Processes,held at RiS0 National Laboratory and the Technical University of Denmark in September 1993. The aim of the course was to provide a solid background for understanding, evaluating, and using modem optical diagnostic methods, addressing Ph. D. students and researchers active in areas of fluid flow research. The disciplines represented by the participants ranged from atmospheric fluid dynamics to biomedicine.

Imaging Measurement Methods for Flow Analysis

Results of the DFG Priority Programme 1147 “Imaging Measurement Methods for Flow Analysis” 2003-2009

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Author: Wolfgang Nitsche,Christoph Dobriloff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642011063

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 318

View: 6466

In 2003 the German Research Foundation established a new priority programme on the subject of “Imaging Measurement Methods for Flow Analysis” (SPP 1147). This research programme was based on the fact that experimental ?ow analysis, in addition to theory and numerics, has always played a predominant part both in ?ow research and in other areas of industrial practice. At the time, however, c- parisons with numerical tools (such as Computational Fluid Dynamics), which were increasingly used in research and practical applications, soon made it clear that there are relatively few experimental procedures which can keep up with state-of-the-art numerical methods in respect of their informative value, e.g. with regard to visu- spatial analysis or the dynamics of ?ow ?elds. The priority programme “Imaging Measurement Methods for Flow Analysis” was to help close this development gap. Hence the project was to focus on the investigation of ef?cient measurement me- ods to analyse complex spatial ?ow ?elds. Speci?c cooperations with computer sciences and especially measurement physics were to advance ?ow measurement techniques to a widely renowned key technology, exceeding the classical ?elds of ?uid mechanics by a long chalk.

Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Experiments 6

ERCOFTAC International Symposium on Engineering Turbulence and Measurements - ETMM6

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Author: Wolfgang Rodi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080530956

Category: Science

Page: 1012

View: 9051

Proceedings of the world renowned ERCOFTAC (International Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements). The proceedings include papers dealing with the following areas of turbulence: · Eddy-viscosity and second-order RANS models · Direct and large-eddy simulations and deductions for conventional modelling · Measurement and visualization techniques, experimental studies · Turbulence control · Transition and effects of curvature, rotation and buoyancy on turbulence · Aero-acoustics · Heat and mass transfer and chemically reacting flows · Compressible flows, shock phenomena · Two-phase flows · Applications in aerospace engineering, turbomachinery and reciprocating engines, industrial aerodynamics and wind engineering, and selected chemical engineering problems Turbulence remains one of the key issues in tackling engineering flow problems. These problems are solved more and more by CFD analysis, the reliability of which depends strongly on the performance of the turbulence models employed. Successful simulation of turbulence requires the understanding of the complex physical phenomena involved and suitable models for describing the turbulent momentum, heat and mass transfer. For the understanding of turbulence phenomena, experiments are indispensable, but they are equally important for providing data for the development and testing of turbulence models and hence for CFD software validation. As in other fields of Science, in the rapidly developing discipline of turbulence, swift progress can be achieved only by keeping up to date with recent advances all over the world and by exchanging ideas with colleagues active in related fields.