Prostitution and Victorian Social Reform

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Author: Paul McHugh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136247750

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 6130

In the mid-nineteenth century many parts of England and Wales were still subjected to a system of regulated prostitution which, by identifying and detaining for treatment infected prostitutes, aimed to protect members of the armed forces (94 per cent of whom were forbidden to marry) from venereal diseases. The coercive nature of the Contagious Diseases Acts and the double standard which allowed the continuance of prostitution on the ground that the prostitute 'herself the supreme type of vice, she is ultimately the most efficient guardian of virtue', aroused the ire of many reformers, not only women’s rights campaigners. Paul McHugh analyses the social composition of the different repeal and reform movements – the liberal reformists, the passionate struggle of the charismatic Josephine Butler, the Tory reformers whose achievement was in the improvement of preventative medicine, and finally the Social Purity movement of the 1880s which favoured a coercive approach. This is a fascinating study of ideals and principles in action, of pressure-group strategy, and of individual leaders in the repeal movement’s sixteen year progress to victory. The book was originally publised in 1980.

Tearing the Veil (RLE Feminist Theory)

Essays on Femininity

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Author: Susan Lipschitz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136194339

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 9239

This a collection of essays about women, by women, which examine the production of femininity within a patriarchal society. The essays show that characteristics generally considered to be ‘feminine’ are in fact cultural constructions within a patriarchal order. The patriarchal culture is taken by us to be a system of meanings, as well as power relations, which pervades our view of women at both a conscious and an unconscious level. The symbolism of the rituals, myths, art works and polemics examined in the essays is related to the ways women are psychically constructed and constrained by the dominant heterosexual order. The Mother, the Witch, the Whore, the Pure Woman, the Amazon and the Free Woman are considered and the contributors make extensive use of original source material to give force to the argument that the stereotypic view of a feminine woman as naturally and inevitably weak, passive and powerless is one that can be seriously challenged.

Routledge Revivals: Village Life and Labour (1975)

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Author: Raphael Samuel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315447983

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 8562

First published in 1975, this volume aims to direct attention at a number of aspects of the lives and occupations of village labourers in the nineteenth-century that have been little examined by historians outside of agriculture. Some of the factors examined include the labourer’s gender, whether they lived in ‘closed’ or ‘open’ villages and what they worked at during the different seasons of the year. The author examines a range of occupations that have previously been ignored as too local to show up in national statistics or too short-lived to rank as occupations at all as well as sources of ‘secondary’ income. The analysis of all of these factors in related to the seasonal cycle of field labour and harvests. The central focus is on the cottage economy and the manifold contrivances by which labouring families attempted to keep themselves afloat.

The Workhouse System 1834-1929

The History of an English Social Institution

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Author: M. A. Crowther

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317236823

Category: History

Page: 306

View: 7743

First published in 1981. Professor Crowther traces the history of the workhouse system from the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 to the Local Government Act of 1929. At their outset the large residential institutions were seen by the Poor Law Commissioners as a cure for nearly all social ills. In fact these formidable, impersonal, prison-like buildings – housing all paupers under one roof – became institutionalised: places where routine came to be an end in itself. In the early twentieth century some of the workhouses became hospitals or homes for the old or handicapped but many continued to form a residual service for those who needed long-term care. Crowther pays attention not only to the administrators but also to the inmates and their daily life. She illustrates that the workhouse system was not simply a nineteenth-century phenomenon but a forerunner of many of today’s social institutions.

Lark Rise to Candleford

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Author: Flora Thompson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199601607

Category: Fiction

Page: 556

View: 1460

Depicts country life in late-nineteenth-century Oxfordshire, England, through a young woman's experiences in the contrasting communities of Lark Rise, the small hamlet of her childhood, and Candleford, a progressive market town.

The Parsonage in England

Its History and Architecture

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Author: Alan Savidge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture, Domestic

Page: 239

View: 1523

Suicide in Victorian and Edwardian England

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Author: Olive Anderson

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 475

View: 3030

This is the first historical study of a central human problem. Using different combinations of historical techniques and sources (including coroners' private case papers), Professor Anderson examines in turn four major elements in the study of suicide: suicide rates and distributions; individual experiences; social attitudes; and efforts at prevention.

Bound to the Soil

A Social History of Dorset, 1750-1918

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Author: Barbara Kerr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Dorset (England)

Page: 287

View: 2605

Prancing novelist

a defence of fiction in the form of a critical biography in praise of Ronald Firbank

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Author: Brigid Brophy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 592

View: 3278

Under the Greenwood Tree

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Author: Thomas Hardy

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191640794

Category: Fiction

Page: 256

View: 6799

This edition presents a critically established text based on comparisons of every revised version. Hardy placed this tale among his Novels of Character and Environment, a group which is held to include his most characteristic work. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.