Jews and the Olympic Games

the clash between sport and politics : with a complete review of Jewish Olympic medallists

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Author: Paul Taylor

Publisher: Sussex Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 268

View: 9713

No story so richly illustrates the interaction between sport and politics as the story of Jewish athletes and the Games. Each major event at the Games related to the Jews is covered in-depth, including: the story of the Jewish-Hungarian wrestler Károly Kárpáti in Berlin, 1936; the German-Jewish high-jumper Gretel Bergmann, who was callously exploited, then discarded, by the Germans; the American sprinters, Marty Glickman and Sam Stoller; and the legendary Mark Spitz. From the first Olympics in Athens in 1896, through to the disasters and triumphs of Munich 1972 and beyond, Jews and the Olympic Games, which features a list of the more-than 250 Jewish medallists at the Games, is a powerful account of the conflict between sport and politics.

The Boys in the Boat

Nine Americans and Their Epic Quest for Gold at the 1936 Berlin Olympics

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Author: Daniel James Brown

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101622741

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 416

View: 3923

The #1 New York Times–bestselling story about American Olympic triumph in Nazi Germany and now the inspiration for the PBS documentary “The Boys of ‘36” For readers of Unbroken, out of the depths of the Depression comes an irresistible story about beating the odds and finding hope in the most desperate of times—the improbable, intimate account of how nine working-class boys from the American West showed the world at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin what true grit really meant. It was an unlikely quest from the start. With a team composed of the sons of loggers, shipyard workers, and farmers, the University of Washington’s eight-oar crew team was never expected to defeat the elite teams of the East Coast and Great Britain, yet they did, going on to shock the world by defeating the German team rowing for Adolf Hitler. The emotional heart of the tale lies with Joe Rantz, a teenager without family or prospects, who rows not only to regain his shattered self-regard but also to find a real place for himself in the world. Drawing on the boys’ own journals and vivid memories of a once-in-a-lifetime shared dream, Brown has created an unforgettable portrait of an era, a celebration of a remarkable achievement, and a chronicle of one extraordinary young man’s personal quest. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The Nazi Olympics

Sport, Politics, and Appeasement in the 1930s

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Author: Anrd Krüger,William Murray

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252091647

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 280

View: 5280

The 1936 Olympic Games played a key role in the development of both Hitler’s Third Reich and international sporting competition. This volume gathers original essays by modern scholars from the Games’ most prominent participating countries and lays out the issues -- sporting as well as political -- surrounding individual nations’ involvement. The Nazi Olympics opens with an analysis of Germany’s preparations for the Games and the attempts by the Nazi regime to allay the international concerns about Hitler’s racist ideals and expansionist ambitions. Essays follow on the United States, Great Britain, and France -- three first-class Olympian nations with misgivings about participation -- as well as German ally Italy and future ally Japan. Other essays examine the issues at stake in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and the Netherlands, which opposed Hitler’s politics, despite embodying his Aryan ideal. Challenging the view of sport as a trivial pursuit, this collection reveals exactly how high the political stakes were in 1936 and how the Nazi Olympics distilled many of the critical geopolitical issues of the time into a contest that was anything but trivial.

Berlin 1936

Sechzehn Tage im August

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Author: Oliver Hilmes

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641156866

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1056

Die Diktatur im Pausenmodus: Stadt und Spiele im Sommer 1936 Im Sommer 1936 steht Berlin ganz im Zeichen der Olympischen Spiele. Zehntausende strömen in die deutsche Hauptstadt, die die Nationalsozialisten in diesen sechzehn Tagen als weltoffene Metropole präsentieren wollen. Oliver Hilmes folgt prominenten und völlig unbekannten Personen, Deutschen und ausländischen Gästen durch die fiebrig-flirrende Zeit der Sommerspiele und verknüpft die Ereignisse dieser Tage kunstvoll zum Panorama einer Diktatur im Pausenmodus. Die »Juden verboten«-Schilder sind plötzlich verschwunden, statt des »Horst-Wessel-Lieds« klingen Swing-Töne durch die Straßen. Berlin scheint für kurze Zeit eine ganz normale europäische Großstadt zu sein, doch im Hintergrund arbeitet das NS-Regime weiter daran, die Unterdrückung zu perfektionieren und das Land in den Krieg zu treiben. In »Berlin 1936« erzählt Oliver Hilmes präzise, atmosphärisch dicht und mitreißend von Sportlern und Künstlern, Diplomaten und NS-Größen, Transvestiten und Prostituierten, Restaurantbesitzern und Nachtschwärmern, Berlinern und Touristen. Es sind Geschichten, die faszinieren und verstören, überraschen und bewegen. Es sind die Geschichten von Opfern und Tätern, Mitläufern und Zuschauern. Es ist die Geschichte eines einzigartigen Sommers.

The 1972 Munich Olympics and the Making of Modern Germany

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Author: Kay Schiller,Christopher Young

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520262158

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 2960

The 1972 Munich Olympics were intended to showcase the New Germany and replace lingering memories of the Third Reich. In this cultural and political history of the Munich Olympics, the authors set these games into both the context of 1972 and the history of the modern Olympiad.

National Identity and Global Sports Events

Culture, Politics, and Spectacle in the Olympics and the Football World Cup

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Author: Alan Tomlinson

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791482480

Category: Social Science

Page: 253

View: 5801

Explains why cities dig deep in their pockets to host the Olympics and countries breed teams for success on the world soccer stage.

The Cold War and the 1984 Olympic Games

A Soviet-American Surrogate War

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Author: Philip D’Agati

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137360259

Category: Political Science

Page: 197

View: 1639

The Soviet boycott of the 1984 Olympic Games is explained as the result of a complex series of events and policies that culminated in a strategic decision to not participate in Los Angeles. Using IR framework, D'Agati developes and argues for the concept of surrogate wars as an alternative means for conflict between states.

Sport, Politics and Society in the Land of Israel

Past and Present

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Author: Yair Galily,Amir Ben-Porat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317967909

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 172

View: 2870

The state of Israel is a home for a widely diverse population from many different ethnic, religious, cultural and social backgrounds; a new society with ancient roots, which is still coalescing and developing today. Israeli sport, maybe more than any other cultural phenomenon, has changed radically since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948. Over the past six decades, Israeli sport has evolved from an amateur hobby of a few ‘sports freaks’, to a passion of the masses. The transformation to a major cultural phenomenon is the result of general developments in Israeli and international society. The aim of the book is to shed light on those processes that shaped the Israeli sport arena. Following the steps of numerous research perspectives, that considers sports as "text" within a socio-historical context, this book deals with the development of Israeli sports in Palestine and, later, the State of Israel as a text (or a narrative) which was contingent on the socio-historical context. In seeking to comprehend these processes, this book is divided into three parts. The Palestine period, the early stage of statehood, and the "matured" period which began in and around the early 1980s. Each period is narrated by the major participants and the major political-economical parameters which, as it is argued, shaped Israeli sport. This book was published as a special issue of the Israeli Affairs.

Post-Conflict Reconstruction

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Author: Neil Ferguson

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443826022

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 2351

Violence and conflict are two of the greatest challenges the world will face in this millennium. Indeed, since the turn of the century, it is estimated that approximately four million people have died as a result of armed conflict. Ending these seemingly intractable conflicts is a priority for global stability. However, the signing of the peace accord or the ending of formal hostilities does not automatically bring a return to normality in these fractured societies. In practice, it is more likely that these fractured societies will face a period in the twilight between war and peace, a time when the world turns its attention to new problems and seemingly more pressing matters, leaving the country to struggle towards peace and a new social order. The book’s contributors deal with the challenges faced in creating the foundations for the development of a positive peace from a variety of multi-disciplinary perspectives, such as development studies, politics, psychoanalysis, psychology, sports studies and neuroscience. This breadth of perspectives offers innovative insights into the grey space between war and peace, which is home to millions of people across the globe and explores interventions which aim to create the conditions for positive post-conflict reconstruction.

Der Schattenkrieg

Israel und die geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad - Ein SPIEGEL-Buch

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Author: Ronen Bergman

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641095158

Category: History

Page: 864

View: 8504

Von der Staatsgründung Israels bis heute - die erste umfassende Geschichte der geheimen Tötungskommandos des Mossad Mordanschläge, die dem israelischen Geheimdienst Mossad zugeschrieben werden, sorgen immer wieder für Aufsehen. Doch über die Hintergründe dieser Aktionen war bislang kaum etwas bekannt. In seinem packend geschriebenen Enthüllungsbuch deckt der israelische Geheimdienstexperte Ronen Bergman nun erstmals die ganze Dimension eines Schattenkriegs auf, der seit Jahrzehnten im Geheimen ausgetragen wird. Er beschreibt die Erfolge und Misserfolge der zum Teil unbekannten Attentate, benennt Opfer, Täter und Verantwortliche und fragt, welchen Preis Staat und Gesellschaft in Israel für ihre Sicherheit bezahlen.

Emancipation Through Muscles

Jews and Sports in Europe

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Author: Michael Brenner,Gideon Reuveni

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803205422

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 9520

Although the study of Jewish identity has generated a growing body of work, the topic of sport has received scant attention in Jewish historiography. Emancipation through Muscles redresses this balance by analyzing the pertinence of sports to such issues as race, ethnicity, and gender in Jewish history and by examining the role of modern sport within European Jewry. The accomplishments of Jews in the intellectual arena and their notable presence among Nobel Prize recipients have often overshadowed their achievements in sports. The pursuit of sports among Jews in Europe was never a marginal phenomenon, however. In the first third of the twentieth century numerous Jewish sport organizations were founded throughout Europe, and prowess in the realm called muscle Jewry by the Zionists was a symbol of widespread pride among European Jews. Some Jewish teams were remarkably successful: the legendary Austrian soccer champion Hakoah Vienna was arguably the most visible Jewish presence in interwar Vienna, and many readers will be surprised to learn that outstanding soccer teams such as Ajax Amsterdam and Tottenham Hotspur are still considered Jewish teams. The contributors to this volume, an international group of scholars from a variety of fields, explore the diverse relationships between Jews and modern sports in Europe.

Anti-Semitism and Schooling Under the Third Reich

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Author: Gregory Wegner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135723176

Category: Education

Page: 276

View: 2524

This book investigates the anti-Semitic foundations of Nazi curricula for elementary schools, with a focus on the subjects of biology, history, and literature. Gregory Paul Wegner argues that any study of Nazi society and its values must probe the education provided by the regime. Schools, according to Wegner, play a major role in advancing ideological justifications for mass murder, and in legitimizing a culture of ethnic and racial hatred. Using a variety of primary sources, Wegner provides a vivid account of the development of Nazi education.

A Different Light

The Hanukkah Book of Celebration : a How-to Guide to a Creative Candle Lighting Ceremony : Blessings, Songs, Stories, Readings, Games, and Cartoons ...

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Author: Noam Zion,Barbara Spectre

Publisher: Devora Publishing

ISBN: 9781930143319

Category: Religion

Page: 253

View: 4957

Pluralistic perspectives on the Festival of lights and profiles in modern Jewish courage.

Fastest, Highest, Strongest

A Critique of High-Performance Sport

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Author: Rob Beamish,Ian Ritchie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135987084

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2994

Fastest, Highest, Strongest presents a comprehensive challenge to the dominant orthodoxy concerning the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sport. Examining the political and economic transformation of the Olympic Movement during the twentieth century, the authors argue that the realities of modern sport require a serious reassessment of current policies, in particular the ban on the use of certain substances and practices. The book includes detailed discussion of: * The historical importance of World War II and the Cold War in the development of a high-performance culture in sport * The changing Olympic project: from amateurism to a fully professionalized approach * The changing meaning of "sport" * The role of sport science, technology and drugs in pursuing ever-better performance * The major ethical and philosophical arguments used to support the ban on performance-enhancing substances in sport. Fastest, Highest, Strongest is a profound critical examination of modern sport. Its straightforward style will appeal to under- and post-graduate students as well as scholars of sports ethics and history, policy makers and all those interested in the changing nature of sport.

World Sports: A Reference Handbook

A Reference Handbook

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Author: Maylon Hanold

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598847791

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 304

View: 6594

This book covers a wide range of issues and controversies within the world of sports—including drug use, economics, ethics, ethnicity, gender, globalization, politics, race, sexuality, and technology—from both a U.S. and global perspective. • A chronology of important events or innovations in sports • A list of important sports organizations with descriptions of each • A glossary of relevant terms such as "blood doping"

Racism and the Olympics

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Author: Robert G. Weisbord

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412856345

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 3137

Sports are the opiate of the people, particularly in the United States, Europe, and parts of South America. Globally, billions of fans feverishly focus on the summer and winter Olympics. In theory, international fraternalism is boosted by these “friendly competitions,” but often national rivalries eclipse the theoretical amity. How the Olympics have dealt with racism over the years offers a window to better understanding these dynamics. Since their revival in 1896, the modern Olympics have been periodically agitated by political and moral conundrums. Racial tensions, the topic of this volume, reached their apex under the polarizing presidency of Avery Brundage. Race in sports cannot be disentangled from societal problems, nor can race or sports be fully understood separately. Racial conflict must be contextualized. Racism and the Olympics explores the racial landscape against which a number of major disputes evolved. The book covers various topics and events in history that portray discrimination within Olympic games, such as the Nazi games of 1936, the black American protest on the victory stand in Mexico City’s Olympics, as well as international political forces that removed South Africa and Rhodesia from the Olympics. Robert G. Weisbord considers the role of international politics and the criteria that should be used to determine nations that are selected to take part in and serve as venues for the Olympic Games.

East Plays West

Sport and the Cold War

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Author: Stephen Wagg,David Andrews

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134241682

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 352

View: 2949

The Cold War spanned some five decades from the devastation that remained after World War Two until the fall of the Berlin wall, and for much of that time the perception was that only on the Eastern side were politics and sport inextricably linked. However, this assumption underestimates the extent to which sport was an important symbol for both power blocs in their ongoing ideological struggle. This collection of essays from leading international authorities on sport, culture and ideology brings together an impressive body of work organized around key political themes and outstanding moments in sport, and is at once a political history of sport and an illuminating new perspective on the forces that shaped this unsettled time.