An Introduction to the Rock-forming Minerals


Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,Jack Zussman

Publisher: Mineralogical Society

ISBN: 9780903056274

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 7493

In this edition, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in terms of structure, chemistry, optical and other physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Important correlations between these aspects of mineralogy are emphasized wherever possible. The content of each section has been updated where needed in the light of published research over the 21 years between editions. Tables of over 200 chemical analyses and formulae are included and a number of older entries have been replaced by more recent examples. Major new features: Entirely new views of crystal structures in perspective using CrystalMaker colour images; Over 60 colour photographs of minerals in thin sections of rocks under the petrological microscope; Considerably expanded treatment of feldspar and zeolite minerals; Mineral identification table based on birefringence and listing other properties; Colour strip with appropriate interference colours and birefringences for the main rock-forming minerals. This book will be useful to undergraduate students of mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry, especially those at third or fourth year, engaged in more advanced courses or specialized projects, and also as a reference work for students for 'Masters' degrees by taught courses or research. For doctorate students, and research workers in the Earth Sciences as well as those in Materials Science and other related disciplines, this work can be useful as a condensed version of the very extensive treatment presented in the volumes of the DHZ Series 'Rock-Forming Minerals', second edition. Buyers through online retailers should contact the Mineralogical Society in order to receive the free CD which goes with the book ([email protected]).

Rock-forming minerals


Author: J. F. W. Bowles,R. A. Howie,D. J. Vaughan,J. Zussman

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393158

Category: Science

Page: 920

View: 3120

Volume 5A of this second edition of Rock-Forming Minerals focuses on oxides, hydroxides and sulphides. Since the publication of the first edition, in 1962, there has been an enormous increase in the literature devoted to these minerals. This new edition, greatly expanded and rewritten, covers aspects that include crystal structures, chemical compositions, electronic structures, phase relations, thermochemistry, mineral surface structure and reactivity, physical properties, distinguishing features and parageneses (including stable isotope data).

A Key for Identification of Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section


Author: Andrew J. Barker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1138001147

Category: Nature

Page: 182

View: 9053

Structured in the form of a dichotomous key, comparable to those widely used in botany, the mineral key provides an efficient and systematic approach to identifying rock-forming minerals in thin-section. This unique approach covers 150+ of the most commonly encountered rock-forming minerals, plus a few rarer but noteworthy ones. Illustrated in full colour, with 330+ high quality mineral photomicrographs from a worldwide collection of igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks, it also provides a comprehensive atlas of rock-forming minerals in thin-section. Commencing with a brief introduction to mineral systems, and the properties of minerals in plane-polarised and cross-polarised light, the mineral key also includes line drawings, tables of mineral properties and an interference colour chart, to further aid mineral identification. To minimise the chance of misidentification, and enable less experienced petrologists to use the key with confidence, the key has been arranged to prioritise those properties that are most easily recognised. Designed for simplicity and ease of use, it is primarily aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students of mineralogy and petrology, but should also provide a valuable source of reference for all practising geologists dealing with rock thinsections and their interpretation.

Geologie für Dummies


Author: Alecia M. Spooner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527687483

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 502

Fragen Sie sich auch manchmal, warum die Erde so aussieht wie sie aussieht? Eiszeiten, Vulkanismus, Erosion, Meteoriteneinschläge - unser Planet hat in seiner Geschichte schon einiges mitgemacht. Und so vielgestaltig die Erde aussieht, so umfangreich und komplex ist auch das Thema Geologie. Aber keine Sorge, Alecia Spooner erklärt Ihnen leicht verständlich alles Wichtige, was es zum Thema Geologie zu wissen gibt: von den chemischen Grundlagen und der Bedeutung von Wind und Wasser für die Geowissenschaften bis zur Bildung und Bestimmung von Gesteinen. Sie erfahren alles Wissenswerte zu Konvektion, Plattentektonik, Mineralien, Fossilien, Erdbeben, Oberflächenprozessen, den geologischen Zeitaltern und vieles, vieles mehr. Nehmen Sie das Buch zur Hand und bringen Sie die Steine ins Rollen!


Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender


Author: Ulrich Sebastian

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662553236

Category: Science

Page: 209

View: 8937

Das nun bereits in der 4. Auflage vorliegende Buch vermittelt einen leicht verständlichen Überblick über das Gebiet der Petrographie. Einsteiger werden nicht durch theoretisches Detailwissen überfordert oder gar abgeschreckt, sondern erlangen schnell ein Grundwissen in Mineralogie mit den wichtigsten gesteinsbildenden Mineralen, Petrographie mit den häufigsten Gesteinen, technischer Gesteinskunde mit den Eigenschaften der Gesteine, die für die Verwendung wichtig sind. Instruktive Fotos, Übersichten und Schaubilder erleichtern das Lernen und Verstehen. Sie sind ein hervorstechendes Merkmal des Werkes und machen es zu einem hilfreichen Begleiter für alle Praktiker und Wiedereinsteiger, welche die Petrographie sonst eher selten benötigen. Das Buch ist in einen klassisch-petrographischen und einen angewandten Abschnitt geteilt. So kann jeder Nutzer die Gesichtspunkte der Gesteinskunde auswählen, die ihn besonders interessieren. Gesteinskunde – Ein Leitfaden für Einsteiger und Anwender richtet sich an Schüler und Studenten von Fach- und Hochschulen, an Profis wie Bauingenieure, Techniker und Geowissenschaftler sowie an interessierte Laien. Das Buch hat sich so erfolgreich eingeführt, dass es nunmehr bereits in der 4. Auflage vorliegt.

Atlas of the Rock-Forming Minerals in Thin Section


Author: W.S. Mackenzie,C. Guilford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317873793

Category: Science

Page: 104

View: 7937

'Hurray for Mackenzie and Guilford for at last we have a pictorial guide to the rock-forming minerals! . . . such feasts of colour in mineralogy books are rare . . . an admirable guide' New Scientist

Rock-forming Minerals

Non-Silicates, Volume 5B


Author: William Alexander Deer

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799901

Category: Science

Page: 383

View: 3028

This volume deals with sulphates, carbonates, phosphates and halides, incorporating recent advances in investigative techniques. Each mineral chapter has sections on structure, chemistry, optical and physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Chapters are headed with brief tabulations of mineral data and a sketch of optical orientation. Results are included from ocean floor experimentation and deep sea drilling.

An Introduction to Mineral Sciences


Author: Andrew Putnis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429474

Category: Science

Page: 457

View: 6890

The subject of mineralogy has moved away from the systematic treatment of mineral groups toward the study of the behavior of minerals in response to geological processes. It is vital that we understand the physics and chemistry of minerals as this response generally involves structural and chemical changes within individual minerals as well as reactions between minerals. This is the first text to provide an introduction to modern mineralogy for undergraduate students. The main, and often complex, concepts required to understand minerals and the processes that take place within them are presented in an easy to follow manner without any complex mathematical treatment. The book deals with solid-state transformations in minerals, which take place in response to changes in temperature and pressure, as well as introducing the basic crystallography, physics and chemistry needed to understand these processes. No knowledge of physics, chemistry and mathematics beyond high-school level is assumed.

Introduction to Minerals and Rocks


Author: Joseph C. Cepeda

Publisher: Macmillan College


Category: Minerals.

Page: 217

View: 6449

Describes the origin and occurrence of minerals and rocks. It examines the generic and descriptive aspects. The occurrence, uses and identification techniques for minerals and the classification of rocks starting with an examination of the earth as an isolated system are examined.

Grundzüge der Erdwissenschaften

Vorlesung für Universität und ETH Zürich


Author: Volkmar Trommsdorff,Volker Dietrich

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 9783728126627


Page: 187

View: 3356

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction


Author: David Vaughan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191505331

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 2764

Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Project Guide to Rocks and Minerals


Author: Claire O'Neal

Publisher: Mitchell Lane Publishers, Inc.

ISBN: 1612281133

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 502

Calling all rock hounds! Learn about rocks and minerals with these fifteen simple science experiments you can do yourself. You’ll think like a geologist as you start your own rock collection, learn about earth processes, explore the properties of minerals, and even grow your own crystals.

Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments

An Optical Identification Guide


Author: R.G. Rothwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400911335

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 5389

Over 60% of the Earth's surface is covered with deep marine sediments, however, until the early 1980s, no comprehensive text books appeared to support the rapid expansion in the study of these sediments. While the whole field of marine geology has expanded enormously and entirely new disciplines, such as paleoceanography, have been developed, there remains a lack of reference texts on study techniques that investigators in the marine community can turn to. Minerals and Mineraloids in Marine Sediments is an optical identifica tion guide that I believe will become a standard reference text for use in the microscope analysis of marine sediment& and sedimentary rocks. The systematic collection of sediment cores from the deep ocean floor began in earnest with the Swedish Deep Sea Expedition, 1947-1948. Much of the microscopic examination of the sediments collected in these piston cores (10 m+ long) was conducted on separated grain mounts or thin sections of impregnated sediments. By the late 1960s a simpler technique of examining a mounted smear of the cored silt and clay size sediment on a microscope slide had become standard practice in American oceanographic institutions. This semi quantitative technique became the standard tool used in core description aboard Glomar Challenger through the 15 years of the Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), 1968-1983. Visual percentage estimates of biogenic and mineral components were made using petrologic micro scopes.

Energy Dispersive Spectrometry of Common Rock Forming Minerals


Author: Kenneth P. Severin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402028415

Category: Science

Page: 225

View: 7502

This book provides a very basic introduction to electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). It has the largest compiled collection of EDS spectra ever published and covers most common rock forming minerals. In addition, it provides a key to help the novice wade through the large number of spectra.

Theory of the Earth: With Proofs and Illustrations;


Author: Archibald Geikie,James Hutton

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270254785

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 1729

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Rock-forming Minerals


Author: M.J. Wilson

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781862393592

Category: Science

Page: 724

View: 2509

Gesteine Und Minerallagerstätten

Exogene Gesteine und Minerallagerstätten


Author: P. Niggli

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 9783764302801

Category: Science

Page: 558

View: 6913

Band 2 des dreibandigen Werkes behandelt die exogenen Gesteine, das heiBt die Verwitterungsprozesse und die Sedimentbildung. Bereits Ende 1947 lag das Manuskript fUr diesen Teil mit den Zeichnungen vor, die wiederum gri:iBtenteils von E. DAL VESCO und W. EpPRECHT, mit Unterstutzung durch die Behorden der Eidgenossischen Technischen Hochschule, entworfen worden waren. Infolge verschiedener Umstande hat sich die Drucklegung verzogert, so daB nachtraglich noch manche Literaturangaben bis zum Jahre 1951 hinzu gefUgt werden konnten. In der Zwischenzeit erschienen, besonders im englischen Sprachgebiet, verschiedene wichtige DarsteUungen uber Sedimente in Buch form. Nachstehender, im Aufbau etwas eigenwilliger Versuch berucksichtigt im allgemeinen die geologischen Grundlagen, die Sedimentchemie sowie die be sonderen Erscheinungen der Sedimentologie, wie sie in Binnenlandern von Ge birgscharakter auftreten, starker, ohne den so wichtigen allgemeinen syste matischen Teil zu vernachlassigen. So scheint er als Erganzung und als neue umfassende Darstellung seinen Platz beanspruchen zu durfen. Indessen konnten in Riicksicht auf die erwahnten Bucher im urspriinglichen Manuskript Kiir zungen vorgenommen werden. Die zahlreichen Literaturangaben steUen ein zelneHinweiseaufimTexterwahnteneuereArbeitenverschiedenerSprachgebiete dar, wobei es im Interesse der Fachwelt erwiinscht war, die in manchen anderen Publikationen wenig benutzten Arbeiten Kontinentaleuropas (besonders der Schweiz, Deutschlands, Frankreichs, der Niederlande und Osterreichs) etwas starker hervortreten zu lassen, ohne die angelsachsische wissenschaftliche Literatur zu vernachlassigen. Sprachschwierigkeiten, wie sie leider in neuerer Zeit nicht selten zu beobachten sind, soU ten in einer naturwissenschaftlichen Disziplin eine moglichst geringe Rolle spielen.