The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

50th Anniversary Edition

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226458148

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 6075

A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Revisited

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Author: Vasso Kindi,Theodore Arabatzis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136243208

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 5003

The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Up until recently, the book’s philosophical reception has been shaped, for the most part, by the debates and the climate in philosophy of science in the 1960s and 1970s; this new collection of essays takes a renewed look at this work. This volume concentrates on particular issues addressed or raised in light of recent scholarship and without the pressure of the immediate concerns scholars had at the time of the Structure’s publication. There has been extensive research on all of the major issues concerning the development of science which are discussed in Structure, work in which the scholars contributing to this volume have all been actively involved. In recent years they have pursued novel research on a number of topics relevant to Structure’s concerns, such as the nature and function of concepts, the complexity of logical positivism and its legacy, the relation of history to philosophy of science, the character of scientific progress and rationality, and scientific realism, all of which are brought together and given new light in this text. In this way, our book makes new connections and undertakes new approaches in an effort to understand the Structure’s significance in the canon of philosophy of science.

Kuhn's 'Structure of Scientific Revolutions' at Fifty

Reflections on a Science Classic

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Author: Robert J. Richards,Lorraine Daston

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022631720X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 6687

Thomas S. Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions' was a watershed event when it was published in 1962, upending the previous understanding of science as a slow, logical accumulation of facts and introducing, with the concept of the 'paradigm shift,' social and psychological considerations into the heart of the scientific process. The essays in this book exhume important historical context for Kuhn's work, critically analyzing its foundations in twentieth-century science, politics and Kuhn's own intellectual biography.

Klassiker der Sozialwissenschaften

100 Schlüsselwerke im Portrait

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Author: Samuel Salzborn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658034742

Category: Social Science

Page: 390

View: 8827

​Es gibt sozialwissenschaftliche Werke, die muss man kennen: egal, ob man Soziologie oder Politikwissenschaft, Sozialpsychologie, Ethnologie, Erziehungswissenschaft oder Geschlechterforschung studiert oder sich für sozialwissenschaftliche Fragestellungen aus dem Blickwinkel affiner Fächer wie Geschichte, Rechtswissenschaft oder Philosophie interessiert. Klassiker der Sozialwissenschaften stellt 100 zentrale Titel vor und liefert einerseits Stichworte zu Leben und Gesamtwerk der Autor(inn)en, legt andererseits den zentralen Fokus auf das Schlüsselwerk, dessen Titel man in jedem Studium hören wird, der als geflügeltes Wort durch die Feuilletons geistert und zahlreiche Reden schmückt.

Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions'

A Reader's Guide

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Author: John Preston

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 144119889X

Category: Science

Page: 136

View: 7727

Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is arguably one of the most influential books of the twentieth century and a key text in the philosophy and history of science. Kuhn transformed the philosophy and history of science in the twentieth century in an irrevocable way and still provides an important alternative to formalist approaches in the philosophy of science. In Kuhn's 'The Structure of Scientific Revolutions': A Reader's Guide, John Preston offers a clear and thorough account of this key philosophical work. The book offers a detailed review of the key themes and a lucid commentary that will enable readers to rapidly navigate the text. The guide explores the complex and important ideas inherent in the text and provides a cogent survey of the reception and influence of Kuhn's work.

Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions - 50 Years On

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Author: William J. Devlin,Alisa Bokulich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319133837

Category: Science

Page: 199

View: 5796

In 1962, the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s Structure ‘revolutionized’ the way one conducts philosophical and historical studies of science. Through the introduction of both memorable and controversial notions, such as paradigms, scientific revolutions, and incommensurability, Kuhn argued against the traditionally accepted notion of scientific change as a progression towards the truth about nature, and instead substituted the idea that science is a puzzle solving activity, operating under paradigms, which become discarded after it fails to respond accordingly to anomalous challenges and a rival paradigm. Kuhn’s Structure has sold over 1.4 million copies and the Times Literary Supplement named it one of the “Hundred Most Influential Books since the Second World War.” Now, fifty years after this groundbreaking work was published, this volume offers a timely reappraisal of the legacy of Kuhn’s book and an investigation into what Structure offers philosophical, historical, and sociological studies of science in the future.

Reconstructing Scientific Revolutions

Thomas S. Kuhn's Philosophy of Science

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Author: Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226355511

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 4995

Scholars from disciplines as diverse as political science and art history have offered widely differing interpretations of Kuhn's ideas, appropriating his notions of paradigm shifts and revolutions to fit their own theories, however imperfectly. Destined to become the authoritative philosophical study of Kuhn's work. Bibliography.

Die kopernikanische Revolution

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663019063

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 5305

Die Geschichte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurde bereits oft geschrieben, doch meines Wissens nicht unter dem Blickwinkel und in dem Umfang, die hier beabsichtigt sind. Vielerlei Einzelereignisse verbergen sich hinter dem Schlagwort von der Wende oder Revolution. Ihr Kern war eine Umwandlung der mathematischen Astronomie, doch brachte sie auch begriff liche Änderungen in der Kosmologie, Physik, Philosophie und Religion mit sich. Einzelaspekte der kopernikanischen Revolution wurden wiederholt untersucht, und ohne die daraus entstandenen Abhandlungen hätte dieses Buch nicht geschrieben werden können. Die Vielfalt der Umwälzungen übersteigt die Fähigkeiten des einzelnen Gelehrten, der die ursprünglichen Quellen studiert. Sowohl spezialisierte Untersuchungen als auch die darauf aufbauenden vereinfachenden Darstellungen verfehlen jedoch notwendiger weise einen der wichtigsten und faszinierendsten Züge der Revolution - ein Charakteristikum, das aus der Vielfalt der Umwälzung selbst entspringt. Wegen dieser Vielfalt bietet die kopernikanische Wende eine ideale Gelegenheit zu sehen, wie und mit welchem Ergebnis Vorstellungen aus vielen verschiedenen Gebieten sich zu einem einzigen Gedankengebäude zusammenfügen. Kopernikus selbst war ein Spezialist, ein mathematischer Astronom, der an der Korrektur esoterischer Methoden zur Berechnung von Planetenpositionen interessiert war. Oft war die Richtung seiner For schung jedoch durch Entwicklungen bestimmt, die mit der Astronomie nichts zu tun hatten. Darunter befanden sich die veränderte Darstellung des Falles von Steinen im Mittelalter, die Wiederbelebung mystischer, antiker Anschau ungen in der Renaissance, die die Sonne als das Abbild Gottes betrachteten, und die Atlantikreisen, die den Horizont des Menschen der Renaissance erweiterten.

Thomas Kuhn

A Philosophical History for Our Times

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Author: Steve Fuller,Professor Steve Fuller, PhD

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226268941

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 6690

The pilgrimage from Plato to NATO (episodes in embushelment) -- The last time scientists struggled for the soul of science -- The politics of the scientific image in the age of Conant -- From Conant's education strategy to Kuhn's research strategy -- How Kuhn unwittingly saved social science from a radical future -- The world not well lost (philosophy after Kuhn) -- Kuhnification as ritualized political impotence (the hidden history of science studies).

Thomas Kuhn's Revolution

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Author: James A. Marcum

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1847141943

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 5486

The influence of Thomas Kuhn (1922 -1996) on the history and philosophy of science has been truly enormous. In 1962, Kuhn's famous work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, helped to inaugurate a revolution - the historiographic revolution - in the latter half of the twentieth century, providing a new understanding of science in which 'paradigm shifts' (scientific revolutions) are punctuated with periods of stasis (normal science). Kuhn's revolution not only had a huge impact on the history and philosophy of science but on other disciplines as well, including sociology, education, economics, theology, and even science policy. James A. Marcum's book focuses on the following questions: What exactly was Kuhn's historiographic revolution? How did it come about? Why did it have the impact it did? What, if any, will its future impact be for both academia and society? At the heart of the answers to these questions is the person of Kuhn himself, i.e., his personality, his pedagogical style, his institutional and social commitments, and the intellectual and social context in which he practiced his trade. Drawing on the rich archival sources at MIT, and engaging fully with current scholarship on Kuhn, Marcum's is the first book to show in detail how Kuhn's influence transcended the boundaries of the history and philosophy of science community to reach many others - sociologists, economists, theologians, political scientists, educators, and even policy makers and politicians.

Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy and Methodology of Science

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Author: Wenceslao J. González

Publisher: Netbiblo

ISBN: 9780972989237

Category: Science

Page: 274

View: 3466

Nowadays, philosophy and methodology of science appear as a combination of novelty and continuity. This blend is clear both in the general approaches to science (those thought of as any science) and in the specific perspectives on every science, either formal or empirical. There are new topics for philosophical reflection, such as key issues in philosophy of medicine and central problems raised by neuroscience. Thus, new contents have brought attention to aspects that previously went almost unnoticed. In addition, there are new angles for philosophical study, such as the repercussion of society on scientific activity (in aims, processes, and results). But the background of the main philosophical and methodological trends of the twentieth century is, in many ways, still in place.

The Road Since Structure

Philosophical Essays, 1970-1993, with an Autobiographical Interview

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn,JIM CONANT

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226457987

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 6826

Divided into three parts, this work is a record of the direction Kuhn was taking during the last two decades of his life. It consists of essays in which he refines the basic concepts set forth in "Structure"--Paradigm shifts, incommensurability, and the nature of scientific progress.

Kuhn's Legacy

Epistemology, Metaphilosophy, and Pragmatism

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Author: Bojana Mladenović

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231520743

Category: Philosophy

Page: 236

View: 8374

Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is one of the most important books of the twentieth century. Its influence reaches far beyond the philosophy of science, and its key terms, such as “paradigm shift,” “normal science,” and “incommensurability,” are now used in both academic and public discourse without any reference to Kuhn. However, Kuhn’s philosophy is still often misunderstood and underappreciated. In Kuhn’s Legacy, Bojana Mladenović offers a novel analysis of Kuhn’s central philosophical project, focusing on his writings after Structure. Mladenović argues that Kuhn’s historicism was always coupled with a firm and consistent antirelativism but that it was only in his mature writings that Kuhn began to systematically develop an original account of scientific rationality. She reconstructs this account, arguing that Kuhn sees the rationality of science as a form of collective rationality. At the purely formal level, Kuhn’s conception of scientific rationality prohibits obviously irrational beliefs and choices and requires reason-responsiveness as well as the uninterrupted pursuit of inquiry. At the substantive, historicized level, it rests on a distinctly pragmatist mode of justification compatible with a notion of contingent but robust scientific progress. Mladenović argues that Kuhn’s epistemology and his metaphilosophy both represent a creative and fruitful continuation of the tradition of American pragmatism. Kuhn’s Legacy demonstrates the vitality of Kuhn’s philosophical project and its importance for the study of the philosophy and history of science today.

Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge: Volume 4

Proceedings of the International Colloquium in the Philosophy of Science, London, 1965

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Author: Imre Lakatos (ed),Alan Musgrave

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521096232

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 4267

This volume arose out of a symposium on Thomas Kuhn's work, with Karl Popper in the chair.

The Copernican Revolution

Planetary Astronomy in the Development of Western Thought

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Author: Thomas S. Kuhn

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674171039

Category: Science

Page: 297

View: 9731

The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text