Ionic Equilibrium

Solubility and PH Calculations

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Author: James N. Butler,James Newton Butler,David R. Cogley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471585268

Category: Science

Page: 559

View: 8015

Dr Butler's methodology for performing equilibrium calculations in liquids containing acids, salts and bases revolutionised chemistry in the 1960s. This combined volume offers new perspectives on equilibrium calculations for the 1990s.

Solubility and Ph Calculations

The Mathematics of the Simplest Ionic Equilibria

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Author: James Newton Butler

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 3922

MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND; SOLUBILITY; STRONG ACIDS AND BASES; WEAK ACIDS AND BASES.

Ionenaustauscher

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Author: Konrad Dorfner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110836610

Category: Reference

Page: 332

View: 1494

Lehrbuch der Quantitativen Analyse

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Author: Daniel C. Harris

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642377882

Category: Science

Page: 977

View: 765

Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine umfassende Einführung in die moderne chemische Labor-Analytik. Es führt in die theoretischen Grundlagen ein und stellt immer wieder die Bezüge zur Anwendung im Labor her. Die besondere Bedeutung der Analytik in Chemie-, Bio- und Umweltwissenschaften werden mit Nachdruck deutlich gemacht. In den Kapiteln fallen neben flüssig geschriebenen Texten und anschaulichen Graphiken vor allem Boxen mit interessanten Anwendungsbeispielen, kurzen Versuchsbeschreibungen, zusammenfassenden Abschnitten zur Rekapitulation des Gelernten und unzähligen Übungen mit teils ausführlichen, teils knappen Antworten auf. Alle modernen Techniken finden Erwähnung. Eine englischsprachige Internet-Seite ergänzt Tutorien, Arbeitsblätter und relevante Journals.

Ionic Equilibria in Analytical Chemistry

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Author: Jean-Louis Burgot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441983821

Category: Science

Page: 772

View: 6312

This book of general analytical chemistry – as opposed to instrumental analysis or separation methods – in aqueous solutions is focuses on fundamentals, which is an area too often overlooked in the literature. Explanations abound of the chemical and physical principles of different operations of chemical analysis in aqueous solutions. Once these principle are firmly established, numerous examples of applications are also given.

Säure-Base-Diagramme

Ein Leitfaden für die Praxis und für Studierende

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Author: Heike Kahlert,Fritz Scholz

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642377041

Category: Science

Page: 135

View: 7693

​Das Buch gibt eine Anleitung zur Beschreibung von Säure-Base-Gleichgewichten mithilfe von einfach zu konstruierenden Diagrammen, die es erlauben, - pH-Werte von Lösungen grafisch zu ermitteln, - Gleichungen für die Berechnung von pH-Werten abzuleiten (die möglichen Näherungen zu erkennen), - den Verlauf von Titrationskurven einfach auf grafischem Weg zu ermitteln, - die in Säure-Base-Systemen bei bestimmten pH-Werten dominierenden Spezies zu erkennen, usw. Das Buch ist insbesondere für Studierende der Chemie, Biochemie, Pharmazie, Umweltwissenschaften und anderer Studiengänge mit Chemie-Modulen geeignet.

Lehrbuch der Quantitativen Analyse

Mit einem Vorwort von Werner, Gerhard

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Author: Daniel C. Harris

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663106403

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1189

View: 5356

Dieses zweifarbig gestaltete Lehrbuch bietet eine didaktisch hervorragende und umfassende Einführung in die moderne chemische Labor-Analytik. Es führt in die theoretischen Grundlagen ein und stellt immer wieder die Bezüge zur Anwendung im Labor her. Die besondere Verantwortung der Analytik in Chemie-, Bio- und Umweltwissenschaften und die Freude des Autors am Thema werden rasch deutlich. In den Kapiteln fallen neben flüssig geschriebenen Texten und anschaulichen Graphiken vor allem Boxen mit interessanten Anwendungsbeispielen, kurzen Versuchsbeschreibungen, zusammenfassenden Abschnitten zur Rekapitulation des Gelernten und unzähligen Übungen mit teils ausführlichen, teils knappen Antworten auf. Alle modernen Techniken finden Erwähnung, auch auf die Datenverarbeitung in Form der Tabellenkalkulation wird eingegangen.

White's Handbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants

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Author: Black & Veatch Corporation

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118210557

Category: Science

Page: 1062

View: 9219

New edition covers the latest practices, regulations, andalternative disinfectants Since the publication of the Fourth Edition of White'sHandbook of Chlorination and Alternative Disinfectants morethan ten years ago, the water industry has made substantialadvances in their understanding and application of chlorine,hypochlorite, and alternative disinfectants for water andwastewater treatment. This Fifth Edition, with its extensiveupdates and revisions, reflects the current state of the science aswell as the latest practices. Balancing theory with practice, the Fifth Edition coverssuch important topics as: Advances in the use of UV and ozone as disinfectants Alternative disinfectants such as chlorine dioxide, iodine, andbromine-related products Advanced oxidation processes for drinking water and wastewatertreatment New developments and information for the production and handlingof chlorine Latest regulations governing the use of differentdisinfectants For each disinfectant, the book explains its chemistry,effectiveness, dosing, equipment, and system design requirements.Moreover, the advantages and disadvantages of each disinfectant areclearly set forth. References at the end of each chapter guidereaders to the primary literature for further investigation. Authored and reviewed by leading experts in the field of waterand wastewater treatment, this Fifth Edition remains anideal reference for utilities, regulators, engineers, and plantoperators who need current information on the disinfection ofpotable water, wastewater, industrial water, and swimmingpools.

Physikalische Chemie

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Author: Peter W. Atkins,Julio de Paula,Michael Bär,Anna Schleitzer,Carsten Heinisch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527315462

Category: Science

Page: 1220

View: 2577

Essentials of Micro- and Nanofluidics

With Applications to the Biological and Chemical Sciences

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Author: A. Terrence Conlisk

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521881684

Category: Science

Page: 537

View: 1870

This book introduces students to the basic physical principles to analyze fluid flow in micro and nano-size devices. This is the first book that unifies the thermal sciences with electrostatics and electrokinetics and colloid science; electrochemistry; and molecular biology. The author discusses key concepts and principles, such as the essentials of viscous flows, an introduction to electrochemistry, heat and mass transfer phenomena, elements of molecular and cell biology, and much more. This textbook presents state-of-the-art analytical and computational approaches to problems in all of these areas, especially electrokinetic flows, and gives examples of the use of these disciplines to design devices used for rapid molecular analysis, biochemical sensing, drug delivery, DNA analysis, the design of an artificial kidney, and other transport phenomena. This textbook includes exercise problems, modern examples of the applications of these sciences, and a solutions manual available to qualified instructors.

Polyoxometalate Chemistry for Nano-Composite Design

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Author: Toshihiro Yamase,Michael Pope

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306473593

Category: Science

Page: 235

View: 372

semiconductivity, prot- conductivity, and display), medicine (antitumoral, antiviral, and antimicrobacterial activities), and catalysis.

Liquid-Liquid Extraction and Other Liquid-Liquid Operations and Equipment

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Author: Don W. Green,Robert H. Perry

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071542221

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2400

View: 4578

Get Cutting-Edge Coverage of All Chemical Engineering Topics— from Fundamentals to the Latest Computer Applications First published in 1934, Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook has equipped generations of engineers and chemists with an expert source of chemical engineering information and data. Now updated to reflect the latest technology and processes of the new millennium, the Eighth Edition of this classic guide provides unsurpassed coverage of every aspect of chemical engineering-from fundamental principles to chemical processes and equipment to new computer applications. Filled with over 700 detailed illustrations, the Eighth Edition of Perry's Chemcial Engineering Handbook features: Comprehensive tables and charts for unit conversion A greatly expanded section on physical and chemical data New to this edition: the latest advances in distillation, liquid-liquid extraction, reactor modeling, biological processes, biochemical and membrane separation processes, and chemical plant safety practices with accident case histories Inside This Updated Chemical Engineering Guide - Conversion Factors and Mathematical Symbols • Physical and Chemical Data • Mathematics • Thermodynamics • Heat and Mass Transfer • Fluid and Particle Dynamics Reaction Kinetics • Process Control • Process Economics • Transport and Storage of Fluids • Heat Transfer Equipment • Psychrometry, Evaporative Cooling, and Solids Drying • Distillation • Gas Absorption and Gas-Liquid System Design • Liquid-Liquid Extraction Operations and Equipment • Adsorption and Ion Exchange • Gas-Solid Operations and Equipment • Liquid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Solid-Solid Operations and Equipment • Size Reduction and Size Enlargement • Handling of Bulk Solids and Packaging of Solids and Liquids • Alternative Separation Processes • And Many Other Topics!

Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications

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Author: James N. Butler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716246

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2205

Carbon dioxide, bicarbonate ion, and carbonate ion comprise the most important acid-base system in natural waters, and the equilibria between them regulate the pH of seawater, as well as most rainwater, stream water, river water, and groundwater. Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications provides a clear, compact presentation of this topic, which is central to geochemistry and environmental engineering. It emphasizes a rigorous mathematical and thermodynamic basis for calculations and their application to realistic problems. The book's first four chapters present the basic equations, mathematical techniques for visualizing and manipulating them, and data on equilibrium constants and activity coefficients. These are presented in the general context of acid-base titration and solubility of CaCO3. The remaining chapters show how these concepts and techniques are applied to geochemistry and oceanography, in addition to their applications to water conditioning. Specific topics discussed include acid rain, freshwater, seawater, carbonate sediments in the deep oceans, the effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on the oceans, estuarine waters, brines, hydrothermal solutions, pH adjustment, prediction of calcium carbonate saturation, corrosion inhibition, and water softening.

Solvent Systems and Their Selection in Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics

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Author: Patrick Augustijns,Marcus Brewster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387691545

Category: Medical

Page: 462

View: 8174

Solvent systems are integral to drug development and pharmaceutical technology. This single topic encompasses numerous allied subjects running the gamut from recrystallization solvents to biorelevant media. The goal of this contribution to the AAPS Biotechnology: Pharmaceutical Aspects series is to generate both a practical handbook as well as a reference allowing the reader to make effective decisions concerning the use of solvents and solvent systems. To this end, the monograph was created by inviting recognized experts from a number of fields to author relevant sections. Specifically, 15 chapters have been designed covering the theoretical background of solubility, the effect of ionic equilibria and pH on solubilization, the use of solvents to effect drug substance crystallization and polymorph selection, the use of solvent systems in high throughput screening and early discovery, solvent use in preformulation, the use of solvents in bio-relevant dissolution and permeation experiments, solvents and their use as toxicology vehicles, solubilizing media and excipients in oral and parenteral formulation development, specialized vehicles for protein formulation and solvent systems for topical and pulmonary drug administration. The chapters are organized such that useful decision trees are included together with the scientific underpinning for their application. In addition, trends in the use of solvent systems and a balance of current views make this monograph useful to both the novice and experienced researcher and to scientists at all developmental stages from early discovery to late pharmaceutical operations.

Principles and Applications of Aquatic Chemistry

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Author: François M. M. Morel,Janet G. Hering

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471548966

Category: Nature

Page: 588

View: 8383

Presents aquatic chemistry in a way that is truly useful to those with diverse backgrounds in the sciences. Major improvements to this edition include a complete rewrite of the first three background chapters making them user-friendly. There is less emphasis on mathematics and concepts are illustrated with actual examples to facilitate understanding.

Groundwater Geochemistry

Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination

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Author: William J. Deutsch,Randy Siegel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873713085

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 9012

Groundwater Geochemistry: Fundamentals and Applications to Contamination examines the integral role geochemistry play s in groundwater monitoring and remediation programs, and presents it at a level understandable to a wide audience. Readers of all backgrounds can gain a better understanding of geochemical processes and how they apply to groundwater systems. The text begins with an explanation of fundamental geochemical processes, followed by a description of the methods and tools used to understand and simulate them. The book then explains how geochemistry applies to contaminant mobility, discusses remediation system design, sampling program development, and the modeling of geochemical interactions. This clearly written guide concludes with specific applications of geochemistry to contaminated sites. This is an ideal choice for readers who do not have an extensive technical background in aqueous chemistry, geochemistry, or geochemical modeling. The only prerequisite is a desire to better understand natural processes through groundwater geochemistry.

Problems in Physical Chemistry

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Author: A.E. Somerfield

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148313881X

Category: Science

Page: 36

View: 5757

Problems in Physical Chemistry presents problems relating to atoms, orbitals, valency, and the periodic table; to thermochemistry, heats of reaction, and bond energies; and to ionization energy, electron affinity, and electronegativity. The book also includes problems relating to kinetic theory and molecular weights; to equilibrium, dissociation and Le Chatelier's principle; and to ionic equilibria, pH, indicators and solubility product. The text also covers problems relating to redox processes; to electrical properties of solutions; to partition coefficient; and to reaction rates. Students studying the chemistry syllabus will find the book useful.