Introductory Oceanography

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Author: Harold V. Thurman

Publisher: Merrill Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 1410

TAKEN AS A WHOLE, EARTH'S OCEANS COMPRISE ONE OF ITS LARGEST INTERACTING, INTERRELATED, AND INTERDEPENDENT SYSTEMS. As humans continue to impact Earth systems, it is important to understand not only how the oceans operate, but also how the oceans interact with Earth's other systems, such as the atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere. "Introductory Oceanography, Tenth Edition, " is designed to introduce the non-science student to perhaps this most integrated of all physical sciences through clear explanations, abundant illustrations, and compelling, relevant examples and applications. New to this edition: Students Sometimes Ask: Common (often entertaining) questions, with answers. New word etymons, which help demistify scientific jargon. Coverage of the most recent discoveries in oceanography, profiled in over 30 new feature boxes. Over 100 new photos and illustrations. New appendix: Careers in Oceanography.

Encyclopedia of Marine Science

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Author: C. Reid Nichols,Robert G. Williams

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438118813

Category: Science

Page: 626

View: 8899

Presents an illustrated, A-Z encyclopedia with more than 600 entries providing information on topics related to marine science.

An Introduction to the World's Oceans

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Author: Keith A. Sverdrup,Elisabeth Virginia Armbrust

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Science, Engineering & Mathematics

ISBN: 9780073254838

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 6634

An Introduction to the World's Oceans, Ninth Edition, is an introductory oceanography text intended for students without a background in mathematics, chemistry, physics, geology, or biology. It emphasizes the role of basic scientific principles in helping understand the processes that govern the ocean and the earth. A major objective of the text is to stimulate student interest and curiosity by blending contemporary information and research with basic principles to form an integrated introduction to the sciences of the oceans. To keep the text as current as possible, the authors conduct their own research and examine other findings such as analyzing satellite data and large-scale oceanographic programs. From this vast amount of data, they select interesting, relevant, and understandable examples that illustrate contemporary principles of oceanography. An Introduction to the World's Oceansplaces greater emphasis on the physical and geological aspects of the oceans than on the chemical and geochemical properties, because the latter disciplines require more specific background knowledge. An ecological approach helps integrate the biological chapters with other subjects. Students are encouraged to look at oceanography as a cohesive and united discipline rather than a collection of subjects gathered under a marine umbrella. As with all previous editions, the authors continue to make each chapter stand as independently as possible, so that professors can assign chapters in the order that best suits their classrooms.

Marine Conservation Biology

The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity

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Author: Michael E. Soulé

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267717

Category: Nature

Page: 496

View: 1410

Marine Conservation Biology brings together for the first time in a single volume leading experts from around the world to apply the lessons and thinking of conservation biology to marine issues.

Deep-Sea Sediments

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080931871

Category: Science

Page: 750

View: 9231

During the past few decades, deep-sea research benefited greatly from a number of newly developed, highly sophisticated exploration techniques and comprehensive datasets, thanks to the immense industrial interest in deep-sea sediments. The book Deep-Sea Sediments focuses on the sedimentary processes operating within the various modern and ancient deep-sea environments. The individual chapters track the way of sedimentary particles from continental erosion or production in the marine realm, to transport into the deep sea, to final deposition on the sea floor. The sedimentary processes cover several types of sediment gravity flow and contour currents, pelagic settling and hemipelagic advection, planktic and benthic bioproductivity, and volcanoclastic sedimentation. In addition, the relationships between depositional environment and endobenthic organisms as well as early diagenetic processes at and within the deep-sea floor are dealt with. Facies models of the wide range of depositional products hold the key for a process-related interpretation of ancient deposits. Changes in sea-water chemistry, major innovations in organism evolution, and changes in external controls on sedimentation and productivity are discussed in the context of overarching trends in ocean history. Deep-sea sediments are not only of interest because of the numerous interacting processes involved in their formation, but they represent also a nearly inexhaustible archive of long-term climatic changes. Consequently, the book also includes an introduction to the climatic interpretation of the various proxies that reveal global changes during the Mesozoic greenhouse and Neogene icehouse conditions. In order to address the specific interest of the oil and gas industry in deep-water sediments, the investigation techniques that are applied in this context and the methods to predict both the occurrences and the characteristics of hydrocarbon reservoirs are included as well. Examines the rapidly evolving field of deep-sea sedimentary research Focuses on sedimentary and diagenetic processes, with theory and case histories Covers the climate record, hydrocarbon reservoirs, and other topics of interest Features a multimedia component with colour versions of figures

Benthic Habitats and the Effects of Fishing

Proceedings of Symposium on Effects of Fishing Activities on Benthic Habitats--Linking Geology, Biology, Socioeconomics, and Management, Held in Tampa, Florida, USA, 12-14 November 2002

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Author: Peter W. Barnes,James Postles Thomas

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Benthic animals

Page: 890

View: 6217

Fishery resource managers face the challenge of ensuring sustainable fisheries and maintaining healthy, diverse ecosystems. This challenge can be met by advancing the scientific knowledge available to resource managers to evaluate and appropriately manage fishing activities that affect benthic habitats. Government agencies have been working to develop benthic habitat research initiatives focused on the effects of fishing gear and the linkage between biological resources and the geology of benthic habitats. This book provides the broad understanding of the effects of fishing activities on benthic habitats necessary to address the pressing issues of habitat alteration that challenge managers, practitioners, and ocean scientists.

Descriptive Physical Oceanography

An Introduction

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Author: George L. Pickard,William J. Emery

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483278778

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 8662

Descriptive Physical Oceanography: An Introduction, Fourth Enlarged Edition considers the synoptic or descriptive aspects of physical oceanography with considerable illustrative materials and some 45 additional figures. This book is divided into nine chapters, and begins with an introduction to the basic goal of physical oceanographic study. The next chapters describe the features of the ocean basins, physical properties of seawater, and the ocean's distribution of water characteristics. These topics are followed by discussions of the conservation of seawater volume and salt; the techniques and methods of physical oceanography; and the general features of the main ocean circulations, as well as the circulation and character of the water masses in the individual oceans. The final chapters examine some of the characteristics of coastal oceanography. This book will prove useful to undergraduate and graduate students with oceanography and related subjects.

Encyclopedia of global warming

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Author: Steven I. Dutch

Publisher: Salem Pr Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nature

Page: 1211

View: 3698

The subject of climate change has become an important issue over the past few years. Encyclopedia of Global Warming is designed to help the student or patron understand the environmental science, social issues and controversies surrounding this important issue. Essays explore a wide variety of topics, including fossil fuels, glaciology, conservation, human rights, pollution, society, science and water resources.

Parks

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: National parks and reserves

Page: N.A

View: 6749

Books in Print

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4006

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.

An Introduction to Marine Science

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Author: P.S. Meadows

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401573298

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 285

View: 4693

It is now nine years since the first edition appeared and much has changed in marine science during that time. For example, satellites are now routinely used in remote sensing of the ocean surface and hydrothermal vents at sea noor spreading centres have been extensively researched. The second edition has been considerably expanded and reorganised, and many new figures and tables have been included. Every chapter has been carefully updated and many have been rewritten. A new chapter on man's use of the oceans has been included to cover satellites and position fixing, renewable energy sources in the sea, seabed minerals, oil and gas, pollution and maritime law. In this edition we have also referred to a number of original references and review articles so that readers can find their way into the literature more easily. As in the first edition, PSM has been mainly responsible for the text and HC for the illustrations, although each has responded to advice from the other and also from many colleagues. In this context readers should note that the illustrations form an integral and major part of the book. The text will almost certainly be too concise for many readers if they do not study the illustrations carefully at the same time. The book has been written as an introductory text for students, although it can serve anyone who is beginning a study of the sea.

Rising Seas

Past, Present, Future

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Author: Vivien Gornitz

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519206

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 9144

The Earth's climate is already warming due to increased concentrations of human-produced greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and the specter of rising sea level is one of global warming's most far-reaching threats. Sea level will keep rising long after greenhouse gas emissions have ceased, because of the delay in penetration of surface warming to the ocean depths and because of the slow dissipation of excess atmospheric carbon dioxide. Adopting a long perspective that interprets sea level changes both underway and expected in the near future, Vivien Gornitz completes a highly relevant and necessary study of an unprecedented age in Earth's history. Gornitz consults past climate archives to help better anticipate future developments and prepare for them more effectively. She focuses on several understudied historical events, including the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Anomaly, the Messinian salinity crisis, the rapid filling of the Black Sea (which may have inspired the story of Noah's flood), and the Storrega submarine slide, an incident possibly connected to a sea level occurrence roughly 8,000 years old. By examining dramatic variations in past sea level and climate, Gornitz concretizes the potential consequences of rapid, human-induced warming. She builds historical precedent for coastal hazards associated with a higher ocean level, such as increased damage from storm surge flooding, even if storm characteristics remain unchanged. Citing the examples of Rotterdam, London, New York City, and other forward-looking urban centers that are effectively preparing for higher sea level, Gornitz also delineates the difficult economic and political choices of curbing carbon emissions while underscoring, through past geological analysis, the urgent need to do so.

Physische Geographie

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Author: Alan H. Strahler,Arthur N. Strahler

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 3825281590

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 5684

Jetzt durchgehend farbig gestaltet! Dieses Lehrbuch zur Physical Geography erschien erstmals vor vier Jahrzehnten und gilt seither, auch außerhalb des englischen Sprachraums, als eines der führenden Studienbücher der Physischen Geographie. Nun wurde das bewährte Lehrbuch komplett neu bearbeitet. Diese 4. Auflage der Physischen Geographie führt die Stärken der vorhergehenden Auflagen fort und enthält zahlreiche Neuerungen: Text und Abbildungen sind aktualisiert und viele neue Inhalte sind hinzugekommen. Erweitert sind auch die Abschnitte über Umwelt und Naturschätze mit Themen wie geothermale Energiequellen, Erdbeben als Umweltrisiken oder die grüne Revolution. Aus dem Inhalt: - Die Erde als rotierender Planet - Die globale Energiebilanz - Lufttemperatur - Luftfeuchtigkeit und Niederschlag - Winde und globale Zirkulation - Globale Klimasysteme - Biogeographische Prozesse - Die Vegetationszonen der Erde - Böden der Welt - Gesteine und Minerale - Lithosphäre und Plattentektonik - Vulkanisch und tektonisch bedingte Oberflächenformen - Verwitterung, Massenbewegungen und periglaziale Prozesse - Das Süßwasser der Kontinente - Fluviale Geomorphodynamik - Oberflächenformen und Gesteinsstruktur - Küsten - Eiszeiten und glaziale Landschaften

Mechanik

Von den Newtonschen Gesetzen zum deterministischen Chaos

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Author: Florian Scheck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366208595X

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 2810

Die Mechanikvorlesung als zumeist erste Berührung mit der Theoretischen Physik hat in der Grundausbildung besonderes Gewicht. Zum einen führt sie in die klassischen Konzepte der Physik des 18. und 19. Jahrhunderts ein, zum anderen zeigt sie deren Lei- stungsfähigkeit und Bedeutung für die moderne Physik. Das vorliegende Buch geht diesen Weg von der Newtonschen Mechanik bis hin zu modernen Fragestellungen der qualitativen und nichtlinearen Dynamik. Begleitet von einfachen, PC-gestützten Beispielen und in einer Darstellung, die den mehr physikalischen Zugang zur Mechanik mit ihren mathematischen Grundlagen verbindet, beginnt das Buch mit der Newtonschen Mechanik, die bis hin zur Streutheorie und dem Virialproblem geführt wird (Kap.1). Es behandelt die kanonische Mechanik in Lagrangescher und Hamilton-Jakobischer Form, unter Einschluß der symplektischen Struktur des Phasenraums und der Elemente der Störungstheorie (Kap.2). Die Theorie des Starren Körpers (Kap.3) wird ebenso entwickelt wie die Grundlagen der speziellen Relativitätstheorie (Kap.4). Kapitel 5 über die geometrischen Aspekte der Mechanik behandelt ihre mathematisch-geometrischen Grundlagen und schlägt die Brücke zur modernen mechanischen Fachliteratur. Kapitel 6 definiert und illustriert die für das Studium nichtlinearer Dynamik und qualitativer Mechanik wesentlichen Begriffe und diskutiert qualitativ und quantitativ wichtige Beispiele für deterministisches Chaos. Das abschließende Kapitel 7 gibt eine kurze Einführung in kontinuierliche Systeme. Das Buch eignet sich als Begleittext zu den Vorlesungen Einführung in die Theoretische Physik, Allgemeine Mechanik, sowie weiterführende Veranstaltungen und zum Ergänzungs- und Selbststudium.

Ozean

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Author: Dan Kainen,Carol Kaufmann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783737352086

Category:

Page: 32

View: 735

Überflieger

Warum manche Menschen erfolgreich sind - und andere nicht

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Author: Malcolm Gladwell

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593405016

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9228

Malcolm Gladwell, Bestsellerautor und Star des amerikanischen Buchmarkts, hat die wahren Ursachen des Erfolgs untersucht und darüber ein lehrreiches, faszinierendes Buch geschrieben. Es steckt voller Geschichten und Beispiele, die zeigen, dass auch außergewöhnlicher Erfolg selten etwas mit individuellen Eigenschaften zu tun hat, sondern mit Gegebenheiten, die es dem einen leicht und dem anderen unmöglich machen, erfolgreich zu sein. Die Frage ist nicht, wie jemand ist, sondern woher er kommt: Welche Bedingungen haben diesen Menschen hervorgebracht? Auf seiner anregenden intellektuellen Erkundung der Welt der Überflieger erklärt Gladwell unter anderem das Geheimnis der Softwaremilliardäre, wie man ein herausragender Fußballer wird, warum Asiaten so gut in Mathe sind und was die Beatles zur größten Band aller Zeiten machte.