Labor's Story in the United States


Author: Philip Yale Nicholson

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781592132393

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 358

View: 2317

In this, the first broad historical overview of labor in the United States in twenty years, Philip Nicholson examines anew the questions, the villains, the heroes, and the issues of work in America. Unlike recent books that have covered labor in the twentieth century,Labor's Story in the United Stateslooks at the broad landscape of labor since before the Revolution. In clear, unpretentious language, Philip Yale Nicholson considers American labor history from the perspective of institutions and people: the rise of unions, the struggles over slavery, wages, and child labor, public and private responses to union organizing. Throughout, the book focuses on the integral relationship between the strength of labor and the growth of democracy, painting a vivid picture of the strength of labor movements and how they helped make the United States what it is today.Labor's Story in the United Stateswill become an indispensable source for scholars and students. Author note:Philip Yale Nicholsonis Professor of History at Nassau Community College and Adjunct Professor at the Cornell University School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Long Island Extension. He is the author ofWho Do We Think We Are? Race and Nation in the Modern World.

On American Freedom

A Critique of the Country’s Core Value with a Reform Agenda


Author: K. Morris

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137428414

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 1007

Although freedom is America's core value, few Americans have a clear idea of what it means or - worse - enjoy much freedom in any of its conventional meanings. Drawing from republican tradition, the book critiques the contemporary American value of freedom as it appears in politics, the economy, and culture.

There is Power in a Union

The Epic Story of Labor in America


Author: Philip Dray

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 0307389766

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 772

View: 368

The Pulitzer Prize finalist author of At the Hands of Persons Unknown presents a narrative chronicle of American organized labor from the origins of the industrial age to the present, documenting the rise and fall of unions and the ongoing fight for workplace equality.

History of the Labor Movement in the United States

Postwar Struggles, 1918-1920


Author: Philip S. Foner


ISBN: 9780717806522

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 305

View: 6466

Traces the history of labor unions and the labor movement from America's colonial era, through the Industrial Revolution, to the present

Blue-Ribbon Babies and Labors of Love

Race, Class, and Gender in U.S. Adoption Practice


Author: Christine Ward Gailey

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292781822

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 4652

Most Americans assume that shared genes or blood relationships provide the strongest basis for family. What can adoption tell us about this widespread belief and American kinship in general? Blue-Ribbon Babies and Labors of Love examines the ways class, gender, and race shape public and private adoption in the United States. Christine Ward Gailey analyzes the controversies surrounding international, public, and transracial adoption, and how the political and economic dynamics that shape adoption policies and practices affect the lives of people in the adoption nexus: adopters, adoptees, birth parents, and agents within and across borders. Interviews with white and African-American adopters, adoption social workers, and adoption lawyers, combined with her long-term participant-observation in adoptive communities, inform her analysis of how adopters' beliefs parallel or diverge from the dominant assumptions about kinship and family. Gailey demonstrates that the ways adoptive parents speak about their children vary across hierarchies of race, class, and gender. She shows that adopters' notions about their children's backgrounds and early experiences, as well as their own "family values," influence child rearing practices. Her extensive interviews with 131 adopters reveal profoundly different practices of kinship in the United States today. Moving beyond the ideology of "blood is thicker than water," Gailey presents a new way of viewing kinship and family formation, suitable to times of rapid social and cultural change.

The Predictable Surprise

The Unraveling of the U.S. Retirement System


Author: Sylvester J. Schieber

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199930090

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 639

Social Security is in jeopardy, private pension systems have fallen apart, and workers are trying to save on their own for retirement with the stock market in the worst shape since the Great Depression. In The Predictable Surprise, Sylvester J. Schieber shows that forewarnings of the coming retirement crisis have been apparent for decades, but we have never mustered the political will to address the problem. This book explains how we have gotten into the retirement predicament and where we can go from here. Schieber, a renowned authority on this topic, provides a compact, insightful history of Social Security, pension plans, and other retirement options, highlighting both their original justifications and the point when things began to go wrong. He brings his discussion right up to the present morass and concludes with suggestions as to how we can reform our retirement system. Our situation is not hopeless, Schieber concludes, if we take on some of these issues and resolve them. If we do not, we will severely jeopardize the prosperity of younger generations.

The AIG Story


Author: Maurice R. Greenberg,Lawrence A. Cunningham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118519574

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 9319

Selected as one of Motley Fool’s "5 GreatBooks You Should Read" In The AIG Story, the company's long-term CEO Hank Greenberg(1967 to 2005) and GW professor and corporate governance expertLawrence Cunningham chronicle the origins of the company and itsrelentless pioneering of open markets everywhere in the world. Theyregale readers with riveting vignettes of how AIG grew from amodest group of insurance enterprises in 1970 to the largestinsurance company in world history. They help us understand AIG'sdistinctive entrepreneurial culture and how its outstandingemployees worldwide helped pave the road toglobalization. Corrects numerous common misconceptions about AIG that arosedue to its role at the center of the financial crisis of 2008. A unique account of AIG by one of the iconic business leadersof the twentieth century who developed close relationships withmany of the most important world leaders of the period and helpedto open markets everywhere Offers new critical perspective on battles with N. Y. AttorneyGeneral Eliot Spitzer and the 2008 U.S. government seizure of AIGamid the financial crisis Shares considerable information not previously madepublic The AIG Story captures an impressive saga in businesshistory--one of innovation, vision and leadership at a company thatwas nearly--destroyed with a few strokes of governmental pens. TheAIG Story carries important lessons and implications for theU.S., especially its role in international affairs, its approach tobusiness, its legal system and its handling of financialcrises.

Beyond Borders

A History of Mexican Migration to the United States


Author: Timothy J. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444394955

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 7042

Beyond Borders: A History of Mexican Migration to the United States details the origins and evolution of the movement of people from Mexico into the United States from the first significant flow across the border at the turn of the twentieth century up to the present day. Considers the issues from the perspectives of both the United States and Mexico Offers a reasoned assessment of the factors that drive Mexican immigration, explains why so many of the policies enacted in Washington have only worsened the problem, and suggests what policy options might prove more effective Argues that the problem of Mexican immigration can only be solved if Mexico and the United States work together to reduce the disequilibrium that propels Mexican immigrants to the United States

Economic Inequality and Policy Control in the United States


Author: M. Stelzner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137388110

Category: Political Science

Page: 108

View: 2569

The income share of the top one percent of the population in the United States has increased from a little over nine percent of national income in the 1970s to 22.46 percent in 2012 a 144 percent increase. What is driving this astronomic growth in incomes for some? Is it possibly the result of non-meritorious forces? If so, how has this incredibly unequal development coexisted, and indeed worsened, in a political system based on equality? In Economic Inequality and Policy Control in the United States, Stelzner tackles each of these questions, and, in order to further develop understanding, Stelzner looks to the past and analyzes our experience with income inequality and the orientation of laws and institutions from the Gilded Age through the New and Fair Deal. He concludes that we have the tools to tackle inequality at present the same policies we used during the New and Fair Deal. However, in order to make change durable, we have to eliminate the undemocratic elements of our political system.

Hispanics in the United States

A Demographic, Social, and Economic History, 1980–2005


Author: Laird W. Bergad,Herbert S. Klein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139489623

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3847

In 1980 the US government began to systematically collect data on Hispanics. By 2005 the Latino population of the United States had become the nation's largest minority and is projected to comprise about one-third of the total US population in 2050. Utilizing census data and other statistical source materials, this book examines the transformations in the demographic, social, and economic structures of Latino-Americans in the United States between 1980 and 2005. Unlike most other studies, this book presents data on transformations over time, rather than a static portrait of specific topics at particular moments. Latino-Americans are examined over this twenty-five year period in terms of their demographic structures, changing patterns of wealth and poverty, educational attainment, citizenship and voter participation, occupational structures, employment, and unemployment. The result is a detailed socioeconomic portrait by region and over time that indicates the basic patterns that have lead to the formation of a complex national minority group that has become central to US society.

Obama at the Crossroads

Politics, Markets, and the Battle for America's Future


Author: Lawrence R. Jacobs,Desmond King

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199942781

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 1488

The 2010 election serves as a bookend to one of the remarkable political periods in recent U.S. history. Amidst a profound economic crisis, Americans elected an African American to the presidency and massive Democratic majorities to Congress. Beginning in 2009, the President and Congress put forward a sweeping agenda to both address the economic crisis and enact progressive policies that liberals had been advocating for decades. Within a year and a half, they would pass health care reform and financial reform alongside a stimulus package of nearly a trillion dollars. Democrats also rescued the auto industry via a partial government takeover and expanded the Bush administration's incipient program for saving the banking sector by pouring hundreds of billions of dollars into it. Finally, the Obama administration dramatically increased our commitment in Afghanistan while simultaneously winding down our presence in Iraq. In Obama at the Crossroads, eminent political scientists Desmond King and Larry Jacobs have gathered some of the best scholars in American politics to take stock of this extraordinary period. Covering the financial crisis, health care reform, racial politics, foreign policy, the nature of Obama's leadership, and the relationship between the administration's agenda and broader progressive goals, this will serve as a comprehensive overview of the key issues facing the Obama administration as it entered office.

Unions For Beginners


Author: David Cogswell

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1934389781

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 6495

Do you appreciate your forty-hour, five-day workweek? Appreciate having a safe working environment? Unions made this all possible in one way or another. Unions bring value to all sectors of a society. As the champion of people power versus corporate power, unions help to spread the benefits of production throughout a society. Regardless of the state of the economy, there is the timeless struggle of workers trying to gain or retain their rights. However, a vast amount of Americans (including union members) are unaware of the full history of unions and how they have impacted the American workplace today. Unions For Beginners provides an introduction to that essential history. Written and illustrated in the user-friendly, accessible style of the For Beginners series, Unions For Beginners presents the epic story of the labor movement in a simple, memorable way. The role of unions in empowering working people to rise above unfair payment and work conditions to become full-fledged participants in the American dream they helped to build is told in vibrant detail. Unions For Beginners presents the history of unions and the labor movement, the principles underlying union organizing, the decline of unions in the shadow of the rising corporate state, and the resurgence in the 21st century of union activism.

Max Weber in America


Author: Lawrence A. Scaff

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400836719

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 3012

Max Weber, widely considered a founder of sociology and the modern social sciences, visited the United States in 1904 with his wife Marianne. The trip was a turning point in Weber's life and it played a pivotal role in shaping his ideas, yet until now virtually our only source of information about the trip was Marianne Weber's faithful but not always reliable 1926 biography of her husband.Max Weber in America carefully reconstructs this important episode in Weber's career, and shows how the subsequent critical reception of Weber's work was as American a story as the trip itself. Lawrence Scaff provides new details about Weber's visit to the United States--what he did, what he saw, whom he met and why, and how these experiences profoundly influenced Weber's thought on immigration, capitalism, science and culture, Romanticism, race, diversity, Protestantism, and modernity. Scaff traces Weber's impact on the development of the social sciences in the United States following his death in 1920, examining how Weber's ideas were interpreted, translated, and disseminated by American scholars such as Talcott Parsons and Frank Knight, and how the Weberian canon, codified in America, was reintroduced into Europe after World War II. A landmark work by a leading Weber scholar, Max Weber in America will fundamentally transform our understanding of this influential thinker and his place in the history of sociology and the social sciences.

Race, Radicalism, and Reform

Selected Papers


Author: Abram Lincoln Harris

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412832663

Category: Social Science

Page: 521

View: 3081

This volume presents selections from the work of Abram L. Harris (1899-1963), acknowledged as the first black American economist to achieve prominence in academic life. Between 1927 and 1945 he served on the faculty at Howard University in Washington, D.C. Thereafter, he was a professor in the College at the University of Chicago. During the Howard years, Harris was a central figure among a remarkable group of black social scientists clustered at that institution. He influenced the thought and work of Ralph Bunche, E. Franklin Frazier, and Eric Williams. A frequent contributor to professional journals in economics, especially the "Journal of Political Economy, "Harris was recognized as perhaps the foremost expert on the comparative analysis of alternative approaches in economics. "Race, Radicalism, and Reform "includes an introduction by the editor that provides a chronology of Harris' life and an assessment of his scholarly contributions. A diverse array of Harris' papers is contained in the volume covering all the major themes he addressed in the course of a lifetime of research: the "Negro problem" in the United States, the interaction between race and class, controversies in American economic history, Marx and Marxism, the nature and content of institutional economics, and the economics of John Stuart Mill. What results is a comprehensive view of Harris' work, affording insight into important transitions in his thinking about radicalism and social reform. In particular, the book chronicles his movement from a left orientation in his youth to a moderate libertarianism in his later years.

The Encyclopedia of Strikes in American History


Author: Aaron Brenner,Benjamin Day,Immanuel Ness

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 0765626454

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 793

View: 6845

Strikes have been part of American labor relations from colonial days to the present, reflecting the widespread class conflict that has run throughout the nation's history. Against employers and their goons, against the police, the National Guard, local, state, and national officials, against racist vigilantes, against their union leaders, and against each other, American workers have walked off the job for higher wages, better benefits, bargaining rights, legislation, job control, and just plain dignity. At times, their actions have motivated groundbreaking legislation, defining new rights for all citizens; at other times they have led to loss of workers' lives. This comprehensive encyclopedia is the first detailed collection of historical research on strikes in America. To provide the analytical tools for understanding strikes, the volume includes two types of essays - those focused on an industry or economic sector, and those focused on a theme. Each industry essay introduces a group of workers and their employers and places them in their economic, political, and community contexts. The essay then describes the industry's various strikes, including the main issues involved and outcomes achieved, and assesses the impact of the strikes on the industry over time. Thematic essays address questions that can only be answered by looking at a variety of strikes across industries, groups of workers, and time, such as, why the number of strikes has declined since the 1970s, or why there was a strike wave in 1946. The contributors include historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and philosophers, as well as current and past activists from unions and other social movement organizations. Photos, a Topic Finder, a bibliography, and name and subject indexes add to the works appeal.

Wilford Woodruff, His Life and Labors


Author: Matthias F. Cowley

Publisher: Zion's Camp Books


Category: Religion

Page: 555

View: 7450

In summing up his own life a few years before his death, Wilford Woodruff said: “From the beginning of my ministry in 1834 until the close of 1895 I have traveled in all 172,369 miles; held 7,655 meetings; preached 3,526 discourses; organized 51 branches of the Church and 77 preaching places; my journeys cover England, Scotland, Wales, and 23 states and 5 territories of the Union. My life abounds in incidents which to me surely indicate the direct inter-position of God whom I firmly believe has guided my every step. On 27 distinct occasions I have been saved from dangers which threatened my life. I am the father of 17 sons and 16 daughters. I have a posterity of 100 grandchildren and 12 great grandchildren.” This lion of the Lord lived through, and chronicled his experiences, in nearly eveny significant event in the early history of the church. From Zion’s Camp, through his many missions in the United States and United Kingdom, during the Missouri and Nauvoo periods, across the plains, throughout the early years in the Salt Lake Valley and the building of three temples, and during his time as the president of the Church which included the revelations and Official Declaration that ended the practice of plural marriage. President Woodruff and the journals he kept are one of the most important sources we have for so much of important Church history. This wonderful volume was writted by Elder Matthias F. Cowley and published in 1909 under the auspices of the Woodruff Family Foundation. The original dedication reads: TO HIS NUMEROUS AND EVER INCREASING FAMILY, AND TO ALL WHO LOVE THE NAME AND MEMORY OF PRES. WILFORD WOODRUFF THIS WORK IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED Missionaries, priesthood leaders, lovers of Church history, and anyone with an interest in the lives of early Church leaders and prophets will enjoy the marvelous experiences shared in this book. It has greatly strengthened my faith, and I hope it will do the same for yours.