Health-promoting and Health-compromising Behaviors Among Minority Adolescents


Author: Dawn K. Wilson

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn

ISBN: 9781557983978

Category: Medical

Page: 388

View: 4347

Minority adolescents are at increased risk for numerous health problems but are less likely to have a regular source of medical care than either adults or children. During this critical developmental period, adolescents establish behaviour patterns that set the stage for adulthood, creating a unique window of opportunity for clinicians and health care professionals to intervene and promote health. This collection guides the efforts to understand and develop innovative, effective and culturally-sensitive approaches for minority youth populations.

Shared Prosperity and Poverty Eradication in Latin America and the Caribbean


Author: Louise Cord,MarÃa Genoni,Carlos RodrÃguez-Castelán

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464803587

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 7633

Over the last decade Latin America and the Caribbean region has achieved important progress towards the World Bank Group's goals of eradicating extreme poverty and boosting income growth of the bottom 40 percent, propelled by remarkable economic growth and falling income inequality. Despite this impressive performance, social progress has not been uniform over this period, and certain countries, subregions and even socioeconomic groups participated less in the growth process. As of today, more than 75 million people still live in extreme poverty in the region (using $2.50/day/capita), half of them in Brazil and Mexico, and extreme poverty rates top 40 percent in Guatemala and reach nearly 60 percent in Haiti. This means that extreme poverty is still an important issue in both low- and middle-income countries in the region. As growth wanes and progress in reducing the still high levels of inequality in the region slows, it will be more important than ever for governments to focus policies on inclusive growth. The book includes an overview that highlights progress towards the goals of poverty eradication and shared prosperity between 2003 and 2012, unpacks recent gains at the household level using an income-based asset model, and examines some of the policy levers used to affect social outcomes in the region. It draws on 13 country studies, eight of which are featured in this volume: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay. The other case studies include: Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, and Honduras, which will be included in the web version of the book.

Criminal Justice Policy


Author: Stacy L. Mallicoat,Christine L. Gardiner

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322718

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 2156

Criminal Justice Policy provides a thematic overview of criminal justice policy and its relationship to the American criminal justice system. Scholars, practitioners, and politicians continually debate the value of these policies in their evaluations of the current system. As the nature of this subject involves a host of issues (including politics, public sentiment, research, and practice), the authors expertly highlight these concerns on criminal justice policy and address the implications for the overall system and society at large. This text is organized into three parts: Foundations of criminal justice policy focuses on the role of politics, best practices, and street level bureaucracy in criminal justice policy. Criminal justice policy in action provides an analysis of fifteen different policy issues in criminal justice, such as immigration, drugs, mental health and capital punishment. Each section begins with a basic summary of the policy, accompanied by a brief synopsis of the framing issues. This brief, but informative summary, draws students’ attention to essential concepts and ideas, provides a roadmap for what they can expect to learn, and ensures continuity throughout the text. The text concludes with a discussion about the future directions of criminal justice policy.

Comparative Criminal Justice


Author: Francis Pakes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135982368

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 6898

This book offers an accessible introduction to comparative criminal justice and examines and reflects on the ways different countries and jurisdictions deal with the main stages in the criminal justice process, from policing to sentencing. This popular bestseller has been fully updated and expanded for the third edition. This textbook provides the reader with: a comparative perspective on criminal justice and its main components; a knowledge of methodology for comparative research and analysis; an understanding of the emerging concepts in comparative criminal justice, such as security, surveillance, retribution and rehabilitation; a discussion of global trends such as the global drop in crime, the punitive turn, penal populism, privatization, international policing and international criminal tribunals. The new edition has been fully updated to keep abreast with this growing field of study and research, including increased coverage of the challenge of globalization and its role and influence on criminal justice systems around the world. Topics such as state crime, genocide and the international criminal court have also grown in prominence since the publication of the last edition and are given increased coverage. This book will be perfect reading for advanced undergraduates and postgraduates taking courses in comparative criminal justice and those who are engaged in the study of global responses to crime. New features such as lists of further reading, study questions and boxed case studies help bring comparative criminal justice alive for students and instructors alike.

Ageing, Solidarity and Social Protection in Latin America and the Caribbean

Time for Progress Towards Equality


Author: Sandra Huenchuan,Sandra Huenchuan Navarro

Publisher: UN

ISBN: 9789211218305

Category: Political Science

Page: 169

View: 7780

This publication aims to contribute to the research, analysis and design of proposals for the social protection of older persons. It develops a new conceptual approach and uses various indicators for its assessment in the areas of social security, health and social services. All human beings must be able to avail themselves of equal rights, without discrimination, and these rights must be enforced through serious, strategic and sustainable commitments which accommodate both present and long-term challenges. Only then will it be possible to develop an approach which includes each and every citizen and contributes to their well-being and security, so that they can make full use of their capacities, regardless of their age or economic activity.

Using Open Data to Detect Organized Crime Threats

Factors Driving Future Crime


Author: Henrik Legind Larsen,José María Blanco,Raquel Pastor Pastor,Ronald R. Yager

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319527037

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5409

This work provides an innovative look at the use of open data for extracting information to detect and prevent crime, and also explores the link between terrorism and organized crime. In counter-terrorism and other forms of crime prevention, foresight about potential threats is vitally important and this information is increasingly available via electronic data sources such as social media communications. However, the amount and quality of these sources is varied, and researchers and law enforcement need guidance about when and how to extract useful information from them. The emergence of these crime threats, such as communication between organized crime networks and radicalization towards terrorism, is driven by a combination of political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental factors. The contributions to this volume represent a major step by researchers to systematically collect, filter, interpret, and use the information available. For the purposes of this book, the only data sources used are publicly available sources which can be accessed legally and ethically. This work will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly in police science, organized crime, counter-terrorism and crime science. It will also be of interest to those in related fields such as applications of computer science and data mining, public policy, and business intelligence.

Oecd Review of Agricultural Policies



Author: N.A

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264185933

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 2416

Successful macroeconomic recovery and major progress towards international integration marked Slovenia s first decade of independence. This should have a positive impact on the domestic agro-food sector, prompting the shift of human and financial resources into more competitive areas and driving down production costs. With EU membership fast approaching and commitments to WTO and CEFTA to be upheld, Slovenia needs to limit price-distorting policies in the agro-food sector and to focus on structural adjustment, especially to reduce farm fragmentation, enlarge the commercially viable farm sector, and restructure and modernise the food industry. Given the high importance of rural areas in Slovenia, an effective rural diversification strategy targeted to generate off-farm incomes for rural people is vital to support the progress towards a more market-oriented agriculture. The Review analyses developments since Slovenia gained independence in 1991. It evaluates key structural issues, examines emerging policy developments and provides detailed estimates of support to agriculture, using the OECD s Producer and Consumer Support Estimates (PSEs/CSEs). For those involved in central and eastern European agriculture and agro-food policies, markets and trade, the Review offers unique information and analysis. Policy makers, businesses and researchers will find it an indispensable reference for years to come. Other OECD Reviews of Agricultural Policies: Bulgaria (2000) Romania (2000) Russian Federation (1998) Slovak Republic (1997) Estonia (1996) Latvia (1996) Lithuania (1996) Czech Republic (1995) Poland (1995) Hungary (1994) This Review is part of the OECD s ongoing co-operation with non-member economies around the world.

Structural Reforms, Productivity and Technological Change in Latin America


Author: Jorge M. Katz

Publisher: United Nations Publications


Category: Industrial productivity

Page: 143

View: 7319

In the last ten to fifteen years, profound structural reforms have moved Latin America and the Caribbean from closed, state-dominated economies to ones that are more market-oriented and open. Policymakers expected that these changes would speed up growth. This book is part of a multi-year project to determine whether these expectation have been fulfilled. Focusing on technological change, the impact of the reforms on the process of innovation is examined. It notes that the development process is proving to be highly heterogenous across industries, regions and firms and can be described as strongly inequitable. This differentiation that has emerged has implications for job creation, trade balance, and the role of small and medium sized firms. This ultimately suggests, amongst other things, the need for policies to better spread the use of new technologies.

World Report on Violence and Health


Author: Etienne G. Krug,World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241545617

Category: Medical

Page: 346

View: 5454

This report is part of WHO's response to the 49th World Health Assembly held in 1996 which adopted a resolution declaring violence a major and growing public health problem across the world. It is aimed largely at researchers and practitioners including health care workers, social workers, educators and law enforcement officials.

Mental Health Policy And Practice Across Europe


Author: Knapp, Martin,McDaid, David,Mossialos, Elias

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335214679

Category: Medical

Page: 452

View: 5829

This book maps the current state of policy, service provision and funding for mental health care across Europe, taking into account the differing historical contexts that have shaped both the development and the delivery of services.

Mafias on the Move

How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories


Author: Federico Varese

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691158010

Category: Social Science

Page: 278

View: 7101

Organized crime is spreading like a global virus as mobs take advantage of open borders to establish local franchises at will. This book argues that mafiosi often find themselves abroad against their will, rather than through a strategic plan to colonizethe territories.

Handbook of Policing


Author: Tim Newburn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136308512

Category: Social Science

Page: 904

View: 3439

This new edition of the Handbook of Policing updates and expands the highly successful first edition, and now includes a completely new chapter on policing and forensics. It provides a comprehensive, but highly readable overview of policing in the UK, and is an essential reference point, combining the expertise of leading academic experts on policing and policing practitioners themselves.

Managing oil palm landscapes

A seven-country survey of the modern palm oil industry in Southeast Asia, Latin America and West Africa


Author: Lesley Potter

Publisher: CIFOR

ISBN: 6021504925


Page: 144

View: 2059

This study comprises a review of oil palm development and management across landscapes in the tropics. Seven countries have been selected for detailed analysis using surveys of the current literature, mainly spanning the last fifteen years. Indonesia and Malaysia are the obvious leaders in terms of area planted and levels of production and export, but also in literature generated on social and environmental challenges. In Latin America, Colombia is the dominant producer with oil palm expanding in disparate landscapes with a strong focus on palm oil-based biodiesel; and small-scale growers and companies in Peru and Brazil offer contrasting ways of inserting oil palm into the Amazon. Nigeria and Cameroon represent African nations with traditional groves and old plantations in which foreign ‘land grabs’ to establish new oil palm have recently occurred.

Handbook of Victims and Victimology


Author: Sandra Walklate

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317496248

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 1832

This second edition of the Handbook of Victims and Victimology presents a comprehensively revised and updated set of essays, bringing together internationally recognised scholars and practitioners to offer substantial research informed overviews within their specialist fields of investigation. This handbook is divided into five parts, with each part addressing a different theme within victimology: Part I offers a scene-setting exploration of new developments in the field, enduring issues that remain relatively unchanged and the gaps and traps within the contemporary victimological agenda Part II examines of the complex dimensions to victim experiences as structured by gender, age, ethnicity, sexuality and intersectionality Part III reflects on the problems and possibilities of formulating policy responses in the light of the changing appreciation of the nature and extent of victimhood Part IV focused on the value of a comparative lens and the problems and possibilities of victim policies when seen through this lens, explored along three geographical axes: Europe, Australia and Asia Part V considers other ways of thinking about who counts as a victim and what counts as victimhood and extends the boundaries of the victimological imagination outward Building on the success of the previous edition, this book provides an international focus on cutting-edge issues in the field of victimology. Including brand new chapters on intersectionality, child victims, sexuality, hate crime and crimes of the powerful, this handbook is essential reading for students and academics studying victims and victimology and an essential reference tool for those working within the victim support environment.

Statistical yearbook for Latin America and the Caribbean


Author: United Nations: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789210210577

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 438

View: 3391

This annual publication contains a range of economic and social data for the countries of the Latin America & Caribbean region. This edition contains some important modifications, both in content and design, in order to incorporate technological and statistical developments, and it is organised into four chapters covering: demographic and social indicators; economic, trade and balance-of-payments statistics as well as national accounts; the environment and natural resources; and issues relating to methodology and metadata. An electronic version of the yearbook is presented on the accompanying CD-ROM with additional tables giving more detailed information on the economic and social situation in each country.

Intelligence Professionalism in the Americas


Author: Russell Swenson (Editor),Susana Lemozy (Editor)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781523716432


Page: 586

View: 9050

(Revised 2004 - Full Version) This book makes a significant contribution to our understanding of intelligence services. "Intelligence studies" have developed over the last twenty-five years within the academic disciplines of political science and international relations, but the subject is still at a relatively early stage of development. There has been extensive published analysis of the United States intelligence system, and some also of its British counterpart; but there is little writing about Western-style intelligence as a whole, and almost nothing on contemporary non-Western systems. The subject as a whole lacks the comparative studies needed to identify the commonalities that give intelligence everywhere its place - an increasingly important place - in the international system now developing. This book fills an important part of the gap. Its subject is one that has been barely tackled anywhere else: What gives modern intelligence practitioners and their organizations their claims to professionalism, and what actually does this professionalism entail? Intelligence as an activity is partly a matter of special skills - agent recruitment and running; cipher-breaking and other SIGINT techniques; imagery interpretation; and all the others - but these merge into its broader professional canons for handling indications and evidence, drawing conclusions, and presenting these to decision-takers in ways that command attention while incorporating careful judgements of certainty and uncertainty. The intelligence professional is close to the policy adviser, but still keeps a certain distance from him. Intelligence's concern is with understanding and evaluating "them," rather different from the policy adviser's roots in "us" and in what "our" decisions should be. For this is the book's second contribution: It examines intelligence professionalism in a laboratory almost completely unknown to Anglo-Saxon readers, certainly to this one. Intelligence institutions have evolved in the last decade in the new, democratic Latin America at roughly the same pace as the successor systems that developed at the same time in the former Warsaw Pact countries of Eastern and Central Europe; and the two sets of development are of comparable international significance. Yet hardly anyone in Europe knows anything about Latin American intelligence, and the same ignorance exists in considerable measure in the United States. The gap is filled here by accounts of intelligence structures and recent developments in seven of the Latin American countries, along with three conceptual articles that relate these country-by-country accounts to the semi-hemisphere as a whole. Reading them all has been an eye-opening experience.



Author: Fernando Beltran,Esperanza López,Jesús Zurita-González,Christian Armenta,Catalina Ovando,Emmanuel Olivera,Juan Carlos Bocarando,Marcio Aranha,Miguel Oliver,Sudip Majumder,Murilo Bataglia,William Fernández,Carmen Vargas,Roxana Barrantes,Paulo Matos,Aileen Agüero,Diego Lluncor,Fabio Senne,Pau Castells,Serafino Abate,Flavia Oliveira

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781726063821


Page: 324

View: 2392

10) Communication Policy Research Latin America is published annually by the Americas Information and Communications Research Network. CPRLatam is organized exclusively for scientific and education purposes. The main goal of the organization is to provide training and consulting services for scholars, private sector, and government officers on ICT policy, and to hold an annual conference for the exchange of non-partisan research, education, and information aiming to increase academic, private and government officers and the public awareness regarding ICT policy issues. This volume gathers papers submitted to the 2018 CPRLatam International Conference, in Varadero (Cuba), which follows a set of conferences previously held in Buenos Aires (Argentina), New York (United States), Mexico City (Mexico), Brasilia (Brazil), Lima (Peru), Valparaiso (Chile), Mexico City / Oaxaca (Mexico), Bogota (Colombia), Cancun (Mexico) and Cartagena (Colombia). The 2018 CPRLatam Conference was organized in coordination with the Latin American Telecommunications Congress (CLT2018).

Alternative Pathways to Sustainable Development

Lessons from Latin America


Author: Gilles Carbonnier,Humberto Campodónico,Sergio Tezanos Vázquez

Publisher: International Development Poli

ISBN: 9789004351660

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 5032

This issue of International Development Policy looks at recent paradigmatic innovations and development trajectories in Latin America, focusing on the Andean region. It aims to enrich our understanding of recent development debates and processes in Latin America, and what the rest of the world can learn from them.