An Introduction to the Rock-forming Minerals

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,Jack Zussman

Publisher: Mineralogical Society

ISBN: 9780903056274

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 2408

In this edition, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in terms of structure, chemistry, optical and other physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Important correlations between these aspects of mineralogy are emphasized wherever possible. The content of each section has been updated where needed in the light of published research over the 21 years between editions. Tables of over 200 chemical analyses and formulae are included and a number of older entries have been replaced by more recent examples. Major new features: Entirely new views of crystal structures in perspective using CrystalMaker colour images; Over 60 colour photographs of minerals in thin sections of rocks under the petrological microscope; Considerably expanded treatment of feldspar and zeolite minerals; Mineral identification table based on birefringence and listing other properties; Colour strip with appropriate interference colours and birefringences for the main rock-forming minerals. This book will be useful to undergraduate students of mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry, especially those at third or fourth year, engaged in more advanced courses or specialized projects, and also as a reference work for students for 'Masters' degrees by taught courses or research. For doctorate students, and research workers in the Earth Sciences as well as those in Materials Science and other related disciplines, this work can be useful as a condensed version of the very extensive treatment presented in the volumes of the DHZ Series 'Rock-Forming Minerals', second edition. Buyers through online retailers should contact the Mineralogical Society in order to receive the free CD which goes with the book ([email protected]).

Gesteinskunde

Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Ulrich Sebastian

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 382742223X

Category: Science

Page: 166

View: 2367

Gesteine – wie sie heißen und wozu man sie verwenden kann Das vorliegende Buch vermittelt einen leicht verständlichen Überblick über das Gebiet der Petrographie. Einsteiger werden nicht durch theoretisches Detailwissen überfordert oder gar abgeschreckt, sondern erlangen schnell ein umfassendes Grundwissen in Mineralogie mit den wichtigsten gesteinsbildenden Mineralen, Petrographie mit den häufigsten Gesteinen, technischer Gesteinskunde mit den Eigenschaften der Gesteine, die für die Verwendung wichtig sind. Instruktive Fotos, Übersichten und Schaubilder erleichtern das Lernen und Verstehen. Sie sind ein hervorstechendes Merkmal des Werkes und machen es auch zu einem hilfreicher Begleiter für alle Praktiker und Wiedereinsteiger, die die Petrographie sonst eher selten benötigen. Durch die Teilung des Buches in einen klassisch-petrographischen und einen angewandten Teil kann jeder Nutzer selbst wählen, welche Gesichtspunkte der Gesteinskunde für ihn wichtig sind. Gesteinskunde – Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender richtet sich an Schüler und Studenten von Fach- und Hochschulen, an Profis wie Bauingenieure, Bohrer und Geowissenschaftler sowie an interessierte Laien. Dr. Ulrich Sebastian ist Geologe, Gegenstand seiner Doktorarbeit waren metamorphe Gesteine. Er unterrichtet an der Fachschule für Technik in Freiberg/Sachsen, wo Staatlich geprüfte Techniker für Geologie- bzw. Bohrtechnik ausgebildet werden.

Rock-forming Minerals

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: M.J. Wilson

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393592

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 4330

A Key for Identification of Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Andrew J. Barker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001147

Category: Nature

Page: 182

View: 7308

Structured in the form of a dichotomous key, comparable to those widely used in botany, the mineral key provides an efficient and systematic approach to identifying rock-forming minerals in thin-section. This unique approach covers 150+ of the most commonly encountered rock-forming minerals, plus a few rarer but noteworthy ones. Illustrated in full colour, with 330+ high quality mineral photomicrographs from a worldwide collection of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, it also provides a comprehensive atlas of rock-forming minerals in thin-section. Commencing with a brief introduction to mineral systems, and the properties of minerals in plane-polarised and cross-polarised light, the mineral key also includes line drawings, tables of mineral properties and an interference colour chart, to further aid mineral identification. To minimise the chance of misidentification, and enable less experienced petrologists to use the key with confidence, the key has been arranged to prioritise those properties that are most easily recognised. Designed for simplicity and ease of use, it is primarily aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students of mineralogy and petrology, but should also provide a valuable source of reference for all practising geologists dealing with rock thinsections and their interpretation.

Atlas of the Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: W.S. Mackenzie,C. Guilford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317873793

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 2212

'Hurray for Mackenzie and Guilford for at last we have a pictorial guide to the rock-forming minerals! . . . such feasts of colour in mineralogy books are rare . . . an admirable guide' New Scientist

Rock-forming Minerals

Non-Silicates, Volume 5B

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: William Alexander Deer

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799901

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 7572

This volume deals with sulphates, carbonates, phosphates and halides, incorporating recent advances in investigative techniques. Each mineral chapter has sections on structure, chemistry, optical and physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Chapters are headed with brief tabulations of mineral data and a sketch of optical orientation. Results are included from ocean floor experimentation and deep sea drilling.

Grundzüge der Erdwissenschaften

Vorlesung für Universität und ETH Zürich

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Volkmar Trommsdorff,Volker Dietrich

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 9783728126627

Category:

Page: 187

View: 8843

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505331

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 4532

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Geologie für Dummies

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 4074

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!

A Project Guide to Rocks and Minerals

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Claire O'Neal

Publisher: Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1612281133

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 3044

Calling all rock hounds! Learn about rocks and minerals with these fifteen simple science experiments you can do yourself. You’ll think like a geologist as you start your own rock collection, learn about earth processes, explore the properties of minerals, and even grow your own crystals.

Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments

An Optical Identification Guide

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: R.G. Rothwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400911335

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 9722

Over 60% of the Earth's surface is covered with deep marine sediments, however, until the early 1980s, no comprehensive text books appeared to support the rapid expansion in the study of these sediments. While the whole field of marine geology has expanded enormously and entirely new disciplines, such as paleoceanography, have been developed, there remains a lack of reference texts on study techniques that investigators in the marine community can turn to. Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments is an optical identifica tion guide that I believe will become a standard reference text for use in the microscope analysis of marine sediment& and sedimentary rocks. The systematic collection of sediment cores from the deep ocean floor began in earnest with the Swedish Deep Sea Expedition, 1947-1948. Much of the microscopic examination of the sediments collected in these piston cores (10 m+ long) was conducted on separated grain mounts or thin sections of impregnated sediments. By the late 1960s a simpler technique of examining a mounted smear of the cored silt and clay size sediment on a microscope slide had become standard practice in American oceanographic institutions. This semi quantitative technique became the standard tool used in core description aboard Glomar Challenger through the 15 years of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), 1968-1983. Visual percentage estimates of biogenic and mineral components were made using petrologic micro scopes.

Sedimentgesteine im Gelände

Ein illustrierter Leitfaden

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: D.A.V. Stow

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827420152

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 5127

Konzepte und Vorstellungen ändern sich in der Sedimentologie schnell, was bleibt ist die Geländearbeit und die Erhebung von Daten als Basis der Wissenschaft. Dieses Buch ist ein Bestimmungsatlas, der hilft, Sedimentgesteine im Gelände zu erkennen und zu beschreiben. Der Benutzer erfährt, was er im Gelände beobachten und aufzeichnen muss, und wie er die Daten richtig interpretiert. Alle wesentlichen Arten von Sedimentgesteinen werden in über 450 hervorragenden Fotos und erklärenden Zeichnungen dargestellt. Im Einführungskapitel werden die Klassifikationen und die Haupttypen der Sedimentgesteine sowie auch deren wirtschaftliche Bedeutung vorgestellt. Der Autor beschreibt dann die wichtigsten Geländemethoden und die grundsätzlichen Eigenschaften von Sedimentgesteinen. Jedem Haupttyp von Sedimentgesteinen entspricht ein Kapitel. Der Interpretation von Fazies und Ablagerungsbedingungen ist im letzten Kapitel breiter Raum gewidmet. Das Buch ist ein unentbehrliches Hilfsmittel für Studenten der Geowissenschaften, Geologen im Beruf sowie für Amateure.

Theory and Evaluation of Formation Pressures

A Pressure Detection Reference Handbook

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: EXLOG/Whittaker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400953550

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 7784

The objectives of this book are: (1) to educate the prospective Pressure Evaluation Geologist to a basic level of expertise; (2) to provide a reference tool for the experienced geologist; and (3) to foster constructuve thought and continued development of the field geologist. Despite the incorporation of many new ideas and concepts, elaboration of the more re cent concepts is limited due to space considerations. It is hoped that the geologist will follow up via the literature referenced at the end of each chapter. Easy reference is provided by the detailed table of contents and index. A glossary of terms, definitions, and formulae adds to the usefulness of this reference text. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR FIGURES Figure 2-7 is reprinted by permission of the AAPG from Barker, 1972. Figure 4-21 is courtesy of Totco Figure 5-2 is reprinted by permission of the Oil and GasJournal from Matthews and Kelly, 1967. Figure 5-4 is reprinted by permission of the SPE-AIME from the Journal of Petroleum Technology from Eaton, © 1969. Figure 5-5 is reprinted by permission of the SPE-AIME from Hubbert and Willis, © 1957.

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Andrew Putnis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429474

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 563

The subject of mineralogy has moved away from the systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behavior of minerals in response to geological processes. It is vital that we understand the physics and chemistry of minerals as this response generally involves structural and chemical changes within individual minerals as well as reactions between minerals. This is the first text to provide an introduction to modern mineralogy for undergraduate students. The main, and often complex, concepts required to understand minerals and the processes that take place within them are presented in an easy to follow manner without any complex mathematical treatment. The book deals with solid-state transformations in minerals, which take place in response to changes in temperature and pressure, as well as introducing the basic crystallography, physics and chemistry needed to understand these processes. No knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics beyond high-school level is assumed.

Biogeochemistry of Ancient and Modern Environments

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB) and, Conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to the Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Australia, 26 August – 4 September 1979

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: P. A. Trudinger,M. R. Walter,B. J. Ralph

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662265826

Category: Science

Page: 726

View: 6474

This volume contains a selection of papers presented to the Fourth Internation~l Symposium on Environmental Biogeochemistry (ISEB), and a conference on Biogeochemistry in Relation to Mining Industry and Environmental Pollution (Leaching Conference), held in Canberra, Aust ralia on August 26-31 and September 3-4, 1979, respectively. The ISEB were established to provide "a forum for uninhibited exchange of information and ideas among the biological, chemical, atmospheric and geolorical scientists working in the common area of biogeochemistry, encompassing soil and other earth sciences as well as the hydrosphere and atmosphere", By linking the fourth ISEB with the Leachin~ Conference the scope of discussions was extended to encompass the application of biogeochemical processes to the mining industry. This wide-ranging philosophy is reflected in the breadth and diversity of the subjects covered in this book. The published papers are expanded versions of those presented at the meetings. They have all been scrutinized by at least one referee in addition to the editors. About 20% of the contributions to the meetings are not included, either because authors did not wish to publish or because the papers were not accepted by the editors.

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics

A Ready-reference Book of Chemical and Physical Data

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: David R. Lide

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849305955

Category: Science

Page: 2624

View: 3572

This student edition features over 50 new or completely revised tables, most of which are in the areas of fluid properties and properties of solids. The book also features extensive references to other compilations and databases that contain additional information.

Gesteine Und Minerallagerstätten

Exogene Gesteine und Minerallagerstätten

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: P. Niggli

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 9783034871747

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 9651

Band 2 des dreibandigen Werkes behandelt die exogenen Gesteine, das heiBt die Verwitterungsprozesse und die Sedimentbildung. Bereits Ende 1947 lag das Manuskript fUr diesen Teil mit den Zeichnungen vor, die wiederum gri:iBtenteils von E. DAL VESCO und W. EpPRECHT, mit Unterstutzung durch die Behorden der Eidgenossischen Technischen Hochschule, entworfen worden waren. Infolge verschiedener Umstande hat sich die Drucklegung verzogert, so daB nachtraglich noch manche Literaturangaben bis zum Jahre 1951 hinzu gefUgt werden konnten. In der Zwischenzeit erschienen, besonders im englischen Sprachgebiet, verschiedene wichtige DarsteUungen uber Sedimente in Buch form. Nachstehender, im Aufbau etwas eigenwilliger Versuch berucksichtigt im allgemeinen die geologischen Grundlagen, die Sedimentchemie sowie die be sonderen Erscheinungen der Sedimentologie, wie sie in Binnenlandern von Ge birgscharakter auftreten, starker, ohne den so wichtigen allgemeinen syste matischen Teil zu vernachlassigen. So scheint er als Erganzung und als neue umfassende Darstellung seinen Platz beanspruchen zu durfen. Indessen konnten in Riicksicht auf die erwahnten Bucher im urspriinglichen Manuskript Kiir zungen vorgenommen werden. Die zahlreichen Literaturangaben steUen ein zelneHinweiseaufimTexterwahnteneuereArbeitenverschiedenerSprachgebiete dar, wobei es im Interesse der Fachwelt erwiinscht war, die in manchen anderen Publikationen wenig benutzten Arbeiten Kontinentaleuropas (besonders der Schweiz, Deutschlands, Frankreichs, der Niederlande und Osterreichs) etwas starker hervortreten zu lassen, ohne die angelsachsische wissenschaftliche Literatur zu vernachlassigen. Sprachschwierigkeiten, wie sie leider in neuerer Zeit nicht selten zu beobachten sind, soU ten in einer naturwissenschaftlichen Disziplin eine moglichst geringe Rolle spielen.

Introduction to the Physics of Rocks

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Author: Yves Guéguen,Victor Palciauskas

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691034522

Category: Nature

Page: 294

View: 3793

Finding viable solutions to many of the problems threatening our environment hinges on understanding the rocks below the earth's surface. For those evaluating the relative hazards of radioactive waste sites, investigating energy resources such as oil, gas, and hydrothermal energy, studying the behavior of natural hazards like earthquakes and volcanoes, or charting the flow of groundwater through the earth, this book will be indispensable. Until now, there has been no book that treats the subject of the nature and behavior of rocks in a comprehensive yet accessible manner. Yves Gu�guen and Victor Palciauskas first discuss the physical properties of rocks, proceeding by chapter through mechanical, fluid flow, acoustical, electrical, dielectric, thermal, and magnetic properties. Then they provide the theoretical framework for achieving reliable data and making reasonable inferences about the aggregate system within the earth. Introduction to the Physics of Rocks covers the important and most current theoretical approaches to the physics of inhomogeneous media, including theoretical bounds on properties, various effective medium theories, percolation, and fractals. This book will be of use to students and researchers in civil, petroleum, and environmental engineering and to geologists, geophysicists, hydrologists, and other earth scientists interested in the physics of the earth. Its clear presentation, with problems at the end of each chapter and selective references, will make it ideal for advanced undergraduate-or graduate-level courses.